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Field Museum of Natural History



Reports, Vol, VIII, Plate I




THE LATE CHAUNCEY KEEP
A Trustee of the Museum from 1915 until his death on August 12, 1929



Field Museum of Natural History

Founded by Marshall Field, 1893

Publication 271
Report Series Vol. VIII, No. 1



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE
DIRECTOR



TO THE



BOARD OF TRUSTEES



FOR THE YEAR 1929




Wf f/P&^y



*,



JUNi






4 7930



FOUNDED BY MARSHALL FIELD



ILj



Chicago, U. S. A.

January, 1930



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
BY FIELD MUSEUM PRESS









ri



i-3o



BEQUESTS

Bequests to Field Museum of Natural History may be made in
securities, money, books or collections. They may, if desired, take
the form of a memorial to a person or cause, to be named by the
giver. For those desirous of making bequests to the Museum, the
following form is suggested:

FORM OF BEQUEST

I do hereby give and bequeath to Field Museum of Natural
History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois, _



Cash contributions made within the taxable year to Field
Museum of Natural History to an amount not in excess of
1 5 per cent of the taxpayer's net income are allowable as deduc-
tions in computing net income under Article 251 of Regula-
tion 69 relating to the income tax under the Revenue Act of
li



Endowments may be made to the Museum with the pro-
vision that an annuity be paid to the patron during his or
her lifetime. These annuities are tax-free and are guaranteed
against fluctuation in amount.



944027



CONTENTS

Page

Board of Trustees

Officers and Committees 7

List of Staff 8

Report of the Director H

Lectures and Entertainments 32

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Public School and

Children's Lecture Division 34

Nature Study Courses 39

Lecture Tours for Adults 40

Educational Meetings 41

Radio Broadcasting 41

Division of Publications 42

Library 45

Expeditions and Research 47

Accessions 93

Departmental Cataloguing, Inventorying and Labeling 124

Installations and Rearrangements 128

The N. W. Harris Public School Extension 155

Art Research Classes 156

Division of Public Relations 157

Division of Printing 162

Divisions of Photography, Roentgenology and Illustration 163

Division of Memberships 165

Cafeteria 166

Attendance Statistics and Door Receipts 167

Financial Statements 168

List of Accessions 170

Department of Anthropology 170

Department of Botany 173

Department of Geology 179

Department of Zoology 183

Raymond Division 186

Division of Photography 186

The Library 187

Articles of Incorporation 199

Amended By-Laws 201

List of Benefactors, Honorary Members, and Patrons 206

List of Corporate Members 207

List of Life Members 208

List of Associate Members 211

List of Sustaining Members 231

List of Annual Members 235



6 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES






John Borden
William J. Chalmers
Richard T. Crane, Jr.
Marshall Field
Stanley Field
Ernest R. Graham
Albert W. Harris
Samuel Insull, Jr.
William V. Kelley
Charles H. Markham

William



Cyrus H. McCormick
William H. Mitchell
Frederick H. Rawson
Martin A. Ryerson
Fred W. Sargent
Stephen C. Simms
James Simpson
Solomon A. Smith
Albert A. Sprague
Silas H. Strawn
Wrigley, Jr.



Deceased. 1929

Chauncey Keep



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director



OFFICERS

Stanley Field, President

Martin A. Ryerson, First Vice-President
Albert A. Sprague, Second Vice-President
James Simpson, Third Vice-President
Stephen C. Simms, Secretary

Solomon A. Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary

COMMITTEES

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

Stanley Field Albert A. Sprague

Albert W. Harris Marshall Field

William J. Chalmers John Borden

James Simpson Silas H. Strawn

finance committee

Albert W. Harris *Chauncey Keep

Martin A. Ryerson Solomon A. Smith

Frederick H. Rawson

building committee

William J. Chalmers Albert A. Sprague

Cyrus H. McCormick Ernest R. Graham

William H. Mitchell

auditing committee

James Simpson Charles H. Markham

Silas H. Strawn

pension committee

Albert A. Sprague Solomon A. Smith

James Simpson



•deceased



8 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

LIST OF STAFF

DIRECTOR
Stephen C. Simms

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY

Berthold Laufer, Curator

A. L. Kroeber, Research Associate in American Archaeology

ASSISTANT CURATORS

Albert B. Lewis, Melanesian Ethnology

♦William D. Strong, North American Ethnology and Archaeology

J. Eric Thompson, Central and South American Archaeology

Paul S. Martin, North American Archaeology

W. D. Hambly, African Ethnology

Henry Field, Physical Anthropology

T. George Allen, Egyptian Archaeology

John G. Prasuhn, Modeler

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY

B. E. Dahlgren, Acting Curator

Paul C. Standley, Associate Curator of the Herbarium

J. Francis Macbride, Assistant Curator of Taxonomy

James B. McNair, Assistant Curator of Economic Botany

Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood Technology

Llewelyn Williams, Assistant in Wood Technology

Carl Neuberth, Custodian of Herbarium

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY

0. C. Farrington, Curator

Henry W. Nichols, Associate Curator

Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology

Sharat K. Roy, Assistant Curator of Invertebrate Paleontology

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY

Wilfred H. Osgood, Curator

William J. Gerhard, Associate Curator of Insects

C. E. Hellmayr, Associate Curator of Birds

H. B. Conover, Associate in Ornithology

assistant curators
John T. Zimmer, Birds Karl P. Schmidt, Reptiles

R. Magoon Barnes, Birds' Eggs Alfred C. Weed, Fishes
Edmond N. Gueret, Vertebrate Skeletons

Colin C. Sanborn, Assistant in Mammalogy

Walter A. Weber, Assistant and Artist

Dwight Davis, Assistant in Osteology

taxidermists
Julius Friesser C. J. Albrecht

L. L. Pray Leon L. Walters

Arthur G. Rueckert Ashley Hine

'resigned



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 9

department of the n. w. harris public school extension

Cleveland P. Grant, Acting Curator
A. B. Wolcott, Assistant Curator

THE LIBRARY

Elsie Lippincott, Librarian

Emily M. Wilcoxson, Assistant Librarian

REGISTRAR AUDITOR

Henry F. Ditzel Benjamin Bridge

Clifford C. Gregg, Assistant to the Director

RECORDER— IN CHARGE OF PUBLICATIONS
Elsie H. Thomas

PURCHASING AGENT
J. L. Jones

THE JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND PUBLIC
SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S LECTURE DIVISION

Margaret M. Cornell, Chief

June Work Gordon S. Pearsall

Franklin C. Potter * Margaret F. Pyatt

Miriam Wood *Alfred L. Hertel

*Mary Louise Smith

DIVISION OF PUBLIC RELATIONS
H. B. Harte, in charge

DIVISION OF MEMBERSHIPS
Pearle Bilinske, in charge

DIVISION OF PRINTING
U. A. Dohmen, in charge

DIVISIONS OF PHOTOGRAPHY, ROENTGENOLOGY AND

ILLUSTRATION

C. H. Carpenter, Photographer Carl F. Gronemann, Artist

A. A. Miller, Photogravurist Charles A. Corwin, Artist

Anna Reginalda Bolan, Roentgenologist

SUPERINTENDENT OF MAINTENANCE
John E. Glynn

CHIEF ENGINEER

W. H. Corning

William E. Lake, Assistant Engineer

'RESIGNED



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

1929

To the Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History:

I have the honor to present a report of the operations of the
Museum for the year ending December 31, 1929.

It is most gratifying to be able to report an attendance for the
year which breaks all records in the history of the Museum. The
total number of visitors during 1929 was 1,168,430. This figure
represents an increase of 144,803 over the attendance in 1928, and
122,884 over 1927, the latter year's attendance having been the
largest previously attained in the Museum's history. It is worthy
of note, too, that the 1929 attendance marks the third successive
year in which the number of visitors has exceeded one million. Such
impressive and encouraging figures indicate a response on the part
of the public to the Museum's activities which makes it certain that
the institution is fulfilling its great mission of disseminating knowl-
edge of the natural sciences on a broad scale. Attendance of this
size is, further, a tribute to the farsightedness of the Founder of
the Museum, and the many others through whose generous bene-
factions it has been possible to carry on the work on an ever ex-
panding scale.

The highest attendance for any single day in the history of the
Museum was also achieved during 1929, on Friday, May 24, when
the Museum received 59,843 visitors.

A large part of the increase in the Museum's endowment, and an
increasing part of the institution's operating funds, are derived from
the many contributions received in the form of memberships.
Renewed expressions of gratitude therefore are due to the many
persons who have evidenced their interest and good will in this
manner. On December 31, 1929, the Museum had on its member-
ship rolls 5,781 names, a number exceeding that of any previous year.
As the increased attendance indicates a growing appreciation by the
public of what the Museum is doing for it, the increased membership
indicates a growing realization of the value and importance of the
services rendered the public and a disposition to cooperate in pro-
moting their success. Every membership represents a contribution

11



12 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

which is deeply appreciated by the administrative officials of the
Museum. The lack of such support would cause a serious curtail-
ment in the institution's work.

In recognition of the extremely valuable and eminent services
rendered the Museum by Mr. Richard T. Crane, Jr., and Mr.
Cornelius Crane, the Trustees during 1929 voted to add their names
to the list of Benefactors; and this has been done in accordance with
the Trustees' order.

In recognition of eminent services rendered to Science, the Board
of Trustees elected the following persons as Honorary Members of
the Museum: Mr. William V. Kelley, Mr. Frederick H. Rawson,
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, Mr. Kermit Roosevelt, and Mr. C.
Suydam Cutting.

In recognition of their eminent services to the Museum, the
Trustees elected the following persons as Patrons of the Museum:
Mrs. Stanley Field, Mrs. Evelyn Field, Mr. Samuel Insull, Mr.
Arthur S. Vernay, Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe, Captain Harold
A. White, Mr. Walter A. Strong, and Major John Coats. With
regret it is recorded that, shortly after his election, Colonel Faun-
thorpe died.

The following were elected as Life Members of the Museum:
Mr. Max Adler, Mr. Alfred S. Austrian, Miss Florence Dibell
Bartlett, Mrs. Jacob Baur, Mr. Edward J. Bermingham, Mr.
Chauncey B. Blair, Mr. Rush C. Butler, Mr. Wayne Chatfield-
Taylor, Mr. James D. Cunningham, Mr. Charles G. Cushing, Mr.
Henry M. Dawes, Mr. Rufus C. Dawes, Mr. Edward J. Doyle,
Mr. Louis Eckstein, Mr. George B. Everitt, Mr. Calvin Fentress,
Mr. Charles Fernald, Mr. Milton S. Florsheim, Mr. Huntly H.
Gilbert, Mr. Charles F. Glore, Mrs. Ernest A. Hamill, Mr. William
F. Hayes, Mr. Frank P. Hixon, Mr. James C. Hutchins, Mr. Martin
J. Insull, Mr. Theodore E. Joiner, Mr. D. F. Kelly, Mr. William H.
Kidston, Mr. Alexander Legge, Mrs. Albert F. Madlener, Mr.
Eames MacVeagh, Mr. John E. MacLeish, Mrs. Cyrus McCormick,
Jr., Mrs. Robert G. McGann, Mr. Carl Meyer, Mr. Walter P.
Murphy, Mr. Stuyvesant Peabody, Mr. Robert H. Ripley, Mr.
Charles W. Seabury, Mr. Vaughan C. Spalding, Mr. Eugene M.
Stevens, Mr. H. L. Stuart, Mrs. Roger C. Sullivan, Mr. P. C. Ward,
and Mr. Philip K. Wrigley.

Mrs. Roger C. Sullivan, it is regretfully recorded, has died since
her election.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 13

A list of all classes of Members will be found at the end of this
Report.

Vacancies on the Board of Trustees were filled by the election
of Mr. Fred W. Sargent, Mr. Samuel Insull, Jr., and Mr. William
V. Kelley. Mr. George A. Richardson was elected as a Corporate
Member, and at the December meeting of the Board of Trustees he
was placed in nomination for a trusteeship, with final action sched-
uled for the Annual Meeting to be held in January, 1930.

The outstanding addition to the exhibits during the year was the
Neanderthal (Mousterian) Man group, installed in Ernest R.
Graham Hall of Historical Geology, which was completed and
opened to the public on June 8. This life-size group, showing an
entire family of Neanderthalers and a replica of a cave once actually
occupied by these prehistoric people, is the only restoration of its
kind in the world. It is a gift to the Museum from Mr. Ernest R.
Graham, and is the work of Mr. Frederick Blaschke, sculptor, of
Cold Spring-on-Hudson, New York. Research and collecting of
material for use in connection with it was performed by the Marshall
Field Archaeological Expedition to Western Europe in 1927, under
the leadership of Mr. Henry Field, Assistant Curator of Physical
Anthropology. The group attracted a tremendous amount of atten-
tion, and it is estimated that fully 400,000 Museum visitors have
viewed it since it was placed on exhibition. The publicity in con-
nection with it exceeded all precedents, photographs of it and arti-
cles about it having appeared in newspapers and magazines all over
the world. A complete description of the group will be found in
this Report on page 143.

A great many other new exhibits were placed on view during the
year. A few of those which are especially interesting are as follows:
six additions to the series of large mural paintings of prehistoric
animals, presented by Mr. Graham and painted by Mr. Charles R.
Knight, bringing the total now on the walls of Graham Hall to six-
teen; a habitat group of Indian rhinoceros, the animals being repro-
duced (by the cellulose-acetate method developed by Taxidermist
Leon L. Walters) from specimens obtained by the James Simpson-
Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition of 1925-26; a group of Abyssinian
dassies composed of specimens obtained by the Field Museum-
Chicago Daily News Abyssinian Expedition of 1926-27; a model of
an oil well; a 341^-carat aquamarine gem presented by Mr. Richard
T. Crane, Jr. ; a specimen of the peculiar Guatemalan cow-tree pre-
sented by the United Fruit Company as a result of a request from



14 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Professor Samuel A. Record, Research Associate in Wood Tech-
nology; a number of antiquities from Kish recently obtained by
the Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to Mesopo-
tamia; a selection of the zoological specimens brought home by the
Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition; and a life-size figure repre-
senting a Dyak hunter of Borneo.

In addition to the above, four new groups for the Hall of Amer-
ican Mammal Habitat Groups were completed, to be opened to the
public early in January, 1930. These consist of a group of polar
bear, the specimens for which were presented by Mr. Frederick H.
Rawson; a group of Alaska brown bear composed of specimens
obtained in 1927 by the John Borden-Field Museum Alaska-Arctic
Expedition and the Alexander H. Revell-Field Museum Alaska
Expedition; a group of American bison composed of specimens pre-
sented by the late Arthur B. Jones, and a group of musk-ox of the
Hudson Bay variety (see page 151). The other new exhibits
mentioned in the preceding paragraph are all described in detail
in the section of this Report devoted to Installations and Re-
arrangements, beginning on page 128.

Much progress was made with reinstallations and improvements
in many of the exhibition halls of the Museum, and with relabeling.
Especially notable in this respect are the improvements made in
Hall J (Egyptian archaeology), Hall 5 (Indians of the Great Plains),
Hall D (African ethnology), the Madagascar collection in Hall E,
the Arthur B. Jones Malaysian Collection in Hall G, Carl E. Akeley
Memorial Hall (African mammals), Hall 21 (systematic bird collec-
tions), Hall 25 (plant economics), Charles F. Millspaugh Hall (North
American woods), Hall 34 (minerals, crystals, meteorites, physical
geology), Clarence Buckingham Hall (physical geology, rocks, relief
maps), and Hall 36 (petroleum, coal, clays, sands).

Including parties engaged in domestic field work, the Museum
had seventeen expeditions operating during 1929, and an eighteenth
expedition got under way just as the year closed. Thirteen expedi-
tions were at work in overseas territory or foreign waters ; four were
engaged in work in North America. Full details concerning the
personnel, and the work performed, of all the expeditions will be
found in the section of this Report under the heading Expeditions
and Research, beginning on page 47. The following is a brief
summary:

The William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia
for Field Museum completed its work of more than a year's dura-



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 15

tion with the return of the last member in December. The expedi-
tion was eminently successful, bringing the Museum a total of 15,397
zoological specimens, 2,400 sheets of botanical specimens, and a
few ethnological items. Most remarkable was the success of Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt and Mr. Kermit Roosevelt in obtaining near
the Tibetan border a complete specimen, including skin, skull and
skeleton, of the rare giant panda, the first such specimen ever
brought out of Asia. The animal fell before the joint fire of their
rifles, and is the first, so far as known, ever shot by a white man.
Of the total specimens collected a large proportion was obtained
by the second division which worked in French Indo-China under
the leadership of Mr. Harold Coolidge, Jr., of Boston. Valuable
assistance, which was most helpful and is highly appreciated, was
rendered to the expedition by Mr. Jean Theodore Delacour of Seine-
Inferieure, France; by His Royal Majesty, the King of Luang-Pro-
bang; and by various military and civil officials of the government
of French Indo-China.

Likewise eminently successful was the Cornelius Crane Pacific
Expedition of Field Museum, the members of which returned in
September after nearly ten months of cruising and collecting among
the islands of the South Pacific, aboard Mr. Crane's yacht, the
Illyria. This expedition brought back approximately 18,000 zoologi-
cal specimens, and also a few ethnological and geological speci-
mens. A new species of rodent was discovered in the Galapagos
Islands by this expedition. Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant Curator
of Reptiles, was leader of the scientific party.

The Frederick H. Rawson-Field Museum Ethnological Expedi-
tion to West Africa completed its work in Angola (Portuguese West
Africa) where extensive and valuable collections were made, and
proceeded to Nigeria (British West Africa) where work was to be
continued in the early part of 1930. Reports from the leader of the
expedition, Mr. W. D. Hambly, Assistant Curator of African Eth-
nology, indicate that intensive studies were made of many tribes
encountered during more than 10,000 miles of travel in Africa.
More than 1,200 artifacts were collected in Angola alone; and valu-
able data, still and motion pictures, and dictaphone records were
obtained for ethnological research purposes.

The Chancellor-Stuart-Field Museum Expedition to the South
Pacific obtained rare zoological specimens, among them two of the
giant lizard of Komodo, Dutch East Indies, and two of the reticu-
lated python of Borneo, largest reptile known to science. The



16 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

expedition, sponsored and led by Mr. Philip M. Chancellor of Santa
Barbara, California, is concluding its work and is expected home
early in 1930. Mr. Norton Stuart, also of Santa Barbara, is co-leader.
The Museum is greatly indebted to Mr. Chancellor for the interest in
its work which led him to organize this expedition, which was entirely
financed by him, and has resulted so splendidly. Mr. Chancellor has
also kindly agreed to defray the cost of preparing some of the groups
resulting from the expedition.

One division of the Marshall Field Botanical Expedition to the
Amazon is continuing work in Peru, where it probably will remain
for several months of 1930. The main division, led by Dr. B. E.
Dahlgren, Acting Curator of Botany, returned in the autumn of
1929 with several thousand specimens of the native flora of Brazil.

The Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to
Mesopotamia completed its seventh season of excavations on the
site of the ancient city of Kish, and will go into its eighth season of
work during 1930. Field Museum's participation in this expedi-
tion is sponsored by Mr. Marshall Field. Valuable collections and
archaeological data of extreme importance resulted from the 1929
work. Professor Stephen Langdon continued as director of the
expedition and Mr. L. C. Watelin as field director.

The Harold White -John Coats Abyssinian Expedition of Field
Museum, sponsored and led by Captain Harold A. White of New York
and Major John Coats of Ayrshire, Scotland, obtained specimens of
various animals for a large water hole group, and valuable miscel-
laneous collections. The water hole group will be one of the largest
and finest ever attempted in the Museum, and the institution owe
much gratitude to Captain White and Major Coats for their contri-
butions of money, time and work in connection with this expedition.
To Negus Tafari Makonnen of Abyssinia, whose hearty cooperation
helped vitally to make the expedition a success, the Museum's
thanks and appreciation are also due.

The Thorne-Graves-Field Museum Arctic Expedition, spon-
sored and led by Mr. Bruce Thorne of Chicago and Mr. George
Coe Graves II of New York, obtained a number of fine specimens of
walrus and of Alaska caribou for proposed habitat groups. Indica-
tions are that the walrus specimens will make possible a remarkably
lifelike group. This opportunity is taken to express the appreciation
of the Museum to Messrs. Thorne and Graves for financing and
undertaking this expedition. To them, and also to Mr. Henry Graves,



Field Museum of Natural History



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate II




THE LATE RUSSELL W. HENDEE

A young mammalogist who gave his life for science in French Indo-China

while a member of the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition

to Eastern Asia for Field Museum



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 17

Jr., the Museum is further indebted for a gift of funds to cover the
cost of preparing the group.

The Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to British
Honduras, led by Mr. J. Eric Thompson, Assistant Curator of
Central and South American Archaeology, returned with important
collections of Maya artifacts, and much valuable information, re-
sulting from research, which will be used in Museum publications.

The Field Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the
Bahamas, working with special equipment for submarine explora-
tion, obtained collections of undersea fauna and data for seven
elaborate habitat groups to be constructed in the projected new
Hall of Fishes. Mr. J. E. Williamson of New York was leader.

Other expeditions and field work conducted during the year
include the researches and photographing of botanical type speci-
mens still in progress in Europe in charge of Mr. J. Francis Macbride
of the Department of Botany, under an appropriation received from
the Rockefeller Foundation; a botanical expedition in Peru in charge
of Dr. August Weberbauer; an ornithological expedition to Arizona;
a geological expedition to New Mexico which collected specimens
representing the ancient extinct volcanoes of that state, and a
zoological expedition in India. The last four were sponsored by
Mr. Marshall Field, in addition to the other expeditions already
alluded to which were made possible by the funds he provided. The
zoological expedition in India was terminated by the unfortunate
sudden death of its leader, Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe of Bombay.
In addition to the preceding, parties from the Museum conducted
paleontological field work in Indiana, and special work for the
Department of Zoology in Canada.

The eighteenth expedition to get under way is the Vernay-Lang
Kalahari Expedition for Field Museum, which sailed for London on
December 27, where final preparations will be made. Departure for
Africa is scheduled for early in 1930. This expedition is financed by
Mr. Arthur S. Vernay of New York and London, and he will be one
of the joint leaders. Associated with him in the leadership will be
Mr. Herbert Lang, who is recognized as one of the foremost authori-
ties on African mammals. Other members will be Captain B. E. H.
Clifford, Imperial Secretary at Pretoria, Transvaal, British South
Africa; Mr. W. Rudyerd Boulton, ornithologist, and Mr. Allan
Chapman. A number of rare animals not now represented in the
Museum's collections will be sought. One of the chief objectives
will be specimens for a group of the beautiful giant sable antelope of



18 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Angola. This opportunity is taken to express the gratitude of the
Museum to Mr. Vernay for organizing and conducting this im-
portant expedition.

A misfortune befell the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedi-
tion to Eastern Asia, in the death of Mr. Russell W. Hendee, young
mammalogist of Brooklyn, New York, who was a member of the
division which worked in French Indo-China. He died on June 6 at
Vientiane, a victim of a tropical fever contracted in the unheal thful
interior of that country. His passing was a sad loss not only to his
companions but also to Field Museum and all who are interested in
zoological exploration. In this field he had won a place which gave
promise of unusual accomplishment in the future. Although he had
no connection with Field Museum before the expedition started, it
had been agreed that he should join its permanent Staff on his
return. This agreement had been based upon the reputation he had
gained as a student and graduate of the University of Iowa, as a
collector of exhibition material in the Arctic for the Colorado
Museum, and as a resourceful traveler and collector of scientific
material in South America for the British Museum.

The reputation which gained a place for Mr. Hendee on the
Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition was more than borne out by his work
with the expedition. In a few short months he won the respect and
affection of his colleagues to an unusual degree. The amount and
the character of the material collected by him, the skill and dexterity
evidenced by his preparations, the accuracy of his records, the vari-
ety of his interests, and the unselfishness of his devotion to his
responsibilities all served to demonstrate that he was a man of rare
ability. Skilled and experienced as a naturalist and preparator,
possessing abundant energy, having both artistic and literary gifts,
educated in science and, withal, having a personal character sym-
pathetic, generous, loyal, and unassuming, he offered that happy
combination of qualities needed to make the highest type of museum
worker.

The Trustees of the Museum have authorized a pension of $5,000
to Mr. Hendee's widow, to be paid at the rate of $1,000 per annum.

Zoological, geological, and anthropological specimens were
received by the Museum from the Central Asiatic Expedition of the
American Museum of Natural History, in which Field Museum
cooperated. Dr. Roy Chapman Andrews led this expedition.

The Museum's operating deficit for the year 1929 was $108,274.25.
During the year the Museum was the recipient of many benefactions,



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 19

and it is fitting here to renew the expression of thanks to all who
have made contributions in money and material.

Acknowledgments of contributions of funds follow herewith:
Mr. Frederick H. Rawson made gifts totaling $20,000. One of
$10,000 was for the purpose of conducting an expedition to Angola
and Nigeria, West Africa, to collect ethnological material and make
ethnological studies among the natives, and the other, also of $10,000,
is to be devoted toward the expense of preparing and installing the
proposed Hall of Prehistoric Man which will contain several large
groups and various related collections.

Mr. Samuel Insull also made a gift of $10,000 towards the fund
being accumulated for the proposed Hall of Prehistoric Man.

Mr. Silas H. Strawn contributed the sum of $5,000, which
amount has likewise been added to the fund for this hall.

Mr. William J. Chalmers contributed $521 for the purchase of
thirty-four specimens of minerals for the William J. Chalmers Crystal
Collection.

The late Mrs. Julius Rosenwald contributed, before her death,
the sum of $50,000. Mrs. Rosenwald placed no restriction upon
this gift, which has been designated as "The Mrs. Julius Rosenwald
Fund," the income from which will be used for such purposes as the
Board of Trustees may approve.

Mrs. James Nelson Raymond made a further contribution of
$3,000 towards the operating expenses of the James Nelson and
Anna Louise Raymond Public School and Children's Lecture
Division.

Mr. Marshall Field contributed $165,567 during the year. Of
this amount $100,000 represents his annual gift to the Museum, and
$65,567 was given to pay part of the operating deficit of the Museum.
Mr. Field also arranged to add $100,000 to his annual contribution
for the year 1930 in order to take care of the anticipated deficit for
that year, which will make his total contribution $200,000 for
1930.

President Stanley Field contributed a total of $110,079.50. This
amount was given in four different contributions: one of $52,844.75
was made towards the liquidation of the building fund deficit; one
of $20,000 and another of $22,707.25 were made to cover part of the
operating deficit of the Museum for the year 1929; and the fourth
contribution, amounting to $14,527.50, was to cover the operating



20 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

expenses of the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories
during 1929.

"A Friend of the Museum" contributed $12,500 for the Field
Museum- Williamson Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas, to col-
lect undersea material for marine life groups; to make photographs,
sketches, and color notes, and to procure other data for portraying
undersea scenes and life. This expedition was in operation during
the spring and summer.

Mr. Richard T. Crane, Jr., made a further contribution of
$2,783 for the purchase of gem specimens for H. N. Higinbotham Hall.

The American Friends of China made a further contribution of
$577.50, representing one-half of the dues received by the society
during the year 1929.

Mr. Martin G. Schwab made a gift of $300 to be used towards
the purchase of an imperial ceremonial silk robe from China.

The late Mr. Chauncey Keep provided in his will a legacy of
$50,000 for Field Museum.

The late Katherine L. Andrin provided in her will a legacy of
$5,000 for the Museum.

The merits of a plan by which Field Museum would make
photographs of more or less inaccessible type specimens of tropical
and South American plants in foreign herbaria, and distribute copies
of such photographs to herbaria of other institutions, were recog-
nized, and the plan was endorsed by leading botanists. The project
was then laid before the Rockefeller Foundation which generously
appropriated $15,000 to cover the expenses of carrying it out during
1929, 1930 and 1931, a contribution for which the Museum is deeply
grateful. Under the provisions of this fund Assistant Curator
J. Francis Macbride was sent to Berlin to make photographs of the
many types of South American plants which are in the collections
of the Botanical Garden and Museum of Berlin. Most encouraging
reports as to the success of this work have been received from him.
In connection with the same project, Dr. B. E. Dahlgren, Acting
Curator of Botany, while in Brazil as leader of the Marshall Field
Botanical Expedition to the Amazon, took the opportunity for
making a large number of photographs of type specimens in institu-
tions of that country.

The South Park Commissioners turned over to the Museum
$222,220.52, representing the amount due the Museum under the
tax levy authorized for this purpose by the state legislature. Of




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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 21

this amount, $72,220.52 was in cash payments made in the usual
way by the Commissioners, and the balance of $150,000 was from
the sale of tax anticipation warrants upon which the Museum will
pay the interest until the warrants have been redeemed by actual
tax payments.

As has been the case every year since the Museum was founded,
many friends of the institution have generously contributed material
for the collections of the various Departments. Such gifts are
deeply appreciated, as they help to make it possible for the Museum
to expand its usefulness, and they indicate the constant active
interest taken in the institution by its friends. Among outstanding
gifts of this kind received during 1929 were two unique mortuary
Chinese clay figures of horsewomen engaged in playing polo, pre-
sented by Mr. Earle H. Reynolds of Chicago; three rare Chinese
carvings presented by Dr. I. W. Drummond of New York; a Japanese
wooden saddle, elegantly lacquered, given by Colonel A. A. Sprague;
two bird paintings by the artist Fuertes, also presented by Colonel
Sprague; three valuable specimens of cut gems presented by Mr.
Richard T. Crane, Jr.; thirty-four specimens of crystals presented by
Mr. William J. Chalmers for addition to the collection of crystals to
which he has contributed year after year; forty-nine specimens of
gems presented by Mrs. Joseph W. Work of Evanston, Illinois;
important paleontological collections from Mr. and Mrs. William
and Toodie Bower and Mr. Franklin Bower of Argos, Indiana, from
Former Judge George Bedford of Morris, Illinois, and from Mr.
Henry Gebauer of Chicago; specimens of a stoat and a wildcat pre-
sented by Lord Astor of London; a sea-elephant skeleton given by
Hagenbeck Brothers of Stellingen, Germany; two specimens of a
very rare lizard from the Kalahari Desert presented by Dr. W. J.
Cameron of Chicago; and a collection of old California Indian bas-
kets, presented by Mr. Homer E. Sargent of Pasadena, California.

In addition to the above, noteworthy collections and specimens
for the various Departments were received as gifts from many
other individuals and institutions, among whom are the following:
Mr. Herbert J. Devine. New York; Mr. Julian Armstrong, Chicago;
Mrs. John Alden Carpenter, Chicago; Mr. H. W. Seton-Karr, Lon-
don; Oxford University; Mr. H. C. Benke, Chicago; the Garfield
Park Conservatory; Yale University; Purdue University; Illinois
State Museum; Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad;
Standard Oil Company (Indiana) ; Mr. F. J. W. Schmidt, Stanley,
Wisconsin; Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, Chicago; the General Bio-



22 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

logical Supply House, Chicago; Mr. E. B. Williamson, Bluffton,
Indiana; Dr. A. R. Emerson, Chicago; Mr. and Mrs. S. Yamagata,
Chicago; Ichabod T. Williams and Sons, New York; the F. B.
Williams Cypress Company, Patterson, Louisiana; the Pickrel
Walnut Company, St. Louis; the Panhandle Lumber Company, Spirit
Lake, Idaho; the American Walnut Manufacturers' Association
Chicago, and the Ail-American Mohawk Radio Corporation, Chicago.
These are but a few of the many contributors. A complete list of
them and their gifts appears in the List of Accessions beginning
on page 170, and detailed descriptions of the various gifts appear
in the section of this Report under the heading Accessions, begin-
ning on page 93.

By bequest the Museum received the important private herba-
rium of the late Robert Ridgway, of Olney, Illinois. Consisting of
some 4,000 specimens, this collection is a valuable addition to the
Museum's Illinois Herbarium.

In addition to gifts and bequests, the Museum, as usual, added
extensively to its collections through exchanges with other institu-
tions, and through purchases. Details of such acquisitions will also
be found in the section of this Report dealing with Accessions
(page 93) and they are listed in the List of Accessions (page 170).

The plans for the Hall of Prehistoric Man, material for which
was collected by Assistant Curator Henry Field in Europe in 1927
(see Annual Report for 1928, pages 423-425), were perfected, and
a contract for the life-size groups has been made with Mr. Frederick
Blaschke, the sculptor who accompanied Mr. Field on his expedi-
tion to Europe. Mr. Blaschke is now at work on the groups in his
studio at Cold Spring-on-Hudson, New York. The object of this hall
is to illustrate the development of prehistoric man of western
Europe from earliest geologic times down to about 10,000 B.C.
The hall will contain nine life-size groups, and seven cases devoted
to casts of human remains and the contemporary fauna, as well
as artifacts made by prehistoric man in flint and bone.

During the summer, the Director, accompanied by Mr. Joseph N.
Field, son of President Stanley Field, made a trip to all the principal
countries of Europe, visiting the important museums for purposes
of studying their methods, and for effecting contacts that would
result in wider exchange relations between them and Field Museum.

Towards the end of the year plans were completed for the
publication by the Museum of a small monthly bulletin for Mem-
bers, to be known as Field Museum News. Preparations were made



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 23

to issue the first number in January, 1930. By this means it is
believed the membership will be kept in constant closer touch with
the activities of the Museum. The Director will be editor; the
Curators will be contributing editors, and the managing editor will
be Mr. H. B. Harte of the Division of Public Relations. The bulletin
will be printed by the Museum's Division of Printing.

An unprecedented number of publications was issued by the
Museum during 1929, the speeding up of this work being made
possible by the employment of seven additional printers, and operat-
ing the Museum's printing plant on both day and night shifts.

It is pleasing to record that Dr. Charles E. Hellmayr, Associate
Curator of Birds, was awarded the Brewster Medal of the American
Ornithologists' Union for his work in the continuation of the late
Charles B. Cory's Birds of the Americas and for his list, Birds of
Northeastern Brazil.

Professor Roy L. Moodie of Santa Monica, California, was
authorized by the Museum to prepare a study of the mummified
animals of Egypt in Field Museum, for publication as an appendix
to his general report on the Museum's mummies. This work is
based on research conducted by means of the Museum's X-ray
equipment, presented several years ago by President Stanley Field.

An important contact with the public was made through a series
of fourteen radio broadcastings about the Museum and its activities,
given, one a week, by the Director, the Curators and other members
of the scientific staff over the Prairie Farmer station, WLS, in
cooperation with the Chicago Daily Journal.

Groups of students heard lectures on prehistoric life by Mr.
Elmer S. Riggs, Associate Curator of Paleontology, some of these
being given in the exhibition halls, and some outside the Museum.

Associate Curator of Geology Henry W. Nichols gave a brief
lecture on local geology before the local section of the American
Institute of Mining Engineers.

Satisfactory progress has been made in the work of all Depart-
ments and Divisions of the Museum during the year. All such
activities as enlargement of collections, installations of new exhibits,
reinstallations and improvements of older exhibits, improvement
and enlargement of study collections and facilities, cataloguing,
inventorying and labeling, scientific research into various subjects,
and general public service in answering inquiries which come in on



24 Field MrszuY of Xa-t.c Histof.y— Reports. Vol. VIII

various subjects within the scope of the Museum, have been per-
formed on a large scale. Details of all such work appear eisewhere
in this Report.

The educational activities of the Museum were conducted with
gratifying success. The usual spring and autumn courses of free
illustrated lectures on science and travel by eminent explorers and
scientists were given for the general public in the James Simpson
Theatre of the Museum, and also a series of special lectures for
Members. These were well attended, as shown in a subsequent
section of this Report (page 32).

The Department of the X. W. Harris Public Szhool Extension
continued its work of circulating traveling cases containing nararal
history and economic exhibits among the schools of Chicago. As
has been the case each year since this Department was organize 1
the number of cases in use and the number of schools and other
centers served have been increased to a noteworthy degree (see
page 15-5 .

The Jarre; '1 "e.son and Anna Louise Raymond Puh B : School and
Children's Lecture Division of the Museum conducted its various
activities with the same gratifying response on the part of children,
school authorities and teachers, which they have been accorded
in other years. These activities include the sending of extension
lecturers with lantern slides to the schools; the presentation of series
of free motion picture and other educational entertainments :or
children in the James Simpson Theatre during the spring, summer
and autumn; conducting of tours of the exhibits for groups of chil-
dren, and other activities treated at length in another section o: this
Report devoted particularly to this Division (page 34).

The guide-lecture tours for adults conducted twice daily, except
on Saturdays and Sundays, were continued throughout the year
with notable success in the number of persons participating and the
wide variety of subjects covered. As in the past special service of
this type for groups requesting it, as well as the regular public
service, was made available.

The Library of the Museum has seen an expansion in the collec-
tions of important and valuable reference works on its shelves, and
its services both to the Staff of the Museum and to the general
public have continued to be fruitful (see page 45).

Much important work has been accomplished in such Divisions
of the Museum as Public Relations, Printing, Photography. Roent-



Jan. 1930 An~>tual Report of the Direct

genology, Dlustratiori and Memberships. Detailed accounts of the
work of all these, as wed aa of the previously mentioned Depart-
ments and Divisions, wiii be found in various other sections :: this
Report.

In the death of Mr. Chauncey Keep, a member of the Board of
Trustees, on August 12. 1929. the Museum suffered a serious los.s.
Mr. Keep had been a Trustee since 1915. He was also an Honorary
Member, a Con: orate Member and a Life Member. In tribute to
his memory the Board of Trustees adopted the following resolution
on September 16:

"The Board of Trustees of Field Museum of Natural History
pauses to do homage to the memory of Mr. Chauncey Keep, whose
death on August 12. 1929. at the age of seventy-six years, removed
from its membership one whose valuable and mem arable service had
made him an outstanding character in the industrial and financial
life of Chicago.

"Mr. Keep became a member of the Board in Idle and served
as a member of the Finance Committee. Thus for the past fourteen
years he has been intimate.;." associated with the development of
the Museum. Possessed of a clear and comprehensive intellect.
his counsel and aid were of incalculable service to this institution.

"Mr. Keep had a charm and a kindly manner, as well as a vigorous
personality, which endeared him bo all with whom he came in
contact. His interest in the welfare and mission of Field Museum
of Natural History was manifested not only by his labors for it.

which continued during his long illness, but by generous gifts to H
during his life and by a bequest of $50. 000 at the time of his death.

"Therefore, be it resolved that this expression of our admiration
and esteem for Mr. Keep, and our grief at his passing and the loss
of his counsel and companionship be preserved on the permanent
records of the Board.

"And be it further resolved that our deep sympathy be ::weyed
to the members of his family in their bereavement and that a copy
of this resolution be sent to his widow."*

There were a number of changes in the Museum Stan during the
year by resignations and new appointments. Also, creation of a
number of new positions made necessary a number of additions t?
the personnel.

Dr. William D. Strong resigned his post as Assistant Curator of
North American Ethnology and Archaeology. Dr. Paul S. Martin.



26 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

formerly of the staff of the Public Museum, Milwaukee, and the
Colorado State Museum, Denver, was appointed Assistant Curator
of North American Archaeology.

Mr. Walter A. Weber, who accompanied the Cornelius Crane
Pacific Expedition as artist and ornithologist, upon his return was
appointed as Artist and Assistant in the Department of Zoology.
Mr. Dwight Davis was appointed as an Assistant in Osteology.

Mrs. Margaret F. Pyatt, Chief of the Raymond Division Staff,
resigned, and Miss Margaret M. Cornell, her senior assistant, was
promoted to fill the position. Miss Miriam Wood and Mr. Gordon
S. Pearsall are new guide-lecturers appointed during the year. Miss
Mary Louise Smith was also appointed as a guide-lecturer, but
resigned shortly, due to ill health. Mr. Alfred L. Hertel, guide-
lecturer, severed his connection with the Museum.

Mr. Douglas W. Gibson, purchasing agent, resigned, and his
place was filled by the appointment of Mr. J. L. Jones.

Mr. Lorenz Risili was employed for work in the Stanley Field
Plant Reproduction Laboratories, and Mr. Philip C. Orr and Mr.
Sven Dorf were employed as preparators in vertebrate paleontology.

Mr. Thurston Wright, assistant bird taxidermist, resigned, and
his place was filled by the appointment of Mr. John W. Moyer.
Mr. Klaus Abegg was employed as a taxidermist's assistant.

In the Division of Printing, a proofreader, a pressman, a makeup
man, compositors, and one bindery girl were added to the working
force. This increased personnel has made possible more efficient
work, and has enabled publications and exhibition labels to be
printed which had previously been delayed because of insufficient
help.

Mr. G. S. Wittrock was given a temporary appointment to per-
form the work of the Custodian of the Herbarium during the absence,
due to ill health, of the regular Custodian, Mr. Carl Neuberth.

Volunteer services without pay were rendered in the Department
of Zoology by Mr. Daniel Clark and Mr. G. C. Hixon.

The title of Mr. Clifford C. Gregg was changed from General
Assistant to Assistant to the Director.

Second Sergeant of the Guards Charles Kuhn was placed on the
Museum's pension payroll, following his retirement from active
duty after nearly thirty-six years' service.

Following the death of Mr. Joseph Schmitz, monotype operator
in the Division of Printing, the sum of $3,000, representing insurance
under the Museum Pension Fund, was paid to his widow.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 27

The newspapers, as in past years, have accorded the Museum
wholehearted cooperation in its publicity campaign carried on for
the information of the public and to attract visitors to the institu-
tion. Not only the press of Chicago, but newspapers and press
associations all over the country have devoted more space to
Museum activities than ever before. Outstanding news and photo-
graphs from the Museum were given international circulation also.

As in the past the Museum has been fortunate in having various
powerful advertising media opened to it without charge. It has been
advertised in posters displayed by local transportation companies,
by using space given in theatre and opera programs, and by the
distribution of Museum direction folders by railroads and other
transportation companies, hotels, civic associations, and other organ-
izations.

Grateful acknowledgment is hereby extended to those in charge
of the various enterprises which have thus given generous assistance
in promoting public interest in the Museum. The details of adver-
tising and publicity are to be found in this Report under the heading
Division of Public Relations (page 157).

Much of the material comprising the transportation exhibits,
formerly shown in Field Museum when it was located in Jackson
Park, was this year turned over to the new Museum of Science
and Industry, founded by Julius Rosenwald. This material had
never been exhibited in the present building, due to the limitation
of Field Museum's scope to the natural sciences. Practically all
of the transportation material is involved in the transfer to the
Museum of Science and Industry. It will form the nucleus of an
instructive and interesting exhibit in the new museum, and its
removal from Field Museum has made available a large amount
of additional space excellently adaptable for exhibition purposes.

A large number of publications, which are duplicates of ones on
the shelves of Field Museum's Library, or are for other reasons no
longer useful to this Museum, were distributed to other institutions
to which they would prove valuable. Among such institutions are
the Museum of Science and Industry, the Shedd Aquarium, and the
University of Chicago. Still other such material was redistributed
to the institutions from which it was originally obtained.

Early in the year it was decided to insure the Museum building
against fire, and its contents against loss or damage by fire, water
or theft. The insurance firm of Marsh and McLennan was employed



28 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

to inspect the premises and make recommendations. In order to
obtain the lowest possible rate of insurance the Museum carried out
certain recommendations made by the engineers of that firm after
they had completed a most thorough examination of the building,
and had made a study of the institution's operating requirements
and the practices involved in carrying them on. These recommen-
dations were followed at a total expense of $7,433.06, and the
Museum agreed to replace gradually all wooden shelving and cab-
inets of wood with others of fireproof materials. A thorough house
cleaning of accumulated hazardous material was made. There were
installed in various parts of the building forty-four watchmen's
patrol service stations, a fire alarm system consisting of fifteen sta-
tions, two annunciator gongs, forty-five chemical fire extinguishers,
and sprinkler systems for the pressroom of the Division of Printing,
and for the paint and carpenter shops. Fireproof doors with
approved closures were installed in the pressroom, paint, carpenter
and electrician's shops. A fireproof partition with approved gravity
sliding door was built around the woodworking machinery in Room
38 (workshop of Department of Anthropology) on the third floor.
A vault for storing supplies of a hazardous nature used in taxidermy
was built on the fourth floor. A total of approximately 7,800 feet
of fire hose was purchased and connected with fifty-three risers.

Insurance for $5,000,000 on the building, and $2,500,000 on its
contents, was placed. While it is impossible to determine the actual
value of the contents, an estimate of $50,000,000 would not seem
too high. The actual value of the building would be approximately
$7,000,000. However, the amount of insurance placed seems to be
adequate to assure a proper measure of protection against what
seems the most likely maximum of hazard.

Maintenance and improvement in the Museum received their
proper attention during the year. The growing needs of the institu-
tion, requiring, as they do, frequent extensive improvements and
additions to keep pace with the increasing demands of the Depart-
ments, are an indicator of the rapid and constant development of
the Museum. More and more each year the Museum is becoming
better equipped to perform all of its necessary labor, including not
only that for technical and scientific purposes, but that for ordinary
maintenance work as well.

Among the improvements may be mentioned the construction
of six built-in cases in Ernest R. Graham Hall of Historical Geology.
These were built to house the following groups: Neanderthal Man




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(already installed), Titanotheres, Mesohippus, restoration of a Car-
boniferous forest, Cambrian sea life, and Ordovician sea life.

Construction of a case 43' 6" wide, 21' 11" deep and 22' high
was nearly completed at the south end of Carl E. Akeley Memorial
Hall. This case will be devoted to the group of African animals at
a water hole to be prepared from specimens obtained by the Harold
White-John Coats Abyssinian Expedition.

Nineteen large cases and three small ones in Akeley Hall, con-
taining African mammal habitat groups, were remodeled and fitted
with back panels of light color, and with transoms and illuminat-
ing hoods for individual lighting. These cases were regrouped and
backed to the walls, thus creating a much wider central aisle in the
hall.

By remodeling twelve A-shaped cases in Albert W. Harris Hall
to a uniform height and fitting new tops to them, provision was
made for a very satisfactory installation of reptiles.

Thirty-seven floor cases have been provided for the reinstallation
of certain Egyptological material in Hall J. Of these, twenty-one
are remodeled old cases, and the balance new. Each is equipped with
a specially designed top for individual lighting.

An individually lighted wall case more than twenty-five feet
long, about four feet high, and one foot deep was made in the
Museum shops for installation of the Egyptian papyri.

Two cases, one for reinstallation of the reproduction of a pine-
apple plant and the other for exhibiting a fruit cluster of the sago
palm, were purchased.

A case, 108 feet long and two and one-half feet deep, was built
and installed on the south wall of Hall J (Egyptian archaeology).
It will be used for the exhibition of Coptic textiles. Illumination is
provided within the case, but entirely outside the range of vision.

The case, which for many years has contained a large ancient
Egyptian boat, was remodeled and furnished with means for lighting
its interior.

Special lights were installed for stair lighting at the west entrance
leading to the James Simpson Theatre.

Following out the line of improvement begun a little more than
a year ago of constructing steel and plaster partitions between the
zoological exhibition halls, there were thirty-eight such partitions
built between Halls 17, 18, 19 and 20.



30 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

Insulating panels were installed in windows of Halls 3, 15, 27
and 30, and the draperies which covered those windows were per-
manently removed.

All of the twenty-four windows and ninety-six transoms in the
bridge corridors connecting exhibition halls on the second floor were
bricked up and plastered. These bridges are now available as addi-
tional and desirable exhibition areas.

A program of painting the exhibition halls was begun. Fourteen
halls, Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 21, 22, 30 and C, were done.
In addition, eleven departmental offices and workrooms, the Presi-
dent's reception room, and the Director's and Auditor's three-room
suites of offices were painted. The outside of all windows and the
inside of windows on the fourth floor were painted. Many other
painting jobs of smaller magnitude but of much importance were
also done.

The rope guard around the elephant group in Stanley Field
Hall, which had proved unsatisfactory, was removed, and in its
place was built a wooden base finished with naturized rubber
flooring.

The Frank W. Gunsaulus Japanese Collections, which formerly
occupied Hall 30, were removed to a new location recently made
available in the west half of Hall C on the ground floor. In this
place it was possible to arrange the exhibition cases to better ad-
vantage than in the former location. The name, Frank W. Gunsaulus
Hall, has been transferred from the old hall to the new one.

The two rooms which had formed Hall 30 were made into one
large room by the removal of the partition which separated them.
Two large openings, architecturally treated to conform with the
entrances to adjacent halls, were made. The hall will be devoted
to the exhibition of Chinese jade objects representing all periods.
Eight walnut cases, each with an illuminating hood, were purchased
for the installation of the jade collections.

Provision for the better display of the Museum's post cards,
publications and photographs was made by the construction of two
wooden stands with display racks in the northeast and northwest
corners of Stanley Field Hall near the main entrance. These stands
are of cabinet workmanship and designed in keeping with the charac-
ter of the exhibition cases of the hall.

Foreseeing the future need for additional exhibition space on the
main floor, there was cleared for this purpose Hall 12, which had



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 31

been occupied for some years as a classroom by the Art Research
Classes conducted in cooperation with the Art Institute of Chicago.
In its place, quarters were provided for these classes in the west
portion of Hall B on the ground floor. The classes have found the
new quarters more suitable for their purposes than the old ones.

Better and increased storage facilities were added to the Depart-
ments of Anthropology, Botany, Geology and Zoology.

An unused portion of the transformer room was converted into
a storeroom for North and South American archaeological material.
It has a floor area of 1,225 square feet, and is fitted with 4,545 square
feet of adjustable metal shelving.

The Department of Botany was provided with three blocks of
steel herbarium cases, each 9' 2" x 3' 5" x 7' 3". Each block consists
of eight compartments with thirty-two pigeonholes to each com-
partment.

To insure systematic and safe storage of paleontological material
awaiting preparation for exhibition or study purposes, twenty-five
steel cabinets, each fitted with a metal shelf and two drawers on
roller bearings, were provided. These cabinets have a total capacity
of 1,000 cubic feet.

The Department of Zoology was supplied with increased storage
facilities for birds and mammals by the addition of thirty-two
large steel storage cabinets having a total of 1,380 trays. Storage
accommodations for all mammal bones now in the Department of
Zoology, and for all it is likely to acquire over a long period of time,
have been erected along the west passage of the fourth floor. For
this purpose forty-eight steel cabinets — each 5' x 4' x 6' 8", with
steel shelves and drawers on roller bearings, and with a door in front
and back of each cabinet — were installed. The doors close in on
thick moth-proof felt.

A fur storage vault consisting of three gas-tight, mechanically
ventilated, fireproof rooms, with a floor area of 1,650 square feet,
was built on a mezzanine occupying the full width of the north end
of the taxidermists' shop on the fourth floor. Under the west end of
this fur storage space, and on a level with the floor of the taxider-
mists' shop, there has been built a soundproof and non-vibrating
room with a floor area of 350 square feet to accommodate machines
for dressing and cleaning furs. The centralization of these requisites
in the Museum's main taxidermy shop will greatly increase efficiency.
All wooden shelving and cabinets in the taxidermy shop were
replaced with steel ones.



32 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Near the boiler-room there was built a fireproof macerating and
degreasing room with three gas-fired tanks. With this greatly needed
addition it now will be possible for the Division of Osteology to take
care of the present large and steadily increasing number of skulls
and other skeletal material.

On the first and ground floors of the Museum 300-watt glassteel
lighting fixtures to the number of 349 were installed, in Halls 2, 3,
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 15, 18, 21, B and C. Approximately 100
exhibition cases, in Halls 16, 22, 30, 36, 38, D and J, were wired and
equipped for lighting.

Tuck pointing was carried on during 1929 along all of the north
side of the Museum building, with the exception of one very small
area; along all of the west side except for a small part which had
been done previously; and on the southwest corner of the central
pavilion. Approximately one-half of the walls of the building now
remains to be tuck pointed.

The coal conveyor was overhauled and put in good condition.
Brickwork on the boilers was repaired, and fourteen tubes were re-
placed in two of the boilers. Steam for heating was furnished to the
Shedd Aquarium from December 27, 1928, to March 22, 1929, and
again from October 11, 1929, to the end of the year and continuing
into 1930. Steam was furnished to the building on Soldier Field
from November 21 to 27, 1929.

LECTURES AND ENTERTAINMENTS

General Lectures. — The Museum's fifty-first and fifty-second
courses of free lectures for the public were given in the James
Simpson Theatre on Saturday afternoons during the spring and
autumn months. They were illustrated by motion pictures and
stereopticon slides. Following are the programs of both courses:

Fifty-first Free Lecture Course

February 23 — Four Years at the Courts of the Sultans of Java.

Mr. Tassilo Adam, ethnologist of the Dutch East Indies.

March 2 — From Cairo to the Cape.

Captain Carl von Hoffman, F.R.G.S., New York.

March 9 — Man-hunting in the Jungle.

Commander George M. Dyott, F.R.G.S., New York.

March 16 — Camera-hunting on the Continental Divide.

Mr. William L. Finley, American Nature Association.

March 23 — Prehistoric Man in America.

Mr. Barnum Brown, American Museum of Natural History.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 33

March 30 — Bryce, Zion and the Grand Canyons.

(Illustrated with Lumiere Autochrome plates.)
Dr. C. C. Schneider, member of the Sierra Club.

April 6— Bali— The Garden of the Gods.

Mr. Andre Roosevelt, New York.

April 13 — Recent Explorations in Time and Space.

Professor Forest Ray Moulton, astronomer, Chicago.

April 20 — In the Cellars of the World.

Mr. Russell T. Neville, cave explorer, Kewanee, Illinois.

April 27 — Indian Winter in the Labrador.

Dr. William Duncan Strong, anthropologist of the Rawson-
MacMillan Subarctic Expedition for Field Museum.

Fifty-second Free Lecture Course

October 5 — Formosa — The Island Beautiful.
Mr. Clarence Griffin, London.

October 12 — Man's Place in Geologic History.

Dr. Oliver C. Farrington, Curator of Geology, Field Museum
of Natural History.

October 19 — Wild Flowers and Trees.

Mr. Guy C. Caldwell, American Nature Association.

October 26 — Earth and Neighbor Worlds.

Dr. Clyde Fisher, American Museum of Natural History.

November 2 — Lands of the Sun.

Mr. Frederick Monsen, Pasadena, California.

November 9 — Zulu Tribe.

Captain Carl von Hoffman, F.R.G.S., New York.

November 16 — Bird Islands of Peru.

Dr. Robert Cushman Murphy, American Museum of Natural
History.

November 23 — Explorations and Excavations at Chichen-Itza, Yucatan, and
Uaxactun, Guatemala.
Dr. Sylvanus G. Morley, Carnegie Institution, Washing-
ton, D.C.

November 30 — Through Southern Abyssinia.

Mr. C. J. Albrecht, Department of Zoology, Field Museum of
Natural History, member of the Harold White-John Coats
Abyssinian Expedition of Field Museum.

December 7 — Along the Floor of the Ocean for Field Museum.

Mr. J. E. Williamson, leader of the Field Museum- Williamson
Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas.

The total attendance at these twenty lectures was 26,199.
In addition to the regular spring and autumn courses, the follow-
ing special lectures were given for Members of Field Museum:

January 13 — Beauty and Tragedy under the Sea.
Mr. J. E. Williamson, New York.

November 3 — Lands of the Sun.

Mr. Frederick Monsen, Pasadena, California.

November 10 — Zulu Tribe.

Captain Carl von Hoffman, F.R.G.S., New York.



34 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

November 17 — Bird Islands of Peru.

Dr. Robert Cushman Murphy, American Museum of Natural
History.

November 24 — Explorations and Excavations at Chichen-Itza, Yucatan, and
Uaxactun, Guatemala.
Dr.Sylvanus G. Morley, Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C.

December 1 — Trailing the Giant Panda on the Chinese-Tibetan Frontier.

Mr. Kermit Roosevelt and Mr. C. Suydam Cutting, New York,
members of the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to
Eastern Asia for Field Museum.

December 8 — Along the Floor of the Ocean for Field Museum.

Mr. J. E. Williamson, New York, leader of the Field Museum-
Williamson Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas.

December 15 — The Kingdom of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol.

(A remote province of Indo-China where pioneer scientific work
was done by members of the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts
Expedition for Field Museum, and where a distinguished
mammalogist gave his life for the cause of science.)
Mr. Harold J. Coolidge, Jr., F.R.G.S., Boston, leader of the
Indo-China division of the expedition.

The total attendance at these eight special lectures was 7,384.
The total number of lectures for adults was twenty-eight, and
the total attendance at them was 33,583.

JAMES NELSON AND ANNA LOUISE RAYMOND PUBLIC
SCHOOL AND CHILDREN'S LECTURE DIVISION

Entertainments for Children. — The James Nelson and Anna
Louise Raymond Public School and Children's Lecture Fund made
possible the continuation of lecture and entertainment work among
children, both in the Museum and outside in schools and camps.

Series of entertainments on Saturdays were offered as usual in
the spring and autumn months, and a summer series on Thursdays
was given during July and August. Following are the programs of
these three series of entertainments:

Spring Course
February 23 — Pieces of China.

March 2— The Delta of the Nile.*
In and about Cairo.*
A Trip down the Nile.*
The Cabbage Butterfly.
Brooding Chickens.

March 9 — Romance of Rubber.
Our Dog Friends.
Yosemite's New Roads.
Quaint People and Queer Places.

March 16 — Rome, the Eternal City.*
Naples and Vesuvius.*
The Buried City.*
Our Animals and How They Help Us.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 35

March 23 — Story of Our National Parks.
Earthquakes.
Birds of Prey.
Felling Forest Giants.

March 30 — King Alfonso's Busy Day.*
Gibraltar.*

Ronda and Granada.*
Invading "Musky" Land.
Tigers of the North.

April 6 — Familiar Foods from Foreign Lands.
The Great White North.

April 13— Scottish Tidbits.*
Emerald Isle.*

White-tail Deer in the Adirondacks.
The Horse and Man.
National Bird Refuges.

April 20 — Arctic and Tropic Houses.

Arctic and Tropic Boats and Fishermen.
Wild Flowers.

April 27 — Where Salmon Leap.

A Cruise to the Land of the Midnight Sun.

(By courtesy of the Norwegian America Steamship Line.)
•In cooperation with "Topsy Turvy Times" department of the Chicago Daily News, which broad-
cast a "Trip around the World" from WMAQ radio station.

The total attendance at these ten entertainments was 13,505.

Autumn Course

October 5 — Sea Birds.
Seals.

Little People of the Sea.
The International Ice Patrol.

October 12 — Columbus.*
Philadelphia.

October 19 — The Panama Canal.
Pillars of Salt.
Some Wild Babies.
The Spider.
The Ant-lion.

October 26— Illustrated talk, "Earth and Neighbor Worlds."

Dr. Clyde Fisher, American Museum of Natural History.

She's Wild.

From "Paddy" to Bowl.

In a Drop of Water.

November 2— The Story of Steel.

November 9 — Nesting of the Sea Turtle.

The Cruise of the Princess Pat.

November 16 — Our Chicago.

Story of the Four Seasons.

November 23 — Beautiful Catalina.
The Cliff Dwellers.
Berber Mountain Peoples.






36 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

November 30— King Snow Holds Court.
Roads to Wonderland.
The Pilgrims.*

December 7 — Illustrated talk, "Giants of Long Ago."

•Chauncey Keep gift to Field Museum.

The total attendance for the autumn course of entertainments
was 18,554. The total attendance for the spring and autumn
course together was 32,059.

To help meet the needs of the children for wholesome entertain-
ments during the summer months, a series consisting of tours of
the exhibits, and motion pictures and story hours in the James
Simpson Theatre, was presented, as follows:

Summer Programs

July 11 — Tour — Indians of Plateau and Desert.
Motion Pictures:

Aboriginal Inhabitants.

The Petrified Forest.

Irrigation in the Southwest.

The Eagle's Nest.

Pagan People in the Painted Desert.

July 18— Story Hour— "Ptahhotep, the Egyptian Boy."
(Illustrated with colored pictures.)

Tour— The Egyptian Hall.

July 25 — Tour — A Trip to Java, Borneo and Sumatra.
Motion Pictures:

Strange Prayers.

Maizok of the South Seas.
August 1 — Tour — South American Plants and Animals.
Motion Pictures:

The Zoo.

Buenos Aires.

Parana.

Falls of Iguassu.

Monkey Land.

August 8 — Story Hour — "Mistanapish Visits His Blood-brother in the West."
(Illustrated with colored pictures.)

Tour — Farmer, Hunter, and Fisher Indians.
August 15 — Tour — African Plants, Animals, and Peoples.
Motion Pictures:
An Ancient Art.
Murder.
Bits of Africa.
Sacred Baboon.
A Jungle Orphan.

This series helped to solve the vacation problem for many
parents and leaders of children's organizations. Many favorable
comments, and requests for a similar program for the summer of



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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 37

1930, have been received. The total number of groups coming for
this series was twenty-four, and the attendance was 7,336. Of this
number 4,725 represents the theatre attendance, and 2,611 the tour
attendance.

Two special motion picture programs were given during the
month of February:

February 12 — Abraham Lincoln.
My Mother.
My Father.
The Call to Arms.

February 22 — George Washington.
Yorktown.
Alexander Hamilton.

Due to the crowds, it was necessary to show each three times.
The total attendance for the two special programs was 9,050.

In all, twenty-eight different programs were offered free to the
children of the city and suburbs during the year, and the total
attendance at these was 48,445.

In addition to the cooperation with "Topsy Turvy Times" of the
Chicago Daily News, the following assisted by giving the programs
publicity in newspaper articles and radio broadcasts: the Chicago
Daily News and Station WMAQ; the Chicago Tribune and Station
WGN; the Prairie Farmer and Station WLS; the Chicago American;
the "Junior Journal" of the Chicago Daily Journal; the "Boys'
and Girls' Post" of the Chicago Evening Post; the Herald and
Examiner; and Station WCFL.

Thanks for films loaned for the programs is due to the United
States Department of Agriculture, the Norwegian America Steam-
ship Line, the Rothacker Film Corporation, the General Electric
Company, and the Commonwealth Edison Company.

The Museum Stories for Children, written by members of the
Raymond Division Staff, were handed to all children attending the
entertainments. Copies of these often were furnished also to teachers,
who requested them for use as reference material in classroom work.
A new style of folder has made the binding of the Museum Stories
possible, and the children are being encouraged to so preserve the
series and establish a natural history library. Many of the stories
were reprinted in the "Boys' and Girls' Post" department of the
Chicago Evening Post.



38 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

Following are the subjects of the Museum Stories for Children
issued during 1929:

Chinese Kites.

Nile Farmers.

Rubber Producing Plants.

Buried Cities.

Fossil Trees.

Cork.

Champion Fliers.

Horses — Past and Present.

Early Spring Flowers.

Salmon and Cedar Indians.

The First Cave People.

Glaciers and Icebergs.

Liberty Bell and Other Bells.

Spiders.

An Arapaho Sun Dance.

Meteorites.

Turtles.

Woodchuck.

Goats.

Wild Turkeys.

Elephants of Long Ago.

A total of 53,500 copies of these stories was printed.

Lecture Tours for Children. — As in previous years, emphasis
was laid on lecture tours correlating with the school curriculums.
Other tours were organized to give a general knowledge of the
Museum and its activities. Groups from public, parochial, and
private schools, both in the city and surrounding areas, and from
clubs and other organizations, participated. In all, 480 such
groups received guide-lecture services, with a total attendance
of 21,576.

Extension Lectures. — Extension lectures were offered as in

former years to the public schools of the city. To meet the needs

of the junior and senior high schools a series of lectures was especially

arranged for correlation with classwork in history and the sciences.

The series embraced the following subjects:

The Story of Steel.

The Ancient Egyptians.

The Romans: Their Arts and Customs.

Our Friends, the Birds.

Animals of the Past.

Reptiles and Insects.

Wild Flowers of the Chicago Area.

Activities of Field Museum.

For presentation in the elementary schools, the following series
was offered:



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 39

For Geography and History Groups — South America.

North American Indians.
Glimpses of Chinese Life.
Native Life of the Philippines.
Marcus, the Roman.
Ptahhotep, the Egyptian.

For Science and Nature Study Groups — Story of Flax and Cotton.

Story of Silk and Wool.
Story of Coal and Iron.
Food Fish of the World.
African Animals.
American Fur-bearers.
Chicago Mammals.
Chicago Birds.
Chicago Wild Flowers.
Activities of Field Museum.

The total number of schools visited was 215, and the total
number of lectures given in the schools was 496. In addition to
these were several given for school clubs, at conferences, and at
Camp Algonquin, which brings the total number of extension
lectures presented during 1929 to 509. The total attendance at
these was 180,964.

Accessions. — The Raymond Division acquired during the year
768 stereopticon slides for extension lectures, 34 negatives for mak-
ing slides, and 581 prints, all made by the Division of Photography.
It also received, as a gift from the United Fruit Company, Boston,
material for a lecture entitled "A Trip to Banana Land," including
four sets of forty-six slides each, one motion picture reel, and
accessories for the same.

NATURE STUDY COURSES

In response to requests for a series of talks on natural history
topics especially arranged for leaders of nature study in camps and
other recreational organizations, a class was organized to meet
each Thursday morning during February, March and part of
April. The programs consisted of lectures followed by tours of
exhibits illustrating the topics discussed.

Letters were mailed to various organizations inviting them to
send representatives to participate in the class meetings. Follow-
ing is a list of some of the organizations which sent representatives:
the Chicago Boys' Club, the Boy Scouts of America, the Young
Men's Christian Association, the Salvation Army, the Girl Scouts,
the United Charities, the Wild Flower Preservation Society, the
Camp Fire Girls, and the Young Women's Christian Association.



40 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Various neighborhood clubs, social centers and settlement houses
also sent representatives.

The programs for the classes were as follows:

February 7 — Chicago Mammals.

February 14 — Winter Birds.

February 21 — Trees.

February 28 — Ecology of the Chicago Region.

March 7 — Geography of Chicago.

March 14 — Flowers, Ferns, and Mosses.

March 21 — Spring Birds.

March 28 — Insects.

April 4 — Fish, Reptiles, and Amphibians.

April 11 — Stars and Clouds.

April 18 — Forum.

The total number of lectures, tours and conferences held in
connection with this nature study course was twenty-seven, and
the total attendance was 835.

In response to a request from Mr. Allen Carpenter, Educational
Director of the Chicago Council of Boy Scouts of America, that a
course similar to the one presented on Thursday mornings be
given for the scoutmasters of the city who could meet only on
Saturday afternoons, a second course of five lectures was given.
The subjects presented were substantially those of the first course,
but in each lecture several of the topics were combined, as follows:

March 30 — Ecology and Conservation.

April 6 — Birds.

April 13— Plant Life.

April 20 — Reptiles, Fish, Amphibians, and Insects.

April 27 — Mammals.

The total number of lectures and conferences in the second
course was ten, and the total attendance was 461. The number
of nature study groups in both courses of instruction was thirty-
seven, with an aggregate attendance of 1,296.

LECTURE TOURS FOR ADULTS
As in previous years the services of Museum guide-lecturers
were offered without charge to clubs, conventions, and other organi-
zations, and to Museum visitors in general. For the public 124
general tours and 386 tours covering specific subjects were arranged.
Printed monthly schedules were kept at the main entrance for
distribution to visitors. Hundreds of copies were sent at the
beginning of each month to libraries, social settlements, retail
stores, and other centers of distribution.

There were 149 special parties, including groups from clubs,
conventions, colleges, and other organizations, and 391 general



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 41

public groups. The special parties totaled 4,440 persons, and
the public groups 4,360, making a total of 8,800 adults who received
guide-lecture service during the year.

EDUCATIONAL MEETINGS

The use of the Lecture Hall was extended to thirty-seven
educational and civic groups. These meetings were attended by
1,746 persons.

On June 13, the graduating exercises and presentation of diplomas
of the adult department of the public schools of Chicago were held
in the James Simpson Theatre, with appropriate ceremonies. The
total attendance of graduates and guests was five hundred.

RADIO BROADCASTING

Radio broadcasting for the year 1929 included talks for both
adults and children. Some of these talks were presented by a
member of the Raymond Division. Others were prepared for
presentation by members of the broadcasting staffs of the radio
stations.

During the spring course of Raymond Division entertainments
for children, material for broadcasting was sent to Station WMAQ,
operated by the Chicago Daily News, to be given during the "Topsy
Turvy Times" hour. These talks correlated with the films to be
shown in the James Simpson Theatre, or gave a short summary
of the tours to be given in the Museum.

From February 11 to April 1 inclusive, a series of talks on
"Field Museum and Its Activities" was broadcast each Monday
night over Station WCFL, operated by the Chicago Federation
of Labor.

During the summer course of entertainments, broadcasting
material was prepared each week for various stations giving publicity
to the children's programs.

To assist in the promotion of Chicago's proposed Century of
Progress exposition, the Museum cooperated with WGN, the
Chicago Tribune station, by preparing eight radio talks on the
work, history, and educational value of the Museum, and its attrac-
tions for visitors to the exposition.

Among the broadcasts especially prepared for young people
were those given over Station WMAQ in connection with programs
presented for the schools. Three such scientific talks on "The
Peoples of the Earth" were given during the fall.



42 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

A series of eleven radio talks for adults, on the Museum, its
expeditions, and other activities, was broadcast from the Prairie
Farmer Station, WLS, in cooperation with the Chicago Daily Journal.
Speakers included the Director, several of the Curators, and other
members of the scientific staff.

Totals. — The total number of groups receiving instruction by-
means of entertainments, tours, and lectures was 1,622, with an
aggregate attendance of 292,882. This figure includes both the
adults and children participating in Museum educational activities.

DIVISION OF PUBLICATIONS

The activities of the Division of Publications were greatly-
increased in the past year because an unprecedented number of
scientific publications was issued by the Museum, due largely to
additions to the personnel of the Division of Printing.

During 1929 the Museum distributed to the libraries, museums,
and other institutions from which it receives publications for the
enlargement of its own library resources, 8,951 copies of scientific
publications and 2,729 copies of leaflets. About half of these were
sent to institutions in the United States and its possessions, the
other half being forwarded to foreign destinations through the
courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution's international exchange
bureau at Washington, D.C. In addition, 5,489 copies of the 1928
Annual Report of the Director and 6,132 leaflets were sent to
Members of Field Museum. Sales for the year totaled 1,085 publi-
cations, 7,023 leaflets, and 12,447 miscellaneous publications and
pamphlets.

Field Museum and the Child, a pamphlet which outlines the
work carried on by the Harris Extension and the Raymond Division
of Field Museum of Natural History among school children of
Chicago, was given further distribution in 1929. It was originally
published in 1928 and sent during that year to the institutions
with which the Museum carries on exchange relations, to the Life,
Associate, and Sustaining Members of this institution, to Chicago
public grade and high schools, and branch libraries. Copies were
sent in 1929 to 2,678 Annual Members, 521 clubs, parochial schools,
and suburban schools, and 502 persons and institutions on a list
selected from an educational directory.

An appreciable increase was made in the number of names of
institutions on both the Museum's domestic exchange list and its
foreign list.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 43

Sixteen additions to the regular series of Field Museum publica-
tions were issued, one of which was anthropological, four botanical,
two geological, eight zoological, and one the Annual Report of the
Director for 1928. In addition to these, six numbers were added to
the general leaflet series and three miscellaneous items were pub-
lished. Following is a detailed list of these publications:

Publication
number

254. — Geological Series, Vol. IV, No. 5. Contributions to Paleontology.
By Sharat K. Roy. February, 1929. 22 pages, 9 photogravures.
Edition 1,275.

255. — Zoological Series, Vol. XII, No. 18. A Contribution to the Ornithology
of Northeastern Brazil. By Charles E. Hellmayr. March 4, 1929.
268 pages, 1 map. Edition 1,016.

256.— Report Series, Vol. VII, No. 3. Annual Report of the Director for
the Year 1928. January, 1929. 224 pages, 20 photogravures.
Edition 7,663.

257.— Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 1. The Birds of the Neotropical
Genus Deconychura. By John T. Zimmer. May 18, 1929. 20
pages. Edition 1,068.

258. — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 6. I. Supplement to the Flora of Barro
Colorado Island, Panama. By Leslie A. Kenoyer and Paul C.
Standley. II. Two New Species of Chara from Tropical America.
By M. A. Howe. July 5, 1929. 22 pages, 6 photogravures. Edition
1,040.

259. — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 7. Spermatophytes, Mostly Peruvian.
By J. Francis Macbride. July 5, 1929. 32 pages. Edition 1,100.

260. — Geological Series, Vol. V, No. 2. The Mineral Composition of Some
Sands from Quebec, Labrador and Greenland. By James H. C.
Martens. July 12, 1929. 17 pages, 3 zincs. Edition 1,611.

261.— Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 2. A New Rodent from the Gala-
pagos Islands. By W. H. Osgood. July 12, 1929. 6 pages. Edition
1,105.

262. — Zoological Series, Vol. XII, No. 19. Contents and Index to Volume
XII. Numbers 1 to 19. October, 1929. 34 pages. Edition 1,085.

263. — Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 3. Birds of the James Simpson-
Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition. By Charles E. Hellmayr. October
18, 1929. 120 pages. Edition 1,064.

264. — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 8. Studies of American Plants — I.
By Paul C. Standley. Studies of American Plants — II. By Paul
C. Standley. October 24, 1929. 152 pages. Edition 1,051.

265. — Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 4. The Land Mammals of Uruguay.
By Colin Campbell Sanborn. October 24, 1929. 24 pages. Edition
1,068.

266.— Zoological Series, Vol. XIII, Part VI. Catalogue of Birds of the
Americas. By Charles E. Hellmayr. November 14, 1929. 264
pages. Edition 1,530.

267. — Botanical Series, Vol. IV, No. 9. Honduran Mosses — Collected by
Paul C. Standley. By Edwin B. Bartram. December 10, 1929.
18 pages, 3 photogravures. Edition 992.

268. — Anthropological Series, Vol. XIX, No. 1. Melanesian Shell Money
in Field Museum Collections. By Albert B. Lewis. December,
1929. 36 pages, 25 photogravures. Edition 1,015.



44 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

269.— Zoological Series, Vol. XVII, No. 5. A Study of the Tooth-billed
Red Tanager, Piranga Flava. By John T. Zimmer. December 18,
1929. 54 pages, 1 map. Edition 1,022.

Leaflets

Anthropology, No. 28. — The Field Museum-Oxford University Expedition
to Kish, Mesopotamia, 1923-1929. By Henry Field. November, 1929.
34 pages, 14 photogravures, 2 maps. Edition 2,993.

Geology, No. 10. — Famous Diamonds. By O. C. Farrington. February,
1929. 28 pages, 4 photogravures, 1 colored plate. Edition 6,023.

Geology, No. 11. — Neanderthal (Mousterian) Man. By O. C. Farrington
and Henry Field. September, 1929. 16 pages, 8 photogravures, 1 map.
Edition 6,056.

Geology, No. 12.— Cement. By H. W. Nichols. September, 1929. 16 pages,
4 photogravures. Edition 3,036.

Zoology, No. 10.— The Truth about Snake Stories. By Karl P. Schmidt.
January, 1929. 20 pages, 1 cover design. Edition 3,045.

Zoology, No. 11. — The Frogs and Toads of the Chicago Area. By Karl P.
Schmidt. March, 1929. 16 pages, 4 photogravures, 1 colored plate, 1
cover design. Edition 3,002.

Miscellaneous Publications

Memoir Series, Vol. I, No. 2. — A Sumerian Palace and the "A" Cemetery
at Kish, Mesopotamia. Part II. By Ernest Mackay, with preface by
Stephen Langdon. December 26, 1929. 152 pages, 42 photogravures,
1 map. Edition 1,472.

Field Museum and the Child. 34 pages, 8 photogravures, 5 halftones.
Edition 4,070.

General Guide. Thirteenth Edition. 38 pages, 1 photogravure, 3 zincs.
Edition 8,530.

Post Cards. — The installation of two accessible card stands,
which permit of an easy view and selection, helped to bring the
total of post cards sold up to 161,226, an increase of more than
28,000 over the 1928 sales.

Sets of post cards were issued in October. An endeavor was
made to serve the interest of the public and to make each series
interesting and instructive by supplying on each card specific data
as far as space permitted. It is hoped that these sets will contribute
their share in disseminating knowledge of the Museum and its
collections.

Twenty-seven sets, containing a total of 289 cards, were issued
by the Department of Anthropology and illustrate selected objects
from the collections of the Museum. China, Tibet, India, Mexico,
Peru, Melanesia, Egypt, Benin, and Cameroon are the countries
represented. The objects were chosen with a view to popular
appeal and grouped under such headings as bronzes, pottery, sculp-
ture, costumes, masks, and carvings.



ield Museum of Natural History



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate VI




ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN BARLEY
(Hall 25)
Charred grains of six-rowed barley excavated on site of Kish by the Field Museum-
Oxford University Joint Expedition to Mesopotamia
Three times natural size



THI LIBftMR?

OF THE

WHIYIBIITr 8f uilutt



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 45

The two sets thus far issued by the Department of Geology-
have been greatly in demand. They depict Neanderthal Man and
the mural paintings of prehistoric landscapes, plants, and animals.
The Department of Zoology's post cards illustrate apes and monkeys,
rodents, marsupials, insects, moths, butterflies, skates and rays.
Of the zoological subjects 2,200 cards were sold during the last three
months of the year. One set was issued showing seven types of
exhibition cases loaned to Chicago schools through the N. W. Harris
Public School Extension. Additional views will be prepared by the
various Departments from time to time.

LIBRARY

The accessions of the Library during 1929 consisted of 3,105
books and pamphlets, acquired variously through gifts, purchases,
and exchanges.

The gifts received from friends of the Museum and from members
of the Staff are all useful, and in several instances have consisted
of rare and unusual works. The largest single gift was received
from Mr. John P. Kellogg, of Chicago, who presented a collection
of especially valuable books to the Anthropological Library. Such
gifts indicate in a material way interest in the Museum's work that
is greatly appreciated.

The Library relies largely upon exchanges received from contem-
porary institutions throughout the world to increase its collections.
During the year publications were received from 748 institutions
and individuals, and sixteen new exchange arrangements with
foreign societies were established. From the John Crerar Library,
Chicago, there were received in exchange for the Museum's publica-
tions 259 reprints of botanical papers that will be exceedingly useful
in the work of the Department of Botany.

Among the periodicals purchased during 1929 that filled in some
of the incomplete sets of the Botanical Library, were the early
volumes of Curtis's Botanical Magazine. This purchase comprised
125 volumes, from 1777 to 1843, and is an unusually fine set which
brings the Museum's file of this magazine complete to date. Also
purchased were the Botanische Jahrbucher, Volumes I-XXXIII;
Fedde's Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis, Beihefte,
Volumes II-LI; Hooker's Icones plantarum, Series 3, Volumes
I-X, and Flora of Tropical Africa, by Oliver and others, nineteen
volumes.



46 Field Museumof Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Other works purchased were Iconum botanicarum index Londi-
nensis, in six volumes; Ascherson and Graebner, Synopsis der mittel-
europdischen Flora; Cortes, Flora de Colombia; Moricand, Plantes
nouvelles d'Amerique, 1833-46; the fifth and last volume of North
American Wild Flowers, by Mary Vaux Walcott; Bertholet, Religi-
onsgeschichtliches Lesebuch; Chardin, Travels in Persia; Dampier,
New Voyage round the World; Mural Paintings of Tel El-Amarnah;
Sarasin, Ethnologie der Neu Caledoner und Loyalty Insulaner; Stein,
On Alexander's Track to the Incas; Steinen, Die Marquesaner und
ihre Kunst; Lacroix, Minerals of Madagascar; Lee, Stories in Stone;
Weber and Beaufort, Fishes of the I ndo- Australian Archipelago;
Perrier, Traite de zoologie; Beaufort, Birds from Dutch New Guinea;
Bechstein, Ornithologisches Taschenbuch, 1802-12; Naumann, Ueber
den Haushalt der nordischen SeevogelEuropa's, 1824; Maynard, War-
blers of North America; Yerkes, The Great Apes; Forster, Indische
Zoologie, 1781; Schreiber, Herpetologia Europaea; and the fourteenth
edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Among activities of the year was the unpacking of some forty
large boxes of books and pamphlets that had been stored for years.
These boxes contained books and papers duplicating works on the
shelves of the Library or for other reasons no longer applicable
to the work of the Museum. It was necessary to reduce drastically
this large collection. A general classification of all the items included
was made, and for convenience they were temporarily stored in
stacks in one of the rooms on the ground floor. Among the duplicates
were many items that would be useful for redistribution by the
institutions from which they were originally obtained. Upon inquiry
it was found that some of these institutions desired them, and boxes
of them were returned to the United States Geological Survey,
Washington, D.C., the American Museum of Natural History,
New York, and the New York State Museum, Albany. The Museum
of Science and Industry, Chicago, was given five boxes of publica-
tions selected from this collection by a member of its staff. Approxi-
mately one thousand excerpts and reprints of ichthyological papers
from early periodicals and serials, now difficult to obtain,; were
sent to the Shedd Aquarium library, and 200 volumes of Russian
literature were sent to the University of Chicago. Several hundred
excerpts and reprints were sorted according to subject and dis-
tributed among the departmental libraries of the Museum. When
this work can be completed it will be possible to use the remainder



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 47

as exchange material for that offered from time to time by other
institutions.

Cards indicating the additions made to the periodicals in the
Library during the year are being supplied for a supplement to the
Union List of Serials whose index is indispensable for information
relative to old and new periodical literature.

There were received during the year 8,137 individual issues of
journals, periodicals and serials.

There were prepared, forwarded and returned from the bindery
736 volumes. Cards for 8,047 different titles were typewritten and
added to the various catalogues. Monthly deposits of author cards
were received from the John Crerar Library totaling 9,360 cards
for the year.

EXPEDITIONS AND RESEARCH

Anthropology. — During the year three expeditions were
operating in the interest of the Department of Anthropology.

The Museum's work in British Honduras, inaugurated in
1928, was continued this year. This expedition, known as the
Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to British Hon-
duras, was again under the leadership of Assistant Curator J.
Eric Thompson, and was in the field from December, 1928, to
June, 1929.

During the first month Mr. Thompson lived at San Antonio
in the south of British Honduras, where he was engaged in obtain-
ing ethnological information. San Antonio is a village of about
600 inhabitants, all of whom are pure Maya, descendants of the
ancient people who built up the great Maya civilization. In order
to make a thorough study of their religion and customs, Mr.
Thompson lived exactly the same life as they do, lodging with a
Maya family and subsisting on the native food. A wealth of eth-
nological data was secured, including records of a considerable
number of traditions and legends that are undoubtedly many hun-
dreds of years old. Considerable light will also be thrown on the
religion of the Mayas by the information obtained in San Antonio.
The Mayas are nominally Catholics, but still retain much of their
old faith. The results of these ethnological researches are in course
of publication.

Early in 1929 Mr. Thompson proceeded to Belize, where, after
purchasing stores, he proceeded to the ruins of Tzimin Cax, Cahal



48 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

Pichic, and Hatzcap Ceel, situated in the south of the Cayo District
close to the Guatemala frontier. Seventeen San Antonio Mayas
accompanied him as laborers. Practically none of them had ever
been away from the vicinity of their village before.

To reach the ruins it was necessary to travel two days up the
Belize River in a small launch, thence three days on mule-back
through a dense, uninhabited forest. These ruins had been dis-
covered the previous year by Mr. Thompson while conducting
the First Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to British
Honduras. This year more extensive excavations were carried
out, with the result that the sequences of culture in that area were
more clearly brought out through the discovery of stratified pottery
and graves of different periods superimposed one upon another.
A small, round altar was found at Hatzcap Ceel giving the date
9.19.0.0.0. 9 Ahau 18 Mac, corresponding to June 28, a.d. 810
(in the correlation adopted by the Museum) . This date fits in with that
of the altar discovered last year, the date of which is 10.0.5.0.0. 13
Ahau 13 Uo, just twenty-five years later. However, most of the
objects excavated, including jade, painted pottery, filed and inlaid
teeth, and a mirror of iron pyrites, are of an earlier date.

At the close of the activity at these sites, a visit was paid to the
ruins of Uaxactun and Tikal situated in the heart of the great
forest-covered Peten District of northern Guatemala. At the
former site a comparison was made between the pottery types
discovered there by the Carnegie Institution and those discovered
by the Field Museum expeditions. It was found that the artifacts
and types of pottery were the same in both areas, showing that
they must have formed part of the same cultural zone in ancient
times.

Subsequently the ruined city of Copan in the Republic of
Honduras was visited. There a new stele (No. 26) was found.
This stele had been re-used as one of the steps on the northwest
side of the great plaza. Only a portion of the inscription was
preserved, and this yielded no date, but the style of the carving
shows plainly that the monument dates from the early period.
It had been carved on three sides, if not on all four.

A collection of Guatemalan textiles was obtained in the high-
lands of Guatemala. The natives in this region are also of the
Maya stock, but speak different languages. They are excellent
weavers, and the cotton blouses of the women embroidered with
designs of birds and animals are very spectacular.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 49

In June, with the arrival of the rainy season which precluded
further work, Mr. Thompson returned to Chicago.

Under the patronage of Mr. Frederick H. Rawson, ethnological
field work in Africa was undertaken this year for the first time in
the history of the Museum. The Rawson-Field Museum Ethno-
logical Expedition to West Africa, headed by Mr. Wilfrid D.
Hambly, Assistant Curator of African Ethnology, was organized
to make studies of the tribes of Angola (Portuguese West Africa)
and Nigeria (British West Africa), countries which have been but
little explored. Mr. Hambly left Chicago on February 18, and
after making preparations and official arrangements in England
for his expedition, proceeded to Antwerp and thence sailed to
Angola. He stopped at the port of Loanda, capital and adminis-
trative center of the Portuguese colony, where the plans of the
expedition were approved by the High Commissioner for Angola.
He arrived at Lobito, the chief port of the territory, on April 29,
and left for the interior on May 11, using the railway which runs
for about 700 miles across the colony into the Belgian Congo. He
established his base at Elende, Benguela, which is the center of
the Ovimbundu, a most numerous and powerful tribe, who occupy
the major portion of Angola. He made a thorough study of the
domestic life of these people, their agriculture and industries,
social organization, customs and habits, folklore, magic, and religion.
With Elende as his base of operations, he made three arduous
journeys which carried him far into the interior of the country
in all directions.

In August he undertook a journey into the country of the
Esele, a tribe living in the hinterland of the port of Novo Redondo
in northwestern Angola. Their villages are well hidden amid the
rocks or the tall grasses and bushes of the valleys, and shelter
four or five families. He made his way through this country in a
motor car which was used as a base to which the collections were
returned at the end of each day. The Esele tribe differs from the
Ovimbundu in both outward appearance and language. They
decorate their bodies with red pigments, tattoo concentric circles
around their eyes, and file their upper and lower incisors to very
sharp points. They are good agriculturists, cultivating small
patches of ground on precipitous and seemingly barren slopes.
Maize is one of their staples and is stored on the cob. Pottery
made by their women is the finest in Angola. An interesting



50 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

object obtained from this tribe is an ancient ax formerly used by
the king both as a symbol of authority and as a weapon for behead-
ing offenders.

On the return journey from the Esele country Mr. Hambly
passed through the district of Bailundu, also inhabited by Ovim-
bundu, where he made a collection of charms and magical appli-
ances. He then covered several thousand miles in the interior of
Angola eastward and northward to obtain collections representative
of the tribes surrounding the Ovimbundu people. Some very
rare masks and costumes were collected, and several ceremonies,
such as the initiation rites of boys and the healing of the sick, were
witnessed on this tour. In September he returned to Lobito, taking
passage to Matadi on the Congo and proceeding to Nigeria, where
he will operate until the end of January, 1930.

Measurements of fifty-four adult males and sixty large photo-
graphs of racial types were obtained. Five reels of motion pictures
(more than 2,000 feet) were made, the subjects being the native
blacksmith's craft; basket, pottery, and mat making; dances, and
a funeral. Some 500 still pictures were taken. Fifty cylinders of
records of drum music and specimens of the Ovimbundu language
were taken on the dictaphone. The blacksmith work was studied
in great detail, and tools and products of the forge have been
acquired. A collection of 1,239 objects, including some excellent
wood carving, pottery, and basket work, was brought together.
Snakes, lizards, and other reptiles whose skins are used in native
industries or which play a significant role in native folklore were
also collected.

The Field Museum-Oxford University Joint Expedition to Meso-
potamia, financed by Mr. Marshall Field and Mr. Herbert Weld,
completed its seventh season at Kish, Irak, working from the
early part of December, 1928, till the middle of March, 1929. The
direction of the field work was again entrusted to Mr. L. C. Watelin,
who was assisted by his son, Mr. Rene" Watelin, and by Mr. T.
K. Penniman of Trinity College, Oxford, who was in charge of the
excavation of human skeletal remains. The general supervision
of the expedition's activities was, as in previous years, in the hands
of Professor Stephen Langdon of Oxford University.

Two hundred laborers were employed in the work of excavation
this season. The digging of a small trench for the purpose of
laying the tracks for a narrow gauge railroad resulted in the dis-
covery of ten Babylonian sarcophagi of bluish-gray pottery, shaped



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 51

like bathtubs and containing human skeletons. They were found
at a depth of three feet. In each case the body was lying on its
left side. In some cases the body was in the sarcophagus, which
then was without a cover; in other cases the sarcophagus was placed
over the body. One curious sarcophagus was found, made of two
hemispheres of pottery fitted together and containing the remains
of an old man. Although the skeletons were in a rather poor state
of preservation, they revealed many interesting racial character-
istics. The bones were large and indicated muscularity, and the
skulls were uniformly dolichocephalic, with narrow noses, and
large, much- worn teeth.

The main result achieved in the progress of excavation this
season is that virgin soil has ultimately been reached about ten
feet beneath the present water level, or sixty feet below the top
of the mound. The fact has been ascertained that between water level
and virgin soil the city of Kish was destroyed and reconstructed
three times. The periodical demolition of the walls appears to
have been caused by local inundations. Mr. Watelin discovered
in horizontal layers consisting of clay deposits evidences of three
floods, the most important of which he dates at 3300-3200 B.C.
This great flood was followed by two lesser ones which in each
case destroyed the whole or part of the city. Mr. Watelin con-
tends that it is impossible to state at present which of these floods
may be identical with the deluge recorded in the Old Testament,
and states that investigations in different localities are required
to settle this question definitely.

The capital result of this season is the discovery in the lowest
strata of numerous flint implements of novel and varied types,
such as have never been found in Mesopotamia before. Stone
implements previously gathered in Mesopotamia on the surface
of mounds were of a limited variety of forms, and had been acci-
dentally pushed up from the depth of the mounds as these were
gradually rebuilt. In other words, they were not found in the
strata in which they had been left. At Kish, however, the flint
implements were actually encountered in situ, at a depth of about
eighteen feet, among a mass of flakes and rejects, which go to prove
that the flints were manufactured in the very place where they
were encountered. Saws and sickle blades embedded in a layer
of bitumen for the attachment of wooden handles, knife blades,
drills, scrapers, and axes were brought to light. A very curious
small implement of irregular shape, with a very sharp point, was



52 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

found in abundance, and may have been used for making per-
forations in wood, leather, shell, or other soft materials. Bone
drills which also occur abundantly were used at the same time
with flint drills. Mr. Watelin, who has published a well illustrated
article on the lithic industry of Kish in L' Anthropologie, has arrived
at the conclusion that these flints date to about 4000 B.C. and that
on the whole they point to a strictly lithic or neolithic period.
However, copper is not entirely absent from this stratum; at least
a long and thin copper needle and a cylinder of bitumen wrapped
in copper foil were discovered. Metal, at any rate, was rare at
that time and presumably restricted in its use to ornaments, while
all implements for domestic and industrial purposes were made
of flint.

Other objects found in the deep strata are statuettes of
crude earth and bitumen, the latter representing figures of bearded
gods in profile, the hair falling down in tresses on all sides of the
head. The shoulders are square, the arms project from the body,
and the legs are represented only by a cylindrical support. Animal
representations are frequent. A model of a chariot with its team
was found. The driver is standing on the shaft of the vehicle,
directing a pair of animals close to the chariot and five others
farther forward. According to Mr. Watelin's calculations, this
chariot model belongs to the period of the third reconstruction
of the city, which took place about 3300-3200 B.C.

The vicissitudes and successive destructions of the city have
not been favorable to the preservation of pottery, which is found
to have been smashed on the pavement. The fragments point to a
coarse ware turned on the wheel and intended for everyday use.
Several broken vases were found, badly fired and coated with a red
pigment ; other sherds are painted exclusively in black or in red, and
are intersected by lines; other sherds are of a fine, black pottery.
Many fragments bear incised geometrical designs. In the lower strata,
beneath the water level, several pieces of fragmentary pottery
were encountered with painted designs on the same order as those
previously found at Jemdet Nasr; others have a unique decoration
of painted concentric lines in brown, apparently made with a comb.

The stratification now obtained permits the establishment of
a chronology in a series of seven periods down to the Neo-Baby-
lonian epoch of the sixth century B.C. The lowest stratum, about
twenty-seven feet below the level of the plain and ten feet beneath
the present water level, is occupied by the earliest Sumerian culture




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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 53

which, according to Professor Langdon, is not later than 4000 B.C.,
and this is the date adopted by him for the foundation of the city
of Kish. It is this stratum which contained the flint implements,
the black and red pottery, as well as the monochrome and poly-
chrome pottery like that excavated at Jemdet Nasr.

Mr. Watelin also discovered a polychrome terra-cotta head
portraying a Sumerian, half natural size (about 3000 B.C.), which
he believes is the only example of painted statuary known in
Sumerian art. The face is yellow; hair, beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes
are indicated in black. In the division of the objects, this head was
retained by the Museum of Bagdad. He likewise found a tomb
containing copper vases in a rather good state of preservation
and a very beautiful copper object, a support for a vase made of
coiled copper wire in which a tall stone vase had been placed.
Two or three hundred fragments of Babylonian tablets and about
twenty Sumerian tablets were also brought to light.

Assistant Curator Thompson completed a monograph on the
ethnology of the Mayas of central and southern British Honduras.
The material for this work was obtained by him during the course
of his four visits to British Honduras, the greater part of it, how-
ever, in 1929 when he conducted the Second Marshall Field Archaeo-
logical Expedition to British Honduras. The majority of the
laborers employed in the excavations consisted of Maya Indians.
Although usually very reticent about their customs and beliefs,
they were more willing to volunteer information when far from
their own homes. This information sheds much light on the life
of the Mayas at the height of their civilization, particularly of the
rank and file. Much information, too, was obtained on Maya
religion. On the arrival of the Spaniards in Central America, the
old religion was overthrown, and the priests exterminated. The
simple religion of the layman, however, persisted, although only
practised in secret. This study of the modern Mayas permits a
close reconstruction of the religion of the Maya peasant stock of a
thousand years or more ago. Previously only the religious con-
cepts of the small group of educated priests and nobles were known,
and even these imperfectly. Steps in religious fusion among the
Mayas 1,500 years ago can now be traced in the light of the new
information obtained. This study of the modern Mayas is now
in press, and should be available early in 1930.

Assistant Curator Henry Field has made good progress on a report
which will give the results of his expedition into the Arabian Desert,



54 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

the first part of which it is planned to publish in the coming year.
Both geological and archaeological evidence points to the fact
that in prehistoric times this desert was fertile and well-watered,
and able to support a large semi-nomadic population. Many-
geological specimens brought back by the expedition now await
identification and chemical analysis. The evidence now available
would suggest that in a prehistoric age this area lay upon one of
the old lines of migration between Africa, Asia, and Europe, so
that new light will be thrown upon the question of the ancient
population of the Near East. Assistant Curator Field also pre-
pared anthropometric and statistical tables of 550 inhabitants of
the Kish area.

An interesting discovery was made this year in tracing three
lots of barley in some of the pottery jars excavated from the low
strata of the ruins of the ancient city of Kish. Botanical investi-
gation disclosed the fact that this barley is of the six-rowed variety
(see Plate VI), and this, as far as is known here, is the first actually
brought to light in Mesopotamia. Barley seeds of the four-rowed
variety were formerly discovered at Nippur. The six-rowed type is
the characteristic prehistoric barley which was known to the Indo-
European nations, numerous examples of which have been found
in the Swiss lake dwellings. It is this species which was taken along
by the Anglo-Saxons on their migration from their original home
to the British Isles and then cultivated by them in England. In view
of the discovery of the six-rowed barley at Kish the conclusion
is now warranted that this cereal, so important in the development
of agriculture, was first brought into cultivation at a prehistoric
date in Mesopotamia where the wild species also occurs, and that
the cultivated species was diffused from that center to all other
countries of the Near East, Egypt, and Europe.

Curator Berthold Laufer completed the manuscript of a detailed
study entitled Geophagy in which the curious practice of earth-eating
is traced in China and all other parts of the ancient and modern world.
Numerous new data and results of research are contained in the work.
He also contributed a number of articles to scientific publications
of this country, Canada, and England.

Professor Frank E. Wood, a volunteer worker in physical
anthropology, spent the first part of the year in the computation
of averages, indices, and coefficients of the 300 Peruvian skulls
measured by him last year. He also gave a preliminary cleaning
and treatment with shellac to the forty Eskimo skeletons obtained



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 55

by Dr. W. D. Strong in Labrador, and measured about half of
the skulls. He made the mathematical computations based on the
measurements of 200 living Eskimos taken by Dr. Strong, and
prepared the plates and descriptions of trepanned skulls from
Peru to be used in connection with Professor Roy L. Moodie's
work on Roentgenologic Evidences of Disease and Injury in Ancient
Unopened Mummy-packs from Egypt and Pre-Columbian Peru, in
Field Museum of Natural History.

Botany. — The collections of the Department of Botany were
greatly enriched during 1929 by the results of the several expeditions
conducted by the Department or with which it cooperated. The
most valuable additions to the Department's collections were pro-
cured in this manner.

Of greatest importance was the Marshall Field Botanical Expedi-
tion to the Amazon, which with its separate divisions amounted
in effect to two expeditions. This expedition got under way at the
end of January when Acting Curator B. E. Dahlgren, accompanied
by Mr. Emil Sella of the Department's Staff, sailed from Jackson-
ville for Belem, the Brazilian port usually known as Para from the
name of the state of which it is the capital. The departure of the
third member of this expedition, Mr. Llewelyn Williams, Assistant
in Wood Technology, who was to proceed to Iquitos, Peru, to collect
herbarium specimens and woods, was delayed until later in the year
when weather conditions would be more favorable for his work.

Headquarters were established in Belem, at the mouth of the
Amazon. This city, close to the equator, has two well-known
museums of its own, the Museu Paraense, better known as the
Museu Goeldi, devoted to natural history, and the Museu Commer-
cial, dealing with forest and other economic products of the region.

In view of the almost total absence from the Department's
collections of specimens from this region, of the strategic location of
the city at the entrance to the entire Amazonian river system, and
its importance as the principal point of export for the tropical pro-
duce of a region as large as all of Europe, it seemed to possess great
possibilities as a collecting ground. It was hoped to obtain material
for the Department's exhibits, collections of woods and other
economic material, and interesting specimens to be reproduced for
the Hall of Plant Life. The Department had long desired to make
first-hand acquaintance of the possibilities and conditions for work
in this region, which undoubtedly has more to offer in the way
of collecting and material for study than any other part of the



56 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

American continents. The presence of the two museums in Belem,
both devoted exclusively to the natural history and products of
the region, also offered unusual advantages.

The rainy season was selected for arrival at Para, as it had
the important advantage of being the general time of ripening for
most of the fruits it was hoped to obtain, which could not be had
in the drier season. The rainy months, however, turned out to be
far wetter than usual. Nevertheless, it was decided to collect
immediately in Para and environs all the material possible, especially
that for plant reproductions and the economic material offered by
the markets.

Previous field work in the American tropics had already supplied
the Department with most of the easily obtainable economic plants
to be found there, but it was evident that in spite of this there
could be secured at once many important items with which to enrich
the exhibits. Some of these had long been on the Department's
list of principal desiderata, e.g., the souari nut, Caryocar, of which
two species were common under the names of piquia and piquiarana,
and the sapindaceous climber, Paullinia sorbilis, the guarana of the
Amazon. The ground-up fruits of the latter are usually marketed
in stick form, and used in the preparation of a drink by the same
name, which has stimulating properties similar to tea, coffee, or
cola, due to the presence of an alkaloid of the nature of caffein.
Since the loss by Brazil of its virtual monopoly of the world's
rubber trade through the establishment elsewhere of plantations
of the Brazilian rubber tree from seeds obtained on the Amazon,
the export of guarana as well as of rubber seeds has been forbidden.
The plant is little cultivated, but it is interesting to learn of the
recent establishment farther up the river of a Japanese plantation
for the production of guarana.

An excellent coca shrub, almost a small tree, was found in flower
in the botanical garden of the Museu Goeldi, far from its native
habitat, which is Peru. A fine specimen of this was secured and
prepared for the exhibits, where a place has long been reserved for it.
It is the source plant of cocain. An excellent specimen of cinchona,
the source of quinine, was also obtained in one of the small towns
farther up the river. Attractive-looking big clusters of the farina-
ceous fruit of the pupunha, or peach palm, were to be seen almost
daily in the market of Belem, and photographs and specimens were
easily obtained of this and various other fruits characteristic of the
locality. While fruits could readily be bought in the market, it was



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 57

not always so simple to find in each case a tree in bearing from
which to obtain an adequate botanical specimen, because the pro-
duce sold in the Para market generally was brought by small sailing
vessels from various more or less distant points.

Among the most desirable collections made for the exhibits were
branches of the principal kinds of rubber trees. Properly reproduced
from formalin specimens with the aid of the photographs, molds,
and color sketches that were always prepared for such items, and
exhibited together with their respective trunks showing the methods
of tapping, they will enable the Department to make a comprehen-
sive rubber exhibit based on Amazon material. For this purpose as
complete a collection of specimens as could be made was secured of
the various kinds and grades of rubber and caoutchouc from various
localities. This material will be given place in the Department's
exhibit of industrial raw materials which is to be reorganized in Hall
28 during the coming year.

The vegetable oil industry is assuming increasing importance in
northern Brazil, the city of Belem having several mills for the
production of oils and fats, chiefly from palm seeds, e.g., babassu,
murumuru, and others. Samples of the fruits used and their respec-
tive oils, edible or otherwise, were obtained. Tobacco of various
types in characteristic and curiously wrapped packages, mandioca
or cassava products in their various forms, different varieties of
cacaos cultivated there, and various beans, seeds, palm fibers, and
woods were likewise collected.

The number of woods in this region is extraordinary, though as
a matter of fact only a relatively small proportion of them have as
yet found general use in the woodworking industries or in special
applications. The Museum's foreign wood exhibits include some
Brazilian woods, but these are all from eastern and southern states
of the country. Woods from the large Amazon region have hitherto
been entirely unrepresented. Planks that were secured of the twenty-
five principal species of commercial woods of Para will thus fill an
important place.

For the Herbarium a valuable collection of some 2,500 numbers
was secured from the vicinity of Belem and from other points visited.
The important herbarium of the Museu Goeldi was examined in its
entirety and every courtesy was extended by the museum officials,
especially Messrs. Siqueira Rodrigues and Bento Chermont. With
the kind assistance of the latter, who is curator in charge of
the botanical collections, a selection was made of type specimens



58 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

to be photographed. Most of these were of the little-distributed
plants of the famous Brazilian botanist Huber, a few were types
of plants described by the Brazilian botanist Ducke, and a few
were co-types of Ule, selected for special reasons. This work was done
in connection with the Department's program, begun this year with
the aid of an appropriation from the Rockefeller Foundation, for
obtaining photographs of type specimens of tropical American and
South American plants. One of the rooms in the expedition head-
quarters was used for the photography. The Museum acknowledges
with deepest appreciation the cooperation given to its expedition
by the officials of the Museu Goeldi.

The Acting Curator made a trip to the near-by state of Maranhao
and to various points along the coast, including Ceara, Parahyba,
and Bahia, obtaining in each locality the most available and charac-
teristic woods and products. In this connection should be acknowl-
edged gifts of cacao and a carefully prepared set of specimens of
tobacco donated by Epiphanio Souza Cruz and Company of Bahia.
A small collection of the wood of Ceara was obtained in Fortaleza.
Trips were made also on the Amazon to Marajo, to Santarem at the
mouth of the Tapajoz, up the river Tapajoz to Boa Vista, and to
Manaos.

A visit to the Henry Ford concession at Boa Vista, where the
Field Museum party for several days enjoyed the hospitality of
the management, proved especially interesting and resulted in the
collection of several hundred specimens. Felling of the forest for
the planting of rubber trees was about to end for the season, but
was still in progress at the time the visit was made. The Museum
party had thus an exceptional opportunity to test out the possibili-
ties of obtaining wood and herbarium specimens in the wake of
the woodcutters. Collecting from small trees seldom presents any
insuperable difficulty, at least none beyond that of climbing or
felling the trees, but the near impossibility of obtaining flowering
or fruiting branches from forest giants has always been baffling to
botanists. It would therefore seem that in a place such as the Ford
concession, where cutting operations are conducted on a large
scale and even the very largest species are felled to make room for
plantings, it should be a simpler task to secure adequate specimens,
but this proved far from being the case. The fall of a forest giant
is no small matter. As it begins to topple, many times carrying
with it smaller trees in the way, it gathers momentum until it hits
the ground with a terrific crash, the concussion resulting in a cloud



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 59

of torn foliage and flowers as if an explosion had taken place. Leaves
and pitch continue to whirl in the air for minutes and in descending
scatter far and wide. An examination of the tree top afterwards
often shows it to be practically stripped with not a flower to be
found, where previously it had been literally covered with them.
The one very great actual advantage of collecting woods where
trees are being felled on a large scale lies in the possibility of obtain-
ing with facility not only herbarium specimens but proper specimens
of the wood, including a good representation of the heart- as well
as sap wood.

The courtesies extended to the Museum party on this occasion
are most gratefully acknowledged and thanks are due especially
to the resident director of the work, Captain Erno Oxholm, to the
physician in charge of personnel and sanitation, Dr. Clarence Falles,
and to Mr. Earl Bricker and Mr. R. G. Carr. In connection with
the stay in Para thanks should be extended to the American Consul,
Mr. Gerald Drew, for his invariably helpful attitude and valuable
suggestions.

After the close of the work in Para the Acting Curator returned
to Chicago, stopping en route in southern Brazil, and visiting the
botanical garden and its herbarium in Rio, and the herbarium in
Sao Paulo to make arrangements for photographing type specimens
there. It is expected that from both of these places there will be
secured certain additions to the collection of negatives which is
described elsewhere in this Report. The visit to these herbaria
and the work accomplished in Para at the Museu Goeldi emphasize
the desirability of confining for the present the work of gathering
photographs of type specimens to the larger, more important
botanical centers where types are to be found in great numbers
and where photographs may thus be secured with a minimum of
effort and expense.

Mr. Williams, in charge of the other division of this expedition,
spent most of the year in the field searching for material to increase
the study series of the Department. Leaving Chicago in March,
he sailed from Savannah, Georgia, for Brazil, and proceeded to
Belem. There he spent only a few days, but was able to form a
small collection of plants. He then proceeded up the Amazon River
by steamer to Iquitos, Peru, at the head of navigation, where he
established headquarters for his season's work. From Iquitos he
made numerous voyages by canoe along the tributaries of the
Amazon. Extended trips, each consuming several weeks, were made



60 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

up the Itaya and Nanay Rivers, and down the main river as far as
the Brazilian frontier. He thus visited many localities which
doubtless had never been seen previously by a botanist.

That his work has been successful is proved by the bulk and
quality of the material already received in Chicago. This consists
of 9,500 well-prepared herbarium specimens, and of 1,088 specimens
of Peruvian woods. The wood specimens are of unusual value, due
to the fact that corresponding herbarium material was obtained in
each case from the same trees and shrubs from which the wood
samples were taken. It is only thus that one can be certain as to
the identity of the wood material, which, if not referable to its
proper genus and species, is worthless for scientific purposes. This
really huge wood collection, when thoroughly studied and reported
upon, will furnish data concerning the wood products of the wet
forests of eastern Peru, such as are available for no other part of
tropical South America. The region is immensely rich in tree
species, and is known to produce many kinds of lumber, some of
which may prove to be of importance to the woodworking industries
of the United States and Europe.

The herbarium specimens collected by Mr. Williams form the
most desirable addition to the Museum Herbarium which it would
be possible to obtain. They will be cited in the flora of Peru upon
which Assistant Curator J. Francis Macbride is now engaged, and
they will enable him to cover satisfactorily a portion of Peru which
hitherto has been almost unknown botanically. It is expected
confidently that the collection will prove astonishingly rich in new
species of Peruvian plants, and that it will provide extensions of
range for others known at present only from Brazil. Mr. Williams
will remain in Peru until early summer in 1930, and by that time
probably will have doubled the collections already received from him.

Dr. August Weberbauer, well-known botanist of Lima, Peru,
conducted for Field Museum the Marshall Field Expedition of
1929 to Peru. Dr. Weberbauer's similar activities in preceding
years have brought to the Museum an enviable amount of excep-
tionally desirable herbarium material to be utilized in the prepara-
tion of the flora of Peru, which is to be published by the Museum.
His collections, although not so extensive as those obtained by some
other collectors, are of outstanding value because of the fact that
he is thoroughly familiar with the Peruvian flora, and collects only
those plants which seem to him new or rare. On this account, his
Peruvian collections always have been found to be rich in plants
previously unknown to botanists.





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In February and March Dr. Weberbauer spent more than a
month in the field, and obtained 888 carefully prepared and annotated
specimens of plants. His work was performed in the southern
province of Cuzco, from which the Museum has possessed but
scant material. He collected particularly in the region of Marca-
pata, and the majority of his plants were gathered at high altitudes.
Their study doubtless will reveal a large number of species new to
the Peruvian flora, which already has been found to be so extensive.

Dr. Weberbauer's collections, with those of Mr. Williams, and
the fine series presented by Professor Fortunato L. Herrera, of the
University of Cuzco in Peru, and Mr. Oscar L. Haught, of Negritos,
Peru, make a quite unprecedented addition to the Museum's
Peruvian herbarium. When further material now expected has
been received, it seems certain that Field Museum will possess a
representation of the Peruvian flora which cannot be matched
elsewhere in the world.

The most important systematic work ever undertaken by the
Department of Botany was initiated during 1929. It was first
proposed and planned by Acting Curator Dahlgren, and it has
been placed in operation through a fund generously supplied for
the purpose by the Rockefeller Foundation.

In systematic botanical work, which has to do primarily with
the naming and classification of plants, it is essential that specimens
be named accurately. This can be done with perfect satisfaction
only by comparison of the plant to be named with the first, original
or type specimen, upon which the Latin name of the plant originally
was based. Field Museum has many such types, but since the
Herbarium has been developed wholly within the past thirty-three
years, the number is comparatively small. Large numbers of
type specimens exist in some eastern herbaria, particularly in the
Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, where are deposited the
collections studied by America's greatest botanist, Asa Gray, and
also in the herbarium of the United States National Museum in
Washington.

In the United States during recent years a great deal of attention
has been devoted to exploration and study of the botanical features
of South and Central America. The early students of the South
American flora were all Europeans and the types of most species
described from South America are preserved in European herbaria,
many of the species not being represented at all by any specimen
in American institutions. In order to determine properly the



62 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

recently accumulated collections, it is necessary to have access to
some of these historic type specimens, this being obtained
ordinarily only by a visit at considerable expense to Europe for
the purpose. For purposes of determination, a photograph of the
type specimen, especially when accompanied by a fragment of
leaf or flower of the original, is almost as helpful as the actual
specimen itself. The value of such photographs has long been
recognized by botanists, but the number of photographs made
has been small, because of lack of funds for the purpose.

In 1929 Field Museum was granted by the Rockefeller Founda-
tion a substantial sum to be used in photographing type specimens
of American plants preserved in European and South American
herbaria. The grant is to be continued for three years, and it is
believed that the results will be of unprecedented value to American
botanists in facilitating study of the tropical American flora. The
negatives obtained in this manner are to be preserved in Field
Museum, and prints of them will be available to other institutions
which may wish to bear the actual cost of their printing. It is
believed that no other development of recent years can have such
far-reaching and helpful results as this in the promotion of sys-
tematic and floristic work upon tropical American plants by the
systematic botanists of the United States and other parts of the
American continents.

During the summer Acting Curator Dahlgren had prepared at
Belem, Brazil, 819 negatives of type specimens of Brazilian and
Peruvian plants preserved in the Museu Goeldi. These specimens,
representing chiefly species described by the eminent Brazilian
botanist Huber, heretofore have been quite unavailable to North
American botanists. The photographs will be exceedingly useful
in the determination of recent Brazilian collections acquired by
Field Museum and equally so to other institutions interested in
the study of the flora of that country. Many of the species repre-
sented are forest trees yielding valuable lumber, and it is expected
that some of these will be associable with the collections now being
made along the upper Amazon by Mr. Williams.

Further work under the Rockefeller Fund for the Photographing
of Type Specimens is now being conducted by Assistant Curator
Macbride in Europe. Mr. Macbride left Chicago at the end of
July, going to Berlin, where he has been engaged since that time.
He has received the most cordial support from Dr. Ludwig Diels,
Director of the Berlin Botanical Garden and Museum, and from the






Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 63

entire staff of the museum. Every facility has been provided for
photographing the unequaled series of South American types owned
by the garden, and the work has been successful far beyond
reasonable expectations. More than 2,000 negatives already have
been prepared under Mr. Macbride's supervision, and although
they have not yet been received by Field Museum, prints made
from some of them demonstrate that they are of superior quality,
and will form an indispensable addition to any institution interested
in the identification of tropical American plants. The types of
several large and important families have been selected for photo-
graphing, especially types from the Andes of South America.
Since most active American systematic botanists are interested to
some extent in this region, it is believed that the results of the
completed collection will be eminently and immediately helpful
to American botanists generally. The Museum is greatly indebted
to the Rockefeller Foundation for its sponsorship and financing of
this highly important scientific work.

Field Museum acknowledges with the deepest appreciation the
cordial interest and the generous cooperation of the director and
staff of the Berlin garden, which has resulted in the favorable
accomplishment of this project. It is gratifying to be able to
record, also, the promises of cooperation received from the directors
of other European herbaria, where it is expected that the work
will be continued during the next few years.

The Department of Botany shared in one of the Museum's
zoological expeditions, the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedi-
tion to Eastern Asia. Mr. F. Kingdon Ward, the well-known
English collector of Chinese plants, who has introduced into
European and American gardens so many beautiful plants from the
Chinese mountains, was attached to this expedition. In March
and April, 1929, he collected plants in the southern Shan states
and Burma, and in May and June he botanized in upper Laos,
Indo-China. The Museum received a collection of approximately
400 herbarium specimens which he collected in these two areas.

Mr. Herbert Stevens, in connection with his zoological work
as a member of the same expedition, made a large collection of
plants in the high mountains of the province of Szechwan, China.
It is composed largely of herbaceous plants, many of them alpine
species, and it amounts to more than 2,400 specimens. When
determined, as it is expected they will be with the cooperation of
specialists upon the eastern Asiatic flora, these collections will



64 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

make a useful addition to the Herbarium, which needs a much
better representation of the flora of eastern Asia. Asiatic specimens
often are helpful for comparison with American material, since it
has long been known that the floras of China and the United States
have much in common.

As evidence of the continued and increasing use being made
of the Museum's Herbarium may be mentioned the fact that during
1929 there were published at least thirty-seven papers based wholly
or in part upon its collections. Some of these papers were written
by members of the Staff; others by persons who had visited the
Museum and consulted the Herbarium, or had borrowed specimens
for study elsewhere.

Professor Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood
Technology, published in Tropical Woods, a periodical issued by
Yale University School of Forestry, a paper upon the "Trees and
Shrubs Collected by F. C. Englesing in Northeastern Nicaragua."
The material upon which the paper is based is deposited in the
Museum's Herbarium, and the determinations were made by
Associate Curator Paul C. Standley.

Mr. Standley published eighteen papers based wholly or in
part upon the Museum collections. The most important of these
are two long papers bearing the title, Studies of American Plants,
printed in Volume IV of the Botanical Series of Field Museum.
These are devoted chiefly to descriptions of new species which were
included in the abundant collections received here for determination.

In association with Professor Leslie A. Kenoyer, of Western
State Teachers' College, Kalamazoo, Michigan, Associate Curator
Standley published a Supplement to the Flora of Barro Colorado
Island, Panama, with five plates, which was issued as No. 6,
Volume IV, of the Botanical Series of Field Museum. In Tropical
Woods there appeared nine articles which Mr. Standley had pre-
pared. Most of them dealt with new trees recently discovered
in Central and South America. One described a new genus of trees
from Peru, collected on one of the Marshall Field Expeditions to
Peru, and named Macbrideina, in honor of its discoverer, Assistant
Curator Macbride. Another paper by Mr. Standley which appeared
in Tropical Woods contained a brief biographical sketch of Captain
John Donnell Smith, the eminent botanist of Baltimore, who died
in 1929 at the age of ninety-nine.

Mr. Standley and Mr. Macbride published jointly in Volume
XXXI of Rhodora a paper entitled "A New Form of Red Cedar




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from Indiana." This described Juniperus virginiana var. Bremerae,
which was discovered recently in the dunes near Port Chester,
Indiana.

Assistant Curator Macbride published in Volume XIX of the
Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences two papers dealing
with problems of nomenclature. In a paper with the title Sper-
matophytes, Mostly Peruvian, which was issued as No. 7 of Volume
IV of the Botanical Series of Field Museum in July, 1929, he de-
scribed a large number of interesting new plants from Peru, obtained
in the course of the Marshall Field Expeditions to that country.
He published, also, in Tropical Woods three shorter papers discussing
plants of Peru and other parts of South America.

Mr. Llewelyn Williams published in No. 20 of Tropical Woods a
paper entitled "The Wood of Caryodendron angustifolium Standley,"
dealing with one of the new trees discovered by the Marshall
Field Expedition to Panama, 1928.

Dr. William Trelease of Urbana, Illinois, in a paper entitled
"New Piperaceae from Central America and Mexico," printed in
Volume XIX of the Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences,
described no less than thirty-six new species and varieties of plants
of the pepper family. Many of them were collected in northern
Honduras by Associate Curator Standley, and the types of all of
them are in the Museum Herbarium.

Professor E. E. Watson, of Michigan State College, Lansing,
Michigan, in Contributions to a Monograph of the Genus Helianthus,
an exhaustive account of the sunflowers native in the United
States, cited many specimens from the Herbarium of Field Museum.
Two of the new species which he described were based upon type
specimens belonging to this Herbarium.

Miss Nellie V. Haynie, of Oak Park, Illinois,, published in
Volume XXXI of Rhodora two papers reporting plants of the
Chicago region. She very kindly deposited in the Museum Herba-
rium the specimens upon which the records were based, in order
that they might be preserved permanently.

Professor M. L. Fernald, of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard
University, published in No. 83 of the Contributions from the Gray
Herbarium, issued in March, 1929, a description of a new blue-
grass, Poa labradorica, based partly upon specimens collected by
the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition.

Mr. Ellsworth P. Killip, of the United States National Museum,
published in Volume XIX of the Journal of the Washington Academy



66 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

of Sciences a paper with the title "New Plants Mainly from Western
South America. II," in which he described a new plant, Loasa
vestita, whose type is in Field Museum. Dr. S. F. Blake, of the
United States Department of Agriculture, was the author of another
paper in the same volume, entitled "New Asteraceae from the
United States, Mexico, and Honduras," in which there were de-
scribed two new plants discovered in Honduras by Associate Curator
Standley. There appeared in No. 20 of Tropical Woods a paper,
"A New Peruvian Capparis," by Mr. Oscar L. Haught, of Negritos,
Peru, who has contributed so much interesting Peruvian material
to Field Museum Herbarium. The type specimen of this new
species is in the Museum collections.

The research work of the Department of Botany, as well as the
care and identification of the collections, has been greatly facilitated
by the ample additions made during the year to the Library through
the acquisition of important books, especially certain ones pub-
lished years ago and now very difficult to acquire. The Department
now has an excellent working library, at least for the study of
American plants. The liberal policy of the Museum regarding
the development of the Botanical Library resulted in the purchase
of most of the desirable works relating to tropical American plants
which were offered for sale during the year. There were acquired,
also, several important books dealing with extra-American plants,
such as a set of Oliver's Flora of Tropical Africa, and Ascherson and
Graebner's Synopsis der mitteleuropdischen Flora.

Most important of the botanical works received were the many
volumes needed to complete the Museum's set of Curtis' 's Botanical
Magazine, whose thousands of fine plates are so necessary for
determinative work with tropical American plants. A unique
addition to the library was a photostat copy of Ruiz and Pav6n's
fourth volume of the classical Flora Peruviana. Three imposing
volumes of this monumental and basic work were published at
the end of the eighteenth century. They are seldom offered for
sale, but the Museum is fortunate in possessing one of the few
complete sets in America. Plates were engraved for a fourth
volume, but the letterpress never was issued. Only three or four
copies of the plates are known to exist. From one of these sets,
in the library of the British Museum, through the courtesy of the
director of that institution, the photostat copy now at Field Museum
was obtained. So far as known, no representation of these plates



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 67

is owned by any other American library. The plates represent
many plants peculiar to Peru and are almost indispensable to a
study of that country's flora.

The year has been a busy one for the Staff of the Department
of Botany because of the unusually large amount of material
received, especially in the Herbarium. The care, labeling, deter-
mination, and distribution into the Herbarium of this material
have severely taxed the resources of the Staff.

Especially urgent have been the requests from many corre-
spondents for assistance in the determination of material. Some
idea of the activity of the Herbarium Staff may be gleaned from
the fact that during the year there have been determined and
reported more than 13,000 specimens of plants. Of this material,
5,944 specimens were sent to Field Museum on loan, and were
returned after they had been named. Of the specimens determined
7,134 were retained for the Museum's Herbarium. They included
much of the most valuable material acquired by the Department
during 1929, particularly specimens of numerous new species of
which descriptions were prepared and either have been published
or are in the course of publication.

Numerous lots of plants were received for determination from
many parts of the United States, ranging from New England to
California, and from correspondents in such widely separated
countries as Mexico, British Honduras, Guatemala, Salvador,
Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Venezuela,
Sweden, England, the Union of Socialistic Soviet Republics,
Hawaii, the Philippine Islands, Japan, Denmark, France, and
Germany. Material from still other countries also was determined,
but was received from persons in the United States or Europe.

The monographic work upon the family Rubiaceae begun in
1928 by Associate Curator Standley has been continued during
1929. The Rubiaceae constitute one of the largest tropical American
groups, and include such important plants as coffee, cinchona,
and ipecac.

The prosecution of the work has been aided by the cooperation
of other herbaria, which have been generous in lending the South
American material in their keeping. More than 5,000 specimens
of Rubiaceae were received on loan from the Royal Botanic Gardens,
Kew, England, the Royal Natural History Museum of Stockholm,
the Jardin Principal Botanique of Leningrad, the University
Botanical Museum of Copenhagen, the United States National



68 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Museum of Washington, the Gray Herbarium of Harvard Uni-
versity, the New York Botanical Garden, the Philadelphia Academy
of Sciences, and the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
All this material was critically determined and annotated before
being returned to the senders. Photographs were made of type
specimens and of species not represented in the Herbarium
of Field Museum. These have been placed in the Herbarium,
and it now contains a more complete representation of South
American Rubiaceae than exists anywhere else in the United
States, if not in the whole world. The negatives will be placed
with other negatives of types which are being obtained abroad.

As a result of the study of this large amount of material, with
that of the Museum's Herbarium, there has been prepared a sys-
tematic account of that family as represented in each of the follow-
ing countries: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
The first of these papers, that devoted to the Colombian Rubiaceae,
is now in press, to be issued as the first part of Volume VII of the
Botanical Series of Field Museum.

Associate Curator Standley spent a great deal of time in the
determination of the collection of plants which he made in Honduras
in 1927-28, and this work has been nearly completed. As had been
expected, the collection was found to contain a large number of
new species, descriptions of many of which have since been pub-
lished. A paper was prepared enumerating the trees of Honduras,
and it will appear early in 1930 in Tropical Woods. Another paper,
listing the woody plants of Siguatepeque, Honduras, will be printed
soon in the Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. The Flora of the
Lancetilla Valley of Honduras, which will consist of a complete
report upon the 1927-28 collection and be practically a flora of
the north coast of Honduras, has been almost completed.

The Flora of Yucatan, which has been in preparation for several
years, was completed by Associate Curator Standley near the
close of the year, and submitted for publication as the concluding
part of the third volume of the Botanical Series of the Museum.
A paper entitled Studies of American Plants— III also was sub-
mitted for publication toward the end of the year.

Assistant Curator Macbride, during the first half of 1929,
before leaving for Berlin to engage in the work of photographing
type specimens, devoted most of his time to preparation of the
manuscript of the flora of Peru, which is now well advanced.
During the year he prepared the portions dealing with several



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 69

larger and more important families, particularly the Solanaeeae
or potato family, and began work upon the very large group,
Leguminosae.

In the work of determination of Illinois and other United States
plants, Mr. H. C. Benke of Chicago, as in past years, was generous
in donating his time, and was of invaluable assistance, especially
in the case of such difficult groups as grasses, asters, and goldenrods,
with which he is thoroughly familiar. Dr. Earl E. Sherff, of Chicago,
rendered valuable assistance in the determination of Compositae,
especially of those groups, such as Bidens and Cosmos, with the
revision of which he is engaged.

Assistant Curator James B. McNair has made a very useful
card index of plants that contain large quantities of starches,
sugars, gums, tannins, resins, drying oils, semi-drying oils, non-
drying oils, fats, and waxes. These cards give family, species, and
common names, places where native and cultivated, percentage of
the respective substances yielded, and part of the plant in which
located.

The information tabulated in a paper written by Mr. McNair,
and now in press, on the differential analysis of starches makes it
possible to analyze readily a sample of starch so as to distinguish
it among some 300 starches and thus to determine not only the
plant family, genus and species of its origin, but, in some cases,
the variety as well — for example, sweet corn from dent corn.

Another paper on oils, also by Mr. McNair and now in press,
points out the relationship between the habitat of plants and charac-
teristics of their oils and fats, including information helpful in
the differential analysis of plant oils and the identification of their
botanical sources.

A third paper, on gums, tannins, and resins, likewise prepared
by Mr. McNair, indicates the relation between plant habitat and
gum, tannin, and resin content, their relation to each other, to
specific plants, and their possible function in plants.

A botanical leaflet by Mr. McNair on Indian corn will soon go
to press. This leaflet, dealing with the most important agricultural
crop in the United States, should be popular and of wide interest
in a locality which is the principal corn market of the country and
the center of the corn producing area. It includes a consideration
of the origin of corn, its varieties and areas of present cultivation,
its use by the Indians, and its present importance, including the
various chemical products manufactured from it, such as solvents,
starch, oil, paper, and wall board.



70 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

A substantial amount of time was devoted by the Staff of the
Herbarium to the distribution of duplicate material, which had
accumulated in large quantities and occupied space urgently-
needed for other purposes. During the year 34,623 duplicate
specimens were distributed in exchange to a large number of institu-
tions and individuals. Part of this material consisted of duplicate
sets of the plants collected in Yucatan by the late Dr. George F.
Gaumer, of Izamal, Yucatan, and some of it represented duplicate
mounted sheets removed from the Herbarium, but the greater part
consisted of miscellaneous duplicate material from the United States,
and of the duplicates of recent tropical American collections received
for study. This duplicate material was distributed to thirty-five
institutions and individuals in the United States, and to sixteen
herbaria of Europe and Canada. It is expected that there will be
received in return a large amount of material useful for the Her-
barium of Field Museum, and, in fact, several important sets of
South American plants already have been received as a direct
result.

Loans made from the Herbarium during 1929 amounted to 976
specimens, lent to fourteen institutions and individuals for study
or for determination. To the Missouri Botanical Garden were
lent 197 sheets of Ayenia and Halenia, for use in the preparation
of monographic accounts of those genera. To Mr. E. R. Bogusch,
of the University of Illinois, there were lent fourteen specimens of
Phlox, for critical study, and to the United States National Museum
299 specimens of the same genus, for examination by Dr. E. T.
Wherry, who is monographing the group. To Professor Ralph W.
Chaney, of the University of California, there were lent forty-one
specimens of tropical American plants, for use in his investigations
of certain fossil floras of the western United States. Other loans
were made to the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University and to
the New York Botanical Garden. To Dr. Gunnar Samuelsson of
Stockholm were sent on loan forty-three specimens of Epilobium to
be used in the preparation of an account of the South American
representatives of the genus. The loan of all this material is useful
not only to the persons by whom it is studied, but also to Field
Museum, since it results in the critical determination of the speci-
mens, thus greatly enhancing their value for study purposes.

As in past years, the Museum has received valuable and greatly
appreciated assistance from botanists of the United States and
Europe in the determination of material of certain difficult or critical



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 71

groups of plants. In most cases it has been possible to submit for
determination duplicate specimens which might be retained as a
return for the labor of making the determinations.

Among those who have rendered important aid in such deter-
minative work should be mentioned the following: Mr. Edwin B.
Bartram of Bushkill, Pennsylvania, who determined the mosses
collected in Honduras by Mr. Standley and prepared an account
of them, which has been published by the Museum; Dr. Theodor
Herzog of Jena, Germany, who is studying the hepatics of the
same collection, and Dr. G. Einar Du Rietz, of Upsala, Sweden,
who is determining the lichens; Dr. William Trelease, of Urbana,
Illinois, who has named a large number of plants of the Piperaceae,
or pepper family; Professor Oakes Ames, of the Botanical Museum of
Harvard University, who has identified orchids; Dr. B. L. Robinson,
Dr. I. M. Johnston, and Mr. Lyman B. Smith, of the Gray Herba-
rium of Harvard University, who have determined material in the
various groups in which they are especially interested; Professor
M. L. Fernald, of the same herbarium, who very kindly named the
collections of the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expeditions of
Field Museum; Dr. William R. Maxon, of the United States National
Museum, who has determined many ferns; Mr. Ellsworth P. Killip
and Mr. Emery C. Leonard, of the same museum, who have named
specimens of special groups; Dr. S. F. Blake, of the United States
Department of Agriculture, who identified the Compositae collected
in Honduras by Associate Curator Standley, as well as material of
the same family from other regions; Dr. A. S. Hitchcock and Mrs.
Agnes Chase, of the United States Department of Agriculture, who
have given important assistance in the naming of tropical grasses;
Dr. N. L. Britton and Dr. H. A. Gleason, of the New York Botanical
Garden, who have determined plants of several groups; Dr. C. L.
Shear, of the United States Department of Agriculture, who has
supplied determinations of fungi; and Mr. Kenneth K. Mackenzie,
of Maplewood, New Jersey, who has identified specimens of the
genus Carex.

The Department has received during the year many personal
and telephone calls from persons in Chicago who wished to obtain
assistance or information regarding botanical matters, and in most
instances it has been possible to supply the information desired,
sometimes in matters of considerable importance. Many specimens
of plants have been brought or sent to the Herbarium with requests
for their names by residents of the Chicago area. Appeals received



72 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

by mail for information upon a wide range of botanical subjects
required a substantial amount of time for answer. The Depart-
ment also has been called upon frequently for aid regarding botanical
subjects by the other Departments of the Museum.

The Staff of the Department has been pleased to receive many
visits from botanists who wished to consult the collections, or
observe the method of their installation. Professor H. M. Hall,
of the University of California, spent some time in examining
material of the Compositae. Mrs. Eva M. Roush and Miss Mildred
E. Mathias, of the Missouri Botanical Garden, studied the herba-
rium collections of Malvaceae and Umbelliferae. Professor Ralph
W. Chaney, of the University of California, spent several days in
comparing fossil plants with specimens in the Museum's Herbarium.

Among other visitors may be mentioned Mr. Heinrich Teuscher,
formerly of the Morton Arboretum; Mr. T. Naito of the Imperial
College of Agriculture and Forestry of Kagoshima, Japan; Professor

C. H. Kauffman of the herbarium of the University of Michigan;
Professor A. 0. Garrett of Salt Lake City; Dr. G. R. Wieland of
Yale University; Professor E. B. Mains of Purdue University;
Professor Leslie A. Kenoyer of Western State Teachers' College,
Kalamazoo; Dr. N. E. Fassett of the Department of Botany of
the University of Wisconsin; Mr. CD. Mell of New York; Dr. E.

D. Merrill, Director of the New York Botanical Garden; and Dr.
Th. Just of Notre Dame University. Several students of the Univer-
sity of Chicago have visited the Herbarium in order to study its
collections.

Geology. — Associate Curator Henry W. Nichols spent the last
two weeks of July collecting in the volcanic regions of Mount
Taylor, New Mexico. A large and valuable collection illustrating
the surface features of the lava beds and volcanic cones in that
locality was secured. Headquarters were maintained at Grant, New
Mexico, within easy reach by automobile of the Tertiary lavas of
Mount Taylor and the San Mateo Mountains to the north, and of
recent craters and lava flows of the Zuni Mountains to the south.
The district covered is largely in the United States Forest Reserve.
The cordial and efficient cooperation of the United States Forest
Ranger, Mr. J. H. Mimms, who knew the smallest details of the
topography and lava flows, permitted an unusually complete collec-
tion to be made, with great economy of time. Thanks to his assist-
ance, tedious prospecting for good collecting grounds was entirely
eliminated.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 73

Perhaps the most interesting specimens were those secured from
Flagpole Crater on the Zuni Mountains. This cone and crater are
in perfect condition, and their lava and ashes are as fresh and
unaltered as if just cooled from a late eruption. The rim of the
crater was reached with some difficulty, on account of the loose
cinders covering its steep slopes. This rim is a level surface about
forty feet wide, of coarse, black cinders, interrupted in places by
projecting pinnacles and masses of brown lavas which take very
grotesque forms. The crater, which is slightly elliptical, is about
1,000 feet in diameter and has an estimated depth of 400 feet.
From the cone, numerous contorted and stalactitic shapes of light-
brown lava, covered with a siliceous glaze, were secured, as well
as fragments of the spindle-like volcanic bombs, black scoria and
light-gray lapilli or ashes of the size of fine gravel. The ice caves
about a mile from this crater, where large bodies of ice persist
throughout the summer, were visited but yielded no specimens of
importance.

On a basalt flow from the Tintero Crater the lava was found to
be as fresh as if recently cooled, and many specimens illustrating
surface features as well as such phenomena as steam holes, flow
structures, scoria, et cetera, were collected there. Among the speci-
mens secured in the Zuni Mountains were two slabs, two by three
feet each, which illustrate two aspects of the rough malpais surface
of the cooled lava, which was thrown into extraordinary forms by
the turbulence induced by escaping steam during solidification.
Several lighter slabs, about a foot square, show other interesting
aspects of this lava surface. This lava is underlaid by large caverns
left when the molten lava of the interior of the lava stream had
continued to flow after the exterior had cooled. In many places
the roofs of these caverns had fallen, thus giving access to their
interiors. However, no specimens of interest were observed in these
openings.

One day was spent near the government ranger station in
Canyon Lobo near Mount Taylor. Here numerous specimens illus-
trating the features of the older lava were secured. A trip to another
part of Canyon Lobo provided specimens of volcanic bombs, pumice,
obsidian, flow structures, agglomerates, and similar material. A bed
of wind-blown volcanic ash near Grant which has altered to ben-
tonite was visited and specimens secured. A visit to the neighboring
town of Blue Water yielded two other varieties of fine, wind-blown



74 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

ash, some silicified wood, septaria, and other material. The soil of
the district is a typical loess formed from wind-blown dust, and a
characteristic specimen of this was secured.

The volcanic neck, Alesna, which lies north of Mount Taylor,
was visited, studied, and photographed during a violent storm,
in the course of which lightning bolts were repeatedly seen striking
into the impressive basalt spire which points hundreds of feet into
the air. Material found here proved to be quite unsuited for exhibi-
tion and was not collected. Two other volcanic necks of a similar
nature were studied, one about half a mile from Alesna, and the
other in Canyon Lobo. The latter showed some very unusual
features.

While the collections were being secured, about 100 photographs
of volcanic and topographic features were taken. Altogether, 173
specimens were collected and 100 photographs made.

A short field trip was made by Associate Curator Elmer S.
Riggs and Preparator P. C. Orr to Argos, Indiana, in order to
recover a specimen of mastodon which had been encountered in
digging an open ditch at that place. Through the generous coopera-
tion of Mr. P. C. Yoder, the ditching contractor, and Mr. William
Bower, the landowner, a fine specimen of Mastodon americanus,
consisting of a skull with both tusks and lower jaws and more than
half of the remainder of the skeleton, was recovered. Another find
investigated at Beecher, Illinois, on the same trip, failed to produce
any results of importance.

Further excavation was carried on during the year, in part
under Museum auspices, at the historic fossil bone-bed near Minooka,
Illinois, first discovered in 1902. Former Judge George Bedford of
Morris, who was one of the discoverers of this locality and is an
enthusiastic amateur collector of fossils and artifacts, undertook
upon his own responsibility the further exploration of the bone-bed.
This was located in a small bog from which a spring issued. From
it parts of seven skeletons of mastodons of various sizes and ages
had previously been removed. Mr. Bedford, during August, 1929,
personally supervised exhaustive excavations and presented to the
Museum the collection there secured. This collection consists of
three jaws, various tusks, a pelvis, leg and foot bones, vertebrae,
ribs, and numerous other parts of mastodon skeletons, together with
a pair of lower jaws and a fine tusk of the Columbian Mammoth, a
skull, antler, and leg bone of an extinct genus of moose, Cervalces,
and various bones of bison and other more modern animals.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 75

As opportunity permitted, Curator 0. C. Farrington continued
investigation of new meteorite falls. Descriptions of six of these,
the Bishop Canyon, Kofa, Navajo, Santa Luzia, South Byron, and
Tilden falls, were completed during the year, and considerable prog-
ress was made in the study of the Coldwater and Lafayette meteor-
ites. These studies included complete chemical analyses by Associate
Curator Nichols.

Curator Farrington prepared a Museum leaflet on Famous
Diamonds, and, in collaboration with Assistant Curator Henry Field,
one on Neanderthal (Mousterian) Man. Associate Curator Nichols
prepared a leaflet on Cement. All of these were published during
the year. Manuscript for a leaflet on The Evolution of the Horse by
Associate Curator Riggs and Preparator Bryan Patterson was
nearly completed during the year.

Professors William B. Scott and William J. Sinclair of Princeton
University completed their studies of the groups of South American
fossil mammals collected by the Marshall Field Paleontological Expe-
ditions which had been submitted to them for investigation, and
these studies were seen partially through the press during the year.
They inaugurate Volume I of the Geological Memoirs of the Museum.
Professor Scott's paper is on A Partial Skeleton of Homalodontotherium
and gives a nearly complete description of this hitherto little known
large South American mammal. It also provides data for determin-
ing the true taxonomic position of two important orders of extinct
South American mammals, the relations of which have hitherto been
obscure. In Professor Sinclair's paper some new species of South
American fossil marsupials are described.

Two other geological publications issued by the Museum during
the year were Contributions to Paleontology by Assistant Curator
Sharat K. Roy, and The Mineral Composition of Some Sands from
Quebec, Labrador and Greenland, by Dr. J. H. C. Martens. Mr.
Roy's paper described one new genus and ten new species of various
fossil forms. In Dr. Martens' paper the compositions of sands from
a region of cold climates and recent weathering are described. His
studies were made on specimens which he collected as a member
of the First Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition of Field
Museum. During the year, Assistant Curator Roy has been engaged
in the study of the fossils of the Frobisher Bay region and on some
Drift fossils from Labrador which he collected while on the Second
Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition of Field Museum. The



76 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

results of these studies will soon be ready for publication, as will
also Mr. Roy's studies of the fossil plants of Gilboa, New York,
specimens of which he collected in 1926.

The demands upon the Department Staff by correspondents and
visitors for information have been increasingly large during the year,
and a considerable amount of time has necessarily been devoted to
this work. Inquiries were received from 426 correspondents and
162 visitors, as well as an unrecorded number by telephone.

Zoology. — Eight zoological expeditions were in the field during
1929, including some of the largest and most important ever con-
ducted under the Museum's auspices. The major ones were the
following: William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern
Asia for Field Museum, Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field
Museum, Harold White-John Coats Abyssinian Expedition of
Field Museum, Chancellor-Stuart-Field Museum Expedition to the
South Pacific, Thorne-Graves-Field Museum Arctic Expedition, and
Field Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the Bahamas.

In addition to the larger expeditions to remote parts of the
world, certain field work was also conducted nearer home. Mr.
Ashley Hine worked in southern Arizona collecting birds, and
Messrs. Julius Friesser and Arthur G. Rueckert made a brief trip
into Canada for the purpose of obtaining Arctic plants and other
accessory material needed for the preparation of exhibits. Prior
to the lamentable death of Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe in India, he
made some further collections in that country for the Museum.
Cooperation was continued with the American Museum of Natural
History in connection with the Third Asiatic Expedition of that
institution.

The William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia,
as stated in the 1928 Annual Report, left the United States in
November, 1928. This expedition was made possible through the
generous support of Mr. William V. Kelley, a Benefactor and, more
recently, a Trustee of the Museum. During 1929 it was carried
through to a successful conclusion, resulting in a great enrich-
ment of the Museum's zoological collections.

The objects of this expedition were to obtain certain very rare
animals in remote parts of western China, to provide material of
high quality for exhibition in habitat groups in William V. Kelley
Hall, and to make additions to knowledge by intensive collecting
in little known regions in northern French Indo-China and in south-
western China. In order to carry out this program, it was necessary



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 77

to divide into several parties, at least one of which should be able
to travel rapidly, obtaining information as to rare animals from
native sources, and concentrating its efforts upon these particular
animals rather than upon general collecting. Accordingly, Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt and Mr. Kermit Roosevelt, with their friend
and co-explorer, Mr. C. Suydam Cutting of New York, constituted
themselves into a fast-moving first division. A second division
including several able naturalists, under the leadership of Mr.
Harold J. Coolidge, Jr., was organized for detailed collecting in
French Indo-China; and a third division, consisting only of Mr.
Herbert Stevens of Tring, England, worked slowly and carefully
in western China.

The first division proceeded via Bombay and Calcutta to
Rangoon, and thence by rail and boat up the Irrawaddy River
to Bhamo, near the border between Burma and China. Thence travel
was northeastward by pack train via Tengyueh to Talifu, an old
and well-known city in the province of Yunnan. From here the
trail led almost directly north to Likiang and beyond into very
elevated and difficult country where camps were seldom lower than
10,000 feet and where passes rose to more than 16,000 feet. On
February 26, after more than three weeks' continuous mountain
travel, much of the way in country frequented by bandits, the
party reached Tatsienlu, principal settlement in the province of
Szechwan. On the way, a little hunting was done near Muli on
Mount Gibboh, where a specimen of the goat-antelope known as
the serow was obtained. Somewhat farther on, near Chuilung, a
deer related to the Indian sambar was taken, this being one of the
northernmost records for the species.

As they worked northward, the hunters made frequent inquiries
regarding the occurrence of large animals, but until they reached
Tatsienlu they were not encouraged to give much time to hunting
for the great panda or giant panda, which was a prime objective of
the expedition. This bear-like animal had never been killed by
white hunters, and although a few specimens from native sources
had come out to European museums, they had been in most cases
somewhat imperfect and poorly preserved. Reliable information
about it was difficult to obtain, and it seemed quite certain that
even after its habitat was located it would be very rare and hard
to find. A first trial for it was made in a region only two days'
travel to the northward from Tatsienlu, but this proved to be



78 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

based on false reports and the party returned to Tatsienlu. On
this short trip, however, several specimens of the burrhel or blue
sheep were obtained.

On March 6, the party left Tatsienlu to proceed eastward to
Mouping, where definite information was forthcoming to the effect
that at least one giant panda had been seen and killed in that region
about ten years before. With this scant encouragement and with
the knowledge that the original discovery of the animal had been
in this vicinity, six days were devoted to intensive hunting in the
hills near Mouping. This was laborious work near the timberline
and through heavy bamboo growth in which one can see but a
short distance. Old traces of the animal sought were found, but
in spite of the best efforts of the Roosevelts and fourteen native
hunters who accompanied them, no large game was sighted. In
one place, however, they encountered a troupe of the rare and
beautiful monkeys known as the golden or snub-nosed monkeys
(Rhinopithecus) and nine specimens were collected.

From Mouping the expedition turned southward to the old
walled village of Yachow and thence through fairly populous valleys
to Tzetati and Tsalo. Near this last place word came that giant
pandas might be found in the country of the Lolo tribe adjoining
this Chinese outpost. Hence a special hunt was arranged in the
vicinity of a place called Yehli at about latitude 29° 15' north and a
little north of the Chinese village of Tachow. This took place on April
13 and was crowned with success. The trail of a panda was found
and, by persistent tracking through snow patches and thickets of
bamboo, the animal itself was finally sighted and killed by the
joint fire of Theodore and Kermit Roosevelt. Its skin and the
entire skeleton were carefully prepared, and after very friendly
relations with the supposedly savage and hostile Lolos, the party
proceeded at once to Tachow and Lokow, and thence to Ningyuan
by boat on the Amning River.

From Ningyuan, the expedition pushed through rapidly by
caravan to Yunnanfu, arriving on May 3. Here rail connection
was made for Hanoi in French Indo-China, and by coasting steamer
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt hastened south to Saigon to prepare
for hunting big game in the province of Cambodia. Meanwhile,
Mr. Kermit Roosevelt found it necessary to return at once to the
United States. Colonel Roosevelt hunted in the hot lowlands for
seladang, banting, and water buffalo to fulfill requirements for large



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 79

habitat groups of these animals for the Museum. He worked under
great difficulties without expected assistance and obtained a sufficient
number of the needed specimens to ensure the building of the groups.

The second division of the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition was
organized for more detailed work with a somewhat larger personnel,
as follows: Mr. Harold J. Coolidge, Jr., of Cambridge, Massa-
chusetts, division leader; Mr. Russell W. Hendee, of Brooklyn,
New York, mammalogist and artist; Dr. Ralph E. Wheeler, of
Cambridge, Massachusetts, physician and naturalist; and Dr.
Josselyn Van Tyne, of Ann Arbor, Michigan, ornithologist.

This division arrived in Hanoi in northeastern French Indo-
China on February 1, after a main base had already been established
in Hue" in the province of Annam and some preliminary collecting
done near that coastal locality. On February 9, the expedition
proceeded by rail from Hanoi to Lao Kay on the Chinese border of
northern French Indo-China in the province of Tonkin. Subsequent
work was confined almost entirely to the central and western part
of this province, and in the adjoining province of Laos, a moun-
tainous region difficult of access and not previously explored by
zoologists.

From Lao Kay, the party traveled westward by pack train for
seven days to Lai Chau in the vicinity of which work was carried
on until April 14. At this place a division was effected by which
Messrs. Coolidge and Hendee worked in neighboring localities to
the northward while Messrs. Van Tyne and Wheeler worked to
the southward. Rejoining at Lai Chau, they then continued west-
ward for ten days to Phong Saly, which formed another base of
operations.

Here work was continued until June 6, but, while the others
remained, Mr. Hendee started on May 14 to push out rapidly for
Saigon in Cochin China where he expected to meet Colonel Theodore
Roosevelt and assist him in collecting large mammals for group
purposes. At this time the onset of the rainy season brought in-
creased hazards to health and made further travel with horses
impractical. Therefore, in accordance with previous plans, the
return to the coast was made by river travel which was possible
for more than a thousand miles via the great Mekong River and
its tributaries.

Shortly after Mr. Hendee left the other members of the party
he was attacked by a malignant malarial fever. This was about
May 27, two days after leaving Luang-Probang on a well-appointed



80 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

raft by which weekly mail service is maintained between that point
and Vientiane. Sharing the raft with him was M. Chevalier, a
French inspector of schools, who gave him all possible care; but
the fever increased and when the raft reached Vientiane, June 3,
he was in a very serious condition. Here he was taken to a hospital
and placed under the care of two French physicians, Dr. Luisi and
Dr. Cardirat. In spite of their best efforts to save him, he died
three days later. The sad news was communicated to his colleagues
who were then on their way to Luang-Probang by the route he
had just taken. They hurried on to Vientiane where, with great
sympathy and full cooperation extended by the French officials,
appropriate services were held.

On July 7, Messrs. Coolidge, Van Tyne, and Wheeler arrived
with the collections at their original base at Hue* in the province
of Annam. At this time two of them also were suffering from
tropical illness, and all were shocked and saddened by the recent
untimely death of their comrade, whom they all greatly admired.
They proceeded to Saigon and there disbanded on July 22, returning
by various routes to the United States.

Mr. Herbert Stevens, traveling in western China, for the most
part alone, constituted a third division of the Kelley-Roosevelts
Expedition. He accompanied the Roosevelt brothers a short distance
beyond the border between Burma and China, and then on January 5
he continued northward from Tengyueh with his own caravan,
working slowly and making varied collections on the way which
were impossible for the fast-moving first division. Mr. Stevens
spent the entire month of February collecting in the big bend of the
Yangtze Kiang, a little north of Likiang in the province of
Yunnan. In the latter part of March he entered the province
of Szechwan, and after spending the greater part of May at a place
called Wushi in the mountains southwest of Tatsienlu, he worked
out in various directions from Tatsienlu during June, July and
August. He first went south to Ulongkong, then northwest to
Kwanchai, and then east and northeast into the Mouping district
whence he reached Yachow, and finally Kiating. From this point
he ceased active work and descended the Yangtze Kiang River to
the coast at Shanghai.

By the division of its personnel into sections, by well-directed
effort in particular regions, and by the employment of trained
natives to assist in the preparation of specimens, the Kelley-Roose-
velts Expedition in a single season brought together a very large



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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 81

and important collection. This includes not only the very rare and
striking giant panda, but selected examples of large hoofed animals
for habitat groups, and a greatly varied collection of the entire
vertebrate fauna of a little-known part of the world. The collection
of birds is augmented by 920 selected specimens from Siam, obtained
through a fortunate purchase from Mr. C. F. Aagard, a resident
collector, whose work extended over a period of years. The total
number of zoological specimens to be credited to the expedition is
15,397, of which 1,479 are mammals, 5,194 birds, 453 reptiles,
438 fresh-water fishes, and 7,833 insects. In addition there are
2,400 sheets of plants.

The Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum,
sponsored and led by Mr. Cornelius Crane, son of Mr. Richard T.
Crane, Jr., Trustee and Benefactor of Field Museum, sailed from
Boston November 16, 1928, on Mr. Cornelius Crane's brigantine
auxiliary yacht, the Illyria. The personnel included three friends of
Mr. Crane's, Messrs. Sidney N. Shurtleff, of Boston, Charles R.
Peavy, of Mobile, Alabama, and Murry Fairbank, of New York.
Mr. Shurtleff served as photographer for the expedition. The
scientific staff included Assistant Curator of Reptiles Karl P.
Schmidt, of Field Museum, leader of the scientific section; Dr.
W. L. Moss, of Harvard University Medical School, physician and
anthropologist; Dr. Albert W. Herre, of Stanford University,
ichthyologist; Mr. Walter A. Weber, of Field Museum, artist and
ornithologist; and Mr. Frank C. Wonder, of Field Museum, taxi-
dermist and field collector of mammals.

The IUyria's first stop for collecting was made at Port-au-
Prince, Haiti, where the party was cordially received by Brigadier
General John H. Russell, High Commissioner of the American
Mission. Material aid was given by the members of the Service
Technique. While three members of the party collected birds and
reptiles in the mountains to the south of Port-au-Prince, at alti-
tudes of 4,000 to 6,000 feet, Dr. Herre, with the aid of the Service
Technique, collected fishes from the fresh waters of the Republic.

The expedition reached Panama December 11. While altera-
tions and repairs were being made to the Illyria at Balboa, the
scientific party spent nearly the entire time at Barro Colorado
Island, the research station and wild life reservation maintained
by the Institute for Tropical Research in America, and there
collected a representation of the rich and varied animal life of the
Panama jungle, which is typical of the American tropics.



82 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

After a brief visit to Cocos Island, where specimens of the four
species constituting the only land birds known to the locality
were secured, the expedition sailed to the Galapagos Islands. In
this famous group four of the larger islands were visited, and col-
lections of remarkable animals, birds, and reptiles were made by
Messrs. Schmidt, Weber, and Wonder, while the rest of the party
was engaged in fishing and in photography. Notable among the
collections obtained were living specimens of the giant tortoises
of Indefatigable Island; complete shells of the tortoise of Charles
Island, which has been extinct for nearly a century; specimens of
the flightless birds, penguin and cormorant, native to the archi-
pelago; and specimens and studies of the remarkable large lizards,
the marine and land iguanas.

The voyage of some 3,000 miles to the Marquesas was made
under sail. Two islands, Hiva-oa and Nukahiva, were visited.
The scantiness of animal life on these well-watered islands was in
notable contrast to its abundance on the arid Galapagos.

En route to Tahiti, two stops were made in the Tuamotu
Islands, at Takaroa and at Makatea. The stay at Papeete, the
capital of French Oceania, was occupied largely with packing and
shipping of specimens. Grateful acknowledgments are due to
M. Bouge, the Governor of French Oceania, and to the Vice-
Governor of the Marquesas for their cordial reception of the
expedition in French territory.

After a brief stop at Bora-bora, the Illyria sailed to Suva,
Fiji Islands. Two weeks, March 10 to 24, were spent in Fiji,
collecting fishes, birds, reptiles, and bats. Much aid was received
by the party from Dr. John D. Tothill, Director of Agriculture
for the Fiji Islands.

In the New Hebrides, where the expedition stopped from
March 27 to April 7, at Malekula, Malo Island, and on the largest
of the group, Espiritu Santo, collections of birds, bats, and reptiles
were accumulated. Mr. Crane and several members of the party
visited the Big Nambas tribe on West Malekula, under the guid-
ance of the British agent, Mr. Adam. The collectors were assisted
at Hog Harbor by Mr. W. T. Robertson, a resident.

Upon arrival at the Solomon Islands, hornbills were seen for
the first time; parrots with extraordinarily brilliant plumage were
abundant; and fruit-bats, already encountered in several species
in the New Hebrides, were still more abundant and varied. Rep-
tiles were here supplemented by an abundance of frogs, several



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 83

of which were remarkable for curious coloration or other char-
acteristics. One of the most remarkable of the skincoid lizards,
the large prehensile-tailed Corucia, was secured from natives.
Reef fishing was constantly productive, not only of brilliantly
colored fishes, but also of the remarkable marine snakes, of which
one species was extremely abundant in the Solomons. The itin-
erary in the Solomons included Ugi, Tulagi, Malaita, Ysabel,
Kulambangra, New Georgia, and Shortland Islands. The period
from April 10 to April 24 was spent in these islands.

A stop of some days at Rabaul, New Britain, the capital of
the territory of New Guinea, enabled the expedition to ship accumu-
lated collections and to prepare for the long sail along the coast
of New Guinea. Mr. George Murray, a relative of Captain Selden
Boutilier of the Illyria, is director of agriculture for the territory,
and he was most cordial and helpful during the party's stay in
New Britain.

Stops were made on the north coast of New Guinea at Lae
in Huon Gulf; Madang and Sek in Astrolabe Bay; on the
Sepik River; in Australian territory; and at Manokwari in Dutch
New Guinea. The voyage up the Sepik, under the guidance of
Father Franz Kirschbaum, of the Catholic Mission of the Society
of the Holy Word, was one of the most notable portions of the
whole route, both for its view of the interior of New Guinea with
its extraordinary animal life, and for the glimpse of the no less
remarkable tribes which inhabit its banks. The Illyria reached the
junction of the May River with the Sepik, a point some 450 miles
from the sea. Besides interesting contacts with the diverse cultures
of the tribes of the lower, middle, and upper river, visits were
made to tribes on the May River which had only once before seen
white men — on the visit of a German expedition seventeen years
before. A small anthropological collection was made among these
people. Collections of birds, mammals, and reptiles were made,
chiefly at Marienberg. The collection of fishes made by trade
with the natives seems to represent a fauna previously unknown.

Waigeu Island is known to naturalists from descriptions of
Wallace and Guillemard. The Illyria was anchored in one of its
bays from June 4 to June 9. The short stay made general collect-
ing difficult, but notable collections of fishes were made. At Ternate,
official visits to the Resident occupied the brief duration of the
Illyria's stay.



84 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

The anchorage chosen for the work of the expedition in Celebes
was Lembeh Strait, between the small island of Lembeh and the
tip of the great northern peninsula of the main island. Aided by
Malay hunters, the party secured a representation of the remark-
able Celebesian fauna, including dwarf buffalo, babirusa, wild
pig, deer, monkeys, and a great variety of small game.

The volcanic islands of the chain between Mindanao, southern-
most of the Philippines, and the northern peninsula of Celebes,
form a series of stepping-stones for the collecting of the marine
fishes of the two islands, the relations of which were of special
interest to Dr. Herre on account of his eight years of work on
the Philippine fishes. The expedition made a stop of two days at
Sangir Island, almost midway between Mindanao and Celebes,
primarily to collect fishes from the bays and reefs.

The expedition concluded its principal itinerary at Sandakan,
British North Borneo, where the Illyria arrived on June 27. Mr.
Crane, with Dr. Moss and Messrs. Peavy, Fairbank and Shurtleff,
returned to the United States after leaving the Illyria at Surabaya
and making a brief tour of Bali, Java, Siam, and Indo-China.
Dr. Herre returned to America later.

Messrs. Schmidt, Weber, and Wonder, after ten days of collect-
ing in the vicinity of Sandakan, proceeded to Zamboanga, where
an important addition to the series of plaster molds of fishes for
exhibition was made, after which Messrs. Schmidt and Weber
returned to the United States via Manila, reaching Chicago
September 3. After a further ten days' collecting in Mindanao,
Mr. Wonder returned to North Borneo and made important addi-
tions to the collections of mammals, birds and reptiles, including
specimens and accessories for a group of orang-utan. His work,
extending to August 29, concluded the field collecting of the
Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition.

The Illyria, with Captain Boutilier and crew, returned to
Gloucester, Massachusetts, via the Suez Canal.

The results of the expedition, in specimens collected, amount to
12,000 fishes (estimate) ; approximately 2,000 reptiles and amphibi-
ans; 1,228 birds; and 879 mammals. Some 2,000 invertebrates
were collected, including 75 vials of termites, a series more than
twice as extensive as any previous collection of termites from the
Pacific islands.

Notable elements in the fish collection are the series of new
forms from the Sepik River, the brilliantly colored novelties added



Field Museum of Natural History



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XI




RAGWEED (Ambrosia elatior)

Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29)

The most abundant of the ragweeds of the Chicago region, and probably the principal

source of hay fever pollen

Reproduced in Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories

One-fourth natural size



mm m * warn



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 85

to the Philippine fauna, and the series of molds and color notes
for use in the preparation of exhibition specimens for Field Museum's
new Hall of Fishes.

Among the amphibians and reptiles, the more interesting
results of the expedition include observations on the habits of
Galapagos reptiles; the collection of specimens of the extinct
Charles Island tortoise; the notable series of specimens from the
Fiji Islands, Solomon Islands, and New Hebrides; a fine series of
the two species of crocodile from New Guinea, amply substantiat-
ing Assistant Curator Schmidt's recently described Crocodilus
novae-guineae ; and a representation of the fauna of New Guinea,
Celebes, Borneo, and the Philippines hitherto altogether lacking
in Field Museum's collections.

The birds brought back by the expedition add numerous genera
and species of especially brilliantly colored or otherwise remark-
able forms, many of them prepared for exhibition in the Museum's
Systematic Bird Hall. The pigeons, cockatoos, lories, hornbills,
and birds of paradise reach their maximum development in the
regions visited, some of them being confined to the New Guinean
region. The series of paintings and color notes of birds prepared
by Mr. Weber in the course of the expedition form a valuable
supplement to the collection.

The mammals obtained by the expedition add important genera
and species to Field Museum's collection. The collection of bats
includes thirty-two species, and the fruit-bats (Megachiroptera)
obtained more than double the total representation of this group
formerly in Field Museum. An interesting discovery was made on
the barren Galapagos of a new species of rodent. This addition
to the small but significant mammal fauna of those islands has
been named Nesoryzomys darwini Osgood, and is described in a
Museum publication issued in 1929. Other noteworthy mammals
include New Guinean and Celebesian marsupials, monkeys, pigs,
deer, the dwarf buffalo of Celebes, and a representation of the
lowland fauna of Borneo.

The special equipment carried by the Cornelius Crane Pacific
Expedition, including cold storage facilities, diving helmets for
undersea observations, and power launches for local transportation,
contributed to effective work even in localities where only brief
stops were made. The result is a substantial addition to Field
Museum's collections both for exhibition and for study.



86 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

The Harold White-John Coats Abyssinian Expedition of Field
Museum, as stated in the Annual Report for 1928, left New York
in October, 1928. This expedition was wholly financed by Captain
Harold A. White, of New York, and Major John Coats of
Ayrshire, Scotland, both of whom actively participated in the
undertaking. In addition to the two principals, the personnel of
the expedition included Mr. George E. Carey, Jr., of Baltimore,
Maryland, and Mr. C. J. Albrecht, of Field Museum's staff of
taxidermists. There were also connected with the party as photog-
raphers and associates Messrs. Charles Ohneiser and E. Steineger
of Berlin, and M. Hubert of Paris.

The principal members of the expedition left Addis Ababa,
the capital of Abyssinia, on December 13, 1928, and proceeded
south through the province of Arussi to Mount Kaka, on the slopes
of which about a month was spent in general hunting. Later they
were met by the others with their main supply caravan of mules
and camels at Gatela in the province of Sidamo, a short distance
east of the southern end of Lake Abaya.

The chief base camp of the expedition was made south of the
Bisan River. From there hunting was carried on westward to
the Sagan River near the border of the province of Boran. There,
forty-six days in March and April were spent in fulfilling the prin-
cipal object of the expedition, which was to obtain selected examples
of the reticulated giraffe and other large mammals for use in a
proposed "water hole" group of African game animals. In this
region five fine giraffes, and various specimens of oryx, koodoo,
Grant's gazelle, hunting dogs, and one aard-vark were taken.

Later in April the expedition moved south to Mount Kunchorro,
finding water very scarce and conditions of travel correspondingly
difficult. Thence they turned west and reached the bed of Lake
Stephanie but, finding it wholly dry, they turned back at once
and made southeastward to Mount Mega in southern Boran, not
far from the Kenya border. This region yielded an interesting
series of dik diks, including several which are nearly pure white
and appear to represent an instance of local albinism which threatens
to supersede the normal type of coloration. Three specimens of
the rock or mountain reedbuck also were taken on Mount Mega.

In June the expedition moved on to Moyale at the Kenya
border, and thence by motor some 600 miles to Nairobi, success-
fully transporting its accumulation of skins of large mammals to
this metropolis and shipping point in first-class condition.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 87

With the especial object of obtaining specimens for a lion
group, a month's trip was then made to the Zerengetti Plains in
Tanganyika. Here, in a relatively short time, six fine lions includ-
ing both old and young were obtained, and in addition a good
black rhinoceros, two aard-varks, several zebras, and more Grant's
gazelles for use in the water hole group.

The expedition finally disbanded in Nairobi, Mr. Albrecht
leaving for the United States August 5 and reaching Chicago
September 20. Some time later the collections were received in
excellent condition. Captain White and Major Coats must be
given great credit for carrying through a difficult program, trav-
ersing a region largely waterless and subject to restrictions imposed
by loosely governed natives. But for the cordial cooperation of
Negus Tafari Makonnen of Abyssinia, again graciously accorded
a Field Museum expedition, it would have been impossible. The
Negus, it will be remembered, generously cooperated also with the
Field Museum-CTwcagro Daily News Abyssinian Expedition of
1926-27.

The results of the Harold White- John Coats Expedition provide
material for a group of lions, a group of aard-varks and a water hole
group, which, as projected, will be the largest habitat group ever
produced at Field Museum. This group will include five reticulated
giraffes, a black rhinoceros, a herd of eight or ten Grant's gazelles,
several zebras, and some smaller animals.

The expedition was not equipped for general collecting of small
animals, but concentrated on the group material. Nevertheless,
a few small mammals were obtained, and also certain interesting
and valuable birds. Among these is a series of the Abyssinian
blue goose, a species of restricted range, which is rare in collections.
There is also a good representation of the game birds of the fran-
colin group, including one specimen of an entirely unknown species
very distinct from those previously described.

The Chancellor-Stuart-Field Museum Expedition to the South
Pacific left San Francisco February 20 for New Zealand, Australia,
and the East Indies. The expedition consists of Mr. Philip M.
Chancellor of Santa Barbara, California, and Mr. Norton Stuart,
also of Santa Barbara. Mr. Chancellor, who is financing the expedi-
tion, acts as photographer to the expedition. Special equipment
for intimate photographic studies of living animals, including a
diving bell for undersea work, is carried. Mr. Stuart, who is an



88 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

expert technician and museum preparator, is equipped for collect-
ing and, to a certain extent, actually preparing exhibition material
in the field.

The object of the Chancellor-Stuart Expedition was to obtain
specimens, accessory group material, and careful, first-hand life
studies of certain rare and interesting animals, especially reptiles,
of which some of the most extraordinary forms now living are found
in the Australasian and East Indian regions. Its plans also included
some reconnaissance travel for the purpose of making contacts
and obtaining preliminary information for use in a second expedi-
tion proposed for 1930. At the close of 1929 the expedition had not
yet returned, but reports received from it indicated that its main
objects had been successfully achieved.

Messrs. Chancellor and Stuart arrived in Wellington, New
Zealand, about March 14. On the South Island of New Zealand
they obtained by special permission two specimens of the tuatara
lizard or Sphenodon, one of the most peculiar of living reptiles,
very primitive in character and of much zoological interest. Here,
also, was secured material for a small group of the flightless bird
known as the kiwi.

From New Zealand they crossed to Sydney, Australia, and made
a short trip through New South Wales, Victoria, and South Aus-
tralia for reconnaissance purposes. Returning to Sydney, they
sailed to Batavia, Java, which served as headquarters for several
months. One of their especial quests was the waraan or giant
lizard of Komodo Island, a Dutch possession little known and
seldom visited.

Messrs. Chancellor and Stuart took up the matter of per-
mission to collect specimens of the Komodo lizard with Mr. Coert
du Bois, American Consul-General at Batavia, and through his
good offices and those of Dr. K. W. Dammerman, Director of the
Zoological Museum at Buitenzorg, they were invited to join a
Dutch expedition to Komodo for the purpose of obtaining such
specimens as seemed justifiable.

The joint expedition sailed from Batavia October 8, and on
November 6 sent the welcome news that two fine specimens of the
giant lizard had been secured for Field Museum. One of these
is reported to be nine feet in length and the other eight feet ten
inches. These specimens with accessories and field notes will
provide material for one of the largest and most striking exhibits
of the Museum's Hall of Reptiles.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 89

During July and August, while negotiations regarding the
Komodo trip were pending, the expedition visited the interior of
Sumatra and there obtained two fine specimens of the reticulated
python. One of these, a male, measures twenty-four feet ten inches
in length and the other, a female, twenty-one feet three inches.
With them was collected a clutch of eighty-one python eggs. The
reticulated python is the largest of living snakes and is characterized
by an intricate and beautiful color pattern, altogether providing
a highly desirable creature for museum exhibition.

From Komodo, the expedition returned to Batavia and thence
to Australia for further work in that country with the intention of
reaching the United States about February 20, 1930. Although
the material collected by this expedition has not yet reached Field
Museum, the reports of its success are very gratifying. Mr. Chan-
cellor's expressed intention of continuing similar work in the future
and of financing not only field work but subsequent preparation
of material gives promise of very important contributions to science
and education.

The Field Museum-Williamson Undersea Expedition to the
Bahamas was carried out during the spring and early summer of
1929. This expedition was for the primary purpose of obtaining
material for a series of large groups of fishes in undersea settings
for the Museum's projected new Hall of Fishes. The work involved
not only the collection of numerous fishes but also of large quantities
of corals, sea fans and other delicately formed and beautifully
colored undersea life in which the fishes have their habitat.

Mr. J. E. Williamson of New York, well known for his undersea
photography and his unique equipment for submarine observations,
was engaged for the season with his staff, his floating gear, and his
special apparatus. One of Field Museum's taxidermists, Mr.
Leon L. Pray, was assigned to work with him during a period of
ten weeks.

Mr. Williamson left New York for Nassau on March 15 and
was joined by Mr. Pray about April 1. The Governor of the Baha-
mas cordially afforded them facilities for their work. Headquarters
were established at Sandy Cay, a small island near Nassau, which
was placed at their disposal by the owner. Here, with a shore
camp and various craft near-by, work was prosecuted intensively
and very successfully.

By use of the undersea tube, Mr. Pray was enabled to make
numerous colored sketches and observations of undisturbed life on



90 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

the sea bottom and to design and plan the proposed fish groups
with complete fidelity to nature. Meanwhile, with an abundance
of local help, fishes of many kinds were taken, cast in plaster, and
recorded with detailed color notes. Altogether, 190 casts of fishes
were made, ranging from dainty little angel fish to great sharks.

By the use of ingenious methods and special gear for heavy
work, corals of very large size and fragile structure were lifted
without injury direct from the sea bottom and transported to
shore where they were carefully prepared, packed and crated for
shipment. One large palmate coral had dimensions of 10'9"x6 / x4 / 3"
and is perhaps the largest specimen of the kind ever preserved entire.
It weighs about two tons.

The material obtained by the expedition to the Bahamas was
transported in fifteen large cases to Jacksonville, Florida, where
it was delivered to the Illinois Central Railroad which gave it
special handling and delivered it in Chicago with everything in
excellent condition. It forms the largest shipment of the kind
ever received at Field Museum and will fulfill the principal and
immediate needs for the Hall of Fishes.

The Thorne-Graves Arctic Expedition was organized and
financed by Mr. Bruce Thorne of Chicago and Mr. George Coe
Graves II, of New York. Its first purpose was the acquisition of
specimens of Pacific walrus for a habitat group in the Museum's
Hall of Marine Mammals. A further object was material for a
group of Alaskan caribou to fill one of the few remaining spaces
in the Hall of American Mammal Habitat Groups.

Messrs. Thorne and Graves chartered the power schooner
Dorothy, in Seattle, and sent it north early in June with a capable
crew. Mr. John Jonas, taxidermist of Yonkers, New York, was
engaged and went north on the Dorothy. Meanwhile, Messrs.
Thorne and Graves proceeded by mail steamer to Anchorage,
Alaska, whence they flew by airplane to Nome. There they em-
barked on the Dorothy and sailed for the Arctic on July 3. Two
Eskimos were taken aboard at the Diomede Islands and the ship
then continued to the edge of the Arctic ice pack. Ice conditions
were very severe and it was necessary to work near the Siberian
coast. Most of the time was spent in the vicinity of Koliuchin
Island, scarcely twenty miles from the Asiatic shore, at about
longitude 175° west.

Walrus were found in abundance and seven selected specimens
were taken and preserved for the Museum's group. Several



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 91

polar bears also were killed. This was done during some rather
hazardous cruising among the ice floes. At one time the Dorothy
was fast in the ice, unable to move an inch, and at another her
rudder was broken by submerged ice, necessitating a difficult
return to Nome for repairs.

On July 28 the expedition crossed the Arctic Circle on its return
journey and seven days later landed at Seward. Here Messrs.
Thorne and Graves left Mr. Jonas to continue with the ship to
Seattle, bringing the specimens secured in the Arctic. They then
started at once with pack horses for the Talkeetna District for
the fall hunting of caribou and other game. Finding caribou with
horns still in the "velvet" and unsuitable for the Museum's use,
they engaged local hunters to secure the needed specimens at a
later date when in proper condition. On September 27 they sailed
for Seattle, and somewhat later five specimens of caribou, well
prepared in accordance with their instructions, were received by
Field Museum.

The prompt, energetic, and businesslike way in which Messrs.
Thorne and Graves undertook and successfully carried out their
expedition entitles them to great credit. Since their return, Mr.
Thorne has cooperated further with the Museum by consultation
with the Staff regarding plans for the preparation of their material
and, in the case of the walrus group, contributions from Mr. Thorne,
Mr. Henry Graves, Jr., and Mr. George Coe Graves II, will
insure its completion in the near future, probably before the end
of 1930.

While large expeditions were afield at distant points, Mr. Ashley
Hine, bird taxidermist of the Museum, spent some weeks in
Arizona collecting birds especially needed for systematic exhibits
now under way. He left Chicago April 2 and continued in Arizona
until June 5. Dr. Alfred Lewy of Chicago voluntarily assisted
him from April 17 to May 5. One month was spent near Tucson
where a base was established from which short trips were made
to the Papago Indian Reservation and the Santa Catalina Moun-
tains. From May 5 to May 23 work was done in Carr, Ramsey,
and Miller Canyons in the Huachuca Mountains, at altitudes
ranging up to 9,300 feet. A total of 323 specimens of birds was
obtained.

In the latter part of 1929 an important zoological expedition
for 1930 was organized under the patronage of Mr. Arthur S.
Vernay of New York. This is called the Vernay-Lang Kalahari



92 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Expedition of Field Museum and will have the personal leadership
of Mr. Vernay. The expedition will be accompanied by two well-
qualified naturalists and collectors, Mr. Herbert Lang, well known
for his very successful Congo expedition for the American Museum
of Natural History, and Mr. W. Rudyerd Boulton, of the Carnegie
Museum, who was associated with Mr. Vernay on a previous
expedition in Angola. A further assurance of the success of the
expedition is the expressed intention of the Imperial Secretary of
British South Africa, the Honorable Captain B. E. H. Clifford,
to accompany it part of the time. The expedition also expects to
meet Mr. Allan Chapman, who will cooperate in the work in Angola.

Mr. Vernay sailed from New York on December 27 for London,
whence he will continue in February to Capetown. From there he
will proceed north by rail to Francistown, where he will meet the
other members and start westward by motor caravan. It is proposed
to visit British Bechuanaland, principally the region of the Botletle
River and Lake Ngami, the northern part of the Kalahari Desert
and, if conditions are favorable, to continue to the west coast
through Angola.

The expedition will carry full equipment for collecting verte-
brates of all kinds, and a large general collection is to be expected
as well as certain special animals for Museum exhibits. In Angola,
by special permission of the Portuguese government, an effort will
be made to secure specimens of the giant sable antelope for a habitat
group to be placed in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall. This species,
which has a restricted range and is rare in collections, is regarded
by many as the finest of all the antelope tribe. The Museum is
greatly indebted to Portuguese officials for their cordial assistance.

The following list indicates the various expeditions and other
field work conducted during 1929 for all Departments of the Museum:

Locality Collectors Material

Kish, Mesopotamia . . . Stephen Langdon Archaeological collections

(Seventh season) L. C. Watelin
Rene Watelin
T. K. Penniman

West Africa W. D. Hambly Ethnological collections

British Honduras .... J. Eric Thompson Archaeological and ethno-

logical collections

Brazil and Peru B. E. Dahlgren Botanical collections

Llewelyn Williams
Emil Sella

Peru August Weberbauer Botanical collections



Field Museum of Natural History



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XII




MODEL OF OIL WELL

The strata are shown as they occur at Lawrenceville, Illinois

Constructed by H. W. Nichols and Valerie Legault

Scale of model, five feet to the inch






of m



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 93

Europe J. Francis Macbride Photographing botanical

type specimens

New Mexico Henry W. Nichols Geological collections

Indiana Elmer S. Riggs Paleontological collections

P. C. Orr

Southeastern Asia . . . Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, Zoological, botanical and

and Kermit Roosevelt ethnological collections

(joint leaders)

Harold Coolidge, Jr.*

C. Suydam Cutting

Herbert Stevens

Josselyn Van Tyne

Russell W. Hendee

Ralph E. Wheeler

Pacific Islands and

East Indies Cornelius Crane Zoological and ethnological

Karl P. Schmidt** collections

Albert W. Herre

W. L. Moss

Walter A. Weber

Frank C. Wonder

Sidney N. Shurtleff

Murry Fairbank

Charles R. Peavy

Abyssinia, Kenya
Colony, and

Tanganyika .... Captain Harold A. White, Zoological collections

and Major John Coats
(joint leaders)
C. J. Albrecht
George E. Carey, Jr.

India Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe Zoological collections

New Zealand,

Australia, and

East Indies Philip M. Chancellor Zoological collections

Norton Stuart

Arctic Ocean and

Alaska Bruce Thorne, and George Zoological collections

Coe Graves II

(joint leaders)
John Jonas

Bahama Islands J. E. Williamson Zoological collections

Leon L. Pray

Arizona Ashley Hine Ornithological collections

Canada Julius Friesser Arctic plants

Arthur G. Rueckert

Leader of expedition named first in each case.
•Leader, second contingent.
"Leader, scientific section.

ACCESSIONS

Anthropology. — Accessions received and recorded during the
year by the Department of Anthropology amount to fifty-four.
Of these thirty-six are by gift, seven as the result of expeditions,



94 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

three by exchange, and eight by purchase. These accessions aggre-
gate a total of more than 3,700 objects.

The collections made by Assistant Curator J. Eric Thompson
as leader of the Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition
to British Honduras, consist of some 350 archaeological and ethno-
logical objects obtained in British Honduras and Guatemala.

Some 200 archaeological objects were obtained in the excava-
tions carried out at the sites of Tzimin Cax, Cahal Pichic, and
Hatzcap Ceel in western British Honduras (see page 47). Of these
three sites Tzimin Cax proved to be the most interesting as well as
the richest. It is not a real Maya city as the word is understood,
for it does not consist of a series of temples placed on the tops of
high mounds gathered around a ceremonial court, but of a number
of small, scattered courts perched on the tops of natural hillocks.
Around these courts are grouped small mounds, which in many
cases contain burials.

These burials, together with other material found, can be grouped
into three periods. The latest belongs to the so-called Holmul 5
type, and dates from around the close of the Maya Old Empire
(about a.d. 800). The pottery of this period is badly fired and of
poor quality, but is elaborately painted, and was made in a large
number of different shapes. Of these the commonest are ring-
based plates and tall, cylindrical jars. A large number of objects of
this culture was found, but unfortunately most of the paint had
disappeared from the pottery owing to the dampness and chemical
reactions from roots which they endured for centuries. Several of
the buried chiefs had their teeth filed to points or inlaid with iron
pyrites. Prior to this occupation the site was probably abandoned
for a considerable period.

The next earliest occupation is represented by fine, well-made
pottery, but usually unpainted. The most typical range of vessels
is formed by tetrapods, the legs of which in many cases are in the
shape of female breasts. In one case this earlier culture was found
in a burial directly below that of the Holmul 5 period, thereby
confirming its greater age. At that period jade was carved into
ear-plugs and tubular breast-ornaments. One of the vessels of
that period now in the Museum is unique. This is a low bowl
with four small feet. In the center of the bowl squats a frog of
naturalistic style, originally painted blue.

A yet earlier culture, which might conveniently be termed pre-
Maya, has also been located. This culture was first discovered last



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 95

year at the site of Uaxactun in the Peten by Mr. 0. G. Ricketson
of the Carnegie Institution. Uaxactun, judging from the sculptured
monuments, is the earliest known Maya site, and these pottery
types appear to antedate the earliest monument. Mr. Thompson
found the same culture under the floors of these little courts just
above bed-rock. The ware is well made, and is distinguished by a
rippled surface effect. One large bowl, which was found practi-
cally complete, in all probability belongs to that culture. If this
should really be the case, this vessel will be the only complete
pre-Maya vessel in the world.

The sites of Hatzcap Ceel and Cahal Pichic yielded a number
of votive offerings of jade, wrought shell, and in one instance a
mirror, the face of which consists of iron pyrites cut into small
squares.

The ethnological material collected illustrates the present culture
of the Mopan Mayas of southern British Honduras, as well as that
of the Quiche and Cakchiquel tribes of southern Guatemala. The
Mopan Mayas have lost a great deal of their old artistic skill, but
the Highland tribes still weave very beautiful cotton cloth. Practi-
cally every village in the highlands of Guatemala has its distinctive
dress, the women wearing gaily embroidered cotton blouses. A
large collection of these was obtained for the Museum, as well as
men's costumes, blankets, and shawls.

Through the good offices of Mr. W. A. Newcombe of the
Provincial Museum, Victoria, B.C., a son of the late Dr. C. F.
Newcombe who did so much in building up the Museum's north-
west coast material, a part of the Merrill collection of prehistoric
artifacts from Illinois, gathered in 1877, was acquired through pur-
chase. The accession comprises thirty pieces from Calhoun, Greene,
Sangamon, Schuyler and Scott counties, and consists of plummets,
celts, and other problematical stones of hematite; pendants and
banner stones of banded slate; a discoidal of granite; arrowheads
and drills of chert; and two small, but beautiful specimens of shell-
tempered pottery. The last-named are from mound-graves. Such
perfect pieces of pottery are rare, and make a valuable addition
to the Museum's archaeological material from the middle west.

The Museum has also secured as a gift from Mr. Frank Vondrasek
of Cicero, Illinois, twenty-three excellent quartz arrowheads from
Magnet Cove, Arkansas. These specimens range in length from about
one-half inch to three inches, and are delicately chipped from rose



96 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

and pearl colored chalcedony. They include three types — those with
convex bases, those with flat stems or bases, and those with notched
bases.

Mr. Homer E. Sargent, of Pasadena, California, added forty-six
California baskets to his former gifts of American basketry. All
are of superior workmanship and fine quality, and are old produc-
tions of a type no longer made.

An otter skin medicine bag decorated with beadwork designs,
from the Potawatomi of northern Wisconsin, was presented by
Mrs. Lynden Evans of Evanston, Illinois. An otter skin used for
medicine by the same tribe was acquired through purchase. A
Winnebago necklace of grizzly bear claws and a Haida chief's coat
of ermine were also purchased.

Dr. John Kercher, of Chicago, presented a small number of
interesting Eskimo articles, among these a wooden mask and
models of a kayak and a sledge, from the Golovnin Bay District,
Alaska. Several Eskimo objects from Angmagsalik, on the east
coast of Greenland, are the gift of Erich Hansen of Chicago, who
had formerly accompanied one of the Danish exploring expeditions
to Greenland; he also placed at the Museum's disposal a number
of good photographs taken by him on this journey, for reproduction.

From the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of Field Museum,
working primarily in the interests of the Department of Zoology,
were received eight objects, including a very large, finely painted
tapa screen from Fiji and seven ornaments from the Sepik River
in New Guinea. Four of these are egret feather hair ornaments;
the other three are peculiar ornaments having as their most con-
spicuous feature the large beak of a hornbill.

Ten articles from the upper Sepik and May Rivers, New Guinea,
were presented by Assistant Curator Karl P. Schmidt, Department
of Zoology, who was a member of the Crane Expedition. There
are three nicely ornamented tops used as toys, an incised coconut
cup, a decorated lime gourd with carved bone spatula, a plaited and
a bamboo puberty cover, a tobacco pipe made of a long, curved
gourd, a spear with a pointed bamboo head, and a peculiar double-
pointed weapon about seven feet long.

All this New Guinea material is different from any previously
received by the Museum, and is therefore a welcome addition.

A collection of stone implements found in kitchen middens near
Sydney, Australia, was secured through an exchange with Mr.
Keith Kennedy of Sydney, Australia.



Field Museum of Natural History



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XIII




LIFE-SIZE FIGURE OF DYAK HUNTER, BORNEO

(Hall G)

The Arthur B. Jones Expedition to Malaysia, 1922-23

Modeling by John G. Prasuhn



IHt UBHAft*
OF THE



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 97

The William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia,
although principally a zoological expedition, resulted in an interest-
ing acquisition for this Department. Mr. Harold J. Coolidge, Jr.,
of Boston, leader of the second contingent of this expedition, brought
back from Indo-China four attractive women's dresses, two from
the White Tai of Tonkin and two from the Phunoi and Khakho
tribes in northern Laos. The two latter are complete with head-
dresses and jewelry and will lend themselves to a picturesque
exhibit. The present acquisition is especially appreciated because
the very interesting and complex ethnology of this entire region is
not yet represented in the Museum.

Two mortuary Chinese clay figures of horsewomen engaged in
a game of polo (Plate XVIII) are a notable contribution from Mr.
Earle H. Reynolds of Chicago. Technically they differ from most
clay figures interred with the dead under the T'ang dynasty (a.d. 618-
906). These, in general, are hollow, being made from molds, which
accounts for the fact that thousands of the same type have survived.
The polo figures in question, however, are solid and freely modeled
by hand with great artistic skill. They are delicately painted in
colors and distinguished by their excellent expression of motion and
dramatic action. The game of polo was introduced into China
from Central Asia in the beginning of the seventh century and was
a favorite pastime of the emperors of the illustrious T'ang dynasty.
The game was eagerly played also by both men and women of high
rank. Polo has had a long and honorable history in China, and has
been a favorite subject of many great painters. These T'ang clay
figures are the earliest representations of the game now in existence.

Dr. I. W. Drummond of New York, well-known collector of
jade and amber and for many years a friend of the Museum, pre-
sented three important objects. A small vase skilfully carved from
pudding-stone and decorated on the sides with tiger heads holding
rings in their jaws is a rare work of the K'ien-lung period (1736-95).
The two other objects are hornbill carvings: one is a girdle buckle
decorated in openwork with the eight Buddhistic emblems of luck;
the other is a complete beak of the helmeted hornbill (Rhinoplax
vigil) carved with an elaborate scene representing the visit of an
emperor to the fairy of the moon. It contains six figures, a double-
roofed pavilion, and trees and birds, of exquisite workmanship.
This carving was immediately placed on exhibition in Hall 32.

The head of a Bodhisatva of the T'ang dynasty (a.d. 618-906),
modeled in black lacquer, was presented by Mr. Herbert J.



98 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Devine of New York. Examples of this typically Chinese technique,
commonly known as "dry lacquer," are exceedingly rare, and only
a few have come to this country. The head in question, detached
from a life-size statue, is beautifully modeled in harmony with the
best style of T'ang marble sculpture, and as the first example of
lacquer sculpture in the Museum is a most welcome addition to
the Chinese section.

The collection of archaic Chinese jades was signally enriched
by a small, but very important object presented by Mr. J. A.
Moller of New York. This is a spike of white jade delicately carved
all around into a human figure of archaic style, which belongs to
the Chou period (about 500 B.C.). Human figures from that period
are exceedingly rare, and this specimen is unique and valuable.

The framework of a Japanese wooden saddle, elegantly lacquered
in black and gold, is a gift of Colonel A. A. Sprague of Chicago.
It is decorated with two crests, each consisting of three hollyhock
leaves, which are the coat of arms of the renowned Tokugawa
family. An incised inscription discloses the name of the maker,
Yasuyuki, and the date, which is the first year of the period Meiji,
corresponding to our year 1868.

A ceremonial battledore from Japan is a gift from Mr. and
Mrs. S. Yamagata of Chicago. This is a most artistic object
of unusual interest. A battledore like this one was a favorite New
Year's gift among the wealthy. It is carved from a white wood,
and on one side it is adorned with the portrait of Ichickawa Sadonji,
a popular actor, with sword in hand, formed by gold brocade and
colored silks. On the other side is a symbolic painting expressive
of good wishes, set off from a gold-speckled ground.

Seventy-two packages containing neolithic stone implements
found in the Gobi Desert were received from the Central Asiatic
Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History, New
York, under the leadership of Dr. Roy Chapman Andrews. Field
Museum contributed to the financing of this expedition.

An interesting screen of felt decorated with painted applique"
designs of cotton was presented by Mr. Julian Armstrong of Chicago.
It was presumably made in India, or possibly in Burma, and may
originally have served as the door of a tent. The applique" work
consists of human figures and sprays of leaves as well as panels
showing altars with bowls and umbrellas (an emblem of regal power)
and a man astride an elephant.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 99

Mrs. John Alden Carpenter of Chicago presented two marionettes
used in the puppet plays of Persia. The heads are carved from wood
and lacquered. One represents an Armenian priest with tall, black
hat and long beard, clad in a black cotton gown with an inset of
gold brocade, and equipped with satin shoes. The other figure is
a Persian soldier with a black cap on which a lion, the emblem of
Persia, is painted. The interesting point is that these marionettes
are manipulated from threads or strings attached to the top, and
this technique is the oldest form of puppets attested for ancient
Greece, India, and China.

A rich harvest has been gathered this year as the result of the
excavations at Kish. The more important objects have been un-
packed and properly treated. Repairs and restorations have been
made whenever necessary. Many stone jars of fine workmanship,
as well as several painted pottery jars, have been restored. After
one of the rein-rings from the front of a four-wheeled chariot had
been cleaned, the figure of an animal surmounting it was found
to be a stag with large antlers. There is a fragment of pottery
from Jemdet Nasr with a similar animal of the deer family painted
on it. Other objects of unusual interest are a copper dagger with
decorated handle, the model of a chariot described on page 52, a
large saw with copper blade, stone and copper vessels, numerous
pieces of pottery, and clay tablets. A beautiful alabaster jar and
also a stone bowl which were found had been broken in ancient
times and riveted together. One of the rivets has been analyzed
by Associate Curator Nichols, who reports that it consists of
pure lead with a white lead corrosion on the surface. It is an
interesting coincidence that this is the same method of repair
employed by the Chinese in mending porcelain. From a scientific
standpoint the flint implements from the lowest strata of Kish are
the most important objects secured, presenting as they do types
previously unknown from Mesopotamia.

Mr. H. W. Seton-Karr of London contributed fifty-eight paleo-
lithic and neolithic knives, scrapers, arrowheads, and other pre-
historic implements from England, Belgium, Egypt, India, and
Ceylon. Flint flakes from the North Arabian Desert were presented
by Dr. E. W. Andrau of The Hague, Holland; Mr. S. W. Quarrie
of Royston, Herts, England; and Captain L. W. B. Rees of London.

An excellent collection of painted pebbles from Mas d'Azil,
France, was purchased from Professor Henri Breuil of Paris. On
these pebbles are designs, partially of a geometric and partially of a



100 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

realistic style, which were painted with red ochre by prehistoric men.
This is the largest collection of Azilian painted pebbles outside the
National Collection of France. The courtesy and friendly coopera-
tion of Professor Breuil and the French Ministry of Beaux-Arts,
which allowed this important collection to go to Field Museum, are
much appreciated.

A valuable collection of stone and antler implements and pottery
sherds from the Swiss lake dwellings was acquired by purchase
from Dr. Paul Vouga of the Mus£e d'Histoire, Neuchatel, Switzer-
land, who recovered them from Lake Neuchatel. This material
makes a good supplement to the excellent collection of Swiss lake
dwellers' antiquities previously presented to the Museum by
Mr. Martin A. Ryerson.

The Department of Human Anatomy of Oxford University
presented several casts of bones which will form the basis for a
reconstruction of a Neanderthal child from Gibraltar. The cast
of a famous female figurine, known as "Venus," of the Lespuge-
Aurignacian period, was received as a gift from Count de St. Pener
of Morigny, France, discoverer of the figurine. A plaster im-
pression of a Magdalenian footprint found in a cave of Montespan,
together with a plan of this cave drawn to scale, is the gift of M.
Felix Trombe, Gauties-les-Bains, France. Copies of prehistoric
sketches of animals engraved on the walls of the same cave were
presented by M. Georges Debuc of the same place.

The first installment of the material collected by Assistant
Curator Hambly as leader of the Frederick H. Rawson-Field
Museum Ethnological Expedition to West Africa was received
toward the middle of December. The collection includes some
fine old wood carvings, large decorated gourds, weapons, imple-
ments, musical instruments, smoking utensils, baskets, mats,
ornaments, and other ethnographical material illustrating the life
and culture of the Ovimbundu in Portuguese Angola.

A small but interesting collection from Sierra Leone, West
Africa, was presented by Mrs. William G. Burt of Old Lyme,
Connecticut. The collection, made by her father in 1901, includes
two wooden masks, decorated gourds, carved wooden paddles, straw
hats, leather sandals, a grass skirt, a bow, spears, swords, a pouch,
and a stool.

Botany. — During 1929 the Department of Botany received
40,996 specimens, more than twice as many as were received in



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 101

1928. The number of accessions was 412, representing more than
175 individuals and organizations. Of the specimens acquired,
1,321 were samples and exhibition material of woods, 374 repre-
sented miscellaneous economic material for exhibition purposes or
for the study series, and the remainder, 39,301 specimens, were
herbarium specimens, photographic prints of plants, and negatives
of type specimens.

Of these 40,996 specimens 12,974 were presented by corre-
spondents of the Museum, 7,326 were received in exchange, 4,710
were purchased, and 15,986 were received as the result of Museum
expeditions.

Of the gifts to the Herbarium during the year the most important
is the private herbarium of the late well-known ornithologist Robert
Ridgway of Olney, Illinois, received by bequest. In addition to
his zoological work, he always maintained a deep interest in plant
life, especially that of Richland County, Illinois, with which he
was thoroughly familiar. His herbarium, of approximately 4,000
specimens, forms a valuable addition to the Illinois Herbarium of
Field Museum, since it contains an approximately complete repre-
sentation of the flora of Richland County, botanically one of the
most interesting portions of the state of Illinois.

The United States has been well represented among the acces-
sions of the year. Professor A. O. Garrett of Salt Lake City, Utah,
forwarded 700 plants, chiefly from Utah, a state but imperfectly
represented in the Museum's Herbarium. Witte Memorial Museum
of San Antonio, Texas, transmitted 392 specimens of plants, chiefly
from the arid regions of western Texas, through the interest of Mrs.
Ellen Schulz Quillin, Curator of the museum, whose volumes upon
Texas plants contain interesting information regarding a little-known
flora. Father I. Chateau of Mission, Texas, forwarded thirty-seven
plants from the same state.

Mr. H. C. Benke of Chicago, who in past years has been so active
in contributing material from the Mississippi Valley states, especially
from Illinois, donated this year 517 sheets of herbarium material,
largely from New Mexico, Texas, and Kansas, with some interesting
specimens for the Illinois Herbarium. His donation included also
140 packets of seeds, chiefly from Illinois and Indiana.

The Misses Sophia and Mary Bremer of Crown Point, Indiana,
presented twenty specimens of Indiana plants, including material
of several interesting forms new to the Herbarium, and also eighteen
packets of seeds of Indiana wild flowers.



102 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Miss Nellie V. Haynie, of Oak Park, Illinois, visited the Her-
barium several times during the year to determine plants of her
own collections, and she contributed thirteen specimens from Illinois
and Colorado, among them the type specimen of a new color form
of a wild strawberry found at Waukegan, Illinois.

Mr. G. Eifrig of River Forest, Illinois, continued his donations
of previous years, presenting fifty-six specimens from the north-
central and southern United States. Professor L. A. Kenoyer of
Kalamazoo, Michigan, forwarded 150 specimens of plants from the
vicinity of Kalamazoo, among them a large number of grasses and
sedges. Mr. E. L. Moseley of Bowling Green, Ohio, contributed a
representative series containing 196 plants of northern Ohio, and
from Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio, there were received 480 speci-
mens, chiefly plants of California and other western states. Miss
Ella M. Martin of Greensboro, North Carolina, presented to Field
Museum fifty-nine sheets of North Carolina plants.

A special effort was made during 1929 to procure material of
the mosses and other cryptogams of the local flora. Mr. G. L.
Wittrock, of Chicago, collected and presented 121 specimens of
Illinois mosses. Associate Curator Standley, and Mr. Arnold
Doubleday, of Chicago, collected for the Herbarium 891 specimens
of mosses and other plants in Illinois and Indiana, and 289 packets
of wild flower seeds, to be used for exchange and propagation pur-
poses. Mr. Standley and Assistant Curator Macbride jointly
collected and donated 105 specimens of mosses and other cryptogams
from Indiana. The moss herbarium was further enriched by a
valuable lot of seventy-five Arizona mosses, presented by the col-
lector, Mr. Edwin B. Bartram of Bushkill, Pennsylvania.

Of miscellaneous collections there deserve mention three speci-
mens of cycads, presented by the Garfield Park Conservatory,
through Mr. August Koch, chief florist, who always has been
generous in supplying Field Museum with material of unusual
plants which flower in that justly famous collection. Dr. C. R.
Ball of Washington, D.C., contributed twelve specimens of willows
of the United States, particularly valuable because of the critical
determinations which accompanied them. Dr. J. C. Chamberlain,
of the University of Chicago, presented two specimens of rare cycads,
a group in which he stands pre-eminent as an authority.

Dr. C. E. Hellmayr of Field Museum made a welcome gift of
fourteen specimens of European orchids, useful for purposes of
comparison with related American forms. Dr. E. E. Sherff con-



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 103

tinued to place in the Herbarium material of desirable Compositae,
particularly of the genus Bidens, and during 1929 contributed thirty-
three specimens. Mr. Eric Walther, of San Francisco, forwarded
ample material of a handsome Mexican cycad, apparently represent-
ing a new species of the genus Ceratozamia, grown in the conservatories
of Golden Gate Park. Professor W. S. Cooper, of the University
of Minnesota, presented a series of 349 plants which he had collected
in Alaska and British Columbia. His collection, when named, was
found to contain an orchid (Cypripedium) new to the Alaskan flora,
and an unnamed albino form of a Hedysarum.

From Mexico and Central America there was acquired by gift
a large amount of interesting and exceptionally valuable herbarium
material. There were received from Mr. William A. Schipp of
Belize, British Honduras, 466 specimens of British Honduras plants.
These were determined by Associate Curator Standley, who found
among them numerous new species of which descriptions have been
prepared for publication, and representatives of several noteworthy
species hitherto absent from the Herbarium of Field Museum. Mr.
Schipp's collections included many records of genera and species
new to Central America, and of some unreported even for the North
American continent. Another important collection from British
Honduras, presented by Mr. C. L. Lundell, of New York, con-
sisted of 210 specimens, several of which represented new species.
Mr. Lundell's plants were collected in the extreme northern part
of the colony, in connection with his work upon the latex-yielding
plants of the region. The British Honduras material thus received
is of particular value for comparison with collections from near-by
Yucatan, in which Field Museum Herbarium is unequaled. Many
of the British Honduras species found in these recent collections
were known previously only from Yucatan. Besides the accessions
mentioned, Mr. Neil Stevenson, of Belize, forwarded five specimens
illustrating the palms of British Honduras.

From Guatemala there were received from the Direcci6n General
de Agricultura 189 very desirable plants characteristic of the flora
of that republic. Dr. Salvador Calder6n of the laboratories of the
Department of Agriculture, San Salvador, Salvador, has continued
to collect, with his usual enthusiasm and persistence, the rarer
plants of that country, and presented Field Museum with 238
specimens of plants, many of which were new to science or additions
to the recorded flora of Salvador.



104 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Dr. C. A. Purpus of Zacuapam, Veracruz, Mexico, veteran col-
lector of Mexican plants, visited certain exceptionally rich regions
of Veracruz during 1929, and sent to the Herbarium 443 specimens.
Although the flora of that state has been investigated by many
collectors during the past 150 years, Dr. Purpus' recent collections
contain representatives of several plants quite unknown to science.
The Direction de Estudios Biologicos of the Mexican government,
through its director, Professor A. L. Herrera, presented samples of
Ochroma fiber from Mexico, this being the product of the tree yield-
ing balsa wood of commerce, which is lighter than cork. Professor
Maximino Martinez, of Mexico City, contributed during the year
fifteen specimens of the less common Mexican plants.

From the School of Forestry of Yale University, New Haven,
Connecticut, there were received, through the interest of Professor
Samuel J. Record, Research Associate in Wood Technology of Field
Museum, 183 specimens, mainly of tropical American plants. Most
of these represented tree species whose wood has been studied by
Professor Record. Several of them were discovered to represent
trees heretofore unknown botanically, and descriptions of them have
been published in Tropical Woods.

PYom Honduras there were received 101 specimens of trees
transmitted by Dr. Wilson Popenoe, Director of the Lancetilla Ex-
periment Station of the Tela Railroad Company. This collection
supplements one made in the same region in 1927-28 by Associate
Curator Standley, and it contains several species which he did not
find in the course of his work in the area. Dr. Holger Johansen of La
Lima, Honduras, forwarded fifty-two specimens of plants from the
region in which he lives, and these, likewise, proved to contain sev-
eral species of more than casual interest.

Of Nicaraguan plants there were received fifty-six specimens,
collected by Rev. E. E. Schramm of Cabo Gracias a Dios, whose
mission station is situated on the banks of the Wanks River, a week's
journey by gasoline launch upward from the mouth of the river, in
a wild region quite unknown botanically.

The most important single Central American collection received
by the Museum in 1929 consisted of 668 specimens of Costa Rican
plants, collected and presented by Professor H. E. Stork of Carleton
College, Northfield, Minnesota. Professor Stork had collected in
earlier years in Costa Rica and Panama, but his collections of 1929
have proved even more interesting than previous ones. They have



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 105

not yet been fully identified, but it is evident that they contain
numerous species not detected heretofore in the Costa Rican flora.

Mr. C. H. Lankester, of Cartago, well-known collector of Costa
Rican orchids, birds, and butterflies, presented seventeen specimens
of unusual Costa Rican plants. Mr. Ferdinand Nevermann of San
Jos£, Costa Rica, who has made a name for himself in the entomo-
logical world by his studies and collections of Costa Rican beetles,
sent to the Herbarium ten specimens of fungi.

From Panama there were received 251 specimens of plants col-
lected in the Canal Zone by Mr. S. W. Frost of Pennsylvania State
College, Arendtsville, Pennsylvania. These were obtained on Barro
Colorado Island, in Gatun Lake in the Panama Canal, where is
located the laboratory of the Institute for Tropical Research,
directed with such signal success in recent years by Mr. James
Zetek. Several of Mr. Frost's plants proved to be additions to the
known flora of Barro Colorado Island, of which two lists have been
published by Associate Curator Standley, the second of which, pre-
pared in association with Professor L. A. Kenoyer, appeared in Volume
IV of the Botanical Series of Field Museum. Mr. R. H. Wetmore of
the Botanical Museum of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massa-
chusetts, presented an equally interesting series of seventy-seven
specimens, collected on the same island, and containing other new
records for the Barro Colorado flora.

The Museum's already very extensive collection of Peruvian
plants has received several notable additions during 1929. Professor
Fortunato L. Herrera of Cuzco, Peru, generously contributed a col-
lection of 551 specimens, chiefly from the Department of Cuzco.
The collection is an especially helpful one, since it comes from a
region scarcely represented previously in the Museum collections,
and it will, therefore, be valuable for citation in the flora of Peru,
now in course of preparation by Assistant Curator Macbride.
Mr. Oscar L. Haught of Negritos, Peru, presented a carefully
selected series of 259 specimens, illustrating the flora of an arid
region of Peru little known botanically. Still another important
collection of Peruvian plants was received during the year. It con-
sisted of 206 specimens gathered by Mr. M. Sawada, and was
received from Professor R. Kanehira of Fuoka, Japan. Although
not yet fully determined, it is evident that the collection contains
a large number of plants of species not expected from Peru.



106 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

A fine Brazilian collection, consisting of eighty-one uncommonly
well-prepared specimens from the state of Para, was presented by
Mr. Emilio Kauffmann of Belem, Brazil.

In 1929 the Museum received by exchange from various botanical
institutions and from individuals more than 7,300 herbarium speci-
mens, including much material of great value.

From the Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts,
there were acquired 785 specimens. Part of these represented criti-
cal forms of the trees of the United States. There were also 285
specimens of plants collected on Barro Colorado Island, Canal Zone,
by Mr. W. N. Bangham. This collection, like the others already
mentioned from that island, contained various further additions to
the published flora of Barro Colorado. It may be observed that
an unusual amount of botanical exploration has been conducted
there during the past year. The Arnold Arboretum material in-
cluded more than 100 specimens of plants obtained in northern
Yucatan in the summer of 1929 by Dr. J. Becquaert. These are
noteworthy as forming the only Yucatan collection obtained in
many years, and among them were found three new species, from
an area which had been believed to have been rather thoroughly
explored. The Becquaert series makes a much appreciated addition
to Field Museum's unique representation of the flora of the Yucatan
Peninsula.

The Botanical Garden and Museum of Berlin very generously
transmitted fifty specimens of plants, mostly Leguminosae, from
Peru. Since most of these represent type material of Peruvian
species, they will be invaluable for use in the preparation of the
flora of Peru.

The Botaniska Institutionen of Upsala, Sweden, sent in exchange
450 specimens from the classical series procured in Brazil by Regnell,
which will be found helpful in the determination of the collections
made by the Museum's expeditions to that country. The British
Museum (Natural History), London, through the courtesy of Dr.
A. B. Rendle, sent 1,034 specimens, mostly from early Chilean col-
lections, with some material from other South American regions.

The Farlow Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge,
Massachusetts, contributed 141 specimens of interesting and care-
fully determined cryptogamic plants. The Gray Herbarium of
Harvard University continued its exchanges with ninety-two speci-
mens, which included a valuable series from the north coast of



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 107

Honduras, and critical species of bromeliads. From Mr. Ludlow
Griscom of Cambridge, Massachusetts, there were received 119
specimens of plants, chiefly native to the United States.

The Jardin Botanique de l'Etat, Brussels, Belgium, transmitted
in exchange 200 specimens of tropical American plants. From the
Jardin Botanique Principal, of Leningrad, Union of Socialistic Soviet
Republics, were received 130 specimens of plants collected in Mexico,
Colombia, and Venezuela by Dr. Georges Woronow. This material
consisted largely of Rubiaceae, and was determined in Field Museum
by Associate Curator Standley.

The Natural History Museum of Vienna, Austria, forwarded in
exchange a valuable series of 671 European plants, many of them
from classic series obtained by early collectors. The Royal Natural
History Museum of Stockholm, Sweden, through Dr. Gunnar
Samuelsson, sent 257 plants from tropical America. Most of these
were obtained in Cuba by the eminent collector, Dr. Erik L. Ekman,
of Haiti, and they include duplicate types of many endemic species
described by Dr. Ignatius Urban of Berlin.

The New York Botanical Garden transmitted ninety-four speci-
mens, mostly from tropical America. From Pomona College,
Claremont, California, there were sent by Professor Philip A. Munz
915 specimens of plants, chiefly from the Rocky Mountain region
of the United States, which were welcome as supplementing the
Museum's too inadequate representation of the Rocky Mountain
flora.

From the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, was received
a generous contribution of 676 specimens. Part of these was col-
lected in western Mexico, and there was included also an important
fascicle of the Lehmann Colombian collections, which have proved
so rich in new species. The Royal Botanic Gardens of Edinburgh,
Scotland, contributed 401 specimens of plants from Paraguay, a
country with but slight representation in American herbaria. This
material is, therefore, most welcome.

The United States National Museum, Washington, D.C., through
Dr. William R. Maxon, continued to send exchange material, and
this year forwarded to Field Museum 1,001 specimens, principally
from Mexico and Panama and other parts of tropical America.
From the Office of Systematic Agrostology of the United States
Department of Agriculture, through the interest of Professor A. S.
Hitchcock and Mrs. Agnes Chase, there were received 312 speci-
mens of grasses, chiefly from tropical American countries.



108 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

The Museum has continued its policy of confining purchases of
herbarium material chiefly to collections from tropical America, and
almost all the 4,710 specimens so acquired during the year are from
Central and South America.

The purchases include 300 specimens from Trinidad, a continua-
tion of the series of former years obtained from Mr. W. E. Broadway
of Port-of-Spain. There were obtained by purchase, also, 100
specimens of cryptogamic plants collected in Europe, and fifty-three
photographs of Mexican plants procured by Mrs. Ynes Mexia,
San Francisco, California.

From Mr. Marcus E. Jones of Claremont, California, there were
purchased 623 specimens which he had gathered in Lower California.
The collection contained many duplicate types of species described
by the collector in his publication, Contributions to Western Botany.

Mr. C. L. Lundell of New York, in the course of his studies of
rubber- and chicle-yielding plants of British Honduras, collected
for Field Museum an excellent series of 962 specimens, illustrating
the flora of the northern part of the colony. The material contains
many unusual and some new species, and the numerous duplicates
will be available later for exchange purposes.

Most of the material acquired by purchase came from South
America. The largest collection consisted of 1,079 specimens
obtained in Bolivia by Mr. Jose 1 Steinbach of La Paz. Study of
certain groups of his collections indicates that the flora of this
country is far from exhausted, as some botanists had erroneously
supposed, for his series contains a large proportion of plants which
seem altogether to have escaped the attention of earlier and pre-
sumably competent collectors in the region.

From Mr. Henry Pittier, of Caracas, Venezuela, whose collections
have contributed so greatly to the present knowledge of Central
and South American floras, there were purchased 320 specimens of
Venezuelan plants. From Ecuador were received 342 specimens
brought together from the high mountains by Brother Gemel-
Firmin of Quito.

Of Argentine plants there were purchased 500 specimens, mostly
of woody species, gathered by Professor S. Venturi of the Museo de
la Universidad de Tucuman, Argentina. Another collection acquired
consisted of 331 specimens procured by Mr. W. Lossen. One
hundred specimens of Chilean plants collected by Professor Montero
also were obtained by purchase.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 109

More than one-third of the herbarium material received during
the year was the result of the work of Museum expeditions.

Great success attended the efforts of the Marshall Field Botani-
cal Expedition to the Amazon in securing herbarium material and
wood specimens. Acting Curator Dahlgren and Mr. Emil Sella of
this expedition obtained in the vicinity of Belem, state of Para,
Brazil, and upon the Tapajoz River, 2,500 herbarium specimens of
plants. Only a small portion of their collections has been named
up to the present time, but it is expected that the determination
will be completed in the near future. The material, when fully
identified, will give the Herbarium a valuable representation of the
flora of the Amazon Valley.

The varied economic and other collections made in Para on the
lower Amazon, and in other localities in Brazil, have at the present
writing not been catalogued. They include rubber of various kinds;
varieties of cacao in pods and the beans; the principal tobaccos of
the state of Para (Parahyba, Bahia, and Rio Grande do Sul), cigars
and cigarettes; oils and fats of vegetable origin and their source
material; fibers and products, such as baskets, hats, rope, cassava
products, beans, seeds, and woods, the last chiefly for the study
collections. In addition these collections contain plant material,
both dry and preserved in formalin, for use in the preparation of
exhibits for the Hall of Plant Life, together with photographs,
molds, and color sketches of the material collected.

Dr. Dahlgren also obtained in the state of Para a splendid exhibi-
tion series of the woods most valued in the local industries of the
region, which is noted for its abundance of fine cabinet woods.

Mr. Williams, of the Peruvian division of the Marshall Field
Botanical Expedition to the Amazon, has forwarded to the Museum
9,500 herbarium specimens, and 1,088 wood specimens which he
assembled in eastern Peru. The wood specimens were all accom-
panied by herbarium specimens, which will make possible their
accurate determination. This collection, when it has been named,
will add many species to the Museum's series, and make a note-
worthy addition to the present knowledge of the woods of the
Amazon Valley. Mr. Williams' operations thus far have been in the
general region of Iquitos, at the head of navigation on the Amazon
River. The results of his labor bring to North America the first
adequate representation of the flora of this area, which is almost
unknown botanically except for the historic collections made there



110 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

many years ago by Richard Spruce. Mr. Williams' material makes
a very notable addition to the Museum's already rich collections of
Peruvian plants.

A further addition to the Museum's Peruvian series consisted of
888 specimens obtained in the Department of Cuzco, Peru, by Dr.
August Weberbauer (Marshall Field Expedition to Peru, 1929).

Five specimens of economic British Honduras plants were
received from Assistant Curator J. Eric Thompson, Department of
Anthropology (^Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to
British Honduras).

From the William V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern
Asia there were received 400 specimens of plants obtained by Mr.
F. Kingdon Ward in Burma and Indo-China, and more than 2,400
collected by Mr. Herbert Stevens in the province of Szechwan,
China.

As a result of work under the Rockefeller Fund for Photograph-
ing Type Specimens, a total of 2,603 negatives has been secured.
There had been received at the end of the year 819 negatives of
types in the Museu Goeldi of Para, obtained by Acting Curator
Dahlgren, and thirteen photographic prints of type specimens in
the Berlin Herbarium, received from Assistant Curator Macbride.
A total of 1,784 negatives had been made in Berlin, but these had
not been received at the time this Report was prepared.

Among the accessions should be mentioned, also, 5,593 photo-
graphic prints prepared in the Division of Photography of Field
Museum. These include prints of many type specimens of Brazilian
species, and photographs of interesting specimens received by the
Department on loan for study purposes. Placed in the Herbarium,
they are of the greatest value in the determination of collections
received currently for identification, and as a basis for monographic
work. Among these prints are many duplicates, especially of Peru-
vian types, which it is expected will be used to good advantage for
exchange purposes.

Through the interest of Professor Record, Associate in Wood
Technology, there have been obtained several important gifts of
wood specimens for exhibition purposes. Particularly noteworthy
are three handsome panels illustrating the best types of Cuban,
Mexican, and Peruvian mahoganies, presented by Ichabod T.
Williams and Sons of New York. These form an attractive display
of the chief types of this most important of all tropical American



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 111

woods, which serves as a standard for the comparison and estimation
of fine woods generally. At present they are on exhibition in
Stanley Field Hall.

The F. B. Williams Cypress Company, Limited, of Patterson,
Louisiana, generously sent four boards of normal and pecky cypress
lumber, part of which has been placed on exhibition in the new
arrangement of the North American Wood Hall. The Pickrel Wal-
nut Company of St. Louis, Missouri, donated three fine walnut
boards which have served to complete the reinstallation of the
walnut exhibit. The Panhandle Lumber Company of Spirit Lake,
Idaho, contributed a large board of western pine which has been
placed on exhibition in the same hall. From the American Walnut
Manufacturers' Association of Chicago was received a desirable
wheel section of black walnut which was needed to present a com-
plete display of this important American wood.

Through the interest of Professor Emanuel Fritz of Berkeley,
California, there was secured from the Sugar Pine Producers of
California some desirable material for exhibition purposes. It con-
sisted of five well-prepared sugar pine planks, and an extensive
collection of the huge cones borne by this California tree.

The School of Forestry of Yale University, New Haven, Con-
necticut, donated a board of black willow which permitted the
proper installation of a complete exhibit of the wood of this widely
distributed tree. There was received directly from Professor Record
a most unusual abnormal growth from a flowering dogwood tree,
simulating in uncanny fashion the head of a chimpanzee.

The Ail-American Mohawk Radio Corporation of Chicago pre-
sented the Museum with three wood specimens, one of which was a
handsome sheet of veneer of Australian silk-oak, such as is used for
the finishing of radio cabinets. The firm of Bauer and Black of
Chicago donated for use of the Marshall Field Botanical Expedition
to the Amazon one of their airplane first aid kits.

Useful material for the completion of certain wood exhibits was
supplied by T. W. Minton and Company, Barboursville, Kentucky,
in the form of two samples of hickory wheel spokes. The Turner,
Day and Woolworth Company of Louisville, Kentucky, contributed
four examples of hickory ax and hammer handles and samples of
hickory nuts.

The United Fruit Company, at the suggestion of Professor
Record, sent to the Museum an eight-foot section of a trunk of the



112 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Guatemalan cow-tree (Couma guatemalensis Standley), which was
placed on exhibition in Hall 27, where it has attracted a great deal
of attention.

Mr. Charles Westcott of River Forest, Illinois, presented a
specimen of the wood of the beef wood tree (Casuarina), from
Florida, accompanied by herbarium material of the tree from which
the wood was taken.

Mr. John A. Manley of New Brunswick, New Jersey, donated
an unusual sample of apple wood, in which, through long years of
growth of the surrounding woody tissue, there had become com-
pletely imbedded a horseshoe.

Captain Arthur Pay of Paramaribo, Surinam, presented the
Museum with five samples of Sickingia wood from that colony. This
wood is remarkable for its fine and compact grain and especially for
its beautiful pink color.

Mr. H. C. Benke of Chicago, during a botanical collecting trip
to Texas and New Mexico, obtained for the Museum thirty-eight
specimens of wood of plants characteristic of that semi-desert
region.

By exchange there were received from the United States National
Museum, Washington, D.C., 144 hand samples of woods. These
represent chiefly tropical American trees, and form a desirable
addition to the Museum's rapidly growing study series of wood
specimens.

Two years ago the economic collections of the Department of
Botany received a unique and valuable addition through the finding
of Babylonian wheat by the Field Museum-Oxford University Joint
Expedition to Mesopotamia. This year there were received from
the expedition four more samples of ancient grain (Plate VI)
unearthed in January, 1928. Three of these were found in three
separate jars in the ruins of the buried city of Kish, "the first city
founded after the flood." The discovery was made by Mr. Henry
Field, Assistant Curator of Physical Anthropology, who at that
time was a member of the expedition. The jars containing the grain
were found in rooms of two ancient buildings buried for thousands
of years thirty-two and forty feet respectively below the original
surface of the mounds covering eastern Kish. The lower building
was in a stratum just above the level where traces of a flood were
discovered which, according to the archaeological evidence obtained,
occurred about 3200 B.C.



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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 113

The grain in its present condition is practically pure charcoal
and it is, perhaps, owing to this fact that it was not destroyed long
ago by fungi, insects, or moisture. The grain has been examined
by five experts of the United States Department of Agriculture, all
of whom pronounced it to be barley. Mr. C. E. Leigh ty, one of the
experts, reports that the samples are composed entirely of barley
and that examination reveals no other cereal grain. Messrs. 0. F.
Phillips, Hazen P. English and Albert F. Nelson, three others of
the experts, report jointly: "While time and the elements have
charred and blackened the kernels to the extent that positive identi-
fication is rather difficult, we are of the opinion that each of the
samples is of some form or type of barley. We are influenced in
arriving at this conclusion by the appearance and shape of the crease
(slightly twisted in some kinds), flattened backs, boat shape of ker-
nels, and germ shape, all of which are more or less common to our
modern barleys.

"Time, abrasion, and possibly method of threshing, all have
had a part in accounting for the apparent absence of the outer husk
or hull of the kernels.

"The grain from the upper levels is apparently a different type
than that in the other two containers, as the kernels as a whole are
much smaller. The barley characteristics are much more pronounced
in the sample from the lower level, which has been dated at about
3500 B.C.

"There can be but little doubt, however, that each of the samples
is of some species of barley."

Mr. H. V. Harlan, the fifth expert, states: "I am able to make
only a partial determination of the barley in the samples which
you recently forwarded. All three samples contained seeds of six-
rowed hulled barleys. This does not preclude the possibility of
there being hull-less or two-rowed sorts present. I could, however,
find no kernels which could be identified as either. The grain seems
to be slightly smaller than that coming from Egyptian excavations,
and I think it is safe to say that it represents different varieties."

Modern grain is represented in the accessions of the year by
four samples of prize wheat from Australia, grown in New South
Wales, of the varieties Cedar, Perfection, Comeback, and Cedrick.
These were obtained by the courtesy of the Chicago International
Live Stock Exposition.

Some canna roots were obtained by purchase for the exhibit of
starchy tubers, and several specimens of coontie, a starch-bearing



114 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

cycad native to southern Florida, were received from Professor A.
H. Gilbert of the Department of Botany of the University of Miami
at also Coral Gables, Florida.

A sample of Mexican crude guayule rubber, collected in Chihua-
hua, Mexico, by Mr. George Ewald of Chicago, was donated by
him. This is the only authentic specimen of guayule rubber in the
Museum's collection and is of interest as a sample of rubber which
is also produced in the United States.

Four specimens of "rainbow" corn were donated by William
Thuring of Chicago. These represent results of interbreeding Indian
corn of various colors.

Geology. — The Department of Geology received during the
year accessions from seventy individuals and institutions. Of these
fifty were by gift, three by exchange, seventeen by purchase, and
five from Museum expeditions. The total number of specimens
thus received and catalogued is 1,480.

The large number of gifts shows that continued interest is being
taken in the progress of the Museum by many donors. Mr. Richard
T. Crane, Jr., presented three valuable specimens of cut gems. The
most important of these was a large aquamarine from Brazil weigh-
ing 341*^ carats. This is one of the largest aquamarines ever cut,
and exceeds in size any previously in the Museum collection,
although the series of these stones in the collection was already
remarkable for the size and quality of each specimen. The Crane
aquamarine is flawless and of a rich blue color. It is cut as an oval
brilliant, and is two inches long, one inch wide, and one inch thick.
The other two cut gems presented by Mr. Crane were a cabochon
ruby weighing eight carats, and a chrysoberyl cat's-eye weighing
six and one-tenth carats, both from the gem mines of Ceylon. As
neither of these gem varieties had been well represented previously
in the collection the addition of these is gratifying.

To Mr. William J. Chalmers of Chicago the Museum is indebted
for continued additions to the collection of crystallized minerals.
Thirty-four specimens of these were received during the year from
Mr. Chalmers. One group consisted of minerals from Madagascar.
These are all large specimens, and include a complete hexagonal
prism of blue beryl with some gemmy spots, the crystal being seven
inches in diameter and of equal length ; a doubly terminated crystal
of corundum, ten inches in length; a mass of rose quartz of fine color
and transparency; and a semi-transparent, terminated crystal of



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 115

rubellite. Another group includes twenty-seven specimens of new and
choice examples of species from localities not hitherto represented.
Among these a beautifully terminated and transparent crystal of
golden beryl from Serro in Brazil is especially important. A number
of minerals from new localities in Africa in the same accession
included fine groups of azurite and cerussite from Tsumeb, a series
of corundums from the Transvaal, and vanadinite from the Abenab
mine. The crystals of vanadinite are remarkable for their size,
some being two inches in length. There was also included a pris-
matic crystal, two inches in length, of malachite after azurite. A
large specimen of the recently discovered collinsite and quercyite
from British Columbia was another valuable accession received
from Mr. Chalmers.

A notable addition to the exhibit of gems was also received
through the gift of forty-nine specimens from Mrs. Joseph W. Work
of Evanston, Illinois. Of these, the series of opals received was
especially large and valuable. These numbered twenty-nine stones,
of which twenty were from Australia, seven from Mexico and two
from Honduras. Of the Australian opals, fifteen were of the white
variety, three blue-black, and two green. The gift also included
seven star sapphires, two rhodolites, one kunzite, two mounted
pieces of jade and a mounted blue pearl. These specimens were
acquired during years of travel and collecting by Mrs. Work and
her husband, the late Joseph W. Work. Mrs. Work's desire to
have them placed where they would be visible to the public led
her to present them to the Museum. In order that her gift might
not include gems already well represented in the Museum, Mrs.
Work very kindly allowed selections to be made from her entire
collection.

A specimen of the newly described mineral collinsite from British
Columbia was an appreciated addition presented by Mr. W. D.
Lukens, a resident at the locality where it is found.

Orthoclase crystals from a new locality in Colorado were pre-
sented by Mr. W. F. Planer of Hammond, Indiana.

Mr. and Mrs. William and Toodie Bower and Mr. Franklin
Bower generously presented a partial skeleton of a mastodon which
was excavated on land owned by them at Argos, Indiana. The
parts received include a nearly complete skull and lower jaws,
twenty-two vertebrae, ten entire ribs with parts of others, about
sixty foot bones, and several miscellaneous limb bones.



116 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

To Former Judge George Bedford of Morris, Illinois, the Museum
is indebted for a number of remains of mammoth, mastodon, and
moose of an extinct species, which represents practically the entire
results of his recent exploration of a large deposit at Minooka,
Illinois. Some specimens were obtained from this deposit a number
of years ago, but excavation there was after a time suspended at
the request of the landowner. During the year 1929, however,
permission was given to Former Judge Bedford to continue excava-
tion, and with great generosity he presented practically the entire
results of his work to the Museum. A fine tusk and lower jaws of
mammoth were important specimens found and received, also parts
of skeletons of two individuals of mastodon, a skull and antlers of
Cervalces and miscellaneous bones of bison.

A collection consisting chiefly of fossil invertebrates and plants,
numbering altogether 393 specimens, was presented by Mr. Henry
Gebauer of Chicago. Among the fossil plants were a number of fine
specimens, especially a large one of Neuropteris. There were 380
specimens of invertebrate fossils and plants included, and most of
these had been carefully identified and labeled. This collection also
included seven specimens of minerals and one fossil fish from Syria.

Ritchie Brothers of Saratoga Springs, New York, gave five
specimens of fossil algae from this well-known locality. These speci-
mens of this early form of plant life are large and well-preserved.
One of the group has a diameter of about two feet.

Two beautifully preserved fossil ammonites from County Antrim,
Ireland, were presented by Mr. Bryan Patterson of the Department
of Geology. The specimens were collected by his grandfather, the
late William Gray, a British paleontologist. Mr. Patterson, together
with Messrs. Paul Nieh of Chicago, F. H. Letl of the Department
of Zoology, and Leroy Kranz and Clarence Lahde of Harvey, Illinois,
also presented a number of fossil plants from Mazon Creek,
Illinois. In Mr. Letl's donation were also included thirty-two
specimens of invertebrate fossils from Amboy, Illinois.

A complete section, with crust, of the Lafayette stone mete-
orite was presented by Purdue University through the kindness
of Professor H. E. Enders. This section, weighing 123 grams,
represents about one-third of the entire specimen. It furnished
sufficient material for analysis and a piece of good size for exhibi-
tion. Thus far it is the only portion of this meteorite that has been
removed from the original.



>ld Museum of Natural History



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XV



I



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7>



V



BRANCH OF HONDURAS MAHOGANY

Stanley Field Hall, Case 21

A branch of the mahogany of the east coast of Mexico and Central America

Reproduced in Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories

One-tenth natural size



TMfc LI8h«H»
OF THE



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 117

In addition to the cast and specimen of the Tilden meteorite
presented last year by the Illinois State Museum, a cast of the
nine-pound meteorite from the same fall was given during the year
by the same institution through Dr. A. R. Crook, Curator.

Sixty-four specimens of quartz crystals from a new locality in
McCurtain County, Oklahoma, were presented by Mr. J. H. Keester,
of Cicero, Illinois.

An interesting series of thirty-five geodes, showing various stages
of transition of fossil crinoids into quartz geodes was presented by
Mr. J. G. Prasuhn of the Department of Anthropology. These
specimens were collected by him in Morgan County, Indiana. They
show beyond question that the somewhat disputed view that geodes
may be formed from fossil crinoids is, in one locality at least, correct.

From the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad a
large sand-lime concretion, thirty inches in diameter and weighing
1,150 pounds, was received by gift. This concretion has an almost
spherical form and affords a valuable exhibit to illustrate the size
and shape in which such concretions may occur. This specimen was
obtained from Mobridge, South Dakota.

Two sand-lime concretions from the Salton Sea, California, one
of which is unusual in size, were an appreciated gift from Mrs. S. A.
Williams of Chicago. Concretions from this locality are remarkable
for their peculiar forms, and one of those presented by Mrs. Williams
was much larger than any previously possessed by the Museum.

The Standard Oil Company (Indiana) gave 105 varieties of
petroleum products which will enable a thorough revision to be
made of the exhibit of petroleum products which this company
previously provided. The specimens received in this gift were
either entirely new to the collection, or replaced previous specimens
that had deteriorated.

Another interesting contribution to the petroleum series was a
specimen of crude petroleum from the world's deepest producing
oil well. This was presented by Mrs. H. C. Morris, of Chicago. It
was obtained from a depth of 8,523 feet in Reagan County, Texas.
Besides the great depth of the well, it is interesting to note that
the specimen is composed of 70.6 per cent gasoline.

By exchange with the University of Chicago, articulated skele-
tons of the fossil so-called "ruminating hogs," Oreodon and Mery-
chyus, from Sioux County, Nebraska, were received. While single



118 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

bones of these animals are relatively common in some localities,
complete skeletons are rare, so that these make an acquisition of
much value.

From the Colorado Museum of Natural History, Denver, there
was received, also by exchange, a completely prepared skeleton of
Trigonias, the most ancient and primitive representative of the true
rhinoceroses. This interesting form, characterized by having four
toes on the front foot instead of three as in modern rhinoceroses,
and by other peculiarities, will afford a valuable addition to the
series illustrating the development of the rhinoceros in North
America.

By exchange with Mr. Arthur Blocher of Amboy, Illinois, eighty-
seven specimens were added to the collection of fossil invertebrates.
These were chiefly from Illinois.

Some valuable additions were made to the gem collection by
purchase. One of these was a cut black opal of unusual brilliance,
weighing fourteen carats, from Australia. As this is a stone for
which frequent inquiries are made, it is gratifying to have this fine
specimen. Other cut stones added by purchase were one of the
new and interesting gem "starlite," or blue zircon, weighing three
and four-tenths carats, and a green garnet from South Africa
weighing seven carats.

Since synthetic gems have become so widely known and used,
it was deemed desirable to add a series of them to the gem collec-
tion for comparison with the natural stones. Accordingly, a series
of thirty-five specimens of these was purchased. This series shows
a boule and a cut stone of each variety. It contains synthetic
sapphires of thirteen and rubies of three different colors. A syn-
thetic blue spinel is also included.

To the meteorite collection several additions were made by pur-
chase. One of these was an etched section of the Weekeroo, Australia,
iron meteorite, weighing 6,465 grams. It represents a new type of
meteorite, since it is intermediate between the iron-stones and the
irons.

A portion of the stone meteorite from Troup, Texas, was also
purchased, a full-sized section of forty-three and two-tenths grams
being obtained. Specimens from this meteorite are extremely rare.

Another addition to the meteorite collection by purchase was an
interesting series of fourteen specimens of the Brenham, Kansas,
fall. These were individuals which had been foundjluring 1929,



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 119

while the original fall had occurred previous to the year 1882. The
long exposure to ground waters which the later-discovered indi-
viduals had undergone, produced peculiar alterations, a careful study
of which, it is hoped, will make it possible to determine the nature
of other similar objects of suspected meteoric origin.

A beautiful series, numbering eight specimens, of echinoids from
Florida, was obtained by purchase. These echinoids are unusual
because of their shape and complete preservation. Two specimens of
fossil crinoids purchased are also notable for their perfection of form
and preservation. Those obtained are from a locality in Bundenbach,
Germany.

A valuable addition to the series of vertebrate fossils obtained
by purchase was one of partial skeletons of several species of early
Tertiary mammals from Utah. These included a skull and jaws,
limb and foot bones of the primitive cursorial rhinoceros Hyrachyus,
a similar series of remains of Protoreodon, the ancestor of Oreodon,
and a partial skeleton of the so-called "short-faced pig," Achaenodon.

A beautifully executed model, six feet square, of Glacier Park,
Montana, was added by purchase to the series of relief maps.
This model has a horizontal scale of one inch to the mile and a
vertical scale of one inch to a half-mile. Roads, trails, and various
features of scenic interest in the area are fully and accurately
represented on the model.

The most important accession from expeditions was that of 173
specimens of volcanic products collected by the Marshall Field
Expedition to the Mount Taylor, New Mexico, region. Of these
specimens about one hundred represent different forms of lavas.
Two large masses, the surface of one of which covers about four
square feet, represent in a striking way the stages of flow of viscid
lava. Other forms include lava stalactites, volcanic bombs, scoria,
lapilli, cellular basalts, and others. A series of thirty specimens
shows interesting stages in the alteration of volcanic ash to benton-
ite. From the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition of the Depart-
ment of Zoology there were received three specimens of volcanic
rocks from the Fiji Islands, and from the Marshall Field North
Arabian Expedition eleven specimens of desert sands and one speci-
men of loess.

Zoology.— Accessions of zoological specimens for the year reach
the large and unprecedented total of 23,754, of which 14,468 are
vertebrates. Moreover, this does not include some 12,000 fishes



120 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

received from the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition, which are
temporarily in the custody of Stanford University. After being
studied, at least half of these will be permanently accessioned. The
large additions to the collections are due mainly to the success of
various expeditions.

The accessions are distributed as follows: mammals, 2,662; birds,
7,055; reptiles and amphibians, 3,140; fishes, 1,611; insects, 9,286.
The number obtained by Museum expeditions is 22,347; by gift,
1,024; by purchase, 271; and by exchange, 112.

Gifts of mammals were unusually few, altogether amounting to
only fifteen specimens, including several local mammals obtained by
members of the Staff. Lord Astor, of London, presented a British
stoat and a wildcat, both welcome additions to the collections. A
sea-elephant, received in the flesh from Hagenbeck Brothers, of
Stellingen, Germany, yielded a skeleton of this animal, but the
skin was not recoverable.

Among the mammals received from major expeditions were
many rare and little-known species as well as a number which careful
study will doubtless prove to be new to science. From the William
V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern Asia, the peculiar
carnivore known as the giant panda is of first importance. The
few specimens of this rare animal which have previously reached
museums have been from native sources and are more or less in-
complete. The specimen obtained by Messrs. Theodore and Kermit
Roosevelt is perfectly prepared, accurately measured, and accom-
panied by a skull and a complete skeleton, the first ever to be pre-
served. The exact relationships of this animal are of much interest
to technical zoologists, and the opportunity presented for study of
an entire skeleton is indeed welcome. The acquisition of the giant
panda, therefore, not only provides a rare and interesting specimen
for public exhibition, but also furnishes material of high importance
for scientific study.

As mentioned elsewhere, the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition
obtained an extensive and varied collection of mammals from south-
western China and northern Indo-China, altogether forming the
largest and most important accession of Asiatic mammals ever
received by the Museum. Among the small and medium-sized
mammals are some of great rarity and a number not heretofore
represented in any American institution. Of especial interest is a
carnivore of the civet family which is the third known specimen of
a genus (Chrotogale) only recently discovered. Another medium-



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 121

sized mammal obtained by the expedition is the rare and beautiful
monkey known as the golden monkey (Rhinopithecus) or snub-
nosed monkey. The larger mammals from this expedition are thirty
to forty in number and fulfill, to a large extent, the remaining needs
for the habitat groups of large Asiatic mammals which it is proposed
to prepare for installation in William V. Kelley Hall. Most important
are the Indian bison, the seladang or gaur ox, the banting, and
the Indian water buffalo.

Mammals received from the Crane Pacific Expedition are mainly
small and medium-sized, but are of great interest, representing
many genera and species not heretofore possessed by the Museum.
An especially fine series of bats was obtained, embracing two sub-
orders, sixteen genera, and thirty-two species. A great many of
these are large fruit-bats or "flying foxes," which are difficult to
procure except by a privately organized expedition of this kind.
A new species of rodent was discovered in the Galapagos Islands
by the expedition, and has been described in the Museum's publica-
tions under the name Nesoryzomys darwini in honor of Charles
Darwin who first discovered rodents in these islands. During the final
work of the expedition in Borneo, an important collection of the
mammals of that island was made, including five well-preserved
orang-utans.

Accessions of mammals from the Harold White-John Coats
Abyssinian Expedition of Field Museum are featured by material
for two important habitat groups. One of these is a lion group for
which five choice specimens were obtained, and the other is a very
large water hole group, specimens for which include five reticulated
giraffes, several Grevy's zebras, elands, gazelles, and a black rhinoc-
eros. This expedition also collected certain other mammals, among
them three aard-varks, the first well-prepared examples of this
interesting animal ever received by the Museum.

Seven fine Pacific walrus and five Alaskan caribou were received
from the Thome-Graves Arctic Expedition of Field Museum. These
were especially prepared for use in habitat groups, and reached the
Museum in excellent condition. They form a notable part of the
year's accessions of mammals.

Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe continued a limited amount of work
in British India. Specimens of mammals received from him include
a sloth bear, a spotted hyena, and a very fine adult male Indian
lion, this last being a very scarce and desirable acquisition.



122 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

From the Third Asiatic Expedition of the American Museum
of Natural History, in which Field Museum cooperated, 197 speci-
mens of Asiatic rodents were received during the year.

Accessions of birds were very large, those entered on the records
numbering 5,809, to which should be added 1,157 received too late
for entry, making a total of 7,055. Most of these were obtained by
expeditions, 5,194 being from the Kelley-Roosevelts Asiatic Expedi-
tion alone. Much time and study will be required to evaluate this
superb collection, but preliminary examination indicates that it
contains a considerable number of new and undescribed species,
various little-known and rare species not heretofore brought to
America, and a large, comprehensive representation of the avifauna
of southeastern Asia, nearly all new to Field Museum.

Birds received from the Crane Pacific Expedition number 1,228
specimens, covering a wide variety of localities and including a very
high percentage of unusual and desirable types to be seen only in a
few of the largest museums in the world. Of especial interest are
the flightless cormorant of the Galapagos Islands, the rare land
birds of Cocos Island, certain petrels and other birds of the open
sea, and various birds of exceptionally beautiful plumage — parrots,
lories, and pigeons from the South Sea Islands and hornbills, cocka-
toos, and birds of paradise from Borneo and New Guinea.

Birds were not an especial object of the Harold White- John
Coats Abyssinian Expedition, and only a few specimens were taken,
but among them was a very distinct new species of francolin, a
pheasant-like game bird. A good series of the scarce Abyssinian
blue goose was also secured by this expedition.

An important accession of birds was obtained in Arizona by
Taxidermist Ashley Hine. This consisted of 323 specimens espe-
cially selected and prepared for mounting to fulfill needs in the
Museum's systematic exhibit of North American birds.

By exchange and purchase a few scarce birds have been added
to the collections, mainly from Neotropical America. Among them
may be mentioned Cossyphopsis reevei from Ecuador, Pyrrhura
viridicata from Colombia, and Sapayoa aenigma, Manacus cirritus,
and Tangara palmeri from Panama.

A valuable gift was that of two paintings of American birds by
the late Louis Agassiz Fuertes, presented by Colonel Albert A.
Sprague. These are of large size (18" x 30") and are among the finest
existing examples of Fuertes' work. The subjects are the American
horned owl and the American goshawk.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 123

The most important accessions of reptiles are those obtained by
the Crane Pacific Expedition, numbering 2,006 specimens. Notable
are well-preserved shells of the extinct tortoise of Charles Island,
Galapagos; series of the reptile fauna of the Fiji Islands, Solomon
Islands, and New Hebrides; an excellent series of the two species of
crocodiles from New Guinea, including the recently discovered
Crocodilus novae-guineae ; and a representation of the faunas of New
Guinea, Celebes, Borneo, and the Philippines, hitherto entirely
wanting in the Museum's collections. Reptiles from the Kelley-
Roosevelts Expedition consist of 228 specimens, mainly snakes, from
northern Indo-China, and 300 specimens, including various amphibi-
ans, from western China in the provinces of Yunnan and Szechwan.

Two specimens of an extraordinary lizard (Palmatogecko) of the
gecko group from the Kalahari Desert in southwestern Africa were
received as a gift from Dr. W. J. Cameron of Chicago. This lizard
is very pale, practically colorless, and has developed unusual, webbed
feet such as might be expected in a swimming animal but which, in
this case, appear to be adaptations for progression over loose sand.
Ten snakes and frogs from British Guiana were presented by Dr.
A. E. Emerson of the University of Chicago, and 295 specimens from
Wisconsin by Mr. F. J. W. Schmidt of Stanley, Wisconsin.

The most important fish collection of the year is that made by
the Crane Pacific Expedition. This will not be accessioned until
it has been studied at Stanford University, but ultimately it will
add some 6,000 specimens to the Museum. Preliminary examina-
tion by Dr. A. W. Herre of Stanford University, who made the
collection, indicates that it contains twenty to thirty unknown
species, the majority from New Guinea. Sixty-four plaster molds
of fishes with detailed color notes for exhibition purposes accompany
this collection.

Fresh-water fishes from western China were collected by Mr.
Herbert Stevens of the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition to the total
of 438, a number which appears small but which really represents
one of the largest collections of the kind ever made in this part of
the world.

Six accessions of fishes were received as gifts during the year.
Mr. Frederick H. Rawson of Chicago presented a mounted trunk-
fish; Mr. Fred N. Peet of Chicago sent three Canadian brook trout;
and Mr. E. L. Vacin of Chicago gave a very fine specimen of the
northern muskalonge. The General Biological Supply House of



124 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Chicago presented six specimens, including a very rare eel, of which
only four or five had been seen previously by scientists. Dr. W. C.
Kendall of Freeport, Maine, gave nineteen specimens of the eastern
tomcod, a species not previously well represented in the Museum.
Mr. Donald Bennorth of Elgin, Illinois, presented five interesting
lampreys, a small trout, and a darter, all from Illinois.

The number of insects and their allies accessioned is 9,286, con-
sisting of 520 donations and 8,766 specimens collected by Museum
expeditions. Mr. E. B. Williamson of Bluffton, Indiana, showed
his continued interest in the insect collection by presenting 106
named dragon flies from the Americas. Dr. A. E. Emerson, of the
University of Chicago, presented 369 named termites representing
fifty-one species and including sixteen paratypes of these interest-
ing social insects. From the Crane Pacific Expedition were received
928 insects, scorpions, centipedes, millipedes, and spiders. A large
collection of insects came from the Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition,
reaching a total of 7,853 specimens, about two-thirds of which are
butterflies and moths from western China. This collection, at pres-
ent only roughly classified, forms a notable addition to the Museum's
series of Asiatic insects and will doubtless serve to contribute many
interesting additions to knowledge.

DEPARTMENTAL CATALOGUING, INVENTORYING

AND LABELING

Anthropology. — Twenty-four of the fifty-four accessions in the
Department of Anthropology during the year have been entered.
Fourteen accessions from previous years were also entered.

The work of cataloguing has been continued as usual during the
current year, the number of catalogue cards prepared totaling
10,742. The total number of catalogue cards entered since the
opening of the first volume is 188,622. The 10,742 cards written
during 1929 for accessions received during the year or in previous
years are distributed according to subjects as follows: North
American archaeology and ethnology, 2,232; Mexican, Central and
South American archaeology and ethnology, 985; archaeology
and ethnology of China, Indo-China, and Japan, 136; archaeology and
ethnology of India, 16; ethnology of Persia, 2; ethnology of Polynesia,
16; ethnology of Melanesia, 18; ethnology of Malaysia, 1,565; archae-
ology and ethnology of Africa, 587; archaeology of Egypt, 101;
archaeology of Mesopotamia, 7; prehistoric archaeology of Europe,




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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 125

5,077. Of these cards 7,463 have been entered in the inventory
books, which now number fifty-three volumes.

About 3,000 labels were prepared by the Staff during the year,
and 7,604 copies of them were supplied by the Division of Printing
for use in exhibition cases. These labels are distributed according
to subjects as follows: archaeology of Egypt, 1,226; archaeology of
Hopewell Mounds, 543; ethnology of Plains Indians, 2,304; ethnology
of California, 1,426; ethnology and archaeology of Mexico, 961;
ethnology of South America, 399; archaeology of China, 99; ethnology
of Japan, 216; ethnology of Malaysia, 354; ethnology of India, 26;
archaeology of Kish, 45; Roman archaeology, 5. Sixty maps, 6,745
catalogue cards, and five miscellaneous impressions were also supplied
by the Division of Printing.

The total number of photographs placed in the albums amounts
to 3,501. Nine new albums were opened.

Botany. — Descriptive labels were written by Assistant Curator
McNair during the year for additions to the exhibits of nuts, tubers,
and starches in Hall 25. As mentioned elsewhere in this Report, he
also prepared card catalogues of plants that contain large quan-
tities of starch, sugar, gums, tannins, resins, drying oils, semi-
drying oils, non-drying oils, fats, and waxes. These cards are of
value in obtaining and arranging material for exhibits of varnish
resins, edible oils, and paint oils. They have also been of use in
writing scientific papers on the differential analysis of starches and
the relation of various oils to specificity, environment, and origin
of plants.

The additions to the records of the Herbarium during 1929
amounted to 19,979, the total of mounted specimens now being
600,336.

Labels were written for many thousands of herbarium speci-
mens received during the year, particularly for the collections made
in Brazil by Acting Curator Dahlgren and for those obtained in
Peru by Mr. Williams. Several thousand labels were prepared, also,
for the duplicate specimens distributed. Descriptive labels were
written for several cases of the N. W. Harris Public School Exten-
sion of Field Museum.

About 1,900 index cards were received this year from the Institut
Colonial de Marseille. They deal with the literature pertaining to
tropical agriculture and give title of article, author's name, full



126 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

bibliographic reference, and classification. There are fifty-seven
different subjects, such as cereals, edible legumes, and plants used
for textiles, oils, perfumery, spices and condiments, gums and resins,
medicine, and other purposes.

Geology. — The number of specimens catalogued during the
year was 1,480, making the total number of catalogue entries
185,952. Of those entered during the year, the largest number in
any single group was that of the Gebauer collection of fossil inverte-
brates and plants which totaled 393 specimens. Other large groups
were 173 specimens of volcanic products, 105 specimens of petroleum
products, and 73 additional specimens of invertebrate fossils.
Altogether, 697 specimens of invertebrate fossils were catalogued,
259 of minerals, 250 of specimens illustrating physical geology, and
164 of economic specimens.

For greater convenience of reference, the records of the several
collections of fossil vertebrates were copied from the older books
and combined in a loose-leaf cover. To the card catalogue of verte-
brate fossils fifty-seven cards were added. These cards give full
descriptions of each specimen, including field number, name of col-
lector, date of collection, locality, horizon, and reference to descrip-
tion of type specimen.

A total of 6,822 labels was received from the Division of Printing
during the year, of which 3,659 related to paleontological exhibits
and the remainder chiefly to the systematic mineralogical exhibit.
Of these labels, 5,807 were installed in the cases. Illuminated labels
were prepared for the Neanderthal Man exhibit in Ernest R.
Graham Hall.

Copy for 4,388 labels was prepared and delivered to the Division
of Printing. These included labels for the larger part of the mete-
orite collection and for the remainder of the systematic collection
of minerals. Typewritten labels, 273 in number, were prepared and
installed for temporary use with various exhibits, chiefly those of
the silicas, petroleums, and gems.

Photographic prints, 369 in number, were mounted in the
Department albums during the year. In addition, the series of
550 field negatives made by the Second Marshall Field Paleonto-
logical Expedition to Argentina and Bolivia was catalogued and
labeled. The total number of prints now in the albums is 6,362.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 127

Zoology. — Entries in the zoological catalogues were made for a
total of 5,324 specimens. These were distributed, by divisions, as
follows: mammals, 2,449; birds, 924; reptiles and amphibians,
1,951; skeletons, 10.

All specimens of mammals were numbered as catalogued, and
new Museum labels were provided for 272 specimens. In addition,
950 labels for skins of large mammals were written and attached.
About 250 skull bottles were labeled. Guide labels were typed and
affixed to all the drawers of the new storage cases for mammals.
An alphabetical index and guide to the mammal collection was
prepared and bound in book form. Exhibition labels for all mammals
in George M. Pullman Hall were prepared and printed and are
awaiting installation. Transparent labels were prepared for five
large habitat groups of mammals. All labels for the African groups
in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall were revised, reprinted, and
reinstalled. Distribution maps were prepared to accompany each
of these labels.

In the reference collection of birds, rearrangement of a large
amount of material in new steel cases necessitated labeling 842
separate trays and sixty cases and cans. The new exhibits of cranes,
rails, and shore birds on two screens were supplied with seventy-
four individual labels. In addition, eight wall labels were installed
adjacent to cases of the systematic exhibit of North American birds.
About 700 labels for the exhibit of foreign birds have been prepared
and printed, and are to be installed when label-holders are available.
These labels are printed in black on buff cards to replace the silver
on black formerly used, and have been revised to bring all names
down to date.

Cataloguing of reptiles and amphibians was kept abreast of
accessions, and at the close of the year there was no uncatalogued
material on hand. Thirty-seven labels were prepared and installed
for exhibits of reptiles and amphibians.

In the Department photograph albums 555 prints were mounted
and, so far as practicable, each was labeled as to subject.

The state of the catalogues at the end of the year is as follows:

Number of Total of entries Entries Total of

record books to Dec. 31, 1929 during 1929 cards written

Department of Anthropology 53 188,622 7,463 193,175

Department of Botany 63 600,436 18,299 15,813

Department of Geology 26 185,952 1,480 6,930

Department of Zoology 41 145,919 5,324 40,821

Library 16 186,309 8,137 386,624



128 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

INSTALLATIONS AND REARRANGEMENTS

Anthropology. — The principal efforts during the current year
were concentrated on installing Egyptian material in a new type of
illuminated case, and on installing the new buff-colored screens and
labels in Hall 5.

A total of sixty-nine exhibition cases, including one life-size

group, were installed during the year, located as follows:

Egypt (Hall J) 29

Frank W. Gunsaulus Hall (Hall C) 2

Arthur B. Jones Collection (Hall G) 1

Stanley Field Hall 4

Plains Indians (Hall 5) 28

North American Archaeology (Hall 4) 2

California Indians (Hall 6) 2

China (Hall 24) 1

Total 69






For the hall devoted to the archaeology of Egypt thirty-seven
floor cases in walnut finish, seven feet high, were especially built.
There are two types — a narrow case, twenty-one inches wide and
five feet, eight and one-half inches long, and a larger one, thirty-two
inches wide and seven feet long — both placed against the pilasters.
These cases are illuminated by light boxes on top which insure an
even diffusion of light over the exhibits. The ceiling lights have
been cut off, the underlying principle being that the exhibits, not
the hall, should be lighted.

After many experiments and trial installations extending over a
period of two months a formula was found by which the greatest
possible efficiency in displaying material in these new illuminated
cases was achieved. This method of installation has met with
universal approval, and has elicited many favorable comments both
from experts and the general public. An example is shown in
Plate IV. The material thus far installed comprises pottery (six
cases), faience and glass, ushebtis (two cases), alabaster vessels
(four cases), canopic jars, stone vases (three cases), stone sculpture
(three cases), bronze figures (two cases), mortuary wooden boxes,
wooden models, wooden figures, and architectural models. It is
hoped that the installation of the Egyptian Hall will be completed
in the early part of the coming year. The installation of animal
mummies in two cases is at present in actual progress.

The old case sheltering the mortuary boat of King Sesostris III
has been renovated with a walnut finish, and by installation of a
lighting system in conformity with the other cases in the hall.




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An old-type case containing limestone sarcophagus lids of the
Ptolemaic period (fourth to first century B.C.) has been renovated
in the same manner.

An illuminated wall case, twenty-six feet long, containing
Egyptian papyri, was installed on the southeast wall of the hall,
beneath the carved balcony fronts from Cairo. A new continuous
built-in case, 108 feet long and two and one-half feet deep, divided
into eight sections, has been erected along the central part of the
south wall, and will be installed with Coptic garments and fabrics
in the near future. Like the other built-in wall cases in the hall it
is equipped with an upper compartment, twelve inches deep and
thirty- two inches high.

The Japanese collections formerly in the southeast room of the
second floor were transferred to Hall C on the ground floor, a por-
tion of the west end of the hall being screened off for this purpose.
The name, Frank W. Gunsaulus Hall, used in the old location, is
now applied to the new one. The arrangement is practically the
same as in the old quarters, save that the model of a pagoda occupies
the center of the new room. Two of the six-foot cases were com-
pletely reinstalled, one of these, Case 7, with a light-colored screen,
upon which has been added material not previously on exhibition.
The lacquered saddle presented by Colonel A. A. Sprague was added
to Case 4. This case also contains a complete suit of armor made in
a.d. 1351 which was presented by Miss Adele Barrett of Chicago in
1924. All labels in this hall, with the exception of the two cases
containing sword fittings, were thoroughly revised and reprinted in
the newly adopted style, and improvements were made in all cases.

A life-size cast of a Dyak hunter of Borneo (Plate XIII) was
added to the Arthur B. Jones Collection in Hall G. In the left hand
is a shield used in warding off poison darts or parrying spears or
knives. Suspended from the loin cloth is a long fighting knife. In
the right hand is a blowgun, the principal weapon both for hunting
and fighting. The darts used for the blowgun are carried in a quiver
at the hunter's belt. Photographs and data for this figure were
obtained by Dr. F. C. Cole in connection with the Arthur B. Jones
Expedition to Malaysia in 1922-23. The casting and modeling of
the figure was done by Modeler John G. Prasuhn. Six cases in
Hall G were provided with labels, which makes the labeling of this
hall complete.

In Stanley Field Hall three exhibits were withdrawn and the
cases thus vacated were installed with new material. Case 4 now



130 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

contains a selection of embroidered articles, chiefly women's dresses,
mostly of silk, from western India, presented by Messrs. Cyrus H.
McCormick, Martin A. Ryerson, and Homer E. Sargent and col-
lected by Dr. G. A. Dorsey in India in 1915. The exhibit illus-
trates well the picturesque styles of feminine apparel in vogue in
India. A few selected objects from China were temporarily displayed
in Case 12. These are a scepter of good luck carved from sandal-
wood with symbols of longevity in openwork, presented by the
firm of Grow and Cuttle of Chicago, and a pair of old cabinet doors
of black lacquer painted with scenes in gold lacquer. In the lower
compartment of this case is shown a section of a paper roll, twenty-
five feet long, painted in ink with a very fine brush. The picture
represents one hundred ladies at a garden party, enjoying music,
picking flowers, and even playing football. It is a work of the
fifteenth century.

Reinstallations were made in Case 7 of Stanley Field Hall in
order to make room for the inscribed fossil turtle presented in 1928 by
Mrs. Chauncey B. Borland of Chicago (Annual Report for 1928, page
450) and the two polo figures presented by Mr. Earle H. Reynolds
this year (see page 97). The old style black labels with aluminum
print in this case were replaced by new buff labels with black type.

A temporary exhibition of material from the graves of Kish
was placed in Case 11 of Stanley Field Hall in November. These
objects belong to the earliest Sumerian period (about 3500 B.C.).
The outstanding exhibit is a copper rushlight with a base in the
shape of a frog whose eyes are of inlaid limestone. The frog serves
as a support for a rod surmounted by five petals which contained
the rushes used as a primitive means of illumination. The exhibit
includes also fine bowls of alabaster and other stones; copper imple-
ments and vessels; shells used as lamps; necklaces of carnelian and
quartz, and shell beads. The artistic quality and excellent work-
manship of these objects testify to the high degree of cultural
achievement attained by the early inhabitants of Kish.

The unique collection of archaeological material from the Hope-
well Mounds of Ohio has been reinstalled in two standard cases on
buff-colored screens, and is well illustrated by photographs, draw-
ings, and maps. Despite the fact that one of these cases contains
475 and the other 371 objects, the installation is perfectly clear and
easily comprehensible, the material being grouped in vertical panels.
It conveys a vivid impression of the highly developed culture of
the ancient mound-builders and their keen artistic sense, which



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 131

reveals itself particularly in their ornaments cut out of sheets of
copper and mica, as well as in their admirable sculptures of birds
and effigy pipes.

Much work was performed during the year in Hall 5 devoted to
the ethnology of the Plains Indians. A total of twenty-eight
exhibition cases in this hall have been reinstalled with buff-colored
screens and numerous improvements in arrangement (see Plate IX).
Labels were carefully revised and re-edited, and then reprinted
in the newly adopted style.

Installation progressed in Hall 6, where one case of Californian
feather baskets and another of Porno baskets were placed on exhibi-
tion. Old labels were replaced with new ones in eight cases of this
hall, and photographs were placed in seven cases. Twenty-five
photographs were added to exhibits in five cases of Hall 9, and four
cases in Halls 8 and 9 were provided with new labels. Rearrange-
ments were made in three cases of the Gem Room (H. N. Higin-
botham Hall).

The ceremonial silk robe presented last year by Messrs. Martin
C. Schwab and Henry M. Wolf (Annual Report for 1928, page 451)
has been added to the Chinese exhibits at the north end of Hall 24.

For use in the cases of Egyptian archaeology 198 bases and
blocks, 337 walnut stands, and forty-six walnut label frames were
made.

In the Modeling Section of the Department the life-size figure
of a Dyak hunter of Borneo previously mentioned was modeled and
cast by Modeler Prasuhn. A visit to the city by a Bushman
from South Africa gave Mr. Prasuhn opportunity to make a com-
plete plaster cast of his body, which will be utilized in the future
in preparing a life-size Bushman group. The modeler also com-
pleted a miniature council house for a village group from Sumatra,
and modeled and cast eight human figures for it. He treated
265 Egyptian bronzes by means of the electro-chemical process,
retouched eleven casts of Maya monuments in Hall 8, made some
repairs on the Maori council house from New Zealand in Hall F,
and made a positive from a Chinese coin-mold.

Five hundred and eighty-four objects were treated, repaired or
restored. These comprise 152 antiquities from Egypt, 141 from
Mesopotamia, 13 from China, 5 from Japan, 15 from North America,
40 from Central and South America, 122 from Europe, 4 ethnological
objects, and 92 skulls and bones from Kish.



132 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Identification numbers marked on Museum objects during the
year total 15,998.

Material in fifty-three exhibition cases was poisoned during the
year. Material stored in the poison room was taken care of in the
usual manner and is in good condition.

A new storage room with a floor space of 1,331 square feet has
been set aside at the west end of Hall D on the ground floor for
American archaeological material. It has been completely equipped
with steel shelving. There are 124 bays of eight shelves each, mak-
ing a total of 992 shelves. Each shelf is three feet long and one and
one-half feet deep, making a total of 4,464 square feet of actual
shelvage space, which is more than 1,000 square feet in excess of the
space in the old storage room.

Dr. Paul S. Martin, who assumed his duties as Assistant Curator
of North American Archaeology on October 1, commenced his work
by cataloguing two large collections and formulating plans for
moving the archaeological material into the new storage room and
arranging it in proper order. The new shelvage space has been
divided in such a manner that three-fourths of it is devoted
to North American archaeology, and the remainder to Central
and South American archaeology. About ten thousand objects were
moved with the aid of two men in a fortnight. Each object was
cleaned and checked with the inventory before its removal into
the new quarters. The Hopi pottery was first cared for because
it is the largest collection in number from any given area. All
uncatalogued material was carefully segregated so that it can be
easily located when the time for cataloguing comes.

Twenty-eight cabinets with steel doors, holding 417 wooden
trays, were installed in Room 40 for the purpose of storing the
material of prehistoric archaeology. The collections obtained by
the Marshall Field Archaeological Expeditions to Europe and the
Arabian Desert have been unpacked and carefully arranged in the
trays in this room. The majority of specimens has been catalogued
and numbered.

A new room, designated 36A, was added to the quarters of the
Department on the third floor by building a partition wall in the
southeast corner and thus screening off a portion of the south cor-
ridor. This room will be utilized for the storage of the archaeological
material from Kish for which no adequate space was hitherto avail-
able. For lack of space a great part of the consignment received



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 133

from Kish this year had to be kept in the boxes in which it arrived,
but will be unpacked, cleaned, and sorted as soon as racks are built
in the new room.

Botany. — Owing to the work on material for the Carboniferous
forest group for Ernest R. Graham Hall which during the past
year occupied most of the time of the Stanley Field Plant Repro-
duction Laboratories, few new installations were made in the Hall
of Plant Life. The many inquiries reaching the Museum about
ragweeds, so abundant in this vicinity and important as a source of
hay fever infection, led the Director to request that the most com-
mon species be represented in the botanical exhibits. Reproduc-
tions (see Plate XI), were therefore made of the great ragweed
(Ambrosia trifida) and the smaller ragweed known as hogweed
(Ambrosia elatior), which were completed late in the year and
installed in Hall 29.

The splendid dried specimen of a sagebrush collected last year
in Idaho by Assistant Curator Macbride, and presented by him,
was installed in the same hall where it will, for a long time to come,
serve as a sample of the most conspicuous element of the vegeta-
tion of large stretches of country in the semi-arid regions of the
northwest.

Models of poppy and cleome flowers, in storage for some years
awaiting related material with which to install them, were remounted
and also placed on exhibition in the Hall of Plant Life, as was a
model of a large, melonlike pod of an undetermined tropical vine of
the milkweed family, the original of which was sent by Professor
Record.

The most important recent change in the exhibits of the Depart-
ment of Botany is the rearrangement of the wood halls which was
begun early in the year. The Hall of American Woods has long
been in an unsatisfactory condition. Some years ago Professor
Record drew up a new plan for the exhibits eliminating a large mass
of relatively unimportant material to make room for all of the most
important North American timber trees. He also prepared new
labels to take the place of the former ones. On the basis of this
plan a complete reinstallation is now being effected. The lacking
material is being supplied generously by individuals and concerns
interested in various phases of the American lumber industries.
Among those who have actively aided Professor Record in securing
such new material, mention must be made of Professor Emanuel



134 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Fritz of the University of California. Specific gifts are mentioned
under the section of this Report devoted to Accessions.

New and more representative specimens of lumber have thus
been secured to take the place of defective boards formerly included.
Many of the former exhibits have been retired from exhibition and
the former black background in the wood cases is being replaced
by the light buff color adopted for all of the exhibits. It is hoped
to replace the pictures of foliage with reproductions of branches so
that finally the wood cases will present the appearance of the
hickory case illustrated in last year's Report (Plate XLVI, Vol. VII).

The exhibit of various valuable and unusual tropical woods
installed last year in Stanley Field Hall was removed to make place
for an exhibit of American mahoganies. Three species are on dis-
play: Cuban mahogany (Swietenia Mahagoni), Mexican mahogany
(Swietenia humilis) of the Pacific coast of Mexico and Central
America, and Peruvian mahogany (Swietenia Tessmanii). The
Cuban and Mexican mahogany boards are beautifully figured. The
Peruvian mahogany is not figured, but is nevertheless of excellent
quality and similar to the Honduras species. All were donated for
the Museum's wood exhibits by Ichabod T. Williams and Sons of
New York. With the boards are shown branches of West Indian
and of Honduras mahogany (Plate XV) obtained in the American
tropics by the Acting Curator and reproduced in the Stanley Field
Plant Reproduction Laboratories of the Department of Botany.

An eight-foot length of the trunk of a Guatemalan cow-tree,
sent to the Museum by the United Fruit Company at the request
of Professor Record, was installed as an exhibit in a special case in
Hall 27, together with a jar of the latex or "milk," a sample of the
wood, and photographs showing the tree in its natural habitat.
The cow-tree was discovered only a few years ago, and it is con-
fined to a small region near the coast of Guatemala. The "milk"
looks exactly like cow's milk. Being of agreeable flavor, it is some-
times drunk by natives as a beverage.

Installation of the economic botanical exhibits in Hall 25 has
been continued by Assistant Curator McNair. Attention was
given especially to plant products used as food by man— nuts,
starchy tubers, starches of economic importance, spices and con-
diments.

The method of installation followed has been described in the
Annual Reports of 1926 and 1927 (pages 87-88 and 272 respectively).



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 135

The exhibit of starchy tubers and starches of economic import-
ance has been limited to thirteen representative specimens. There
are seven principal commercial starches: rice, wheat, corn, sago,
arrowroot, cassava, and potato. Of these corn, wheat, and rice
starch are shown in their respective places in the exhibit of grains
and therefore are not included with the other starches derived from
very different sources. These sources represented with samples of
their starches are: potato (Solanum tuberosum), sweet potato
(Ipomoea Batatas), East Indian arrowroot (Curcuma angustifolia) ,
roots of the North American cycad, coontie (Zamia floridana),
roots of taro (Colocasia antiquorum), breadfruit (Artocarpus incisa),
Tahiti arrowroot (Tacca pinnatifida), yam (Dioscorea alata), West
Indian arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea), Queensland arrowroot
(Carina edulis), banana and plantain (Musa paradisiaca and M.
sapientium) , sago (Metroxylon Rumphii), and cassava (Manihot
utilissima) .

The importance of cassava starch in Brazil, the Guianas, and
other South American countries is fully equal to that of the cereal
grains, and as an especially interesting source of starch it has been
shown in greater detail than the other starches derived from roots
or tubers. The cassava exhibit includes the implements usually
employed in its preparation — the curious cassava squeezer of the
South American Indians, made from strips of the reed-like stems of
a marantaceous plant (Ischnosiphon), and a strainer of the same
material. Also shown are a lump of the starch as it comes from the
squeezer, another as subsequently smoked for preservation, the
various grades of the starch prepared in various ways, and the curi-
ous commercial package in which it is marketed in quantities —
an adaptation of the South American Indian storage basket lined
with green leaves — of about seventy-five pounds weight. Tapioca,
the only form in which this article of food is known in the United
States, cassava cakes, and "biscoitos" complete the exhibit. Much
of this material was obtained by the Marshall Field Botanical
Expedition to the Amazon.

In the starch exhibit it has been found desirable to represent
some of the large roots and tubers by casts or models of the originals,
since some of these, unfortunately, shrink as much as 75 per cent,
besides discoloring on drying. Casts of various starchy roots and
tubers, difficult to preserve dry, e.g. cassava, potatoes, yams, and
several kinds of taro or dasheen, and also a model of a breadfruit



136 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

were therefore produced in the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction
Laboratories for the starch exhibits.

In the exhibit of edible nuts it has been possible to divide those
of Old World origin from those of the New World, affording an
interesting comparison, each lot occupying one-half of an exhibi-
tion case in Hall 25. One entire case was also employed for the
exhibit of spices and condiments, including ginger, turmeric, car-
damom, vanilla, nutmeg, mace, cinnamon, cassia, bay leaves,
poppy seed, black and white pepper, long pepper, black and white
mustard, horse-radish, savory, peppermint, thyme, sage, marjoram,
chile pepper, paprika, coriander, caraway, anise, cumin, cloves,
allspice, tonka beans, and garlic.

There remain in Hall 25 a few empty cases, one of which is
reserved for an exhibit of the principal comestible vegetables;
another for beverages, such as matte, cassine tea, guarana, and
cacao; still another for fermented beverages, while the last case in
the hall will be devoted to an exhibit showing which of the principal
food plants are of American origin.

In Hall 28 an exhibit of the distillation products from hard
woods was revised, brought up to date and reinstalled. This con-
sists of cord lengths of the principal woods used for distillation, viz.,
birch, beech, maple, and white ash, charcoal and twenty-seven
products of distillation. These products are arranged in the order
of a flow sheet in three series: above, the gaseous product, in the
middle an ascending row of the volatile liquids showing the means
of separating wood alcohol from acetic acid, and in the lower portion
of the case a descending row of tubes containing the tarry, non-
alcoholic liquids. The exhibit gives a clear conception of the sub-
stances obtained in the destructive distillation of hardwood, and
the means of separation and purification. It is the first reinstalla-
tion accomplished in Hall 28, which will be devoted to industrial
raw materials of vegetable origin and their products.

The Herbarium has increased rapidly in size and scientific value
during the past year, and now contains more than 600,000 mounted
sheets of plants. There are also on hand about 100,000 unmounted
specimens, chiefly from the Old World, which are awaiting the
necessary preparation before incorporation into the Herbarium.

There were prepared for insertion in the Herbarium, by gluing
and strapping, 17,000 specimens, an increase of approximately 50
per cent over the preceding year. The employment of an assistant



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 137

to the regular plant mounter for three and one-half months made
possible the mounting of an important accumulation of material
from Mexico and Central and South America.

The Custodian of the Herbarium was on leave of absence during
half the year, but during his absence the position was temporarily
filled. All currently mounted specimens have been distributed
promptly into the Herbarium. In addition, as a result of space
made available by the installation of three new steel unit cases, it
has been possible to distribute and thus make available for study
and reference purposes the valuable Jeanpert fern herbarium, pur-
chased a few years ago, and a large accumulation of Old World
specimens, which, although mounted, had been stored temporarily,
and were not accessible for consultation.

The curatorial staff has determined several thousand mounted
specimens, thus making it possible to distribute them in the Her-
barium, and adding numerous species not previously represented in
the collections. The determinations of many sheets already dis-
tributed have been corrected. All mounted plant specimens in the
Museum have now been placed in the Herbarium, where they are
available for consultation, the only exception being the Peruvian
collections, which are kept apart for study by Assistant Curator
Macbride until completion of the flora of Peru, upon which he is
engaged.

More than 30,000 mounted sheets were added to the Herbarium
during the year, with a consequent substantial increase in its per-
manent scientific value. More than 20,000 of these specimens were
from Mexico and Central and South America, the regions from
which material is most desired by the larger American herbaria.
The South American collections of the Herbarium of Field Museum
have increased with remarkable rapidity during the past few years,
and are now surpassed by those of few other institutions of the
United States.

Geology. — In Stanley Field Hall a case was installed exhibiting
fifty specimens of the volcanic products collected by the Marshall
Field Expedition to New Mexico. These specimens illustrate dif-
ferent varieties of lava surfaces, volcanic bombs, lapilli, cinders, and
other characteristic products of the region. Colored photographs
and outline maps included in the exhibit serve to illustrate the sub-
ject further. This exhibit replaced that of the Baffin Land fossils
collected by the Rawson-MacMillan Subarctic Expedition which



\4



138 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

had previously occupied the case, and which was moved to be
installed with the systematic series.

The large aquamarine and other gems presented by Mr. Richard
T. Crane, Jr., were installed in Higinbotham Hall. The specimens
of black opal and synthetic minerals obtained by purchase were also
installed in this hall.

In Hall 34 reinstallation and change of backgrounds has been
carried on as opportunity permitted during the year, and has
been completed for all but eight cases. The cases reinstalled during
the year include sixteen slope top cases and two upright cases of
systematic minerals, two cases of ornamental minerals and four
cases of meteorites. The contents of all these cases were removed,
the interiors relined where necessary, all were repainted, and the
specimens were reinstalled. For the cases containing the Chalmers
crystal collection, a cloth lining was adopted as comporting better
with the nature of the contents. A pyramid, similar to those
used in some of the other upright cases, was made for the case
of micas, the visibility and attractiveness of the contents being
much improved thereby. So far as labels printed on buff cards
were available, these were installed during the reinstallation of
the specimens. A total of 2,148 specimens was thus relabeled.
A number of minerals received during the year or earlier were also
added to the exhibited series during reinstallation. These included
forty-five specimens added to the Chalmers crystal collection, a
series of Brenham meteorites, and several meteorite sections.

In Clarence Buckingham Hall the specimens were removed from
eight cases not previously reinstalled, and the case interiors relined
and painted. Of these cases, six were reinstalled, some rearrange-
ment and change of specimens being carried on at the same time.
Two of the reinstalled cases are devoted to volcanic products, one
to dendrites, and three to specimens illustrating physical features
such as rock jointing, faulting, texture, and markings. Two cases
were changed in position to allow a better grouping of their con-
tents to be made. The installation of the two remaining cases will
complete the case reinstallation of the hall. In the section of the
hall devoted to relief maps the model of Glacier Park acquired dur-
ing the year was installed, space for this installation being obtained
by changing the position of some of the other models.

In Hall 36 the work of changing backgrounds and reinstallation
has been completed. Advantage was taken of the opportunity to
make extensive changes in some of the exhibits, although most of



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 139

them were reinstalled with only minor alterations. Altogether,
twenty-four cases were vacated during the year in this hall, the
interiors of the cases were relined and painted, and the contents
reinstalled. The reinstalled cases included seven cases of petroleum
from various oil fields, three cases of petroleum-bearing rocks and
sands, three cases of manufactured products of petroleum, one case
illustrating refining of petroleum, two cases of oil shales, one
case of coal-tar products, five cases of coals and mineral fuels, and
two cases of clays and fuller's earths.

The silica collection, which was new last year, has been revised
and enlarged so that it now occupies three cases. Because silica is
the most abundant mineral of the earth's crust, occurs in a great
variety of forms which bear little superficial resemblance to one
another, and has many and important uses, it deserves more space
than has hitherto been assigned to it. Accordingly, a collection
occupying three cases is now shown in the place of the single one
previously exhibited. One of these cases is devoted to a synoptic
collection of the numerous varieties. This includes such apparently
unlike minerals as rock crystal, chalcedony, onyx, opal, tripoli, and
common sand. This is followed by specimens showing how silica
occurs in both free and combined states in the rocks. In the same
case is shown a small collection of gem and ornamental silicas.
Following this is a collection illustrating recent, curious, and obsolete
uses, among which are a glass-like flask blown from pure silica,
smoky quartz partially fabricated by the Chinese into "smoked"
spectacles, gun flints and aboriginal flint weapons.

A second case illustrates the commoner uses of moderately pure
forms of silica. For example, silicate of soda, the silica from which
it is made, and the board for cartons in the manufacture of which
so much silica is used, are shown. This is followed by a series show-
ing the composition of glass. Following this is a collection of glass
sands from many parts of the world. This is followed by a group
of varieties of ground silica, with some indications of its extensive
uses as filler, in paint and in other ways. After this is a collection
of abrasive silicas, including sandpaper, silica for scouring soaps
and polishing powders.

The third case includes collections of the more impure silicas,
principally in the form of sands which are used for common pur-
poses. The largest group shown is that of molding sands. This group
is accompanied by a miniature mold for cast iron. Core sands are
accompanied likewise by a specimen of a core as used in foundries.



140 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

Fire sands, sands for sand-lime brick, building sands and others
complete the collection. It is realized that anything like a complete
collection along these lines would occupy far more space than could
possibly be provided, but the collection in its present form should
give a good general idea of the usefulness of this commonest of all
materials.

The exhibit of clays and clay-like minerals has also been reorgan-
ized. Since it was thought that the former synoptic clay collection
presented too technical an aspect, it has been simplified and con-
densed to occupy one case instead of the four it formerly filled.

The cement collection has also been completely reorganized on
new lines. It now presents in one case in a synoptic way examples
of each class of structural mineral cementing material which is now
or has been in the past used in an important way. These substances
range all the way from the clay mortars of primitive peoples to the
recently devised alumina cements. Another case presents in more
detail a collection of natural cement rock and the materials of which
Portland cement is made. The stages of manufacture and the com-
position of concrete made from portland cement are also shown.
In this case the series begins with specimens of clay suitable for
making mud plasters, cements and bricks as used by primitive peoples.
This is accompanied by photographs illustrating the manufacture
of sun-dried brick or adobe and of a house with mud walls. This
is followed by an example of fire clay of a grade suitable for mortar
to bind fire brick in furnaces where ordinary cements fail. Then
comes an example of the asphalt extensively used in ancient times
and still employed in large quantities as the cementing material for
road and roof construction. This is followed by limestone and
lime made from it. A specimen of hydraulic limestone illustrates
the source of hydraulic lime, a material intermediate in properties
between lime and cement. A specimen of gypsum calls attention
to the large class of gypsum cements, including plaster of Paris and
wall plasters. These are illustrated in more detail elsewhere.

The class of puzzolan or Roman cements, formerly of great
importance, is represented by specimens of two kinds of volcanic
ash from which such cements are made. This is followed by a single
specimen of natural cement rock representing the formerly important
class of natural cements. This is more adequately illustrated in the
following case. Also the portland cements, treated in greater detail
elsewhere, are represented in this synopsis by single specimens of
limestone and clay. The magnesia cements, which are now becom-



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 141

ing more important than formerly, are represented by a specimen
of calcined magnesite, their principal component. A specimen of
bauxite calls attention to the new class of alumina cements, in which
alumina, usually in the form of bauxite, replaces the clay of port-
land cement.

Additions have been made to the bentonite collections and the
two cases containing bentonite, fuller's earth, and talc have been
completely revised.

Two cases containing a model of a peat bog and the sulphur and
magnesia collections were moved from the bridge connecting Halls
36 and 37 to Hall 36. Three other cases, temporarily empty, which
were on the bridges connecting these halls, were also moved to
Hall 36. In several of the cases containing coals and petroleums,
maps showing the location of the deposits represented have been
prepared and installed.

The mineral fuel exhibits are so extensive that the general
relations of these fuels are obscured by the mass of detail. Con-
sequently, a small synoptic exhibit showing the origins and rela-
tions of the mineral fuels has been prepared and placed adjacent to
these collections. This synoptic collection consists of single speci-
mens each of peat, lignite, coal, petroleum, natural gas, asphalt,
oil shale, and shale oil. The labels explain the origin of each fuel
and its relation to the others.

Seventy additional specimens not hitherto exhibited on account
of space limitations have been added to the petroleum collections.
Room for these was secured by the removal of an obsolete collection
of lubricating oils. An interesting addition to these collections is a
specimen of petroleum from the deepest producing well in the world.
This specimen is also of interest on account of its composition,
which is nearly three-quarters gasoline and almost one-quarter
kerosene.

The large central case of refined oils has been reinstalled with
new material replacing the older specimens as the latter were show-
ing deterioration from age. The large specimens illustrating the
refining of petroleum have also been renewed.

The oil-well model (Plate XII), partially completed last year, has
been finished and is now installed as a part of the petroleum collec-
tion in Hall 36. It occupies about one-third of the length of a
standard twelve-foot case, the rest of which contains specimens of
petroleum. It extends vertically the whole height of the case. The



142 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

lower part of the model, resting on the floor of the case, shows an
oil-bearing sand with its layers of salt water, petroleum and natural
gas. This is shown resting on a bed of limestone below and with an
impervious cover of shale above. Above the shale, a sufficient
number of layers of rock are shown to illustrate the relation of the
oil sands to the general geology of the region. The oil sand and the
other rock beds are shown compressed into the fold which provides
the inverted trough structure necessary for the accumulation of
petroleum in commercial quantities. These rock beds are modeled
accurately to scale according to data provided from a study by the
Illinois State Geological Survey of the chips of rock obtained during
the drilling of a well in the region represented, which is Lawrence-
ville, Illinois. The fold of the rock is modeled so as to be consistent
with studies of the same fold at another locality where it is better
exposed for study. The face of the model represents a face of rock
as it would appear in section at the plane of the well. The texture,
structure, and color have been reproduced in miniature in portland
cement in as truthful a manner as possible. The scale of the model
is five feet to the inch.

Above the model of the bottom of the well, a space of four
inches is left vacant. This serves to indicate an amount of rock
passed through by the well on its way to the oil which would require
an additional thirty feet in the height of the model if it were repre-
sented. As this rock is not related to the oil sands in any way it
has been omitted in order to reduce the model to practical dimen-
sions. Above this four-inch gap the model represents about fifty
feet of soil and gravel passed through in drilling from the surface
downward. The surface is represented as being of a grassy, some-
what rolling topography. It blends into a painted background. On
the surface are shown models of a derrick, tank, pumps, and other
machinery. These include a representation of a well being drilled,
with its derrick, drills, boiler, and engine. The well is shown as
having reached about three-quarters of the way to the oil.

The model is fully explained by two framed labels extending down
one side of it. The upper label describes the surface features and
contains a photograph on which the details are numbered to corre-
spond with the description in the accompanying text. On the label of
the lower portion of the model, numbers are given corresponding to
numbers on the frame of the model. The model has been carefully
designed to illustrate simply and graphically the geological features
upon which the underground accumulation of petroleum depends,



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 143

as well as the machinery used in Illinois for exploiting it. The
success of the model in these respects may be inferred from the fact
that photographs illustrating it have already been incorporated in
a chemistry textbook and in an encyclopedia.

In Frederick J. V. Skiff Hall all the specimens were removed
from four wall cases and the cases were newly lined and painted.
Three of these cases are devoted respectively to synoptic gold, silver
and lead ores, gold, silver and lead ores of the northwestern United
States and the Appalachian region, and salts of potash. The con-
tents of these cases were reinstalled with only minor changes. In
the remaining case, which is devoted to gypsum, the exhibit was
revised in order to permit introduction of a collection of large, well-
formed, selenite crystals collected by the Marshall Field Brazilian
Expedition. These were mounted on individual stands. These
crystals range from two to three feet in length and are beautifully
transparent. A few additions were made to other cases in this hall,
the more important of which resulted in enlargement of the nitrate
and salt collections, and introduction into the mica collection of a
vermiculite and its roasted product, zonite. This latter is an elastic,
porous material recently devised for insulating purposes. Most of
the cases in this hall are of a different type from those in the other
halls of the Department, so that the work of changing backgrounds
in them must proceed along somewhat different lines. Partly for
this reason, work on the cases of this hall, except for the four men-
tioned, has been deferred until reinstallation of cases of the other
type has been completed.

The extensive changes and rearrangements which were inaugu-
rated last year in Ernest R. Graham Hall have been continued, and
realization of the plans for the general arrangement of the hall is
rapidly being approached. Early in the year the construction of six
built-in cases, three of which are placed at each end of the hall,
was completed. These cases are designed for groups now in process
of preparation. The cases comprise two large ones, twenty-five by
fifteen feet in area, and four smaller ones, approximately sixteen by
ten feet in area. The large cases have a vertical clearance of eighteen
feet, the smaller, of ten feet.

In one of the smaller cases at the end of the series the group of
Neanderthal Man, which had been in preparation by Mr. Frederick
Blaschke for more than a year past, was installed (Plate III).
Mr. Ernest R. Graham furnished the funds for its construction.
This group contains five human figures representing a family of



144 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

this race of early man. The individuals included are a man about
fifty-five years of age, a young woman holding a child, an older
woman, and a boy of about ten years of age. The interior of the
case is carefully modeled after a shelter once occupied by people of
this race at Le Moustier, France. The scenery about the cave is
represented by a painted background showing the valley of the
Vezere River as seen from the vicinity. The scene is based on
sketches made at the locality, with such modifications as the climate
of the glacial period during which this race existed might have
produced. The flow of water from melting glaciers is represented as
having raised the river above its present-day height. Beyond the
river patches of snow on the hills and scrubby vegetation indicate
a subarctic climate. The surface of the hills is broken by escarp-
ments which are changed little in outline from those of the present
day. A small herd of reindeer is represented as feeding in the
vicinity.

The man of the family is shown just returned from a successful
hunt. A reindeer which he has slain with a stone ax is lying at his
feet. Emerging from an inner portion of the cave is seen the woman
with the baby in her arms. A small fire of sticks occupies a central
place in the shelter. Beside it the older woman is cleaning meat
and fat from a reindeer skin with a stone scraper, and near her the
boy is gnawing on a bone. Flint chips from the Le Moustier locality,
which were undoubtedly made by the occupants of the actual cave
thousands of years ago, are strewn about on the floor.

Both the figures and the shelter or cave were carefully modeled
in Europe by Mr. Blaschke, who accompanied the Marshall Field
Archaeological Expedition to Western Europe in 1927 for this pur-
pose. The cooperation of several of the ablest students of early
man was enlisted in carrying on the work of modeling. These
included Professor Sir Arthur Keith, President of the Royal College
of Surgeons, London, Professor G. Elliot Smith of University
College, London, and Abbe" Henri Breuil, of Paris. The modeling
was carried on, as far as possible, over original skulls and skeletons
of individuals of the Neanderthal race which are preserved in Euro-
pean museums, or over casts of these remains. The head of the
male figure was modeled over a cast of the La Chapelle-aux-Saints
skull, and that of the child from the calvarium of the Neanderthal
(Mousterian) child from Devil's Tower, Gibraltar.

The fidelity to nature, both of the human figures and their
surroundings, has been generally recognized as of the highest order.




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The group from the first has attracted wide attention and proved
of great public interest. It is the first restoration of human figures
of this race ever attempted, and its execution has won high praise.
Photographs and descriptions of the group have appeared in news-
papers and periodicals in nearly every country in the world, and
its popularity and interest have been widespread.

Work on the Carboniferous forest group which is to occupy the
large case at the south end of Graham Hall was carried forward
during the year in the Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Labora-
tories of the Department of Botany. As expected, it has proved a large
undertaking, but a gratifying amount of progress has been made.
All the trunks of Sigillaria, seven in number, required for the group
have been completed. Notable among them are two handsome
restorations and a simpler stem, five feet or more in diameter at
the base, which serve to give an idea of the great size attained by
the dominant vegetation of the period. These Sigillaria trunks,
together with the Lepidodendron stems completed last year, have
been placed in the case provided for the group. Seven of the Cata-
mite stems have also been placed in position in the group. Because
of peculiarities of their construction, the latter had to be assembled
in the places they are to occupy, being built up in situ from sections
previously prepared.

One especially interesting feature recently completed for the
group is an overturned stump of Sigillaria showing the dichotomous
branching of the underground stems or Stigmaria with their proc-
esses. In point of volume and amount of labor expended on material
for the group the foliage for the large fossil "horsetails" (Calamites)
takes first place. This foliage was cut and pressed from sheet
celluloid by means of steel dies made during the previous year.
These leaves were then assembled on branches. A fragment of a
branch of Annularia so prepared is probably the first attempt ever
made at a three-dimensional restoration of this common fossil plant
of the Carboniferous Period. Work on foliage for the Lepidoden-
dron restorations is under way, as is also preparation of the fruiting
cones, which in some species were borne at the tips of the branches,
similarly to the small present-day representatives of this group, but
in other species in clusters on the stem, as in some of the modern
cauliflorous trees.

Of the series of mural paintings, presented by Mr. Graham, and
designed and executed by Charles R. Knight for Graham Hall, six
more were received and placed in position on the walls during the



146 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

year. The subjects of these paintings are: The Great Irish Deer, The
Mammoth and the Woolly Rhinoceros, The Great Ground Sloth and,
the Giant Armadillo (Plate VIII), The Great Dinosaur, The Primitive
Whale, Zeuglodon and Marine and Flying Reptiles. Four of these
are twenty-five by nine feet in size; two are eleven by nine feet.

The construction of the large cases at the north end of Graham
Hall required some readjustment of the cases and floor mounts
previously occupying this space. For this purpose six cases and
eight floor mounts at the north end of the hall were moved and
rearranged. Three of the large floor mounts were transferred to
the center of the hall, and iron railings were erected about them
to prevent their being injured or handled by visitors. In two of the
cases specimens, prepared during the year, of the South American
fossil mammals collected by the Marshall Field Paleontological
Expedition to Argentina and Bolivia were installed. Important
among these are skulls of the great ground sloths from the Pliocene
and the Pleistocene formations of Argentina and Bolivia. These
skulls range from ten to thirty-five inches in length. Those now on
exhibition are members of the genera Mylodon, Scelidotherium,
Glossotherium, Pronothrotherium, Megatherium, and Scelidodon. A
number of these skulls belong to individuals of which entire skele-
tons, or the greater parts of them, will later be assembled and
exhibited. Additional notable specimens placed on exhibition in this
series are skulls of other large South American mammals, including
the Toxodon and Astrapotherium of lowland habits, the lesser Adino-
therium and Proadinotherium, and the slender and agile Theosodon,
progenitor of a strange, camel-like race which inhabited the more
arid regions of South America.

Transfer of the invertebrate fossils from black to buff tablets
has been carried on almost continuously through the year, a total
of 7,956 specimens having been so transferred. This transfer in-
volves careful removal of the specimens from the old tablets, cement-
ing of the printed buff covers to the tablets, and refastening of the
specimens upon them. As fast as the tablets were prepared they
have been reinstalled in the cases, redecorating of the case interiors
having meanwhile been carried on. From eleven cases of these fossils
specimens were removed, the cases were painted, and eight cases
have been reinstalled. These completed cases include one of Penn-
sylvanian plant fossils, three of Silurian, two of Ordovician, and two
of Devonian age. In addition, about 800 Cretaceous and 2,500



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 147

Tertiary invertebrate fossils were remounted and installed in the
cases devoted to those periods.

In connection with the remounting of the invertebrate fossils,
careful identification of all specimens was carried on by Mr. Roy in
order to provide the latest nomenclature. He revised the labeling
of 8,000 specimens in this manner during the year.

A stump, eighteen inches in diameter, of the large Devonian
seed-fern, Eospermatopteris, was installed on a base adjacent to
one of the Devonian cases. Installation of labels has been carried
on in the hall as fast as they were received from the printer, with
the result that the relabeling of this hall is now nearly complete.
The total number of labels installed in the hall during the year
is 3,659.

A new form of labeling has been introduced which is of
much service in indicating the geological period and stratigraphic
position of the contents of each case. These labels show the life
eras or geological periods in order, with estimates of their age and
duration in years according to the eminent authority, the late Pro-
fessor Joseph Barrell, of Yale University, and the characteristic
forms of life which existed during each period. One such label is
placed in each large case next the aisle, with the position in the
geological series of the contents of the case indicated by a red star
on the label. Another label, within the case, carries out the classi-
fication in further detail, giving the several subdivisions of the
geological period, and the better known occurrences of the forma-
tions. The fossils recorded are designated first by the family name
in common or descriptive terms, with the scientific name following
in parenthesis. Under the family name are given names of the
genera characteristic of the formation under which they are listed.
The genera of fossils represented by specimens in the Museum
collections are further designated by asterisks before the generic
names.

In Room 107, adjacent to the paleontological laboratory, a
series of twenty-four steel storage cabinets, designed in part to
receive specimens of large size and great weight, was installed.

In order to complete the work of segregating and arranging the
unprepared specimens or those reserved for study, the paleon-
tological collections stored in Room 101 in some 600 trays were
rearranged and condensed. The entire series was then relabeled
according to number of specimen, year collected, geological age,
and locality from which collected.



148 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

In the paleontological laboratory the work of preparing the col-
lections of South American fossil mammals has gone forward as
rapidly as possible. During the year four candidates were given
trial as preparators, and two of them continued in service at the
end of the year. Sixty-five specimens have been prepared, of which
number twenty-one have been mounted and placed on exhibition.

Associate Curator of Paleontology Elmer S. Riggs has given
much time and attention to a thorough revision of the field bundles
and other specimens in storage in order to insure their preservation
and make them readily accessible. The collection of fossil mammals
from northern Argentina, amounting to more than 500 parcels, was
removed from the storeroom on the ground floor, poisoned by the
use of carbon tetrachloride, rewrapped in burlap applied with plaster
of Paris, and rearranged in the storeroom.

The increase in the force of preparators necessitated devoting
two additional rooms to their work. For this purpose Rooms 100
and 105 were diverted from previous uses, and some needed equip-
ment was provided, including storage racks, a gas stove, a portable
electric drill, tables and various hand tools. Room 105 was divided
by a partition so as to provide an emergency exit from the Roent-
genological Laboratory, and at the same time retain space for pre-
paratory work and study of specimens of vertebrate fossils. The
office of the Associate Curator of Paleontology and all of the work-
rooms were cleaned and painted.

In the laboratory of invertebrate paleontology, Room 110, a
motor-driven, combined rock-cutting and grinding machine was in-
stalled. This equipment enables the internal structures of fossils,
upon which their classification is now so largely based, to be
brought to view and Assistant Curator Sharat K. Roy has already
obtained valuable results through its use. Preparation of the
Frobisher Bay fossils collected by the Rawson-MacMillan Sub-
arctic Expedition has been nearly completed, 290 specimens having
been worked out. These are now being studied.

The chemical laboratory has been in use most of the year except
for times when it was necessary to suspend operations pending
necessary renovations of the walls, ceilings and ventilating systems.
The ventilation of the hood and the removal of the fumes generated
there have been improved by replacing corroded iron conduits and
improving their design. A fan has been added to provide a mechani-
cal exhaust, and additional equipment is being prepared which it
is hoped will furnish further needed ventilation by means of the



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Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 149

same exhaust fan. Falling of rust from the iron roof of the hood,
which had become so serious as to put the hood out of commission,
has been temporarily remedied by a coat of tar. The walls and
ceilings of the laboratory, which, owing to incomplete finishing,
produced dust which interfered with accurate work of a delicate
nature, have now been painted. Obsolete types of heating apparatus
have been replaced by the addition of three electrical hot plates
and an electric flask heater. These have much expedited the work
of the laboratory. The instrument and control panel for the motor
generator set used for the Fink treatment of bronzes have been
remodeled so as to use the heavier currents required by the larger
specimens that are now being treated.

Complete analyses have been made of three meteorites, two of
which, the Lafayette and Tilden, were stone, and one, the Houck,
was iron. Many partial qualitative determinations needed for
identification of specimens have been made as occasion arose.
Revision of the petroleum collections has necessitated much work
in cleaning and refilling the bottles in which the oils are exhibited.
This work has been done in the laboratory. Some experimental
work also is being carried on in this laboratory to determine the
best type of equipment for a proposed fluorescent mineral exhibit.
This is being done by means of an iron spark-gap apparatus which
has been assembled there.

One determination of the heat value of coal for the Museum
boilers has been made. The value of ethylene dichloride-carbon
tetrachloride as a disinfectant for Museum cases was also investi-
gated. This work centered upon tests of inflammability and deter-
mination of such features as weight of vapor, speed of evaporation
and similar properties as compared with those of the carbon disul-
phide formerly used. This investigation was necessary to prevent
mistakes when its use was substituted for that of the insecticide
earlier employed. Minor investigations, such as determining the
strength of glycerine and alcohol solutions, have been made as
occasion arose. An investigation was made into the probable
durability of a new wall covering for use in the lavatories and in the
boiler room.

Analyses were made of an ancient Egyptian medicine and of five
Peruvian bronzes for the Department of Anthropology ; also sixty-one
ancient Egyptian weights were determined in terms of metric units.
The treatment of ancient bronzes by the Fink process has been
continued through the year and hundreds of bronzes have been



150 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

thus restored. This work has taken much of the time of Associate
Curator Henry W. Nichols, but the situation seemed to require that
it should be done at once since these bronzes are very valuable and
many would be irreplaceable. The coating on many of them was
of a corrosive character and was, slowly in some cases, and rapidly
in others, destroying the bronze. Consequently, immediate treat-
ment was called for. The Associate Curator was assisted in this
work by Mr. John G. Prasuhn of the Department of Anthropology,
upon whom also the preparation of the treated specimens for exhibi-
tion has devolved. The treatments have been uniformly successful.
There are, however, a number of specimens in the last consignment
from Kish which are in such condition that they will require the
most careful attention. Before the Fink treatment was adopted
no way was known to save such material.

In the employment of this process in the laboratory no important
modifications have been made. Some additions to the equipment,
however, have made the handling of the process more convenient.
It has also been possible to speed up the treatment for certain classes
of material which are not in too bad condition. On some classes of
material it has been possible to preserve much of the original
patina while destroying all malignant matter and removing the
thicker incrustations. There has also been developed an after-
treatment which provides the specimen with a thin, natural patina
without the use of chemicals or electricity. This patina is sufficient
to take away the new look of the treated bronze, and provides a
base upon which a thicker patina may form in time.

Besides the use of the Fink process, a new, strictly chemical
method of rendering malignant patina inert has been devised in
this laboratory. It has been applied to a number of bronzes with
apparently successful results, although five or ten years must
elapse before it is positively known that the cure is permanent.
This treatment is intended for those cases, which are frequent, in
which the malignant patina is confined to the surface. The process
is based upon reactions that, so far as is known, have never been
employed for the purpose before. Since nearly, if not quite all,
the corrosive patinas encountered owe their injurious action to
some simple chloride compound which has the property of continu-
ously renewing itself, the new process consists of fixing the chloride
in inert form by treatment with a silver salt and then fixing and
rendering inert any corrosive by-product of the first treatment.
For this purpose a weak solution of sulphate of silver in distilled



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 151

water is prepared. The most suitable strength for this has not yet
been determined, but the exact strength is not important. The
solution is applied to corroded spots or spread over the affected
area with a small camel's-hair brush. After about thirty seconds
the surplus liquid is removed with blotting paper and a second
solution is applied. This second solution consists of barium hydrox-
ide dissolved in distilled water. It does not keep well and must
be prepared freshly each time it is used. The barium hydroxide
powder must also be kept at all times hermetically sealed. A
thorough washing completes the treatment. It should be noted
that where, as is the case with many of the bronzes, the malignant
matter penetrates throughout the specimen, the above-described
treatment will not suffice.

Zoology. — Further marked advance was made during the year
in the preparation and installation of habitat groups of mammals.
Five large groups with painted backgrounds were completed, and
one of smaller size, open on four sides. Of the large groups, one
was added to William V. Kelley Hall and four to the Hall of American
Mammal Habitat Groups. The animals represented are the Indian
rhinoceros, polar bear, Alaska Peninsula brown bear, American bison,
and musk-ox. In addition, a small group of Abyssinian dassies or
coneys was finished and placed in Carl E. Akeley Memorial Hall.

The Indian rhinoceros group (Plate XIX) is a large and striking
group prepared from material obtained by the James Simpson-
Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition of 1925-26. It includes two specimens,
male and female, reproduced from animals shot in Nepal by Mr.
and Mrs. Kermit Roosevelt after the main part of the expedition's
work in Turkestan and the Himalayas had been concluded. They
were prepared by Taxidermist Leon L. Walters, by means of the
process originated by him of reproduction in cellulose-acetate.
They furnish a further demonstration of the superiority of this
process for the exhibition of large, practically hairless mammals.
One animal is shown standing on the reedy bank of a river, while
the other is wallowing in shallow water near-by. The painted
background, executed by Staff Artist Charles A. Corwin, represents
a sluggish river meandering through grassy swamps with low hills
lightly clad with small trees and bushes in the distance.

Of the four large mammal groups added to the Hall of American
Mammal Habitat Groups, two are wholly new and two are based
on reinstallation of animals formerly exhibited in floor cases without



152 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

backgrounds. Their completion makes possible the opening of a
part of the west half of the hall for which other groups are now in
preparation. The brown bear of the Alaska Peninsula, giant among
extant bears, is shown in a group representing a scene in Pavlof
Bay, Alaska Peninsula. The specimens were obtained by the John
Borden-Field Museum Alaska- Arctic Expedition and the Alexander
H. Revell-Field Museum Alaska Expedition of 1927. A large male
bear stands at one side, while his mate, with her back turned to
him, is busily engaged in fishing for salmon in a small stream. Two
partly grown cubs are playing with the fish which their mother
has scooped out of the water. The background shows the sym-
metrical volcanic cone and snowy slopes of Mount Pavlof. The
group was prepared by Taxidermists Julius Friesser and Arthur G.
Rueckert, with painting by Staff Artist Corwin.

The polar bear group, presented by Mr. Frederick H. Rawson,
stands opposite the group of brown bear, and completes a quad-
rangle with the earlier groups of glacier bear and grizzly bear, so
that from the center of the hall four groups of American bear are
seen at once. A magnificent male polar bear of exceptional size
and quality, descending the inclined surface of a block of ice, forms
the outstanding feature of the group. Below him a female is crouch-
ing on the ice and two small cubs are playing about her. An Arctic
scene of snow and ice, painted by Mr. Corwin, rises behind. This
group also was prepared by Messrs. Friesser and Rueckert.

The groups of bison and musk-ox (Plates V and X) stand opposite
each other, occupying the largest spaces in the hall. Both were
produced by using animals formerly in open four-sided floor
cases. The group of musk-ox includes seven animals originally
mounted by Carl E. Akeley. They stand variously disposed on
moss-carpeted tundra. A bleak, treeless plain lies behind them,
and low hills with light patches of snow rise in the distance. A
large bull occupies a prominent position on a slight elevation, and
females with younger animals are gathered near-by, among them
two small calves idly nuzzling each other.

The bison group contains seven animals ranging from large
bulls to partly-grown calves, all in the full, heavy coat of late fall
or early winter. They are represented as coming down a clay
embankment over well-trod trails to the bed of a prairie stream
beside which a few small cottonwood trees stand. The effect of a
large herd in the vicinity is given by numerous animals painted on
the background by Mr. Corwin, some slowly filing over the prairie



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 153

as if leaving the watering place, and others crowding over the edge
of the embankment on their way to it. The specimens were mounted
and the reinstallation effected by Mr. Friesser. The group was
presented by the late Arthur B. Jones, a former Trustee of the
Museum.

In addition to the completion of these mammal groups, much
progress was made with others which are under way. A group of the
South American marsh deer is in the final stages of preparation at
this writing. All the animals are mounted and only details of the
accessories remain to be done. A group of the great anteater of
tropical America also is well advanced, and preliminary sketches
and models have been made for groups of tapir and guanacos.
Progress on the sea lion group for the Marine Hall was interrupted
by the absence of Taxidermist C. J. Albrecht in Africa, but several
of the smaller animals have been completed, and the others are in
such stages that the completion of the group in the coming year
may be expected.

Taxidermist Walters has devoted himself during a large part of
the year to a reproduction of a white rhinoceros from a specimen
collected by the Conover-Everard African Expedition of 1926-27.
This work is nearing completion and the finished product, which
promises to be a magnificent piece, will doubtless be placed on
exhibition early in 1930.

In the systematic exhibit of North American birds, one case
with two screens was installed early in the year, showing marsh
birds and shore birds, with seventy-six specimens of sixty-six species
of cranes, rails, plovers, sandpipers, and their allies. These were
the work of Taxidermist Ashley Hine, who has now finished many
of the larger American birds and is beginning work with some of the
numerous smaller forms. A few foreign birds from recent expedi-
tions were mounted also, and are awaiting installation.

After the return of the Cornelius Crane Pacific Expedition, a
temporary exhibit of some of the material obtained by it was installed
in four cases and placed in Stanley Field Hall. This included speci-
mens of mammals, birds, and reptiles, together with a series of
water-color paintings by Mr. Walter A. Weber, artist of the expedi-
tion. The paintings have since been removed.

The west half of Albert W. Harris Hall, in which reptiles and
amphibians have been exhibited, was completely reorganized during
the year, mainly by Associate Curator William J. Gerhard with



154 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

the assistance of Mr. Walters and Mr. Emil Liljeblad. Material
in old cases was reinstalled in six rectangular cases of medium
height, two being devoted to crocodilians, two to turtles, and two
to lizards and snakes. Great improvement was brought about by
remounting specimens on suitable natural bases, corresponding to
the practice in the halls of systematic mammals and birds.

One "A-case" was reinstalled, and a second, containing new
models prepared in cellulose-acetate and cellulose-nitrate by the
Walters process was put in place beside it. The new material
represents twenty-seven forms, among which may be mentioned
local salamanders, North American rattlesnakes, and an interest-
ing demonstration of the poison mechanism of rattlesnakes shown
by combining models and actual skeletal parts.

The work of reinstalling fish exhibits in the east half of Albert
W. Harris Hall, begun in 1928, was completed, all backgrounds
now being light green in color and the arrangement much improved.
Nine cases were thus reinstalled.

Incoming material from the numerous expeditions occupied the
Staff much of the time during the year. Although permanent
arrangements were still impossible for some classes of specimens,
the storage of new accessions was greatly facilitated by recent
additions to equipment.

Sixteen new steel cabinets and fittings for mammals, and sixteen
for birds, were received and immediately put into use. In the divi-
sion of birds a very extensive rearrangement was made. All trays
were labeled as to contents, and, so far as facilities would permit,
related groups of birds were brought into proper sequence and
juxtaposition. The same was done with mammals and, although
it is still necessary to use many of the small cans, a general system
is sufficiently established to make possible the addition of new steel
cabinets in small numbers from year to year without serious dis-
turbance of order.

Ninety-six steel cabinets fitted with shelves and, to some extent,
with drawers on roller bearings, were placed in the west corridor of
the fourth floor of the Museum for the storage of large skulls and
other osteological material. These provide space for the systematic
arrangement of this material which has been relatively inaccessible
for some time. Much osteological material remains in rough,
unprepared condition as received from the collectors. To care for
this and to bring all collections of this kind into usable condition in



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 155

the new cases, a modern cleaning and degreasing plant was installed
on the ground floor of the building. This is furnished with three
seventy-gallon tanks of galvanized iron, having three large outlets,
hot and cold water, thermometer, and electric lighting and ven-
tilating equipment. A degreasing tank is being added, and it is
hoped that in the near future a large accumulation of uncleaned
skulls and skeletons may be prepared and made available for use.

The osteologist has cleaned skeletons of hippopotamus, elephant,
seal, walrus, bison, and lion, and skulls of crocodiles, African ante-
lopes, rhinoceros, brown and polar bear, and seals. In addition he
has cleaned 578 skulls of small mammals, mainly those of very small
size, such as bats and shrews, requiring especial care and skill.
Six hundred and ninety-eight skulls of small mammals were cleaned
by an outside concern.

Improvements involving extensive construction in the north end
of the fourth floor of the building were completed, which greatly
increased efficiency in the taxidermists' shop. A gallery was car-
ried across the entire north gable and three spacious rooms con-
structed on it for the storage of the entire collection of skins of large
mammals, previously stored in a special room on the ground floor.
Below this, in the northwest corner, a room was built for the recep-
tion of heavy machines used in skin dressing, and east of this steel
shelving was provided for taxidermists' supplies, tools, and mis-
cellaneous storage. On the east wall a special fireproof room was
built for chemicals and other materials requiring special protection.
With these changes, the Museum's main taxidermists' studio
becomes a model of comfort, convenience, and efficiency.

THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION

The Department of the N. W. Harris Public School Extension
completed its seventeenth year of operation in 1929, continuing
its work of extending the influence of the Museum into the schools
of Chicago by furnishing them with cases containing economic and
natural history exhibits. Since the establishment of the Department
in 1912, there have been prepared 1,123 traveling exhibition cases.
Fifty-three were completed in 1929 (examples — Plates VII, XVI).

In the preparation of these cases high standards have been
maintained. They are made sturdy enough to stand frequent
transportation and constant handling by children, and yet they are
light enough for a child to carry. The cases must not only be true
to nature but they must be attractive.



156 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

The collecting of the specimens used and the making of photo-
graphs for backgrounds, as well as the actual preparation of the
cases, is done by the Staff of the Department. During the past
year some particularly fine material has been collected for habitat
groups of local birds. The type of case used is considered ideal for
extension purposes and is widely copied by other museums. Some
slight improvements in the structure of the case were made in 1929.

The regular service of two cases to each school, changed every
two weeks, has been maintained for 408 institutions. The two
motor trucks of this Department during 1929 traveled more than
12,000 miles in this service. As the drivers deliver the cases to the
desired location within each building, a complete service is main-
tained entirely free of expense to the recipient institutions.

The Chicago public schools alone have more than 470,000
pupils and 13,000 teachers, and as thirty-three other institutions
are on the regular routes of this Department, the daily attendance
served by these cases is more than a half million people. Each
case remains in each school two weeks and every student has the
opportunity of seeing it. Forty different cases reach each school
during the year.

In addition to this regular service, two cases were sent to the
Ohio State Fair, and special displays of from ten to forty-three
cases each were made in Marshall Field and Company's retail
store, in the Outing and Recreation Bureau's Adams Street display
windows, at the Boy Scout Exposition, the Flower Show at the
Hotel Sherman, Camp Algonquin, the Navy Pier, the Illinois State
Fair, and the International Live Stock Exposition. Each of these
displays reached thousands of people.

During the period under review the Acting Curator, Mr. Cleve-
land P. Grant, visited 126 schools to obtain a better knowledge of
the needs and desires of the schools for visual education in natural
history, and to give instruction as to the better use of the cases.

ART RESEARCH CLASSES

The year 1929 was marked by further advance in the work of
the art classes conducted in Field Museum in cooperation with the
Art Institute of Chicago. A new classroom better suited to the
work carried on was provided by the Museum. This room has all
north light, which is the best light for an art studio. The instructor,
Mr. John Gilbert Wilkins, now has a private office where materials



Field Museum of Natural History



Reports, Vol. VIII, Plate XX




CASSAVA, A COMMON FOOD PLANT OF SOUTH AMERICA
Hall of Plant Life (Hall 29)
Reproduced in Stanley Field Plant Reproduction Laboratories
One- twelfth natural size



THE UBUnt
OF TO



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 157

and data may be kept, and adjacent to it is a large cloakroom for
the students.

The Art Institute has given the class a complete motion picture
outfit, making possible study of animals and birds in normal and
slow motion pictures. This is a valuable supplement to the study
of mounted specimens, giving opportunity to observe the action of
body, limb, and muscle.

The Institute has also furnished modeling stands, where students
may experiment with the animal in the round as well as in illustra-
tion and design. Students have already produced sculpture of high
professional standards, and reproductions of some of their work
are being sold by Marshall Field and Company Wholesale.

DIVISION OF PUBLIC RELATIONS

The publicity obtained through various media for the activities
of Field Museum has in 1929 again exceeded that of all previous
years, continuing the increase which has been noted annually ever
since the institution adopted a definite program for strengthening
its relationships with the public.

The principal phase of the Museum's publicity efforts, that of
distribution of information through the daily press, was developed
in 1929 to the point where the number of articles prepared at the
Museum and published in the newspapers averaged more than one
for every day of the year, exclusive of articles coming from the pens
of outside writers or prepared by members of newspaper staffs.
As in the past, while concentrating chiefly on publicity in the
papers of Chicago and vicinity, the Museum has obtained nation-
wide attention for its activities through the cooperation of news
agencies, and the more important news of the institution has been
internationally circulated. Clippings from all over the world, in
many languages, have been received, testifying to the fact that
Field Museum's accomplishments are known wherever people read.

In addition to newspaper publicity, many important magazines
and other periodicals have devoted much space to the Museum.
Still further publicity has been received through advertising space
generously placed at the Museum's disposal by various organiza-
tions; through radio broadcasting; through motion picture news-
reels; and through direct advertising efforts conducted by the
Museum in distributing direction folders and other printed matter
designed to attract visitors.



158 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

Newspaper Publicity. — The Division of Public Relations
released a total of 375 news stories during 1929, or an average of
more than seven each week. Also, by the inauguration of a new
system of circulating very brief notes calling attention to older
exhibits and other Museum matters, used in the newspapers as
"fillers," an additional 209 items were released and published. Thus
the total of notices, including regular articles and short items
obtained for the Museum by its own direct efforts, was 584.

Copies of this publicity matter were furnished to the seven
principal daily newspapers of Chicago; to some sixty community
and neighborhood papers published in the city; to more than fifty
Chicago foreign language newspapers; to about sixty suburban
newspapers covering the principal suburbs, cities and towns within
a 100-mile radius of Chicago; to all the principal national and
international news agencies; and to the Springfield bureau of the
Associated Press for its special service to newspapers throughout
the state of Illinois, which is in addition to the national distribution
effected through the Chicago office of the same organization.

Photographs accompanied many of the stories, prints from 358
negatives having been released by the Museum. Copies of these
photographs were furnished to a list of twenty-five leading news-
papers and news photograph agencies, through which hundreds of
additional copies were distributed to newspapers all over the world.
A great amount of space has been given to Museum pictures in
newspapers publishing rotogravure sections, and, as this type
of reproduction is so far superior to ordinary news photographs,
it has undoubtedly been of benefit in providing the public with a
clearer idea of what the Museum is and what it does.

The contract with the New York Times and its subsidiary com-
pany, Wide World Photos, whereby the photographs resulting from
certain Field Museum expeditions are syndicated nationally, was
continued as in past years.

As usual, the news from the Museum has frequently provoked
editorial comments in many important newspapers, including all
those of Chicago, many in other American cities, and even some
abroad, a notable instance being the London Times. One editorial
feature column which is syndicated among newspapers from coast
to coast with a total of about twenty million readers, has frequently
given space to comments on Field Museum activities during 1929.

The Museum's releases ranged from the "filler" items above
mentioned, of fifteen to twenty-five words, up to full column articles,



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 159

the majority of the regular news stories running from about one-
half to two-thirds of a column. Every story released was printed
in several Chicago newspapers, and many in all; and the majority
received extensive space throughout the country. Frequently these
releases have been expanded by newspaper staff writers for full-
page Sunday feature articles.

For their generous cooperation which has contributed so greatly
to the success of the Museum's publicity efforts, grateful recogni-
tion is herewith accorded the Chicago Tribune, Chicago Daily News
and Chicago Daily Journal, which recently merged, Chicago Evening
Post, Chicago Herald and Examiner, Chicago Evening American,
Chicago Daily Illustrated Times, Chicago Journal of Commerce, and
the national and international news agencies, such as the Asso-
ciated Press, United Press, International News Service, Universal
Service, and Science Service.

As an indication of the extent of the newspaper publicity
received, the records show that an average of 2,038 clippings of
articles mentioning the Museum was received each month in 1929.
This number represents only a part of the space given the Museum,
as no complete coverage of even the English language newspapers
is available, and certain groups, such as the foreign language papers,
are not covered at all by the clipping bureaus. The total number
of clippings received for the year was 24,457.

Publicity in Periodicals. — The Museum and its activities
have again been the subject of many special articles which have
appeared in general and popular magazines, trade journals, scien-
tific publications, and other periodicals. Some of these were pre-
pared at the Museum on the request of editors, and others were
written by outside writers, usually illustrated with photographs
furnished by the Museum and based on data supplied by the Staff.
Among the more important publications in which this material has
appeared are Scientific American, Chicago Commerce, Science,
Popular Mechanics, Popular Science, Americana Annual, Inter-
national Year Book, Science News Letter, Museums Journal (London),
Chicago Visitor, Chicago Beautiful, Field and Stream, St. Nicholas,
and Chicago (a book).

Advertising. — The Museum has been fortunate in receiving,
free of charge, advertising space in various media, as in previous
years. The Chicago Surface Lines continued its generous coopera-



160 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

tion by printing at its own expense, and displaying in the street
cars, colored overhead posters calling the public's attention to some
of the Museum's striking exhibits. The Chicago Rapid Transit
Company and associated interurban lines, including the Chicago,
North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad, the Chicago, South Shore
and South Bend Railroad, and the Chicago, Aurora and Elgin
Railroad, distributed some 65,000 Field Museum descriptive
felders among their patrons, and displayed Museum posters in
stations of the Elevated Lines. In the Outing and Recreation
Bureau maintained in the "loop" district jointly by these and other
interests, a large display window near a busy street corner was for
several weeks devoted to an exhibition of Museum material and
placards urging the public to visit the Museum. The Chicago,
North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad again allotted space through-
out the year to Museum exhibits and lectures in its "This Week's
Events Along the North Shore Line" posters displayed at all stations
between Chicago and Milwaukee. The Illinois Central Railroad
and the Chicago and North Western Railway displayed at their
city and suburban stations placards announcing Field Museum
lecture courses. These posters were also displayed in Marshall
Field and Company's retail store and in libraries, schools, and other
institutions. Practically all railroads entering Chicago widely
advertised the Museum in connection with excursion trips they
conducted from various points in the middle west. Approximately
80,000 Field Museum descriptive folders (in addition to those dis-
tributed by the Rapid Transit and associated companies) were
distributed by the Museum and cooperating agencies, including
practically every railroad and lake steamship line entering the
city, and the principal hotels, clubs, travel bureaus, and depart-
ment stores. The officers and delegates to many of the important
conventions held in the city were also furnished with supplies of
these folders.

The Clyde W. Riley Advertising System, publishers of The
Playgoer, the magazine-program used in practically all Chicago
theatres (exclusive of motion picture houses) continued the courtesy
it has extended for several years of giving the Museum from a half-
page to a page of advertising space in each program. The Museum
also received, as in previous years, a free page advertisement in the
programs of the Chicago Civic Opera Company. The Museum was
advertised also in the house organs for customers and employes
published by the Stevens Hotel, Marshall Field and Company,







Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 161

Commonwealth Edison Company, People's Gas Light and Coke
Company, Montgomery Ward and Company, Illinois Bell Tele-
phone Company, and other firms, and in folders and other adver-
tising matter issued by many railroads, lake steamship companies,
and hotels.

During the International Live Stock Exposition special coopera-
tive publicity and advertising was arranged between the manage-
ment of that enterprise and the Museum.

Radio. — Further publicity for Field Museum was contributed
by local radio stations which broadcast Museum news and arranged
for talks by members of the Museum Staff. Among stations which
cooperated were WLS, the Prairie Farmer station which in coopera-
tion with the Chicago Daily Journal broadcast a series of talks by
the Director and various members of the scientific staff; WCFL,
the Chicago Federation of Labor station; WMAQ, the Chicago
Daily News station, which broadcast several travelogue talks by
Museum speakers, illustrated with pictures published in the roto-
gravure section of the paper on simultaneous dates; and the
radio stations operated in conjunction with various other Chicago
newspapers or under the auspices of other organizations of various
kinds.

Newsreels. — Field Museum activities were also brought before
the public in motion picture newsreels. Among these were the
newsreels of the Paramount Film Corporation, M-G-M-Inter-
national Newsreel, Chicago Daily News -Universal Newsreel, and
others.

Editorial Work. — A large amount of editorial work was
performed by the Division of Public Relations. Plans were com-
pleted for a monthly bulletin which will announce, report and
record all Museum activities. It will be distributed regularly to
Members of the Museum, subscription being included as part of
all memberships. Preparation of the first number of the paper,
which is called Field Museum News, was under way at the close of
the year, with publication scheduled for the first week of January.
The Division also performed editorial work on new catalogues of
the Museum's publications, which are soon to be issued, and on
various other printed matter.



162 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

DIVISION OF PRINTING

The output of the Division of Printing during 1929 exceeded by-
far that of any other year, both in publications and in labels and
miscellaneous matter.

In order to replace more rapidly the black exhibition labels
with the more legible new style of buff labels, three more printers
were added to the Staff of the Division at the beginning of the
year. As a result the Division turned out 15,000 more exhibition
labels than in the previous year.

To make better progress on the publications for which manu-
scripts had accumulated, four additional printers were employed
in September, three of them being assigned to night service. By
means of this increase in the force the Division was able to issue
24,156 copies of books in the regular publication series, a number
exceeding that of any other year, and double that of the preceding
twelve months. There was also a substantial increase in the num-
ber of leaflets printed.

The quality as well as the quantity of work that could be done
by the Division was given consideration. To make the Museum's
printed matter as free of typographical errors as possible, an efficient
proofreader was employed. A comparatively quiet working space
being essential for the proofreader, the southeast corner of the room
used by the Division on the third floor was partitioned off for
office purposes.

The Miehle vertical press, which was installed a year ago, has
proved to be a most valuable addition to the Division's equipment.
It has been the means of turning out a better quality of printing,
and has helped greatly to increase the production of the Division.

In 1929 the Division's equipment was enlarged by the addition
of a combination type-cabinet unit needed to facilitate the work
of the increased Staff.

The following publications, with contents totaling 1,726 pages,
were printed and bound during the period under review:

Publication Number of

number copies

254 — Contribution to Paleontology 1 ,275

255 — A Contribution to the Ornithology of Brazil 1 ,016

256— Annual Report of the Director for the Year 1928 7,661

257 — The Birds of the Neotropical Genus Deconychura 1,068

258 — Flora of Barro Colorado Island, Panama 1,040

259 — Spermatophytes, Mostly Peruvian 1 , 100

260 — The Mineral Composition of Sands from Quebec, Labrador and

Greenland 1,611



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 163

261 — A New Rodent from the Galapagos Islands 1 , 105

262— Contents and Index to Volume XII 1 ,085

263 — Birds of the James Simpson-Roosevelts Asiatic Expedition. . . . 1,064

264— Studies of American Plants. Parts I and II 1 ,051

265 — The Land Mammals of Uruguay 1 ,068

266 — Catalogue of Birds of the Americas. Part VI 1 ,530

267— Honduran Mosses 992

268 — Melanesian Shell Money in Field Museum Collections 1,015

269— A Study of the Tooth-billed Red Tanager 1,022

Anthropology, Memoirs — A Sumerian Palace and the "A" Cemetery

at Kish, Mesopotamia, Part II 1 ,472

Anthropology Leaflet 28 — The Field Museum-Oxford University

Expedition to Kish, Mesopotamia, 1923-1929 2,993

Geology Leaflet 10 — Diamonds 6,023

Geology Leaflet 11 — Neanderthal (Mousterian) Man 6,056

Geology Leaflet 12— Cement 3,036

Zoology Leaflet 10— The Truth about Snake Stories 3,045

Zoology Leaflet 11 — Frogs and Toads of the Chicago Area 3,002

Field Museum and the Child 4,070

General Guide 8 , 530

Field Museum News (January, 1930, issue) 6,800

Total 69,630



The number of labels and other impressions was as follows:

Exhibition Other

labels impressions

Anthropology 8,373 11,665

Botany 1,398 42,943

Geology 13,685 3,000

Zoology 4,163 4,554

Harris Extension 349 2,220

Raymond Division 273 , 300

General 537,286

Membership information folder 5, 527

Direction folder for Rapid Transit Company 49,800

Direction folder for Division of Public Relations 73,872

Publication price list 550

Leaflet price list 800

Miscellaneous post cards 368 , 910

Miniature sets of exterior and interior views in

Museum 2 , 125

Pictorial post card album 755

Large post card album 115

Total 27,988 1,377,422



DIVISIONS OF PHOTOGRAPHY, ROENTGENOLOGY

AND ILLUSTRATION

Photography. — The total number of lantern slides, negatives
and prints made by the Division of Photography during 1929 was
35,602, an increase of more than 10,000 over that of the previous
year. The following tabulation gives a summary of the work
performed :



164 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Anthropology

Botany

Geology

Zoology

Harris Extension . .
Raymond Division

Photogravure

Publicity

General

Gift

Sale

Total 2,268 2,217



Lantern
slides
made


Nega-
tives
made


Prints
made


Enlarge-
ments
made


Negatives
developed
for
expedi-
tions


Trans-
parent
labels
made


Trans-
parencies
made
for exhi-
bition


523


777


10,045




498




9




362


9,553


i30










359


259


1,847


36


134








577


249


3,802


45


229


8








35


47


76


88








783


34

470

31


581

290

1,618


'22










io




852
546












16




661













29,842 309



949



Roentgenology. — The scope of activities in the Division of
Roentgenology has widened during the past year. The X-ray
apparatus is being used to a greater extent, and is developing
increased significance in the Museum's work.

Research by means of the X-ray in 1929 was carried on in con-
nection with anthropological, geological, and zoological subjects.

An exhaustive study was made of Egyptian animal mummy-
packs, resulting in some remarkably interesting revelations. Some
of the most elaborately wrapped packages, it was found, contain
no skeletons, and some of the carelessly prepared ones hold the
finest specimens. One package, wrapped so as to represent a cat,
contains, in the head of the bundle, a skull of an unidentified mammal
and in the abdominal portion there is a collection of miscellaneous
bones, including a cat's skull. One package has an exterior repre-
senting a crocodile, but a comparison of roentgenograms of it with
recent crocodile skeletons, made by Mr. Karl P. Schmidt, Assistant
Curator of Reptiles, indicates that the enclosed specimen may be
a lizard.

Roentgenograms aided in the establishment of the identity of
a small Egyptian mummy, seven inches long. There was a question
as to whether it is human or ape. The X-ray determined definitely
that it is a human embryo of three and one-half to four months'
development.

Roentgenographs studies were made also of a series of ancient
Peruvian babies and children. Very little apparent pathology was
found to exist in these specimens.

The extent of ankylosis of the functional fang of a rattlesnake
was determined from a roentgenogram, thereby making unnecessary
dissection of the reptile's skull.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 165

Radio-active minerals submitted by the Department of Geology
were tested for radium content. Experiments were also made of
the relative efficacy of ultra-violet and roentgen rays to produce
radio-lucence with several different substances.

Paleontological specimens have been found to be surprisingly
good subjects for X-ray examination. In most cases there is a
marked difference in atomic density between the bony structure
and the surrounding matrix, and therefore a satisfactory shadow
of the skeleton can be produced.

Special articles on the Museum's roentgenological work appeared
during the past year in Victor News, Tiles and Tile Work, and
Hygeia magazines.

Photogravure. — Following is a summary of the photogravures
produced during the year 1929:

Number of
prints

Leaflet illustrations 108,000

Publication illustrations 172,000

Memoirs Series, illustrations 21 ,000

Poster headings 4 , 575

Post cards 214,000

Total 519,575

Artist. — The following is a record of the work accomplished
during 1929 by this Division:

Large Peruvian frescoes 4

Pen and wash drawings 132

Maps drawn and lettered 25

Plans drawn and lettered 22

Lantern slides colored 562

Photographs retouched 34

Photographs tinted 12

Negatives blocked 33

Large transparencies colored 6

Meteorites colored 2

Negatives lettered for copyright 8

Street car posters drawn 2

Book covers lettered 4

Wood engraving repaired 1

Miscellaneous items 40

Total 887

DIVISION OF MEMBERSHIPS

The membership of Field Museum continues to grow encourag-
ingly, evidencing the increased interest which the institution's
activities are attracting among public-spirited citizens.



166 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

The number of new names added to the Museum's membership
during 1929 was 1,363. The names of all Members on the rolls
as of December 31, 1929, will be found elsewhere in this Report.
Following is a classified list of the total number of memberships:

Benefactors 17

Honorary Members 22

Patrons 34

Corporate Members 53

Life Members 357

Non-resident Life Members 7

Associate Members 2 , 105

Non-resident Associate Members 1

Sustaining Members 312

Annual Members 2 ,873

Total Memberships 5,781

CAFETERIA

During the year 96,505 Museum visitors were furnished refresh-
ments in the cafeteria located on the ground floor, an increase of
10,197 over the number served in 1928. The cafeteria is not operated
by the Museum, but is under the management of a concessionaire.

In the pages which follow are submitted the Museum's financial
statements, lists of accessions, names of Members, et cetera.

Stephen C. Simms, Director.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 167



ATTENDANCE STATISTICS AND DOOR RECEIPTS

FROM JANUARY 1, 1929 TO DECEMBER 31, 1929

Total attendance 1,168,430

Paid attendance 151 , 595

Free admissions on pay days:

Students 16 , 650

School children 124,935

Teachers 1,396

Members 1 , 581

Admissions on free days:

Thursdays (52) 139,341

Saturdays (52) 251 , 643

Sundays (52) 481 ,289



Highest attendance on any day (May 24, 1929) 59,843

Lowest attendance on any day (December 18, 1929) 81

Highest paid attendance (September 2, 1929) 7,268

Average daily admissions (365 days) 3 ,200

Average paid admissions (209 days) 725

Number of guides sold 11 , 653

Number of articles checked 19 , 987

Number of picture post cards sold 161 ,226

Sales of publications, leaflets, handbooks, and photographs $4,915.76



168 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



GENERAL AND SPECIAL FUNDS
STATEMENT OF CASH RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS

AT DECEMBER 31, 1929

Balance, December 31, 1928 $ 41,719.84

Receipts

Income — Endowment, General, Miscellaneous and

Door Receipts $ 332,510.64

South Park Commissioners 222,220.52

Sundry receipts 31,537.33

Memberships 85,660.00

Contributions 301,069.24

Securities sold and matured 260,580.17 1,233,577.90



$1,275,297.74



Disbursements

Operating expenses $ 613,957.32

Expeditions 112,327.56

Collections purchased 58,291.59

Furniture, fixtures and equipment 74,586.55

Securities purchased 298,734.42

Annuities on contingent gifts 41,665.00

Bank loans repaid and interest 17,756.27

$1,217,318.71

Transferred to Sinking Fund 10,000.00 1,227,318.71



Balance, December 31, 1929 $ 47,979.03



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 169



THE N. W. HARRIS PUBLIC SCHOOL EXTENSION
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR 1929

Interest and dividends on investments $ 20,687.36

Operating expenses 19,888.87

Balance, December 31, 1929 $ 798.49



STANLEY FIELD PLANT REPRODUCTION FUND

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES FOR THE YEAR 1929

Balance, December 31, 1928 $ 650.48

Contributions by Stanley Field during 1929 14,527.50

$ 15,177.98
Operating expenses— 1929 15,200.51



Deficit, December 31 , 1929 $ 22.53



170 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



LIST OF ACCESSIONS



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY



ANDRAU, DR. E. W., The Hague,
Holland.
4 flint flakes — Muaishir near Rutba
Wells, North Arabian Desert,
Irak (gift).

ARMSTRONG, JULIAN, Chicago.

1 felt door decorated with painted
appliqu6 designs of cotton — India
(possibly Burma) (gift).

BODE, MRS. CLARA V., Sheboygan
Falls, Wisconsin.
3 ethnological objects: 1 netted
scarf (belt), 1 chocolate whisk,
and 1 mosquito whisk — Isthmus
of Tehuantepec, Veracruz, Mex-
ico (gift).

BURT, MRS. WILLIAM G., Old Lyme,
Connecticut (donor's father, col-
lector).
31 ethnological objects: 1 fabric, 2
wooden masks, 2 pairs of leather
sandals, 5 decorated gourds, 1
bow, 2 swords, 3 spears, 3 carved
wooden paddles, 1 bottle, 1 fur-
covered staff, 1 wooden staff, 1
wooden stool, 1 leather pouch —
Sierra Leone, Africa (gift).

CARPENTER, MRS. JOHN ALDEN,
Chicago (Mrs. Z. K. Heidary,
collector).

2 marionettes representing a priest
and a soldier — Teheran, Persia
(gift).

CUNNINGHAM, ROMEO, Moun-
tainair, New Mexico.
11 objects: 1 skull, 1 hammerstone,
and 9 potsherds — Mountainair,
New Mexico (gift).

DEBUC, G., Gauties-les-Bains, Haute
Garonne, France.
13 original copies of prehistoric
sketches of animals engraved on
walls of cave of Montespan —
Southwest France (gift).

DEVINE, HERBERT J., New York.
1 dry lacquer head of a Buddhistic
statue — Peiping (Peking), China
(gift).



DRUMMOND, DR. I. W.,New York.

1 mounted beak of hornbill (Buce-
ros) with frontal carving of scen-
ery and six figures. Seventeenth
century — Canton, China (gift).

2 objects: 1 carved hornbill buckle
and 1 pudding-stone vase of K'ien-
lung period (1736-95) — China
(gift).

EULASS, WALTER L., Chicago.

1 flint arrowhead — Calumet Coun-
try Club Golf Course, Illinois
(gift).

EVANS, MRS. LYNDEN, Evanston,
Illinois.
1 otter skin medicine bag, feet and
tail covered with purple flannel
decorated with beadwork designs
— Potawatomi, northern Wiscon-
sin (gift).

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL
HISTORY.

Collected by Alonzo W. Pond (Cen-
tral Asiatic Expedition of Amer-
ican Museum of Natural History
with Field Museum cooperating):
72 packages of prehistoric stone
implements and fragments — Gobi
Desert, Inner Mongolia.

Collected by J. Eric Thompson (Sec-
ond Marshall Field Archaeological
Expedition to British Honduras) :

352 objects: 182 archaeological speci-
mens, 21 lots of type sherds and
39 ethnological objects from Brit-
ish Honduras; 1 lot of type sherds
from Honduras; 54 archaeological
objects, 54 ethnological objects,
and 1 lot of type sherds from
Guatemala — British Honduras,
Republic of Honduras, and Guate-
mala.

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt (Crane
Pacific Expedition of Field Mu-
seum) :
8 ethnological objects: 1 decorated
tapa — Fiji; 2 hornbill ornaments,
1 decorated bag with hornbill, 4
feather head ornaments — Sepik
River, New Guinea.



.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



171



Collected by E. S. Riggs (Marshall
Field Paleontological Expedition
to Argentina and Bolivia):
2 stone disks — Barancas (bad lands)
of river valley, Tarija, Bolivia.

Collected by Harold J. Coolidge, Jr.
(William V. Kelley-Roosevelts
Expedition to Eastern Asia for
Field Museum):
4 articles: 2 women's dresses of
White Tai, Tonkin; 2 women's
dresses with head-dresses and
jewelry, Phunoi and Khakho
tribes, Laos — Indo-China.

Collected by W. D. Hambly (Fred-
erick H. Rawson-Field Museum
Ethnological Expedition to West
Africa) :

470 objects: wood carvings, decorated
gourds, pottery, weapons, imple-
ments, musical instruments, orna-
ments and other ethnographical
material — Ovimbundu tribe,
Portuguese Angola.

Collected by Field Museum-Oxford
University Joint Expedition to
Mesopotamia (Marshall Field
Fund) :
About 2,000 objects: pottery, ala-
baster and other stone vessels,
flint and copper implements,
cylinder seals, beads, necklaces,
etc. — Kish, Mesopotamia.

Purchases:
62 objects: 49 painted pebbles, 2 casts,
11 skeletons of French paleolithic
period — Mas d'Azil, France, from
Professor Henri Breuil.
1 necklace of grizzly-bear claws —
Winnebago, northern Wisconsin,
from Oliver LaMere, collector.

1 chief's coat of ermine — Haida,
Tadgilanas division, Kasaan,
Prince of Wales Island, Alaska,
from Paul Warner.

1 colored cast of tooth of Sinan-
thropus pekinensis — China, from
R. F. Damon and Company,
London.

1 medicine otter, with medicine
and applique work — Potawatomi,
Phlox, Wisconsin, from Julius and
August Rosenwald Fund (Paul
Warner, collector).

120 prehistoric implements of stone
and antler, and sherds of pottery



— Neuchatel (Swiss lake dwell-
ings), Switzerland, from Dr. P.
Vouga, collector.
172 archaeological objects: 20 com-
plete pottery vessels, 4 half com-
plete pottery vessels, 78 figurines,
4 stone and 5 obsidian objects, 10
jade beads, 1 jade and shell neck-
lace, 5 shell objects, 41 type pot-
sherds, 3 pieces of marble vessels
— Republic of Honduras, from Dr.
Wilson Popenoe, collector.
31 objects: pottery, pipe-bowl, arrow
and spear points, ornaments and
ceremonial implements excavated
in Scott, Greene, Schuyler, Sang-
amon, and Calhoun Counties,
Illinois, from Julius and Augusta
Rosenwald Fund (J. Merrill,
collector).

FUCHS, MRS. F., Johannesburg,
Transvaal, South Africa (Arthur
Fuchs, collector).
3 pairs and one single copper brace-
let — Maxosa, South Africa (gift).

HANSEN, ERICH, Chicago.

9 objects: model of kayak; model of
wooden water-bucket, with dipper;
model of drying rack; lamp pot,
stand, 3 bone wound plugs,
small skin pouch — Angmagsalik
Eskimo, Ditridas, East Greenland
(gift).

KENNEDY, KEITH, Sydney, Aus-
tralia.
47 aboriginal stone implements —
Kitchen middens near Sydney,
Australia (exchange).

KENYON, A. S., Melbourne, Australia.
38 stone and wooden implements —
Australia (exchange).

KERCHER, DR. JOHN, Chicago.
8 objects: models of kayak and
sledge, 2 traps, iron adze, 2 pairs
of children's boots, and wooden
mask — Eskimo, Golovnin Bay
District, Alaska (gift).

LAUGHLIN, R. M., Havana, Illinois.
1 fragmentary lower mandible, with
teeth, from Indian burial — Ful-
ton, Illinois (gift).

MACKAY, MRS. ERNEST, Dokri,
Sindh, British India.
1 coup-de-poing of Acheulean type
— Karyatein, Syria (gift).



172 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



MELDRUM, DR. A. M., Spokane,
Washington.
2 skulls of aborigines — Australia
(gift).

MOLLER, J. A., New York (A. W.
Bahr, collector).
1 archaic white jade spike, carved
with human figure, Chou period
—China (gift).

MOON, H. F„ Bagdad, Irak.

23 mosaic fragments from the tessel-
lated pavement of a Roman fort
at Samra on the Hejaz Railway
— Samra, Transjordania (gift).

NELSON, MURRY, Chicago (donor's
father, collector).

1 red flannel coat, with green and
blue edgings, decorated with bead-
work — East Woodland tribe of
Chicago area (gift).

QUARRIE, S. W., Royston, Herts,
England.
13 flint flakes from east end of Wadi
Meir — North Arabian Desert,
Irak (gift).

REES, GROUP CAPTAIN, V. C,
London, England.
32 objects: 2 arrowheads and 30 flint
flakes — near Qase Hallabat, North
Arabian Desert, Transjordania
(gift).

REYNOLDS, EARLE H., Chicago
(Herbert J. Devine, collector).

2 painted mortuary clay figures of
horsewomen playing polo — China
(gift).

ST. PERIER, COUNT DE, Morigny
par Etampes, Seine-et-Oise,
France.
1 cast of female figure (so-called
Venus) of the Lespuge-Aurignacian
period — Southwest France (gift).

SARGENT, HOMER E., Pasadena,
California.
46 baskets — Pomo, Mono, Kern,
Paiute, Yokut, Louiseno, Pana-
mint, and Washo, California
(gift).

SCHMERSE, PAUL, Edison Park,
Illinois.
1 flint arrowhead — Desplaines Golf
Road, Illinois (gift).

SCHMIDT, KARL P., Chicago.

10 objects: 1 carved coconut bottle,
lime gourd and stick, 3 spinning



tops, 1 tobacco-pipe, 2 puberty
covers, 2 spears — Upper Sepik
River, New Guinea (gift).

SETON-KARR, H. W., London, Eng-
land.

58 paleolithic and neolithic knives,
scrapers, arrowheads and other
implements — England, Belgium,
Egypt, India, and Ceylon (gift).

SHELDON, THEODORE, Chicago.
1 kris with carved wooden handle
and metal sheath — Java (gift).

SPRAGUE, COLONEL A. A., Chi-
cago.
1 black and gold lacquered saddle
dated 1868— Japan (gift).

TROMBE, FELIX, Gauties-les-Bains,
Haute Garonne, France.

1 plaster impression of a prehistoric
footmark from cave of Monte-
span, and plan of cave drawn to
scale — Southwest France (gift).

UNIVERSITY MUSEUM (Depart-
ment of Human Anatomy),
Oxford, England.

4 casts of frontal and left parietal
bones, temporal, maxilla and
mandible of Mousterian child's
skull — Gibraltar, Spain (ex-
change).

VONDRASEK, FRANK, Cicero, Illi-
nois.
23 quartz arrowheads and spear
points — Magnet Cove, Arkansas
(gift).

WHITE, MRS. ALEXANDER, Chi-
cago.

2 wooden panels lacquered red and
gold, carved with undercut reliefs
—China (gift).

WICKER, MISS CAROLYN, Chicago.
18 objects: 8 mandarin cap-buttons,
fish emblem, bone emblems of
authority, fan, lacquered cover,
4 baskets, 2 strings of beads, hide
sandals, pottery wine-jar; also
picture post cards — China, Japan,
Annam, Philippines, Burma, Cey-
lon, Greece, Italy, and Mexico
(gift).

YAMAGATA, MR. AND MRS. S.,
Chicago.
1 ceremonial battledore used as a
New Year's gift — Japan.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY



173



ALL-AMERICAN MOHAWK
RADIO CORPORATION,
Chicago.
1 specimen of veneer of Australian
silk-oak (gift); 2 wood specimens
(gift).

AMERICAN WALNUT MANUFAC-
TURERS' ASSOCIATION,
Chicago.
1 wheel section of black walnut

(gift).

ARNOLD ARBORETUM, Jamaica

Plain, Massachusetts.
785 specimens of plants (exchange).

ARSENE, REV. BROTHER G., Las
Vegas, New Mexico.
1 plant specimen (gift).

BAILEY, DR. L. H., Ithaca, New
York.
1 specimen of plant from Cuba
(gift).

BALL, DR. C. R., Washington, D.C.
12 specimens of willows (gift).

BANGHAM, WALTER N., Forest
Hills, Massachusetts.
1 specimen of plant from the Canal
Zone (gift).

BARTRAM, EDWIN B., Bushkill,
Pennsylvania.
75 specimens of mosses from Arizona
(gift).

BAUER AND BLACK, Chicago.
1 airplane first aid case (gift).

BEATTY, LESTER A., Gary, Indiana.
1 specimen of cinchona bark (gift).

BENKE, H. C, Chicago.
517 specimens of plants (gift); 38
wood specimens (gift); 140 pack-
ets of seeds (gift).

BOTANICAL MUSEUM OF HAR-
VARD UNIVERSITY, Cam-
bridge, Massachusetts.

1 plant specimen (gift).

BOTANICAL GARDEN AND MU-
SEUM, Berlin-Dahlem, Ger-
many.
50 specimens of plants from Peru
(exchange).



BOTANISKA INSTITUTIONEN,
Upsala, Sweden.
450 specimens of plants from Brazil
(exchange).

BREMER, MISS MARY, Crown
Point, Indiana.
18 specimens of plants from Indiana
(gift); 18 packets of seeds (gift).

BREMER, MISS SOPHIA, Crown
Point, Indiana.

2 specimens of mosses from Indiana

(gift).

BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL
HISTORY), London, England.

1,034 specimens of plants from South
America (exchange).

BRYAN, PROFESSOR G. S., Madi-
son, Wisconsin.

3 palm fruits from Africa (gift).

BUCHER, G. C, Santiago de Cuba,
Cuba.

1 specimen of a Cuban plant (gift) .

BUSH, B. F., Courtney, Missouri.
9 specimens of plants from Missouri
(gift).

BUTLER, ALFRED F., Tela, Hon-
duras.
3 specimens of plants from Hon-
duras (gift).

CALDER6N, DR. SALVADOR, San
Salvador, Salvador.
238 specimens of plants from Salva-
dor (gift).

CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF
SCIENCES, San Francisco, Cali-
fornia.

2 specimens of plants (exchange).

CARTER, J. D., Deerfield, Illinois.

1 specimen of Aesculus fruits (gift).

CELOTEX COMPANY, Chicago.
27 photographs (gift); 10 specimens
of celotex (gift).

CHAMBERLAIN, DR. C. J., Chicago.

2 specimens of cycads (gift).

CHAPMAN, DR. F. M., New York.
1 specimen of plant from the Canal
Zone (gift).



174 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



CHATEAU, REV. FATHER I., Mis-
sion, Texas.

37 specimens of plants from Texas
(gift).

chicago international
live stock exposition.

4 specimens of Australian wheat
(gift).

CLARKSON, MRS. RALPH, Chicago.

2 specimens of plants (gift); 1 speci-
men of seeds of Zamia (gift).

CLEMENS, MRS. JOSEPH, Manila,
Philippine Islands.

3 specimens of plants (gift).

COMMERCIAL SOLVENTS COR-
PORATION, Terre Haute, Indi-
ana. 1 wall chart (gift).

COOK, G. M., Chicago.

1 specimen of plant from Texas
(gift).

COOPER, PROFESSOR W. S., Min-
neapolis, Minnesota.
349 specimens of plants from Alaska
and British Columbia (gift).

CROSBY, MISS GRACE, Providence,
Rhode Island.

1 specimen of plant from Connecti-
cut (gift).

DEAM, C. C, Bluffton, Indiana.
1 packet of seeds (gift).

DEGENER, PROFESSOR OTTO,
Honolulu, Hawaii.

5 specimens of Hawaiian plants
(gift).

DIRECCI6N de ESTUDIOS BIO-

L6GICOS, Chapultepec, Mexico.

1 specimen of Ochroma fiber (gift).

DIRECCI6N general de agri-
CULTURA, Guatemala City,

Guatemala.

189 specimens of Guatemalan plants
(gift).

DOOLITTLE, MRS. HAROLD M.,
Onekama, Michigan.

1 specimen of plant from Michigan
(gift).

DOUBLEDAY, ARNOLD, Chicago.
12 specimens of mosses from Illinois
(gift).



EIFRIG, G., River Forest, Illinois.

56 specimens of plants from the
United States (gift).

ENLOW, C. R., Gainesville, Florida.

2 specimens of plants from Florida
(gift).

EWALD, GEORGE, Chicago.

1 specimen of guayule rubber (gift).

FARLOW HERBARIUM OF HAR-
VARD UNIVERSITY, Cam-
bridge, Massachusetts.

141 specimens of cryptogamic plants
(exchange).

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL
HISTORY.

Collected by B. E. Dahlgren and Emil
Sella (Marshall Field Botanical
Expedition to the Amazon):
2,500 herbarium specimens from Brazil.

Collected by Henry Field (Field Mu-
seum-Oxford University Joint
Expedition to Mesopotamia):

3 specimens of barley from Kish;
1 specimen of charred grain from
Jemdet Nasr.

Collected by Herbert Stevens (William
V. Kelley-Roosevelts Expedition
to Eastern Asia for Field Mu-
seum):
2,403 specimens of plants from China.

Collected by J. Eric Thompson (Sec-
ond Marshall Field Archaeological
Expedition to British Honduras) :

5 specimens of plants from British
Honduras.

Collected by F. Kingdon Ward
(William V. Kelley-Roosevelts
Expedition to Eastern Asia for
Field Museum):

400 specimens of plants from Burma
and Indo-China.

Collected by August Weberbauer
(Marshall Field Expedition to
Peru, 1929):

888 herbarium specimens from Peru.

Collected by Llewelyn Williams (Mar-
shall Field Botanical Expedition
to the Amazon):
9,500 herbarium specimens from Peru;
1,088 wood specimens from Peru.

Rockefeller Foundation Fund for
Photographing Type Specimens:



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



175



819 negatives of type specimens in the
herbarium of the Museu Goeldi;
13 photographic prints of type
specimens in the Berlin Herba-
rium.

Transferred from the Division of
Photography:

5,599 photographic prints.

Purchases:

300 specimens of plants, 4 wood speci-
mens, collected in Trinidad by
W. E. Broadway.

342 specimens of plants collected in
Ecuador by Brother Gemel-Fir-
mfn.

623 specimens of Mexican plants col-
lected by M. E. Jones.

962 specimens of British Honduras
plants collected by C. L. Lundell.

320 specimens of Venezuelan plants
collected by Henry Pittier.

1,079 specimens of plants collected in
Bolivia by Jose' Steinbach.

500 specimens of Argentine plants col-
lected by S. Venturi.

331 specimens of Argentine plants col-
lected by W. Lossen.

100 specimens of plants collected in
Chile by Professor Montero.

100 specimens of cryptogamic plants
from Europe.

53 photographs of Mexican plants;
6 canna roots; 6 specimens of
chile peppers; 1 specimen of bay
leaves; 1 specimen of garlic; 1
specimen of horse-radish.

FLAUTT, J. L., Chicago.

2 specimens of plants from Georgia
(gift).

FRIESSER, JULIUS, Chicago.

1 specimen of an Illinois plant (gift).

FRITZ, PROFESSOR EMANUEL,
Berkeley, California.
6 sugar pine cones (gift).

FROST, S. W., Arendtsville, Pennsyl-
vania.

251 specimens of plants from the
Canal Zone (gift).

GARFIELD PARK CONSERVA-
TORY, Chicago.

3 specimens of cycads (gift).



GARRETT, PROFESSOR A. O., Salt
Lake City, Utah.

700 specimens of plants, chiefly from
Utah (gift).

GILBERT, A. H., Coral Gables,
Florida.

5 plants of Zamia (gift).

GLYNN, JOHN E., Chicago.
1 specimen of gourd (gift).

GRANT, CLEVELAND P., Chicago.

1 specimen of an Illinois oak (gift).

GRAY HERBARIUM OF HARVARD
UNIVERSITY, Cambridge,

Massachusetts.
92 specimens of plants from tropical
America (exchange).

GRISCOM, LUDLOW, Cambridge,

Massachusetts.
119 specimens of plants (exchange).

GRONEMANN, CARL E., Elgin,
Illinois.

6 specimens of Illinois plants (gift).

HAPEMAN, DR. HARRY, Minden,
Nebraska.

2 specimens of plants from Ne-
braska (gift).

HAUGHT, OSCAR L., Negritos, Peru.
259 specimens of plants from Peru
(gift).

HAYNIE, NELLIE V., Oak Park,

Illinois.

13 specimens of Illinois and Colorado

plants (gift).

HELLMAYR, DR. C. E., Chicago.

14 specimens of European orchids
(gift).

HERRERA, PROFESSOR FORTU-
NATO L., Cuzco, Peru.
551 specimens of Peruvian plants
(gift).

HOLMAN, JOHN P., Phoenix, Ari-
zona.
2 specimens of plants from Arizona
(gift).

INSTITUTO BIOL6GICO DE DE-
FESA AGRICOLA E ANIMAL,
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
20 specimens of plants from Brazil
(gift).



176 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



JANSSON, K. P., Groton, Connecticut.

2 specimens of plants from Con-
necticut (gift).

JARDIN BOTANIQUE DE L'ETAT,
Brussels, Belgium.

200 specimens of plants from tropical
America (exchange).

JARDIN BOTANIQUE PRINCIPAL,
Leningrad, U.S.S.R.

130 specimens of plants from Mexico
and northern South America (ex-
change).

JOHANSEN, DR. HOLGER, La Lima,
Honduras.

52 specimens of plants from Hon-
duras (gift).

KANEHIRA, PROFESSOR R., Fuo-
ka, Japan.

206 specimens of Peruvian plants
(gift).

KAUFFMANN, EMILIO, Belem,
Brazil.

81 specimens of plants from Brazil
(gift).

KENDALL, MRS. B. A., Elburn,
Illinois.

1 specimen of an Illinois plant
(gift).

KENOYER, PROFESSOR L. A.,
Kalamazoo, Michigan.
150 specimens of plants from Michi-
gan (gift).

KOEPKE, ANTON, Chicago.

1 pine cone from California (gift).

LANCETILLA EXPERIMENT STA-
TION, Tela, Honduras.

101 specimens of Honduras plants
(gift); 12 photographs of plants
(gift).

LANKESTER, C. H., Cartago, Costa
Rica.
17 specimens of plants (gift).

LUNDELL, C. L., New York.

210 specimens of plants from British
Honduras (gift).

MACBRIDE, J. FRANCIS, Chicago.
10 specimens of plants from Idaho
and Indiana (gift); 1 large sage-
brush bush for exhibition purposes
(gift).



MACKAY, E. K., San Francisco, Cali-
fornia.

1 specimen of Jacquinia from Ecua-
dor (gift).

MANLEY, JOHN A., New Brunswick,
New Jersey.

1 horseshoe imbedded in apple wood
(gift).

MARIE-VICTORIN, PROFESSOR,
Montreal, Canada.

46 specimens of Canadian plants (ex-
change).

MARTIN, MISS ELLA M. f Greens-
boro, North Carolina.
59 specimens of plants from North
Carolina (gift).

MARTINEZ, PROFESSOR MAXI-
MINO, Mexico City, Mexico.
15 specimens of Mexican plants
(gift).

MATHIAS, MISS MILDRED E., St.
Louis, Missouri.
4 specimens of mosses from Indiana

(gift).

MERRILL, DR. ELMER D., Berke-
ley, California.

2 specimens of plants from the
Philippine Islands (gift).

MEXIA, MRS. YNES, Berkeley, Cali-
fornia.
8 specimens of Mexican plants
(gift).

MINTON, T. W., AND COMPANY,
Barbourville, Kentucky.

2 samples of hickory wheel spokes
(gift).

MOSELEY, E. L., Bowling Green,
Ohio.
196 specimens of plants from Ohio
(gift).

MOXLEY, GEORGE L., Los Angeles,
California.

1 specimen of a cultivated plant
(gift).

NATURHISTORISCHES MUSEUM,
BOTANISCHES ABTEILUNG,
Vienna, Austria.

671 specimens of European plants
(exchange).



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



177



NATURHISTORISKA RIKSMU-
SEET, BOTANISKA AFDELN-
ING, Stockholm, Sweden.

257 specimens of plants, chiefly from
Cuba (exchange).

NEVERMANN, FERDINAND, San
Jose, Costa Rica.
10 specimens of fungi from Costa
Rica (gift).

NEW YORK BOTANICAL GAR-
DEN, New York.

94 specimens of plants, chiefly from
tropical America (exchange).

NICHOLS, HENRY W., Chicago.
1 packet of seeds (gift).

OBERLIN COLLEGE, DEPART-
MENT OF BOTANY, Oberlin,
Ohio.

480 specimens of plants, chiefly from
California (gift).

PANHANDLE LUMBER COM-
PANY, Spirit Lake, Idaho.

1 pine board for exhibition purposes
(gift).

PARKS, H. B., San Antonio, Texas.

1 specimen of plant from Texas
(gift).

PAY, CAPTAIN ARTHUR, Para-
maribo, Surinam.

5 specimens of Sickingia wood
(gift).

PICKREL WALNUT COMPANY,
St. Louis, Missouri.

3 walnut boards for exhibition pur-
poses (gift).

PITTIER, PROFESSOR H., Caracas,
Venezuela.

2 specimens of plants from Vene-
zuela (gift).

PLATANIA, PROFESSOR GAE-
TANO, Catania, Italy.

6 specimens of seaweeds (gift).

POMONA COLLEGE, DEPART-
MENT OF BOTANY, Clare-
mont, California.
915 specimens of plants of the United
States and Mexico (exchange).

PURPUS, DR. C. A., Zacuapam,
Mexico.

443 specimens of Mexican plants
(gift).



RAWSON, DR. VANCE, Chicago.
1 specimen of seeds of Pyrularia
from Kentucky (gift).

RICHTER, CONRAD, Albuquerque,
New Mexico.
3 specimens of plants from New
Mexico (gift).

RIDGWAY, ROBERT, Olney, Illinois.
1 specimen of an Illinois plant (gift).

RIDGWAY, ROBERT, ESTATE OF.
4,000 specimens, comprising the Robert

Ridgway Herbarium of Illinois

plants (bequest).

ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, Kew,
England.

676 specimens of plants from tropical
America (exchange).

ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS,

Edinburgh, Scotland.

401 specimens of plants from Para-
guay (exchange).

ST. CLAIR EXPERIMENT STA-
TION, Port-of -Spain, Trinidad.

1 plant specimen (gift).

SALGUES MUSEUM, Brignoles,
France.

2 specimens of plants (gift); 1
packet of seeds (gift).

SCHIPP, WILLIAM A., Belize, Brit-
ish Honduras.
466 specimens of plants (gift).

SCHRAMM, REV. E. E., Cabo Gra-
cias a Dios, Nicaragua.
56 specimens of plants from Nicara-
gua (gift).

SHERFF, Dr. E. E., Chicago.
33 specimens of plants (gift).

SMITH, F. W., Guasave, Mexico.
14 specimens of Mexican plants
(gift).

STANDLEY, MRS. FLORENCE A.,
Fort Myers, Florida.
9 specimens of plants from Florida
(gift); 4 packets of seeds (gift).

STANDLEY, PAUL C, Chicago.
471 specimens of plants of Illinois and
Indiana (gift); 289 packets of
seeds (gift).



178 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



STANDLEY, PAUL C, and
DOUBLEDAY, ARNOLD, Chi-
cago.
420 specimens of plants, chiefly
mosses, of Illinois and Indiana
(gift).

STANDLEY, PAUL C, and MAC-
BRIDE, J. FRANCIS, Chicago.
105 specimens of plants from Indiana
(gift).

STEVENSON, NEIL, Belize, British
Honduras.
5 specimens of palms from British
Honduras (gift).

STOKES, PROFESSOR W. E.,
Gainesville, Florida.

1 specimen of plant from Florida
(gift).

STORK, PROFESSOR H. E., North-
field, Minnesota.
668 specimens of plants from Costa
Rica (gift).

SUGAR PINE PRODUCERS OF
CALIFORNIA (through Profes-
sor Emanuel Fritz), Berkeley,
California.
5 planks of sugar pine lumber (gift) ;
collection of sugar pine cones
(gift).

TAPL, A., Elmhurst, Illinois.
1 wood specimen (gift).

TAYLOR, MRS. H. E., Kankakee,
Illinois.

1 specimen of an Illinois plant (gift).

THOMPSON, J. W., Seattle, Wash-
ington.

12 specimens of plants from Oregon
(gift).

THURING, WILLIAM, Chicago.
4 ears of corn (gift).

TURNER, DAY AND WOOLWORTH
HANDLE COMPANY, INC.,
Louisville, Kentucky.

4 specimens of ax and hammer
handles (gift) ; samples of hickory
nuts (gift).

UNITED FRUIT COMPANY,
Boston, Massachusetts.

1 trunk of a cow-tree (Couma guate-
malensis) from Guatemala (gift).



UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT
OF AGRICULTURE, OFFICE
OF FOREIGN PLANT INTRO-
DUCTION, Washington, D.C.

1 specimen of plant from Colombia
(gift).

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT
OF AGRICULTURE, OFFICE
OF SYSTEMATIC AGROS-
TOLOGY, Washington, D.C.

312 specimens of grasses (exchange).

UNITED STATES NATIONAL MU-
SEUM, Washington, D.C.

1,001 specimens of plants (exchange);
144 hand specimens of woods
(exchange).

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
HERBARIUM, Ann Arbor,
Michigan.

9 specimens of plants from the
Canal Zone (gift).

UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS,
DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY,
Austin, Texas.

11 specimens of plants (gift).

UPHOF, DR. J. C. T., Winter Park,
Florida.

4 specimens of Florida plants (gift).

VAUGHAN'S SEED STORE, Chi-
cago.

8 samples of leguminous seeds (gift).

VINCENT, MISS EDITH M., Chi-
cago.
8 specimens of mosses of Illinois
and Indiana (gift).

WALKER, E. T., Chicago.

1 specimen of Mucuna seeds (gift).

WALTHER, ERIC, San Francisco,
California.
1 specimen of a cycad (gift).

WESTCOTT, CHARLES, River For-
est, Illinois.
1 specimen of wood of Casuarina
(gift); 1 herbarium specimen
(gift).

WESTFALL, REV. FRED G., Gre-
sham, Wisconsin.
1 specimen of plant from Wisconsin
(gift).



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



179



WETMORE, R. H., Cambridge,
Massachusetts.
77 specimens of plants from the
Canal Zone (gift).

WILLIAMS, F. B., CYPRESS COM-
PANY, LTD., Patterson, Louisi-
ana.
4 cypress boards for exhibition pur-
poses (gift).

WILLIAMS, ICHABOD T., AND
SONS, New York.
3 panels of Cuban, Peruvian, and
Mexican mahogany (gift).

WILLIAMS, R. 0., Port-of-Spain,
Trinidad.
3 seed pods of mahogany (gift).

WITTE MEMORIAL MUSEUM,
San Antonio, Texas.
392 specimens of plants, chiefly from
Texas (gift).



WITTROCK, G. L., Chicago.

121 specimens of mosses of Illinois
(gift).

WOLCOTT, A. B., Downers Grove,

Illinois.

1 specimen of an Illinois plant
(gift).

YALE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF
FORESTRY, New Haven, Con-
necticut.

183 herbarium specimens, chiefly from
tropical America (gift); 1 pod of
milkweed from British Honduras
(gift) ; 1 black willow board (gift) ;
17 specimens of crude gums (gift);
1 fruit of African mahogany (gift);
1 abnormal wood growth (gift).

ZETEK, JAMES, Ancon, Canal Zone.

1 specimen of plant from the Canal
Zone (gift).



DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY



ACKERMAN, CHARLES N., Chicago.

1 specimen fossil wood — Antioch,
Illinois (gift); 1 specimen shell
marl — Grass Lake, Illinois (gift);
1 specimen wood cut by fossil
beaver — Grass Lake, Illinois
(gift).

ADAMSON, GEORGE H., Chicago.
6 specimens serpentine — Havana,
Cuba (gift).

BAHR, A. W., New York.

1 specimen fossil teleost fish — China
(gift).

BEDFORD, GEORGE, Morris, Illinois.
Parts of skeletons of two individ-
uals of mastodon, tusk and lower
jaws of mammoth, skull and ant-
lers of Cervalces, bones of bison —
Minooka, Illinois (gift).

BILHARZ, O. M., St. Louis, Missouri
(deceased).

4 teeth and 2 tusks of young mas-
todon — Flat River, Missouri
(gift).

BLOCHER, ARTHUR, Amboy, Illi-
nois.

87 specimens invertebrate fossils —



Inlet, Lee County, Illinois (ex-
change).

BOWER, WILLIAM, TOODIE and
FRANKLIN, Argos, Indiana.
Partial skeleton of Mastodon ameri-
canus — Argos, Indiana (gift).

BREECE, RAYMOND, St. Louis,
Missouri.
1 polished moss agate — near Miles
Canyon, Montana (gift).

BRYANT, E. R., Osceola, Missouri.

1 specimen weathered encrinal lime-
stone^Osceola, Missouri (gift).

BUHLIS, RICHARD, Little Rock,
Arkansas.
1 specimen gold in mariposite —
Mariposa, California (gift).

CHALMERS, WILLIAM J., Chicago.
1 specimen collinsite — British Co-
lumbia (gift); 8 specimens crys-
tallized minerals — Madagascar
(gift); 26 specimens crystallized
minerals — various localities (gift).

CHERONIS, NICHOLAS, Chicago.
7 specimens fluorescent and phos-
phorescent compounds (gift).



180 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE, ST. PAUL
AND PACIFIC RAILWAY,
Chicago.
1 specimen sand concretion —
Mobridge, South Dakota (gift).

CHRISTENSON, ARTHUR, Des-
plaines, Illinois.

1 specimen eroded limestone — Des-
plaines, Illinois (gift).

COLORADO MUSEUM OF NATU-
RAL HISTORY, Denver, Colo-
rado.

Prepared fossil skeleton of Trigonias
hypostylus (exchange).

CRANE, RICHARD T., JR., Chicago.

1 cabochon ruby — Ceylon (gift); 1

chrysoberyl cat's-eye — Ceylon

(gift); 1 cut aquamarine — Minas

Geraes, Brazil (gift).

DOORENBOS, GARRETT G., Kala-
mazoo, Michigan.

1 specimen oil sand — Jefferson
County, Colorado (gift); 1 speci-
men sand-lime concretion —
Adams County, Colorado (gift).

DVORAK, JOSEPH, JR., Downers
Grove, Illinois.

1 specimen fossil sponge — Downers
Grove, Illinois (gift).

EASTER, DR. MABEL B., Portland'
Oregon.

1 upper molar of Elephas Columbi —
PortTownsend, Washington (gift).

FEINBERG, A., Chicago.

1 specimen cave deposit — Chicago
(gift).

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL
HISTORY.
Collected by O. C. Farrington:

1 specimen feldspar — West Paris,
Maine.

1 specimen diabase — Medford, Mas-
sachusetts.

Collected by the Crane Pacific Expedi-
tion of Field Museum:

3 specimens rock — Suva, Fiji
Islands.

Collected by the Marshall Field North
Arabian Desert Expedition:
11 specimens desert sands — North
Arabian Desert.
1 specimen loess — North Arabian
Desert.



Collected by the Marshall Field Expe-
dition to Newfoundland:

24 specimens of minerals and ores —
Newfoundland.

Collected by the Marshall Field Expe-
dition to New Mexico:

173 specimens volcanic products — San
Mateo and Zuni Mountains, New
Mexico.

Prepared in Museum laboratory:
Model of an oil well — Lawrence-
ville, Illinois.

Purchases:

8 specimens fossil echinoids — Levy
County, Florida.

2 specimens sand concretions — Im-
perial Valley, California.

2 specimens illustrating wind ero-
sion — Indio, California.

1 specimen tourmaline — California.

1 specimen lodestone — Wasatch
Mountains, Utah.

1 cut black opal — Australia.

2 specimens fossil crinoids — Bund-
enbach, Germany.

35 specimens synthetic gems.

1 specimen garnet (cut).

1 specimen blue zircon (cut).
Portion of stone meteorite with crust

— Troup, Texas.

14 specimens altered meteorites —
Brenham, Kansas.

Etched section of Weekeroo meteor-
ite — Weekeroo, South Australia.

2 skulls and jaws of Protoreodon sp.
— Ouray, Utah.

Skull and jaws and other bones of
Achaenodon robustus — Uintah
Basin, Utah.

Partial skeleton of Hyrachyus —
Utah.

Relief map of Glacier Park.

FREDERICK, F. G., Chicago.

1 human skull — Montana (gift); 1
specimen Baculites — Montana
(gift); 1 specimen limonite and
quartz — Brazil (gift); 1 specimen
flint nodule — Montana (gift).

FRISZ, J. W., Waveland, Indiana.

1 specimen calcareous tufa with
sphagnum — Waveland, Indiana
(gift).



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



181



GARDEN, FRANK M., Lake Forest,
Illinois.
1 specimen Lorraine quartzite —
Searchmont, Canada (gift).

GEBAUER, HENRY, Chicago.

7 specimens minerals — various
localities (gift); 4 specimens clay-
stones — Middletown, Connecticut
(gift) ; 1 specimen fossil fish — Leb-
anon, Syria (gift); 381 specimens
invertebrate fossils and fossil
plants — various localities (gift).

GRAMS, WILLIAM F. C, Desplaines,
Illinois.

4 specimens fossil coral and 3 photo-
graphs — Cato, Wisconsin (gift).

HALVORSEN, E. E... Coalinga, Cali-
fornia.
73 specimens invertebrate fossils —
San Benito County, California
(gift).

HARBICHT, DARWIN, Ingomar,
Montana.

1 jaw of fossil fish, 1 vertebra of
fossil fish, 1 specimen fossil gastro-
pod — Grand View, Idaho (gift).

HUBBARD, F. N., Homewood, Illinois.

2 specimens hematite geodes — near
Murfreesboro, Arkansas (gift).

ILLINOIS STATE MUSEUM, Spring-
field, Illinois.

1 cast of the 9-pound individual of
the Tilden meteorite — Tilden,
Illinois (gift).

JENNINGS, A. A., Chicago.

1 specimen dendrites — Bisbee, Ari-
zona (gift).

JOHNSTON, W. J., Ingomar, Mon-
tana.

2 specimens fossil Baculites — Ingo-
mar, Montana (gift).

KEESTER, LIEUTENANT-COM-
MANDER W. J., Curtis Bay,
Maryland.

5 specimens volcanic dust — Katmai
volcano, Alaska (gift).

KEESTER, J. H., Cicero, Illinois.
1 specimen quartz crystals in quartz,
62 specimens quartz crystals, 2
specimens quartz crystals in ma-
trix — McCurtain County, Okla-
homa (gift).



KOELNAU, LUDWIG A. VON
GLAENTZKE, Chicago.

17 specimens agate and concretions
— Wisconsin and Chicago (gift).

KRANZ, LEROY, Harvey, Illinois.
7 specimens fossil plants — Mazon
Creek, Illinois (gift).

LAHDE, CLARENCE, Harvey,
Illinois.

7 specimens fossil plants — Mazon
Creek, Illinois (gift).

LETL, FRANK H., Chicago.

33 specimens invertebrate fossils —
Amboy, Illinois (gift); 5 speci-
mens fossil plants — Mazon Creek,
Illinois (gift); 3 specimens fossil
plants — near Coal City, Illinois
(gift).

LOVE, CHARLES A., Aurora, Illinois.

3 teeth of fossil shark, 3 teeth of
modern shark (gift).

LUKENS, W. D., British Columbia.

1 specimen collinsite — British Co-
lumbia (gift).

MACDAIRMID, MRS. FLORENCE,
Isle of Wight, England.

4 specimens invertebrate fossils —
Isle of Wight, England (gift).

MILLAR, JOHN R., Chicago.

15 specimens fossil plants — Moore
Mine, Terre Haute, Indiana (gift) .

MORRIS, MRS. H. C, Chicago.

1 specimen crude petroleum — Rea-
gan County, Texas (gift).

NICHOLSON, VICTOR, Chicago.
1 specimen glauconite — New Jersey
(gift).

NIEH, PAUL S., Chicago.

1 specimen sphalerite in a concre-
tion, 1 specimen double concre-
tion, 8 specimens fossil plants —
Mazon Creek, Illinois (gift).

PATTERSON, BRYAN, Chicago.
6 specimens invertebrate fossils —
various localities (gift); 8 speci-
mens fossil plants — Mazon Creek,
Illinois (gift).

PATTERSON, COLONEL J. H.,
Cairo, Egypt.

9 specimens invertebrate fossils —
Ghizeh, Egypt (gift).



182 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



PCH, MRS. MARY, Chicago.

2 specimens fossil coral — Indiana
(gift).

PETERSMEYER, E. C, Oklahoma.
1 specimen hematite concretion —
Breckenridge, Texas (gift).

PETERSON, WILLIAM A., Chicago.
Tusk of fossil mammoth — Yukon
River, Alaska (gift).

PFEIFER, MRS. H., Des Moines, Iowa.
1 specimen azurite, 1 specimen
quartz colored by copper com-
pound — Arizona (gift).

PITTS, WILLIAM B., Sunnyvale,
California.
5 specimens jasper, chalcedony and
priceite, 4 polished stones, 1 speci-
men tooth of fossil horse — Bar-
stow, California (gift).

PLANER, W. F., Hammond, Indiana.
7 specimens orthoclase crystals —
Bowie, Colorado (gift).

PRASUHN, JOHN G., Chicago.

25 specimens crinoid geodes, 6 speci-
mens chalcedony geodes, 5 speci-
mens quartz geodes — Morgan
County, Indiana (gift).

PURDUE UNIVERSITY, West
Lafayette, Indiana.
Portion of stone meteorite with crust
— Lafayette, Indiana (gift).

RASSWEILER, AUGUST, Chicago.
1 specimen limonite concretion —
Idar, Germany (gift).

RITCHIE BROTHERS, Saratoga
Springs, New York.
5 specimens fossil algae — Saratoga
Springs, New York (gift).

SCHERNIKOW, ERNEST, San Fran-
cisco, California.
16 specimens crystallized minerals —
California (gift).

SCOTT, PROFESSOR W. B., Prince-
ton University.
9 drawings of extinct animals from
the Santa Cruz formation —
Patagonia (gift).

SELLA, EMIL, Chicago.

4 specimens fossil plants — Scranton,
Pennsylvania (gift).



SOSNOVEC, V., St. Louis, Missouri.

3 specimens fossil coral, 5 specimens
concretions — St. Louis, Missouri
(gift).

STANDARD OIL COMPANY (In-
diana), Chicago.
1 chart of oil refinery, 105 speci-
mens products of petroleum —
Whiting, Indiana (gift).

STEWART, H. D., Galesburg, Illinois.

5 specimens invertebrate fossils-
near Galesburg, Illinois (gift).

STOCKON, ALEX, Allegan, Michigan.

1 specimen conglomerate — Allegan,

Michigan (gift).

THOMAS, E. T., Wayne, West Vir-
ginia.

4 specimens casts of concretions-
Tennessee (gift).

TINSLEY, MRS. JAMES H„ Chicago.
1 specimen fluorite — Rosiclare,
Illinois (gift).

UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO,
Chicago.
Articulated skeleton of Oreodon
gracilis; articulated skeleton of
Merychyus; articulated skull and
jaws of Poebrotherium — Nebraska
(exchange).

VONDRASEK, FRANK, Cicero, Illi-
nois.

6 specimens minerals — Arkansas
(gift).

WALKER, DR. JAMES W., Chicago.

1 specimen of fossil cephalopod —
Whitby, England (gift).

WANDT, CARL, Hazelcrest, Illinois.
6 specimens fossil plants — Mazon
Creek, Illinois (gift).

WILLIAMS, MRS. S. A., Chicago.

2 sand-lime concretions — El Centro,
California (gift).

WINHOLTZ, JERRY E., Chicago.
1 specimen fossil mollusk — Dupage
County, Illinois (gift).

WORK, MRS. JOSEPH W., Evanston,
Illinois.
45 specimens cut and mounted gems,
4 specimens quartz crystals —
various localities (gift).



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



183



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY



AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATU-
RAL HISTORY, New York.

2 birdskins — Ecuador (exchange).

ASTOR, LORD, London, England.
1 stoat skin and skull — England
(gift); 1 wildcat skin and skull —
Scotland (gift).

BENNORTH, DONALD, Elgin, Illi-
nois.
7 fishes — Elgin, Illinois (gift).

BERBRICH, M., Chicago.

1 salamander — Algonquin, Illinois
(gift).

BIEDERMAN, CHARLES R., Here-
ford, Arizona.

3 camel crickets — Huachuca Moun-
tains, Arizona (gift).

BOOTH, O. E., Des Moines, Iowa.

1 moth — Des Moines, Iowa (ex-
change).

BUREAU OF SCIENCE, Philippine
Islands.

60 snakes — Philippine Islands (gift).

BURT, CHARLES E., New York.
20 frogs, 8 lizards, 5 snakes — various
localities (exchange).

CAMERON, DR. WILL J., Chicago.

2 lizards — Namib Desert, south-
west Africa (gift).

CHICAGO ACADEMY OF SCI-
ENCES, Chicago.

1 blue goose — Louisiana (gift).

CLARK, E. W., Detroit, Michigan.
5 Butler's garter snakes (gift).

COCKERELL, PROFESSOR T. D.
A., Boulder, Colorado.

1 set scale-insects — Feernza, Cen-
tral Asia (gift).

CONOVER, H. B., Chicago.

1 pink-footed goose — Cambridge,
England (gift) ; 1 cinnamon teal —
Brigham, Utah (gift); 1 ring-
necked duck — Swan Lake, Illinois
(gift).

CROOK, DR. R. L., Yachow, China.
1 snake, 1 giant salamander —
Yachow, China (gift).



DICK, J. H., Chicago.

1 small gecko (gift).

EMERSON, DR. ALFRED E., Chi-
cago.

2 frogs, 8 snakes — Kartabo, British
Guiana (gift); 369 named ter-
mites — mostly British Guiana
(gift).

ERWIN, RICHARD P., Boise, Idaho.

2 scorpions, 2 pseudoscorpions, 1
spider, 5 toad bugs — Idaho (gift).

FALK, MARTIN, Chicago.

1 prairie rattlesnake — Crane, Texas
(gift).

FARLEY, R. B., Philadelphia, Penn-
sylvania.
1 blue goose egg — Gull Lake, Michi-
gan (gift).

FELGER, JESSE L., West Point, Mis-
sissippi.
1 horn snake skin — Mississippi
(gift).

FELLIPONE, FLORENTINO, Mon-
tevideo, Uruguay.
15 birdskins — Montevideo, Uruguay
(gift).

FIELD, HENRY, Chicago.

15 mollusks — Plymouth, England
(gift).

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL
HISTORY.

Collected by George K. Cherrie
(James Simpson-Roosevelts Asia-
tic Expedition):

30 shells — Chinese Turkestan.

Collected by Colonel J. C. Faunthorpe
(Marshall Field Expedition to
British India):

3 mammal skins, skulls and skele-
tons — India.

Collected by Ashley Hine (Field
Museum Arizona Expedition) :

323 birds, 3 mammals — Arizona and
British Columbia, Canada.

Collected by Colonel Theodore Roose-
velt, Kermit Roosevelt, C. Suydam
Cutting, Harold Coolidge, Jr.,



184 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Russell Hendee, Josselyn Van
Tyne, Ralph Wheeler, Herbert
Stevens (William V. Kelley-
Roosevelts Expedition to Eastern
Asia for Field Museum) :
1,479 mammal skins and skulls, 4,037
birds, 453 reptiles and batrachi-
ans, 438 fishes, 7,833 insects —
Yunnan and Szechwan, China;
French Indo-China, Siam, Philip-
pine Islands, Borneo.

Collected by Karl P. Schmidt, A. W.
Herre, Walter A. Weber and
Frank C. Wonder (Crane Pacific
Expedition of Field Museum):

881 mammal skins and skulls, 1,200
birds, 2,008 reptiles and batrachi-
ans, 686 fishes, 928 insects, 368
crustaceans, 132 mollusks, 100
worms, 25 echinoderms — Haiti,
Panama, Pacific Islands, East
Indies.

Collected by J. Eric Thompson (Sec-
ond Marshall Field Archaeological
Expedition to British Honduras) :
4 mammal skins and skulls, 17
birds — Arenal, British Honduras.

Collected by Bruce Thorne and George
Coe Graves II (Thorne-Graves
Arctic Expedition of Field Muse-
um):
7 walrus, 5 caribou — Alaska.

Collected by Third Asiatic Expedition
of American Museum of Natural
History with Field Museum coop-
erating:

197 mammals — China.

Collected by Harold A. White, John
Coats, C. J. Albrecht, George E.
Carey, Jr. (Harold White-John
Coats Abyssinian Expedition of
Field Museum):
85 mammals, 73 birds, 22 reptiles
and batrachians, 4 insects — Abys-
sinia and Tanganyika Territory.

Collected by J. E. Williamson and L.
L. Pray (Field Museum- William-
son Undersea Expedition to the
Bahamas) :

97 fishes, 1 frog, 502 crabs, shells,
corals and sea fans — Bahamas.

Purchases:

4 giant frogs — Cameroon, Africa.
1 Gila monster — Globe, Arizona.
12 mammals — Bolivia.



14 frogs, 126 lizards— St. Thomas
and British Virgin Islands.

4 peripatus — Trinidad, British West
Indies.

1 Rodgers's fulmar — Samoa, Cali-
fornia.

2 paroquets — Santa Marta, Co-
lombia.

4 birds — Ecuador.

45 mammal skins and skulls — Ecua-
dor.

6 rodents — Grafton, North Dakota.

3 least weasels — Grafton, North
Dakota.

44 birds — various foreign localities.

1 ibis — Merida, Venezuela.

6 fishes.

1 dogfish.

1 large cod.

FRANZEN, A. J., Chicago.

2 Brewer's blackbirds — Richmond,
Wisconsin (gift); 25 bird lice —
Michigan (gift).

FRIESSER, JULIUS, Chicago.

4 polar bears, 1 leopard — Alaska
and Abyssinia (exchange) ; 1 toad
— Schreiber, Ontario (gift).

GENERAL BIOLOGICAL SUPPLY
HOUSE, Chicago.
6 fishes— Fort Myers, Florida (gift) ;
1 salamander, 2 turtles — various
localities (gift).

GRANT, CLEVELAND P., Chicago.
1 bald eagle — Michigan City, Indi-
ana (gift).

GRONEMANN, CARL F., Elgin,
Illinois.
1 frog — Elgin, Illinois (gift).

HAGENBECK BROTHERS COM-
PANY, Stellingen, Germany.

1 sea elephant skeleton (gift).

HIXON, G. C, Chicago.

2 mammals — Lake Forest, Illinois
(gift).

JONSTO, MRS. AGNES, Chicago.
1 marsh hawk — Willow Springs,
Illinois (gift); 1 Tennessee war-
bler — Chicago (gift).

KELLEY, J. M., Chicago.

1 spotted salamander — Adams, New
York (gift).



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



185



KELLOGG, W. K., Battle Creek,
Michigan.
1 trumpeter swan, 3 greater snow
goose eggs — Augusta, Michigan
(gift).

KENDALL, DR. W. C., Freeport,
Maine.
19 tomcod — CascoBay, Maine (gift).

KENTUCKY GAME AND FISH
COMMISSION, Louisville, Ken-
tucky.

1 spotted tinamou — Kentucky

(gift).

LAMB, E. WENDELL, Bunker Hill,
Indiana.

2 water snakes — Bunker Hill, Indi-
ana (gift).

LETL, FRANK H., Chicago.

2 small mammal skins and skulls,
1 snake — Illinois (gift).

LEWY, DR. A. M., Chicago.

1 bat, 4 lizards, 2 snakes, 1 frog —
Tucson, Arizona (gift).

LINDAHL, SETH, Chicago.
5 gross shell vials (gift).

LUNQUIST BROTHERS, Chicago.
1 spider (gift).

MEDCALF, FRANK, Seattle, Wash-
ington.

1 mounted red squirrel — Suffolk,
England (gift).

MOONEY, JAMES, Deerfield, Illinois.
11 salamanders, 1 snake — Deerfield,
Illinois (gift).

MOSELEY, E. L., Bowling Green,
Ohio.

2 least weasels — Ohio (gift).

MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE
ZOOLOGY, Cambridge, Massa-
chusetts.

3 birds — Panama (exchange) ; 1 bird
— Cameroon, Africa (exchange); 2
caecilians — Tanganyika Terri-
tory, Africa (exchange).

MUSSELMAN, T. E., Quincy, Illinois.
1 albino mallard — Quincy, Illinois

(gift).

NEUMANN, OSCAR, Charlotten-
burg, Germany.



66 birds — South America, Europe,
and Asia (exchange).

NEUSIUS, WILLIAM, Yorkville, Illi-
nois.

1 albino crow — Yorkville, Illinois
(gift).
PALMER, JESSE T., Bocas del Toro,
Panama.

1 lizard skin, 1 iguana — Panama
(gift).

PARRISH, LEE H., Tulsa, Oklahoma.
3 rhinoceros iguanas — Haiti (gift).

PATTERI, ANTHONY, Chicago.
1 belted kingfisher — Chicago (gift).



PEET, FRED N., Chicago.
3 Canadian brook trout
(gift).



Canada



PETERSEN, MRS. LINA, Ocean
Springs, Mississippi.

2 hermit crabs — Horn Island, Mis-
sissippi (gift).

PORTER, F. M., Gladstone, Illinois.
1 woodchuck — Gladstone, Illinois

(gift).

PRAY, L. L., Homewood, Illinois.
1 jumping mouse — Porter County,
Indiana (gift).

RAKLIOS, JOHN, Chicago.

1 small boa constrictor — Chicago

(gift).

RAWSON, FREDERICK H., Chicago.
1 mounted trunkfish (gift).

REED, C. J., Maywood, Illinois.

1 goldfinch — Nugard, Illinois (gift).

RUSSELL, J. W., Chicago.

1 old squaw duck — Ravinia, Illinois
(gift).

SCHMIDT, F. J. W., Stanley, Wis-
consin.

2 mammal skins and skulls — Clark
County, Wisconsin (gift); 2 wood
turtles — Waupaca, Wisconsin
(gift); 20 salamanders, 128 frogs,
12 turtles, 12 turtle eggs, 17 liz-
ards, 104 snakes — Wisconsin
(gift).

SPLAYT, LOUIS J., Chicago.

1 red-tailed hawk — Channon,
Illinois (gift).



186 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



SPRAGUE, COLONEL A. A., Chicago.
2 framed paintings of birds by
Louis Agassiz Fuertes (gift).

STEVENS, MISS ETHEL ELIZA-
BETH, Zamboanga, Philippine
Islands.

1 crocodile — Zamboanga, Philip-
pine Islands (gift).

STUIVE, DERK, Momence, Illinois.

1 snake — Momence, Illinois (gift).

SVIHLA, A. and R. D., Ann Arbor,
Michigan.

2 pikas — Daggett County, Utah
(gift).

VACIN, E. T., Chicago.

1 muskalonge — Moose Lake, Wis-
consin (gift).



WEED, ALFRED C, Chicago.
1 snake — Chicago (gift).

WILLIAMSON, E. B., Bluffton, In-
diana.

106 dragon flies — North and South
Americas (gift).

WOLCOTT, A. B., Downers Grove,
Illinois.

1 small rodent — Downers Grove,
Illinois (gift).

WOOD, D. D., Sandakan, British
North Borneo.

11 crocodile skulls, 5 snakes, 1 hair
ball — British North Borneo (gift).

WYATT, ALEX. K., Chicago.

5 insects — Illinois and Wisconsin

(gift).



RAYMOND DIVISION
FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL UNITED FRUIT COMPANY, Bos-



HISTORY.

From Division of Photography: 783
slides for extension lectures; 34
negatives for extension lectures;
581 prints for files.



ton, Massachusetts.

26 copies of lecture "A Trip to
Banana Land," 184 slides (4 sets
of 46 each) to illustrate same,
4 slide cases, 1 motion picture
reel, 1 reel holder (gift).



DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY



FIELD, HENRY, Chicago.
480 negatives of natives, landscapes
and general views taken in Egypt,
Palestine and various European
countries (gift).

FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL
HISTORY.

Made by Division of Photography:
29,842 prints, 2,217 negatives,
2,268 lantern slides, 309 enlarge-
ments, 8 transparent labels, and 9
transparencies for exhibits.

Developed for expeditions: 949 nega-
tives.

Made by B. E. Dahlgren: 1,021
negatives of herbarium speci-
mens, plants, landscapes, sea-
scapes and general views in Para,
Brazil.

Made by Henry Field: 63 negatives
of stone implements, etc., at Kish,
Mesopotamia.



Made by C. J. Albrecht: 900 negatives
of natives, landscapes, etc., in
Central Africa; 24 negatives of
members of Harold White-John
Coats Abyssinian Expedition with
Negus Tafari Makonnen, at Addis
Ababa, Abyssinia.

Made by W. D. Hambly: 673 nega-
tives of natives, domestic animals,
landscapes and general views in
West Africa; 4,100 feet of motion
picture film taken in West Africa.

Made by R. W. Hendee: 98 negatives
of natives and general views in
Indo-China.

Made by Elmer S. Riggs: 1,097 nega-
tives of natives, landscapes and
general views in Argentina and
Bolivia.

Made by Sharat K. Roy: 257 nega-
tives of natives, seascapes and
general views in Baffin Land and
Newfoundland.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



187



Made by Karl P. Schmidt: 200 nega-
tives of natives, landscapes and
general views taken on Cornelius
Crane Pacific Expedition.

Made by J. Eric Thompson: 458
negatives of natives, landscapes,
seascapes and general views in
British Honduras.



Made by Llewelyn Williams: 129
negatives of natives and general
views in Peru and Brazil.

HANSEN, ERIK K., Chicago.

1 enlarged print of Eskimos in
house, Angmagsalik, East Green-
land (gift).



LIBRARY

LIST OF DONORS AND EXCHANGES

(Accessions are by exchange, unless otherwise designated)
FOREIGN INSTITUTIONS



AFRICA:

Geological Society, Johannesburg.
Institut d'Egypte, Cairo.
Ministry of Public Works, Cairo.
Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg.
Rhodesia Museum, Bulawayo.
Royal Society of South Africa, Cape

Town.
Soci6te d'Histoire Naturelle de

l'Afrique du Nord, Algiers.
SociSte de Geographic d'Alger,

Algiers.
Soctete' des Sciences Naturelles du

Maroc, Rabat.
South African Association for the

Advancement of Sciences, Cape

Town.
South African Department of Agri-
culture, Pretoria.
South African Museum, Cape Town.

ARGENTINA:

Academia Nacional de Ciencias,

Cordova.
Instituto Geografico Argentina,

Buenos Aires.
Ministerio de Agricultura, Buenos

Aires.
Sociedad Argentina de Ciencias

Naturales, Buenos Aires.
Sociedad Ornitologica del Plata,

Buenos Aires.
Sociedad Physis, Buenos Aires.
Universidad Nacional de Tucuman,

Tucuman.

AUSTRALIA:

Australian Museum, Sydney.

Botanic Gardens and Government
Domains, Sydney.

Commonwealth of Australia, Mel-
bourne.

Department of Agriculture, Ade-
laide.



Department of Agriculture, Queens-
land.

Department of Agriculture, Sydney.

Department of Agriculture, Welling-
ton.

Department of Agriculture of West-
ern Australia, Perth.

Department of Fisheries, Sydney.

Department of Mines, Brisbane.

Department of Mines, Sydney.

Department of Public Health, Can-
berra.

Field Naturalists' Club, Melbourne.

Forestry Commission, Sydney (gift).

Geological Survey of New South
Wales, Sydney.

Linnean Society of New South
Wales, Sydney.

Melbourne University, Melbourne.

Ornithological Society of South Aus-
tralia, Adelaide.

Public Library, Museum and Art
Gallery, Adelaide.

Public Library, Museum and Art
Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne.

Royal Society of Queensland, Bris-
bane.

Royal Society of South Australia,
Adelaide.

Royal Society of Tasmania, Hobart.

Royal Society of Western Australia,
Perth.

South Australian Museum, Adelaide.

Technological Museum, Sydney.

AUSTRIA:

Akademie der Wissenschaften,

Vienna.
Anthropos Administration, Vienna.
Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna.
Universitat, Vienna.
Verein der Freunde Asiatischer

Kunst und Kultur, Vienna.
Zoologisch-Botanische Gesellschaft,

Vienna.



188 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



BELGIUM:

Academie Royale de Belgique, Brus-
sels.

Academie Royale des Sciences, Brus-
sels.

Direction d'Agriculture, Brussels.

Institut Botanique Leo Errera, Brus-
sels.

Jardin Botanique de l'Etat, Brussels.

Musee Royal d'Histoire de Belgique,
Brussels.

Musees Royaux du Cinquentenaire,
Brussels.

Nederlandsch Phytopathologische
(Plantenziekten) Vereenigen,
Ghent.

Society Beige de Geologie, Brussels.

Soci6te de Botanique, Brussels.

Societe Royale de Sciences, Brussels.

University de Louvain, Louvain.

BRAZIL:

Biblioteca Nacional, Rio de Janeiro.
Instituto de Butantun, Sao Paulo.
Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de

Janeiro.
Ministerio de Agricultura, Rio de

Janeiro.
Museo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro.
Secretaria de Agricultura, Comercio

e Obras Publicas, Sao Paulo.
Servigo Geologico e Mineralogico,

Rio de Janeiro.

BRITISH GUIANA:

Board of Agriculture, Georgetown.
Forestry Department, Georgetown.
Royal Agricultural and Commercial
Society, Demara.

BRITISH WEST INDIES:

Department of Agriculture, Bridge-
town, Barbados.

Trinidad and Tobago Department of
Agriculture, Port of Spain, Trini-
dad.

CANADA:

Department of Agriculture, Ottawa,
Ontario.

Department of Agriculture, Victoria,
British Columbia.

Department of Mines, Ottawa,
Ontario.

Department of Mines, Toronto,
Ontario.

Department of the Interior, Geo-
logical Survey, Ottawa, Ontario.

Entomological Society of Ontario,
Toronto, Ontario.

Geological Survey, Ottawa, Ontario.



Horticultural Societies, Toronto,
Ontario.

McGill University, Montreal,
Quebec.

National Museum, Ottawa, Ontario.

Nova Scotian Institute of Natural
Sciences, New Brunswick, Nova
Scotia.

Provincial Museum, Toronto, On-
tario.

Provincial Museum, Victoria, Brit-
ish Columbia.

Royal Canadian Institute, Toronto,
Ontario.

Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa,
Ontario.

University de Montreal, Montreal,
Quebec.

University of Toronto, Toronto,
Ontario.

CEYLON:

Colombo Museum, Colombo.
Department of Agriculture, Co-
lombo.

CHILE:

Revista de bibliografia, Santiago.
Sociedad Nacional de Mineria, San-
tiago.

CHINA:

Fan Memorial, Institute of Biology,
Peiping.

Geological Society, Peiping.

Geological Survey, Peiping.

Metropolitan Library, Peiping.

National Research Institute, Shang-
hai.

Peiping Union Medical College, De-
partment of Anatomy, Peiping.

Royal Asiatic Society of North
China, Shanghai.

Science Society of China, Shanghai.

University of Nanking, Nanking.

COLOMBIA:

Ministerio de Industrias, Bogota.
Sociedad Colombiana de Ciencias
Naturales, Bogota.

CUBA:

Academia Nacional de Artes y

Letras, Havana.
Universidad de Habana, Havana.

CZECHOSLOVAKIA:

Academie Tcheque des Sciences,

Prague.
Deutscher Naturwissenschafthch-

Medizinischer Verein fur Bohmen

"Lotos," Prague.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



189



DENMARK:

Dansk Botanisk Forening, Copen-
hagen.

Dansk Geologisk Forening, Copen-
hagen.

Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening,
Copenhagen.

Dansk Ornithologisk Forening,
Copenhagen.

Societe Royale des Antiquaires du
Nord, Copenhagen.

Universite, Copenhagen.

ECUADOR:

Academia Nacional de Historia,

Quito.
Biblioteca Nacional, Quito.

FEDERATED MALAY STATES:
Federated Malay States Museums,

Kuala Lumpur.
Malayan Agricultural Society, Kuala

Lumpur.
Royal Asiatic Society, Malayan

Branch, Singapore.

FIJI ISLANDS:

Department of Agriculture, Suva.
Department of History and Eth-
nology, Suva.
Fijian Society, Suva.

FINLAND:

Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica,

Helsingfors.
Suomen Museo, Helsingfors.

FRANCE:

Academie des Sciences, Paris.
Ecole d'Anthropologie, Paris.
Musee Guimet, Paris.
Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Lyons.
Museum National d'Histoire Natu-
relle, Paris.
Nature, Paris.

Societe Botanique de France, Paris.
Societe Dauphinoise d'Ethnologie et

d'Anthropologie, Grenoble.
Society d'Histoire Naturelle

d'Ardennes, Ardennes.
Societe d'Histoire Naturelle,

Toulouse.
Societe de Geographie, Paris.
Societe des Americanistes, Paris.
Societe Linneenne, Bordeaux.
Societe Nationale d'Acclimatation

de France, Paris.
Societe d'Agriculture, Sciences et

Arts, Angers.
Society Nationale d'Horticulture de

France, Paris.



Society Scientifique du Bourbonnais
et du Centre de France, Moulins.

GERMANY:

Akademie der Wissenschaften, Ber-
lin.

Akademie der Wissenschaften, Hei-
delberg.

Akademie der Wissenschaften,
Leipzig.

Bayerische Akademie der Wissen-
schaften, Munich.

Bayerische Botanische Gesellschaft,
Munich.

Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Mu-
nich.

Botanischer Garten und Botanisches
Museum, Berlin.

Botanischer Verein der Provinz
Brandenburg, Berlin.

Deutsche Dendrologische Gesell-
schaft, Bonn-Poppelsdorf.

Deutsche Entomologische Gesell-
schaft, Berlin.

Deutsche Gesellschaft fiir Anthro-
pologic, Ethnologie und Urgesch-
ichte, Berlin.

Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesell-
schaft, Leipzig.

Deutscher Seefischerei Verein, Ber-
lin.

Deutsches Entomologisches Institut,
Berlin.

Frankfurter Gesellschaft fiir An-
thropologic, Ethnologie und Ur-
geschichte, Frankfort on the
Main.

Geographische Gesellschaft, Ham-
burg.

Georg-August-Universitat, Gottin-
gen.

Gesellschaft fiir Erdkunde, Berlin.

Gesellschaft fur Erdkunde, Leipzig.

Hamburgische Universitat, Ham-
burg.

Historischer Verein fiir Schwaben
und Neuburg, Augsburg.

Mineralogisch-Geologisches Mu-
seum, Dresden.

Museum fiir Tierkunde und Vblker-
kunde, Dresden.

Museum fiir Volkerkunde, Berlin.

Museum fiir Volkerkunde, Ham-
burg.

Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Gor-
litz.

Naturforschende Gesellschaft,
Nuremburg.

Naturhistorischer Verein der Preus-
sischen Rheinlande und West-
falens, Bonn.



190 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Naturhistorischer Verein fur Natur-

kunde, Wiesbaden.
Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein,

Bremen.
Ornithologische Gesellschaft in Bay-

ern, Munich.
Siichsische Akademie der Wissen-

schaft, Leipzig.
Senckenbergische Naturforschende

Gesellschaft, Frankfort on the

Main.
Thuringischer Botanischer Verein,

Weimar.
Universitats Bibliothek, Heidelberg.
Universitats Bibliothek, Marburg.
Universitats Bibliothek, Munich.
Universitats Bibliothek, Tubingen.
Verein fur Vaterlandische Natur-

kunde, Wiirttemberg.
Verein fur Volkskunde, Berlin.
Zoologisches Museum, Berlin.

GREAT BRITAIN:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

Ashmolean Natural History Society,
Oxford.

Birmingham Natural History and
Philosophical Society, Birming-
ham.

Brighton and Hove Natural History
and Philosophical Society,
Brighton.

Bristol Museum, Bristol.

British Library of Political Science,
London.

British Museum, London.

British Museum (Natural History),
London.

Cambridge Philosophical Society,
Cambridge.

Cambridge University, Cambridge.

Dove Marine Laboratory, Culler-
coats.

Fisheries Board, Edinburgh.

Geological Society, Liverpool.

Geological Survey of England and
Wales, London.

Geological Survey of Scotland, Edin-
burgh.

Geologists' Association, London.

Hull Museum, Hull.

Japan Society of London.

Lancashire Sea Fisheries Laboratory,
Liverpool.

Leicester Museum, Art Gallery and
Library, Leicester.

Linnean Society, London.

Liverpool Biological Society, Liver-
pool.



Liverpool Free Public Museum,
Liverpool.

London School of Economics and
Political Science, London.

Manchester Literary and Philo-
sophical Society, Manchester.

Manchester Museum, Manchester.

Marine Biological Association, Ply-
mouth.

National Indian Association, London.

National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

Oriental Ceramic Society, London
(gift).

Royal Anthropological Institute of
Great Britain and Ireland,
London.

Royal Asiatic Society of Great Brit-
ain and Ireland, London.

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Royal Colonial Institute, London.

Royal Geographical Society, London.

Royal Horticultural Society, London.

Royal Society, London.

Royal Society of Arts, London.

Royal Society of Edinburgh.

School of Oriental Studies, London.

South London Entomological and
Natural History Society, London.

Speleological Society, Bristol.

Tring Zoological Museum, Tring.

Victoria and Albert Museum, Lon-
don.

Wellcome Research Laboratories,
London.

Zoological Society, London.

GUATEMALA:

Sociedad de Geografia e Historia,
Guatemala City.

HUNGARY:

Magyar TermSszettudomanyi
Tarsulat, Budapest.

Musee National e Hongrois, Buda-
pest.

Royal Hungary School of Engineer-
ing, Mines and Forests, Budapest.

INDIA:

Anthropological Society, Bombay.

Archaeological Department, Hydera-
bad.

Archaeological Survey, Allahabad.

Archaeological Survey, Burma, Ran-
goon.

Archaeological Survey, Calcutta.

Archaeological Survey, Madras.

Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta.

Bihar and Orissa Research Society,
Patna.

Botanical Survey, Calcutta.

Department of Agriculture, Bombay.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



191



Department of Agriculture, Madras.

Department of Agriculture, Poona.

Department of Agriculture, Pusa.

Geological, Mining and Metallurgi-
cal Society of India, Calcutta.

Geological Survey, Calcutta.

Government Cinchona Plantations,
Calcutta.

Government of India, Calcutta.

Government Museum, Madras.

Indian Botanical Society, Calcutta.

Indian Museum, Calcutta.

Mining and Geological Institute of
India, Calcutta.

Prince of Wales Museum of West
India, Bombay.

Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta.

University of Calcutta, Calcutta.

Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.

IRELAND:

Belfast Natural History and Philo-
sophical Society, Belfast.
National Museum, Dublin.
Royal Irish Academy, Dublin.
University of Dublin, Dublin.

ITALY:

Istituto di Biologia Marina del

Tirreno, Siena.
Museo Civico di Storia Naturale,

Genoa.
R. Accademia delle Scienze, Naples.
R. Accademia delle Scienze, Turin.
R. Accademia Nazionale del Lincei,

Rome.
R. Orto Botanico Giardino Coloni-

ale, Palermo.
R. Scuola Superiore di Agriculture,

Portici.
R. Societa Geografica Italiana, Rome.
Societa dei Naturalisti, Naples.
Societa di Scienze Naturali ed Econ-

omiche, Florence.
Societa Italiana de Scienze Naturali,

Milan.
Societa Reale dei Napoli, Naples.
Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali,

Pisa.

JAPAN:

Anthropological Society of Tokio.

Department of Agriculture of For-
mosa.

Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Natur-
und Volkerkunde Ostasiens,
Tokyo.

Government Research Institute,
Taohoku, Formosa.

Imperial Academy of Tokyo.

Imperial Geological Society, Tokyo.



Imperial Geological Survey, Tokyo.

Imperial Household Museums,
Tokyo.

Imperial University, Tokyo.

Imperial University, College of
Agriculture, Kyoto.

Museum Work Promotion Associa-
tion, Tokyo.

Ornithological Society, Tokyo.

Tohoku Imperial University, Sendai.

Tokyo Botanical Society, Tokyo.

JAVA:

Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kun-
sten en Wetenschappen, Batavia.

Department of Agriculture, Buiten-
zorg.

Encyclopaedisch Bureau, Welte-
vreden.

Jardin Botanique, Weltevreden.

K. Natuurkundige Vereeniging in
Nederlandsch-Indie, Welte-
vreden.

MEXICO:

Institute Geologico de Mexico,

Mexico.
Secretaria de Arqueologia, Historia

y Etnografia, Mexico.
Secretaria de Educacion Publica,

Mexico.
Sociedad Cientifica "Antonio

Alzate," Mexico.
Sociedad de Geografia y Estadistica,

Mexico.
Sociedad Forestal de Mexico, Mexico.
Sociedad Geologica Mexicana,

Mexico.

NETHERLANDS:

Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wet-
enschappen, Haarlem.
Kolonial Institute, Amsterdam.
K. Akademie van W'etenschappen,

Amsterdam.
K. Instituut voor de Taal-Land-en

Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch

Indie, The Hague.
K. Nederlandsch Aardrijkundig

Genootschap, Amsterdam.
Landbouwhoogerschool, Wagen-

ingen.
Leiden Museum, Leiden.
Museum voor Land-en Volkenkunde

en Maritiem Museum "Prinz

Hendrik," Rotterdam.
Nederlandsch Vogelkundigen Club,

Leiden.
Rijks Ethnographisch Museum,

Leiden.



192 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



R i j k s Geologis ch - Miner alogisches

Museum, Leiden.
Rijks Herbarium, Leiden.

NEW ZEALAND:

Auckland Institute and Museum,
Wellington.

Canterbury Museum, Christchurch.

Cawthron Institute, Nelson.

Department of Agriculture, Wel-
lington.

Department of Mines, Geological
Survey, Wellington.

New Zealand Board of Sciences and
Art, Wellington.

New Zealand Institute, Wellington.

NORWAY:

Bergen Museum, Bergen.
Ethnographical Museum of Oslo.
Norsk Geologisk Forening, Oslo.
Tromso Museum, Tromso.
Zoologiske Museum, Oslo.

PALESTINE:

Institute of Agriculture and Natural
History, Tel-Aviv.

Palestine Oriental Society, Jeru-
salem.

PANAMA:

Gorgas Memorial Institute for Trop-
ical Medicine, Panama.

PARAGUAY:

Sociedad Cientifica, Asuncion.

PERU:

Universidad, Cuzco.

POLAND:

Academie Polonaise des Sciences et
des Arts, Cracow.

Musei Polonici Historiae Naturali,
Warsaw.

Society Botanique de Pologne, War-
saw.

PORTUGAL:

Universidade de Coimbra, Museu

Zoologico, Coimbra.
Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon.

ROUMANIA:

Universite de Jassy, Jassy.

SPAIN:

Institucio Catalana d'Historia Nat-
ural, Barcelona.

Junta para Amplicaci6n de Estudios
e Investigaciones Cientificas,
Madrid.



Musei de Ciencias Naturales,
Madrid.

R. Accademia de Ciencias, Madrid.

Sociedad Espanola de Antropologia,
Etnografia y Prehistoria, Madrid.

Sociedad Espanola de Historia Nat-
ural, Madrid.

SWEDEN:

Geologiska Institutet, Stockholm.
Goteborgs Botanika Tradgrad, Gote-

borg.
Goteborgs Museum, Goteborg.
K. Biblioteket, Stockholm.
K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,

Stockholm.
K. Vetenskaps-och Vitterhets-

Samhalle, Goteborg.
K. Vitterhets-, Historie-och Antik-

vitetsakademien, Stockholm.
Lunds Universitet, Lund.
Riksmuseets Etnografiska Avedeln-

ing, Stockholm.

SWITZERLAND:

Botanisches Museum, Zurich.
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques,

Geneva.
Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Basel.
Naturforschende Gesellschaft,

Zurich.
Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel.
Schweizerische Entomologische

Gesellschaft, Bern.
Societe Botanique, Geneva.
Societe de Physique et d'Histoire

Naturelle, Geneva.
Societe Neuchateloise de Geographie,

Neuchatel.

UNION OF SOCIALISTIC SOVIET
REPUBLICS:

Academie des Sciences, Leningrad.

Botanical Garden, Leningrad.

Latvijos Universitales Sistematiska
Zoologijos Institutam, Riga.

Musee d'Anthropologie, Leningrad.

Musee Geologique de Mineralogie
Pierre le Grand, Leningrad.

Russian Zoological Journal, Moscow.

Societe des Amis des Sciences Nat-
urales, d'Anthropologie et
d'Ethnographie, Moscow.

Society Ouralienne d'Amis des
Sciences Naturelles, Ekaterin-
berg.

University de l'Asie Centrale, Tash-
kent.

University of Moscow.

Zoological Museum, Moscow.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



193



URUGUAY:

Museo de Historia Natural, Monte-
video.



VENEZUELA:

Cultura Venezolana, Caracas.



DOMESTIC INSTITUTIONS



ALABAMA:

Geological Survey, University.

ARIZONA:

Arizona Museum, Phoenix.

CALIFORNIA:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Berkeley.

Balboa Park Museum, San Diego.

California Academy of Sciences, San
Francisco.

Cooper Ornithological Club, Holly-
wood.

Los Angeles Museum, Los Angeles.

Natural History Museum, San Diego.

Scripps Institution of Biological
Research, La Jolla.

Southern California Academy of
Sciences, Los Angeles.

Southwest Museum, Los Angeles.

Stanford University, Palo Alto.

State Mining Bureau, Sacramento.

University of California, Berkeley.

University of Southern California,
Los Angeles.

COLORADO:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Fort Collins.

Bureau of Mines, Denver.

Colorado College, Colorado Springs.

Colorado Scientific Society, Denver.

State Agricultural College, Fort Col-
lins.

State Historical and Natural History
Society, Denver.

CONNECTICUT:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
New Haven.

Connecticut Academy of Arts and
Sciences, New Haven.

Hartford Public Library, Hartford.

Osborn Botanical Laboratory, New
Haven.

State Geological and Natural His-
tory Survey, Hartford.

Yale University, New Haven.

DELAWARE:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Wilmington.

FLORIDA:

State Geological Survey, Tallahassee.
GEORGIA:

Geological Survey, Atlanta.



HAWAII:

Academy of Science, Honolulu.

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Honolulu.

Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum,
Honolulu.

Hawaiian Historical Society, Hono-
lulu.

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory,
Honolulu.

University of Hawaii, Honolulu.

IDAHO:

Inspector of Mines, Butte.
University of Idaho, Moscow.

ILLINOIS:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

Urbana.
Art Institute of Chicago.
Avicultural Society of America,

Chicago.
Board of Education, Chicago.
Chicago Academy of Sciences,

Chicago.
Chicago Public Library, Chicago.
Division of Natural History Survey,

Urbana.
Forestry Service, Urbana.
Geographic Society, Chicago.
Hardwood Record, Chicago.
Inland Printer, Chicago (gift).
Izaak Walton League of America,

Chicago (gift).
John Crerar Library, Chicago.
Loyola University, Chicago.
Morton Arboretum, Lisle.
Newberry Library, Chicago.
Northwestern University, Evanston.
Open Court Publishing Company,

Chicago.
State Board of Agriculture, Spring-
field.
State Geological Survey, Springfield.
State Historical Library, Springfield.
State Water Survey, Urbana.
University of Chicago.
University of Illinois, Urbana.

INDIANA:

Academy of Sciences, Indianapolis.

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Indianapolis.

Indiana Department of Conserva-
tion, Indianapolis.

Indiana University, Bloomington.



194 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



John Herron Art Institute, Indian-
apolis.

Purdue University, Lafayette.

University of Notre Dame, Notre
Dame.

IOWA:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Ames.

Historical, Memorial and Art Depart-
ment, Des Moines.

Iowa Academy of Science, Des
Moines.

Iowa Geological Survey, Des Moines.

Iowa Horticultural Society, Des
Moines.

Iowa State College of Agriculture,
Ames.

University of Iowa, Iowa City.

KANSAS:

Academy of Science, Topeka.
StateBoard of Agriculture, Lawrence.
University of Kansas, Lawrence.

KENTUCKY:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Louisville.

Kentucky Geological Survey, Frank-
fort.

LOUISIANA:

Department of Conservation, Baton

Rouge.
Tulane University, New Orleans.

MAINE:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Orono.

MARYLAND:

Academy of Science, Baltimore.

Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore.

Johns Hopkins University, Balti-
more.

Maryland Institute, Baltimore.

Maryland State Board of Forestry,
Baltimore.

MASSACHUSETTS:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Amherst.

American Academy of Arts and
Sciences, Boston.

American Antiquarian Society,
Worcester.

Boston Public Library, Boston.

Clark University, Worcester.

Essex Institute, Salem.

Harvard College, Museum of Com-
parative Zoology, Cambridge.



Harvard University, Arnold Arbore-
tum, Jamaica Plain.

Harvard University, Gray Herba-
rium, Cambridge.

Horticultural Society, Boston.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

New Bedford Public Library, New
Bedford.

Peabody Institute, Salem.

Peabody Museum, Cambridge.

Salem Public Library, Salem.

Springfield City Library Associa-
tion, Springfield.

Williams College, Williamstown.

MICHIGAN:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

Agricultural College.
Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit.
Grand Rapids Public Library, Grand

Rapids.
Michigan State Library, Lansing.
State Board of Library Commission,

Lansing.
Edward K. Warren Foundation,

Three Oaks.
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

MINNESOTA:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

University Farm.
Minneapolis Institute of Arts,

Minneapolis.
Minnesota Historical Society, St.

Paul.
University of Minnesota, St. Paul.

MISSISSIPPI:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Agricultural College.

Mississippi Plant Board, Agricul-
tural College.

MISSOURI:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Columbia.

Bureau of Geology and Mines, Rolla.

City Art Museum, St. Louis.

Missouri Botanic Garden, St. Louis.

Missouri Historical Society, Colum-
bia.

St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis.

University of Missouri, School of
Mines, Rolla.

Washington University, St. Louis.

NEBRASKA:

State University, Lincoln.

NEVADA:

Nevada University, Agricultural
Experiment Station, Carson City.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



195



NEW JERSEY:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

Trenton.
Newark Museums Association,

Newark.
Princeton University, Princeton.

NEW MEXICO:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

Santa Fe.
Historical Society, Santa Fe.
New Mexico Museum, Santa Fe.

NEW YORK:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

Geneva.
American Academy of Rome, New

York.
American Geographical Society,

New York.
American Museum of Natural His-
tory, New York.
American Polish Chamber of Com-
merce, New York (gift).
Bingham Oceanographic Collection,

New York (gift).
Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn.
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and

Sciences, Brooklyn.
Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences,

Buffalo.
Columbia University, New York.
Cornell University, Ithaca.
Garden Club of America, New York

(gift).
Italy-American Society, New York

(gift).
Japan Society, New York.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New

York.
Municipal Museum, Rochester.
Museum of the American Indian,

New York.
New York Academy of Sciences,

New York.
New York Botanical Garden, New

York.
New York Historical Society, New

York.
New York State Library, Albany.
New York University, New York.
Plastic Publications, New York

(gift).
Pratt Institute, New York.
Public Library, New York.
Rockefeller Foundation, New York

(gift).
State College of Forestry, Syracuse.
State Museum, Albany.
Staten Island Institution of Arts

and Sciences, New York.



Stone Publishing Company, New

York (gift).
Tompkins-Kiel Marble Company,

New York (gift).
United Fruit Company, New York

(gift).
University of the State of New York,

Albany.
Vanderbilt Marine Museum, New

York (gift).
Vassar College, Poughkeepsie.
Zoological Society, New York.

NORTH CAROLINA:

Duke University, Durham.
Elisha Mitschell Scientific Society,
Chapel Hill.

NORTH DAKOTA:

State Historical Society, Bismarck.
University of North Dakota, Uni-
versity.

OHIO:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Wooster.

Cincinnati Museums Association,
Cincinnati.

Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleve-
land.

Cleveland Museum of Natural His-
tory, Cleveland.

Cleveland Public Library, Cleve-
land.

Denison University, Granville.

Oberlin College, Oberlin.

Ohio Academy of Science, Columbus.

Ohio Archaeological and Historical
Society, Columbus.

Ohio State Museum, Columbus.

Ohio State University, Columbus.

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati.

Wilson Ornithological Club, Oberlin.

OKLAHOMA:

Oklahoma Academy of Sciences,
Norman.

Oklahoma Geological Survey, Nor-
man.

University of Oklahoma, Norman.

OREGON:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

Corvallis.
State College, Corvallis.
University of Oregon, Eugene.

PENNSYLVANIA:

Academy of Natural Sciences, Phila-
delphia.

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Harrisburg.



196 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



American Philosophical Society,
Philadelphia.

Antivenin Institute of America,
Philadelphia.

Bureau of Topographical and Geo-
logical Survey, Harrisburg.

Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh.

Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh.

Department of Agriculture, Harris-
burg.

Department of Forests and Waters,
Harrisburg.

Engineers' Society of Western Penn-
sylvania, Pittsburgh.

Erie Public Museum, Erie.

Franklin Institute, Philadelphia.

Pennsylvania Museum and School
of Industrial Art, Philadelphia.

Philadelphia College of Pharmacy,
Philadelphia.

Sullivant Moss Society, Pittsburgh.

University of Pennsylvania, Phila-
delphia.

University of Pennsylvania, Mu-
seum, Philadelphia.

Wagner Free Institute of Science,
Philadelphia.

Wistar Institute of Anatomy and
Biology, Philadelphia.

PHILIPPINE ISLANDS:

Bureau of Education, Manila.
Bureau of Science, Manila.
Department of Agriculture and

Natural Resources, Manila.
Department of Interior, Manila.

RHODE ISLAND:

Roger Williams Park Museum , Provi-
dence.

SOUTH DAKOTA:

State School of Mines, Rapid City.

TENNESSEE:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Nashville.

TEXAS:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

College Station.
Baylor University, Waco.
Scientific Society, San Antonio.
University of Texas, Austin.

UTAH:

Agricultural Experiment Station,

Logan.
University of Utah, Salt Lake City.

VERMONT:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Burlington.



Geological Survey, Burlington.

VIRGINIA:

State Library, Richmond.
University of Virginia, Charlottes-
ville.

WASHINGTON (State of):

Agricultural Experiment Station,

Seattle.
Mountaineer Club, Seattle.
Pacific Northwest Bird and Mammal

Society, Seattle.
Puget Sound Biological Station,

Seattle.
Washington University, Seattle.
Washington University, Historical

Society, Seattle.

WASHINGTON, D.C.:

American Association for the Ad-
vancement of Science.

American Association of Museums.

American Mining Congress.

Archaeological Institute of America.

Carnegie Institution of Washington
(gift).

Library of Congress.

National Academy of Science.

National Parks Bulletin.

National Research Council.

Pan-American Union.

Science Service.

Smithsonian Institution.

Tropical Plant Research Foundation.

United States Government.

United States National Museum.

WEST VIRGINIA:

Academy of Science, Morgantown.
Geological Survey, Morgantown.
State Department of Agriculture,

Charleston.
West Virginia University, Morgan-
town.

WISCONSIN:

Agricultural Experiment Station,
Madison.

Beloit College, Beloit.

Logan Museum, Beloit.

Public Museum of Milwaukee.

State Horticultural Society, Madi-
son.

University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Wisconsin Academy of Arts, Sciences
and Letters, Madison.

Wisconsin Archaeological Society,
Madison.

WYOMING:

Wyoming University, Laramie.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



197



INDIVIDUALS

(Accessions are by gift unless otherwise designated)



Aldrich, J. M., Washington, D.C.
Allen, T. George, Chicago.
Ames, Oakes, Cambridge, Massachu-
setts.

Baker, Frank C, Urbana, Illinois.

Barnes, R. Magoon, Lacon, Illinois.

Bassler, R. S., Washington, D.C.

Beaux, Oscar de, Geneva, Switzerland
(exchange).

Bennett, Neville, London, England.

Birkel, Emil, Stavanger, Norway (ex-
change).

Blake, S. F., Washington, D.C. (ex-
change).

Boas, Franz, New York (exchange).

Boerschmann, Ernst.

Bokor, Michael, Chicago.

Borden, John, Chicago.

Borodin, Nichols, Cambridge, Massa-
chusetts.

Braschi Silvio, A., Caracas, Venezuela.

Brown, Charles E., Madison, Wiscon-
sin (exchange).

Buscaloni, Luigi, Bologna, Italy (ex-
change).

Cockerell, T. D. A., Boulder, Colorado

(exchange).
Codazzi, Ricardo L., Bogota, Colombia

(exchange).
Cook, Harold J., Agate, Colorado.
Coolidge, Harold J., Jr., Cambridge,

Massachusetts.
Crane, Cornelius V., Chicago.

Dickey, Donald R., Pasadena, Cali-
fornia (exchange).

Dohmen, U. A., Chicago.

Domin, Karel, Prague, Czechoslovakia
(exchange).

Emerson, Alfred E., Chicago.

Farley, M. F., Foochow, China (ex-
change).
Farwell, Oliver A., Detroit, Michigan.
Field, Henry, Chicago.
Field, Stanley, Chicago.
Frankfort, H., London, England.
Friedlander und Sohn, Berlin, Germany.

Garvin, Mr. and Mrs. Francis P.,
Roslyn, Illinois.

Gerhard, William J., Chicago.

Gillette, G. F., Boston, Massachusetts.

Gladwin, Harold S., Pasadena, Cali-
fornia.

Gleerup, C. W. K., Lund, Sweden.



Hartert, Ernst, Berlin, Germany (ex-
change).

Herter, Guillermo, Montevideo, Uru-
_ guay.

Hicken, C. M., Buenos Aires, Argentina
(exchange).

Hinsdale, Wilfert D., Ann Arbor,
Michigan (gift).

Hobbs, William H., Ann Arbor, Michi-
gan.

Hubbs, Carl L., Ann Arbor, Michigan
(exchange).

Hungerford, H. B., Lawrence, Kansas.

Jijon y Camaanano, J., Quito, Ecuador.
Jillson, Willard R., Frankfort, Ken-
tucky.
Jones, David T., Marietta, Ohio.
Judd, Neil M., Washington, D.C. (ex-
change).

Kellogg, John P., Chicago.
Kenyon, A. S.

Kinghorn, J. R., Sydney, Australia.
Krenner, Josef, Budapest, Hungary.
Kukenthal, Willy, Coburg, Germany.

Lahille, F., Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Landis, D. H., Windom, England.

Langdon, Stephen, Oxford, England.

Laufer, Berthold, Chicago.

Lewis, A. B., Chicago.

Love, Charles A., Aurora, Illinois.

Meek, Alexander, Durham, England.

Mertens, Robert, Frankfort on the
Main, Germany.

Mexia, Ynes, Berkeley, California.

Meylan, O., Geneva, Switzerland.

Moorehead, Warren, Andover, Massa-
chusetts (exchange).

Morrison, J. P. E., Madison, Wisconsin.

Miiller, Lorenz, Munich, Germany (ex-
change).

Nichols, H. W., Chicago.

Oliveira, Euzebio Paulo de, Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil.

Osgood, Wilfred H., Chicago.

Outes, Felix F., Buenos Aires, Argen-
tina.

Penrose, R. A. F., Jr., Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania (exchange).

Peters, James L., Cambridge, Massa-
chusetts (exchange).

Peterson, O. A., Pittsburgh, Pennsyl-
vania (exchange).

Pittier, Henry, Caracas, Venezuela (ex-
change).



198 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Pollock, James B., Ann Arbor, Michi-
gan.

Pospisil, Frantisek, Briinn, Austria.

Prater, S. EL, Bombay, India.

Proctor, William, Philadelphia, Penn-
sylvania.

Prout, A. E., London, England.

Putnam, Edward R., Davenport, Iowa.

Riggs, Elmer S., Chicago.

Rivet, Paul, Paris, France (exchange).

Roberts, George, Lake Forest, Illinois.

Roddy, H. Justin, Lancaster, England.

Roth, Walter E., Christianburg, Sweden
(exchange).

Rusconi, Carlos, Buenos Aires, Argen-
tina.

St. John, Harold, Seattle, Washington.

Schinz, Hans, Zurich, Switzerland (ex-
change).

Schlaginhaufen, Otto, Zurich, Switzer-
land (exchange).

Schmidt, Karl P., Chicago.

Schuller, Rudolph, San Jose, Costa Rica.

Sergi, Giuseppe, Rome, Italy (ex-
change).

Sherff, Earl E., Chicago.

Simms, Stephen C, Chicago.



Staley, Forest H., St. Louis, Missouri.
Standley, Paul C, Chicago.
Strand, Embrik, St. Riga, U.S.S.R.
Sushkin, Alexander, Detroit, Michigan.

Talbot, G.

Tanaka, Shigeho, Tokyo, Japan (ex-
change).

Thalbitzer, W., Copenhagen, Denmark.

Thelen, Rolf, Madison, Wisconsin.

Thompson, J. Eric, Chicago.

Todd, W. E. Clyde, Pittsburgh, Penn-
sylvania (exchange).

Voborsky, Josef K., Chicago.

Walsh, George B., Scarborough, Eng-
land (exchange).

Watson, Elba E., East Lansing, Michi-
gan.

Weeks, A. G., Jr., Boston, Massa-
chusetts.

Winsor, Henry, Philadelphia, Penn-
sylvania.

Wood, F. E., Chicago.

Zimanyi, Karl, Budapest, Hungary (ex-
change).
Zimmer, John T., Chicago.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 199

ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION



STATE OF ILLINOIS

DEPARTMENT OF STATE

William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State

To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting:

Whereas, a Certificate duly signed and acknowledged having been filed in the
office of the Secretary of State, on the 16th day of September, A.D. 1893, for the
organization of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO, under and in ac-
cordance with the provisions of "An Act Concerning Corporations," approved
April 18, 1872, and in force July 1, 1872, and all acts amendatory thereof, a copy
of which certificate is hereto attached.

Now, therefore, I, William H. Hinrichsen, Secretary of State of the State of
Illinois, by virtue of the powers and duties vested in me by law, do hereby certify
that the said COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF CHICAGO is a legally organized
Corporation under the laws of this State.

In Testimony Whereof, I hereto set my hand and cause to be affixed the
Great Seal of State. Done at the City of Springfield, this 16th day of September,
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-three, and of the
Independence of the United States the one hundred and eighteenth.

W. H. HINRICHSEN,
[Seal] Secretary of State.



TO HON. WILLIAM H. HINRICHSEN,

Secretary of State:
Sir:

We, the undersigned citizens of the United States, propose to form a cor-
poration under an act of the General Assembly of the State of Illinois, entitled
"An Act Concerning Corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and all acts
amendatory thereof; and that for the purposes of such organization we hereby
state as follows, to- wit:

1. The name of such corporation is the "COLUMBIAN MUSEUM OF
CHICAGO."

2. The object for which it is formed is for the accumulation and dis-
semination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illus-
trating Art, Archaeology, Science and History.

3. The management of the aforesaid museum shall be vested in a Board of
Fifteen (15) Trustees, five of whom are to be elected every year.

4. The following named persons are hereby selected as the Trustees for the
first year of its corporate existence:

Edward E. Ayer, Charles B. Farwell, George E. Adams, George R. Davis,
Charles L. Hutchinson, Daniel H. Burnham, John A. Roche, M. C. Bullock,
Emil G. Hirsch, James W. Ellsworth, Allison V. Armour, O. F. Aldis, Edwin
Walker, John C. Black and Frank W. Gunsaulus.

5. The location of the Museum is in the City of Chicago, County of Cook,
and State of Illinois.

(Signed)

George E. Adams, C. B. Farwell, Sidney C. Eastman, F. W. Putnam, Robert
McCurdy, Andrew Peterson, L. J. Gage, Charles L. Hutchinson, Ebenezer



200 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII

Buckingham, Andrew McNally, Edward E. Ayer, John M. Clark, Herman H.
Kohlsaat, George Schneider, Henry H. Getty, William R. Harper, Franklin H.
Head, E. G. Keith, J. Irving Pearce, Azel F. Hatch, Henry Wade Rogers,
Thomas B. Bryan, L. Z. Leiter, A. C. Bartlett, A. A. Sprague, A. C. McClurg,
James W. Scott, Geo. F. Bissell, John R. Walsh, Chas. Fitzsimmons, John A.
Roche, E. B. McCagg, Owen F. Aldis, Ferdinand W. Peck, James H. Dole,
Joseph Stockton, Edward B. Butler, John McConnell, R. A. Waller, H. C.
Chatfield-Taylor, A. Crawford, Wm. Sooy Smith, P. S. Peterson, John C.
Black, Jno. J. Mitchell, C. F. Gunther, George R. Davis, Stephen A. Forbes,
Robert W. Patterson, Jr., M. C. Bullock, Edwin Walker, George M. Pullman,
William E. Curtis, James W. Ellsworth, William E. Hale, Wm. T. Baker,
Martin A. Ryerson, Huntington W. Jackson, N. B. Ream, Norman Williams,
Melville E. Stone, Bryan Lathrop, Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Philip D. Armour.



State of Illinois

~ > ss.

Cook County



)



I, G. R. Mitchell, a Notary Public in and for said County, do hereby
certify that the foregoing petitioners personally appeared before me and
acknowledged severally that they signed the foregoing petition as their free and
voluntary act for the uses and purposes therein set forth.

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 14th day of September, 1893.

G. R. MITCHELL,
[Seal] Notary Public, Cook County, III.



CHANGE OF NAME



Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held
the 25th day of June, 1894, the name of the COLUMBIAN MUSEUM was
changed to FIELD COLUMBIAN MUSEUM. A certificate to this effect was
filed June 26, 1894, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois.



CHANGE OF NAME



Pursuant to a resolution passed at a meeting of the corporate members held
the 8th day of November, 1905, the name of the FIELD COLUMBIAN
MUSEUM was changed to FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.
A certificate to this effect was filed November 10, 1905, in the office of the
Secretary of State for Illinois.



CHANGE IN ARTICLE 3

Pursuant to a resolution at a meeting of the corporate members held the
10th day of May, 1920, the management of FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL
HISTORY shall be invested in a Board of Twenty-one (21) Trustees, who
shall be elected in such manner and for such time and term of office as may
be provided for by the By-Laws. A certificate to this effect was filed May 21,
1920, in the office of the Secretary of State for Illinois.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 201



AMENDED BY-LAWS



JANUARY 1930



ARTICLE I

MEMBERS

Section 1. Members shall be of eleven classes, Corporate Members, Hon-
orary Members, Patrons, Benefactors, Fellows, Life Members, Non-Resident
Life Members, Associate Members, Non-Resident Associate Life Members,
Sustaining Members, and Annual Members.

Section 2. The Corporate Members shall consist of the persons named in
the articles of incorporation, and of such other persons as shall be chosen from
time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, upon the recom-
mendation of the Executive Committee; provided, that such person named in
the articles of incorporation shall, within ninety days from the adoption of these
By-Laws, and persons hereafter chosen as Corporate Members shall, within
ninety days of their election, pay into the treasury the sum of Twenty Dollars
($20.00) or more. Corporate Members becoming Life Members, Patrons or
Honorary Members shall be exempt from dues. Annual meetings of said
Corporate Members shall be held at the same place and on the same day that the
annual meeting of the Board of Trustees is held.

Section 3. Honorary Members shall be chosen by the Board from among
persons who have rendered eminent service to science, and only upon unanimous
nomination of the Executive Committee. They shall be exempt from all dues.

Section 4. Patrons shall be chosen by the Board upon recommendation of
the Executive Committee from among persons who have rendered eminent ser-
vice to the Museum. They shall be exempt from all dues, and, by virtue of their
election as Patrons, shall also be Corporate Members.

Section 5. Any person contributing or devising the sum of One Hundred
Thousand Dollars ($100,000.00) in cash, or securities, or property to the funds
of the Museum, may be elected a Benefactor of the Museum.

Section 6. Any person contributing the sum of Five Thousand Dollars
($5,000.00) in cash or securities to the funds of the Museum, may be elected
a Fellow of the Museum, who after being so elected shall have the right in
perpetuity to appoint the successor in said Fellowship.

Section 7. Any person paying into the treasury the sum of Five Hundred
Dollars ($500.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board,
become a Life Member. Life Members shall be exempt from all dues, and shall
enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded to mem-
bers of the Board of Trustees. Any person residing fifty miles or more from
the city of Chicago, paying into the treasury the sum of One Hundred Dollars
($100.00) at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become
a Non-Resident Life Member. Non-Resident Life Members shall be exempt
from all dues, and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum
that are accorded to members of the Board of Trustees.

Section 8. Any person paying into the treasury of the Museum the sum
of One Hundred Dollars ($100.00), at any one time, shall, upon the unanimous
vote of the Board, become an Associate Member. Associate Members shall be
entitled to: tickets admitting member and members of family, including non-
resident home guests; all publications of the Museum, if so desired; reserved
seats for all lectures and entertainments under the auspices of the Museum, pro-
vided reservation is requested in advance; and admission of holder of member-
ship and accompanying party to all special exhibits and Museum functions day
or evening. Any person residing fifty miles or more from the city of Chicago,
paying into the treasury the sum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) at any one time, shall,
upon the unanimous vote of the Board, become a Non-Resident Associate Life



202 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Member. Non-Resident Associate Life Members shall be exempt from all dues,
and shall enjoy all the privileges and courtesies of the Museum that are accorded
to Associate Members.

Section' 9. Sustaining Members shall consist of such persons as are selected
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who
shall pay an annual fee of Twenty-five Dollars (S25.00), payable within thirty
days after notice of election and within thirty days after each recurring annual
date. This Sustaining Membership entitles the member to free admission for
the member and family to the Museum on any day, the Annual Report and such
other Museum documents or publications as may be requested in writing. When
a Sustaining Member has paid the annual fee of $25.00 for six years, such mem-
ber shall be entitled to become an Associate Member.

Section* 10. Annual Members shall consist of such persons as are selected
from time to time by the Board of Trustees at any of its meetings, and who
shall pay an annual fee of Ten Dollars ($10.00), payable within thirty days after
each recurring annual date. An Annual Membership shall entitle the member
to a card of admission for the member and family during all hours when the
Museum is open to the public, and free admission for the member and family
to all Museum lectures or entertainments. This membership will also entitle
the holder to the courtesies of the membership privileges of every Museum of
note in the United States and Canada, so long as the existing system of co-
operative interchange of membership tickets shall be maintained, including
tickets for any lectures given under the auspices of any of the Museums during a
visit to the cities in which the cooperative museums are located.

Section* 11. All membership fees, excepting Sustaining and Annual, shall
hereafter be applied to a permanent Membership Endowment Fund, the interest
only of which shall be applied for the use of the Museum as the Board of
Trustees may order.

ARTICLE II

BOARD OF TRUSTEES

Section* 1. The Board of Trustees shall consist of twenty-one members.
The respective members of the Board now in office, and those who shall here-
after be elected, shall hold office during life. Vacancies occurring in the Board
shall be filled at a regular meeting of the Board, upon the nomination of the
Executive Committee made at a preceding regular meeting of the Board, by a
majority vote of the members of the Board present.

Section* 2. Regular meetings of the Board shall be held on the third Mon-
day of each month. Special meetings may be called at any time by the President,
and shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of three Trustees.
Five Trustees shall constitute a quorum, except for the election of officers or the
adoption of the Annual Budget, when seven Trustees shall be required, but meet-
ings may be adjourned by any less number from day to day, or to a day fixed,
previous to the next regular meeting.

Section* 3. Reasonable written notice, designating the time and place of
holding meetings, shall be given by the Secretary.

ARTICLE III

honorary trustees

Section* 1. As a mark of respect, and in appreciation of services performed
for the Institution, those Trustees who by reason of inability, on account of
change of residence, or for other cause or from indisposition to serve longer
in such capacity shall resign their place upon the Board, may be elected, by a
majority of those present at any regular meeting of the Board, an Honorary
Trustee for life. Such Honorary Trustee will receive notice of all meetings
of the Board of Trustees, whether regular or special, and will be expected to be
present at all such meetings and participate in the deliberations thereof, but an
Honorary Trustee shaU not have the right to vote.



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 203

ARTICLE IV

OFFICERS

Section 1. The officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Secretary, an Assistant Secre-
tary and a Treasurer. They shall be chosen by ballot by the Board of Trustees,
a majority of those present and voting being necessary to elect. The President,
the First Vice-President, the Second Vice-President, and the Third Vice-Presi-
dent shall be chosen from among the members of the Board of Trustees. The
meeting for the election of officers shall be held on the third Monday of January
of each year, and shall be called the Annual Meeting.

Section* 2. The officers shall hold office for one year, or until their suc-
cessors are elected and qualified, but any officer may be removed at any regular
meeting of the Board of Trustees by a vote of two-thirds of all the members
of the Board. Vacancies in any office may be filled by the Board at any meeting.

Section 3. The officers shall perform such duties as ordinarily appertain
to their respective offices, and such as shall be prescribed by the By-Laws, or
designated from time to time by the Board of Trustees.

ARTICLE V

THE TREASURER

Section 1. The Treasurer shall be custodian of the funds of the Corpo-
ration except as hereinafter provided. He shall make disbursements only upon
warrants drawn by the Director and countersigned by the President. In the
absence or inability of the Director, warrants may be signed by the Chairman
of the Finance Committee, and in the absence or inability of the President, may
be countersigned by one of the Vice-Presidents, or any member of the Finance
Committee.

Section 2. The securities and muniments of title belonging to the cor-
poration shall be placed in the custody of some Trust Company of Chicago to
be designated by the Board of Trustees, which Trust Company shall collect
the income and principal of said securities as the same become due. and pay
same to the Treasurer, except as hereinafter provided. Said Trust Company
shall allow access to and deliver any or all securities or muniments of title to
the joint order of the following officers, namely The President or one of the
Vice-Presidents, jointly with the Chairman, or one of the Vice-Chairmen, of the
Finance Committee of the Museum.

Section 3. The Treasurer shall give bond in such amount, and with such
sureties as shall be approved by the Board of Trustees.

Section 4. The Harris Trust & Savings Bank of Chicago shall be Cus-
todian of "The N. W. Harris Public School Extension of Field Museum" fund.
The bank shall make disbursements only upon warrants drawn by the Director
and countersigned by the President. In the absence or inability of the Director,
warrants may be signed by the Chairman of the Finance Committee, and in the
absence or inability of the President, may be countersigned by one of the Vice-
Presidents, or any member of the Finance Committee.

ARTICLE VI

the director

Section 1. The Board of Trustees shall elect a Director of the Museum,
who shall remain in office until his successor shall be elected. He shall have im-
mediate charge and supervision of the Museum, and shall control the operations
of the Institution, subject to the authority of the Board of Trustees and its
Committees. The Director shall be the official medium of communication be-
tween the Board, or its Committees, and the scientific staff and maintenance
force.

Section 2. There shall be four scientific Departments of the Museum —
Anthropology, Botany, Geology and Zoology; each under the charge of a



204 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII

Curator, subject to the authority of the Director. The Curators shall be ap-
pointed by the Board upon the recommendation of the Director, and shall
serve during the pleasure of the Board. Subordinate staff officers in the
scientific Departments shall be appointed and removed by the Director upon
the recommendation of the Curators of the respective Departments. The
Director shall have authority to employ and remove all other employees of the
Museum.

Section 3. The Director shall make report to the Board at each regular
meeting, recounting the operations of the Museum for the previous month. At
the Annual Meeting, the Director shall make an Annual Report, reviewing
the work for the previous year, which Annual Report shall be published in
pamphlet form for the information of the Trustees and Members, and for free
distribution in such number as the Board may direct.

ARTICLE VII

AUDITOR

Section 1. The Board shall appoint an Auditor, who shall hold his office
during the pleasure of the Board. He shall keep proper books of account, set-
ting forth the financial condition and transactions of the Corporation, and of the
Museum, and report thereon at each regular meeting, and at such other times
as may be required by the Board. He shall certify to the correctness of all
bills rendered for the expenditure of the money of the Corporation.

ARTICLE VIII

committees

Section 1. There shall be five Committees, as follows: Finance, Building,
Auditing, Pension and Executive.

Section 2. The Finance Committee shall consist of five members, the
Auditing and Pension Committees shall each consist of three members, and the
Building Committee shall consist of five members. All members of these four
Committees shall be elected by ballot by the Board at the Annual Meeting, and
shall hold office for one year, and until their successors are elected and quali-
fied. In electing the members of these Committees, the Board shall designate
the Chairman and Vice-Chairman by the order in which the members are
named in the respective Committee; the first member named shall be Chair-
man, the second named the Vice-Chairman, and the third named, Second Vice-
Chairman, succession to the Chairmanship being in this order in the event
of the absence or disability of the Chairman.

Section 3. The Executive Committee shall consist of the President of the
Board, the Chairman of the Finance Committee, the Chairman of the Building
Committee, the Chairman of the Auditing Committee, the Chairman of the
Pension Committee, and three other members of the Board to be elected by
ballot at the Annual Meeting.

Section 4. Four members shall constitute a quorum of the Executive Com-
mittee, and in all standing Committees two members shall constitute a quorum.
In the event that, owing to the absence or inability of members, a quorum of
the regular elected members cannot be present at any meeting of any Com-
mittee, then the Chairman thereof, or his successor, as herein provided, may
summon any members of the Board of Trustees to act in place of the absentee.

Section 5. The Finance Committee shall have supervision of investing the
endowment and other permanent funds of the Corporation, and the care of such
real estate as may become its property. It shall have authority to invest, sell,
and reinvest funds, subject to the approval of the Board.

Section 6. The Building Committee shall have supervision of the con-
struction, reconstruction, and extension of any and all buildings used for
Museum purposes.

Section 7. The Executive Committee shall be called together from time
to time as the Chairman may consider necessary, or as he may be requested



Jan. 1930 Annual Report of the Director 205

to do by three members of the Committee, to act upon such matters affecting
the administration of the Museum as cannot await consideration at the Regular
Monthly Meetings of the Board of Trustees. It shall, before the beginning of
each fiscal year, prepare and submit to the Board an itemized Budget, setting
forth the probable receipts from all sources for the ensuing year, and make
recommendations as to the expenditures which should be made for routine
maintenance and fixed charges. Upon the adoption of the Budget by the
Board, the expenditures as stated are authorized.

Section 8. The Auditing Committee shall have supervision over all ac-
counting and bookkeeping, and full control of the financial records. It shall
cause the same, once each year, or oftener, to be examined by an expert indi-
vidual or firm, and shall transmit the report of such expert individual or firm
to the Board at the next ensuing regular meeting after such examination shall
have taken place.

Section 9. The Pension Committee shall determine by such means and
processes as shall be established by the Board of Trustees to whom and in what
amount the Pension Fund shall be distributed. These determinations or findings
shall be subject to the approval of the Board of Trustees.

Section 10. The Chairman of each Committee shall report the acts and
proceedings thereof at the next ensuing regular meeting of the Board.

Section 11. The President shall be ex~officio a member of all Committees
and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Vacancies occurring in any Com-
mittee may be filled by ballot at any regular meeting of the Board.

ARTICLE IX

NOMINATING COMMITTEE

Section 1. At the November meeting of the Board each year, a Nomi-
nating Committee of three shall be chosen by lot. Said Committee shall make
nominations for membership of the Finance Committee, the Building Commit-
tee, the Auditing Committee, and the Pension Committee, and for three mem-
bers of the Executive Committee, from among the Trustees, to be submitted
at the ensuing December meeting and voted upon at the following Annual
Meeting in January.

ARTICLE X

Section 1. Whenever the word "Museum" is employed in the By-Laws of
the Corporation, it shall be taken to mean the building in which the Museum
as an Institution is located and operated, the material exhibited, the material in
Btudy collections, or in storage, furniture, fixtures, cases, tools, records, books,
and all appurtenances of the Institution and the workings, researches, installa-
tions, expenditures, field work, laboratories, library, publications, lecture
courses, and all scientific and maintenance activities.

Section 2. These By-Laws may be amended at any regular meeting of the
Board of Trustees by a two-thirds vote of all the members present, provided
the amendment shall have been proposed at a preceding regular meeting.



206 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



FOUNDER

*Marshall Field

BENEFACTORS
Those who have contributed $1 00,000 or more to the Museum



*Ayer, Edward E.

Buckingham, Miss Kate S.

Crane, Cornelius
Crane, Richard T.



Jr.



♦Field, Joseph N.
Field, Marshall
Field, Stanley



Harris, Albert W
♦Harris, Norman W
♦Higinbotham, Harlow N.

Kelley, William V.
♦Pullman, George M.

Raymond, Mrs Anna Louise
♦Raymond, James Nelson

Simpson, James
♦Sturges, Mrs. Mary D.



Graham, Ernest R.

♦Deceased

HONORARY MEMBERS
Those who have rendered eminent service to Science
Ayer, Mrs. Edward E.
Breasted, Professor James H.
Chalmers, William J.



Ludwig, H. R. H. Gustaf Adolf
Crown Prince of Sweden



McCormick, Stanley

Rawson, Frederick H.
Roosevelt, Kermit
Roosevelt, Theodore
Rosenwald. Julius
Ryerson, Martin A.

Sargent, Homer E.
Simpson, James
Sprague, Albert A.

Deceased, 1929

Rosenwald, Mrs. Augusta N.

PATRONS

Those who have rendered eminent service to the Museum



Crane, Charles R.
Crane, Richard T., Jr
Cutting, C. Suydam

Field, Marshall
Field, Stanley

Graham, Ernest R.
Harris, Albert W.
Kelley, William V.

Keep, Chauncey



Armour, Allison V.

Borland, Mrs. John Jay

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily Crane
Cherrie, George K.
Coats, John
Collins, Alfred M.
Conover, Boardman
Cummings, Mrs. Robert F.
Cutting, C. Suydam

Day, Lee Garnett

Ellsworth, Duncan S.

Faunthorpe, J. C.
Field, Mrs. Evelyn
Field, Mrs. Stanley

Insull, Samuel

Kennedy, Vernon Shaw



Knight, Charles R.
Kunz, George F.

Langdon, Professor Stephen

Markham, Charles H.
Moore, Mrs. William H.

Payne, John Barton
Probst, Edward
Rawson, Frederick H.
Roosevelt, Kermit
Roosevelt, Theodore

Sargent, Homer E.
Smith, Mrs. George T.
Strawn, Silas H.
Strong, Walter A.

Vernay, Arthur S.

White, Harold A.
White, Howard J.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



207



CORPORATE MEMBERS



Armour, Allison V.

Borden, John
Borland, Mrs. John Jay
Byram, Harry E.

Chadbourne, Mrs. Emily Crane
Chalmers, W. J.
Chatfield-Taylor, H. C.
Cherrie, George K.
Coats, John
Collins, Alfred M.

CONOVER, BOARDMAN

Crane, Richard T., Jr.
Cummings, Mrs. Robert F.
Cutting, C. Suydam

Day, Lee Garnett

Eastman, Sidney C.
Ellsworth, Duncan S.

Faunthorpe, Colonel J. C.
Field, Marshall
Field, Mrs. Evelyn
Field, Stanley
Field, Mrs. Stanley

Graham, Ernest R.

Harris, Albert W.
Insull, Samuel



Kelley, William V.
Kennedy, Vernon Shaw
Knight, Charles R.
Kunz, George F.

Langdon, Professor Stephen

McCormick, Cyrus H.
Markham, Charles H.
Mitchell, William H.
Moore, Mrs. William H.

Payne, John Barton
Probst, Edward

Rawson, Frederick H.
Richardson, George A.
Roosevelt, Kermit
Roosevelt, Theodore
Ryerson, Martin A.

Sargent, Homer E.
Simms, Stephen C.
Simpson, James
Smith, Mrs. George T.
Smith, Solomon A.
Sprague, Albert A.
Strawn, Silas H.
Strong, Walter A.

Vernay, Arthur S.

White, Harold A.
White, Howard J.
Wrigley, William, Jr.



Deceased, 1929

Keep, Chauncey
Stone, Melville E.



208 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



LIFE MEMBERS
Those who have contributed $500 to the Museum



Abbott, John Jay
Abbott, Robert S.
Adler, Max
Aldis, Arthur T.
Alexander, William A.
Allerton, Robert H.
Ames, James C.
Ames, Knowlton L.
Armour, Allison V.
Armour, A. Watson
Armour, Lester
Austrian, Alfred S.
Avery, Sewell L.

Babcock, Frederick R.

Bacon, Edward Richardson, Jr.

Banks, Alexander F.

Barrett, Mrs. A. D.

Barrett, Robert L.

Bartlett, Miss Florence Dibell

Bassford, Lowell C.

Baur, Mrs. Jacob

Bevdix, Vincent

Bensabott. R.

Bermingham, Edward J.

Billings, C. K. G.

Billings, Dr. Frank

Blaine, Mrs. Emmons

Blair, Chauncey B.

Blair, Henry A.

Blair, Mrs. Watson F.

Block, L. E.

Block, Philip D.

Booth, W. Vernon

Borden, John

Borden, Mrs. Waller

Borland, Chauncey B.

Brewster, Walter S.

Brown, Charles Edward

Buchanan, D. W.

Budd, Britton I.

buffington, eugene j.

Burnham, John

Burt, William G.

Butler, Julius W.

Butler, Rush C.

Byram, Harry E.

Carpenter, Augustus A.
Carpenter, Mrs. Hubbard



Carr, Robert F.
Carton, L. A.
Casalis, Mrs. Maurice
Chalmers, William J.
Chalmers, Mrs. William J.
Chandler, Reuben G.
Chatfield-Taylor, Wayne
Clark, Eugene B.
Clay, John

Clegg, Mrs. Henry G.
Clegg, William G.
Clegg, Mrs. William G.
Clinch, R. Floyd
Clow, William E.

CONOVER, BOARDMAN

Copley, Ira Cliff (N.R.)
Corley, F. D.
Cowles, Alfred
Cramer, Corwith
Cramer, E. W.
Cramer, Mrs. Katharine S.
Crane, Charles R.
Crane, Richard T., Jr.
Crossett, Edward C
Crossley, Sir Kenneth
Crossley, Lady Josephine
Crowell, H. P.
Cudahy, Edward A.
Cudahy, Edward A., Jr.
Cudahy, Joseph M.
Cummings, D. Mark
Cunningham, Frank S.
Cunningham, James D.
Cushing, Charles G.
Cutten, Arthur W.

Dau, J. J.

Davies, Mrs. D. C.
Davis, Livingston (N.R.)
Dawes, Charles G.
Dawes, Henry M.
Dawes, Rufus C.
Day, Albert M.
Decker, Alfred
Delano, Frederic A.
DeWolf, Wallace L.
Dick, Albert Blake
Dierssen, Ferdinand W.
Dixon, George W.
Dixon, Homer L.
Donnelley, Thomas E.






Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



209



Douglas, James H.
Doyle, Edward J.
Drake, John B.
Drake, Tracy C.
Dreyfus, Moise

Eckhart, B. A.
Eckstein, Louis
Edmunds, Philip S.
Ellis, Ralph, Jr. (N.R.)
Everitt, George B.
Ewing, Charles Hull

Farnum, Henry W.
Farr, Miss Shirley
Farrington, Dr. Oliver C.
Farwell, Arthur L.
Farwell, Francis C.
Farwell, John V.
Farwell, Walter
Fay, C. N.
Felt, Dorr E.
Fenton, Howard W.
Fentress, Calvin
Ferguson, Louis A.
Fernald, Charles
Ferry, Mrs. Abby Farwell
Field, Joseph Nash, II
Field, Marshall
Field, Norman
Field, Mrs. Norman
Field, Stanley
Field, Mrs. Stanley
Fleming, John C.
Florsheim, Milton S.
Forgan, David R.
Fyffe, Colin C. H.

Gardner, Paul E.
Gardner, Robert A.
Gartz, A. F.
Gartz, A. F., Jr.
Gary, Mrs. John W.
Getz, George F.
Gilbert, Huntly H.
Glessner, John J.
Glore, Charles F.

GODDARD, LEROY A.

Goodman, William O.
Goodrich, A. W.
Goodspeed, Charles B.
Gowing, J. Parker
Graham, Ernest R.
Griffiths, John
Griscom, Clement A.



Hack, Frederick C
Hamill, Alfred E.
Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A.
Harris, Albert W.
Harris, Norman W.
Haskell, Frederick T.
Hastings, Samuel M.
Hayes, William F.
Hecht, Frank A., Jr.
Hibbard, Frank
Hill, Louis W.
Hinde, Thomas W.
Hinkley, James Otis
Hippach, Louis A.
Hixon, Frank P.
Hopkins, J. M.
Hopkins, L. J.
Horowitz, L. J.
Hoyt, N. Landon
Hughes, Thomas S.
Hurley, Edward N.
Hutchins, James C.

Insull, Martin J.
Insull, Samuel
Insull, Samuel, Jr.

Jarnagin, William N.
Jelke, John F.
Jelke, John F., Jr.
Johnson, Mrs. Elizabeth Ayer
Joiner, Theodore E.
Jones, Mrs. Arthur B.
Jones, Miss Gwethalyn
Jones, Thomas D.

Keller, Theodore C.
Kelley, Mrs. Daphne Field
Kelley, Russell P.
Kelley, William V.
Kelly, D. F.
Kidston, William H.
King, Charles Garfield
King, Francis
King, James G.
Kirk, Walter Radcliffe
Knickerbocker, Charles K.
Kuppenheimer, Louis B.

Lamont, Robert P.

Landon, Mrs. Jessie Spalding

(N.R.)
Legge, Alexander
Lehmann, E. J.
Leonard, Clifford M.



210 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Leopold, Mrs. Harold E.
Levy, Mrs. David M.
Linn, W. R.
Logan, Spencer H.
Lord, John B.
Lowden, Frank O.
Lytton, George
Lytton, Henry C.

MacDowell, Charles H.
MacLeish, John E.
MacVeagh, Eames
MacVeagh, Franklin
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F.
Mark, Clayton
Markham, Charles H.
Marshall, Benjamin H.
Mason, William S.
McCormick, Cyrus H.
McCormick, Mrs. Cyrus, Jr.
McCormick, Mrs. Edith

Rockefeller
McCormick, Harold F.
McCormick, Stanley
McCutcheon, John T.
McGann, Mrs. Robert G.
McIlvaine, William B.
McInnerney, Thomas H.
McKinlay, John
McKinlock, George A.
McLaughlin, Frederic
McLaughlin, George D.
McLennan, D. R.
McLennan, Hugh
McNulty, T. J.
Meyer, Carl
Meyne, Gerhardt F.
Miner, W. H.
Mitchell, William H.
Moore, Edward S.
Morse, Charles H., Jr.
Morton, Joy
Morton, Mark
Munroe, Charles A.
Murphy, Walter P.

Newell, A. B.
Nikolas, G. J.
Noel, Joseph R.

O'Brien, John J.
Ormsby, Dr. Oliver S.
Orr, Robert M.

Paesch, Charles A.
Palmer, Honore



Palmer, Potter
Patten, Henry J.
Patten, Mrs. James A.
Patterson, Joseph M.
Payne, John Barton
Payson, George S.
Peabody, Augustus S.
Peabody, Stuyvesant
Perkins, Herbert F.
Pick, Albert
Piez, Charles
Pike, Charles B.
Pike, Eugene R.
Poppenhusen, Conrad H.
Porter, Frank W.
Porter, Gilbert E.
Porter, H. H.

Rawson, Frederick H.
Raymond, Mrs. James Nelson
Rea, Mrs. Robert L.
Revell, Alexander H.
Reynolds, Arthur
Reynolds, Earle H.
Reynolds, George M.
Riley, Harrison B.
Ripley, Robert H.
Robinson, Theodore W.
Robson, Miss Alice
Rodman, Mrs. Katherine Field
Rodman, Thomas Clifford
Rosenwald, Julius
Rosenwald, Lessing J. (N.R.)
Rosenwald, William
runnells, clive
Russell, Edmund A.
Russell, Edward P.
Ryerson, Mrs. Carrie H.
Ryerson, Edward L., Jr.
Ryerson, Martin A.

Sargent, Fred W.
Schweppe, Charles H.
Scott, Frank Hamline
Scott, George E.
Scott, Harold N.
Scott, John W.
Seabury, Charles W.
Shaffer, John C.
Shirk, Joseph H.
Simpson, James
Simpson, William B.
Smith, Alexander
Smith, Solomon A.
Soper, James P.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



211



Spalding, Keith

Spalding, Vaughan C.

Spaulding, Mrs. Howard H., Jr.

Sprague, Albert A.

Stern, Mrs. Alfred K.

Stern, Mrs. Edgar B. (N.R.)

Stevens, Charles A.

Stevens, Eugene M.

Stewart, Robert W.

Stirton, Robert C.

Storey, W. B.

Stuart, H. L.

Stuart, John

Stuart, R. Douglas

Strawn, Silas H.

Studebaker, Clement, Jr.

Sturges, George

Sunny, B. E.

Swift, Charles H.

Swift, Edward F.

Swift, G. F., Jr.

Swift, Harold H.

Swift, Louis F.

Thorne, Charles H.
Thorne, Robert J.
Traylor, Melvin A.
Tree, Ronald L. F.
Tyson, Russell

UraLEiN, Edgar J.
Underwood, Morgan P.



Brannan, George E.
Brown, William L.

Carry, Edward F.

Defrees, Joseph H.
Donnelley, Reuben H.
Keep, Chauncey

Martin, William P.



Valentine, Louis L.
Veatch, George L.
Vernay, Arthur S. (N.R.)
Viles, Lawrence M.

Wanner, Harry C.
Ward, P. C.
Warner, Ezra Joseph
Weber, David
Welch, Mrs. Edwin P.
Welling, John P.
Wetmore, Frank O.
Wheeler, Charles P.
White, F. Edson
Whitney, Mrs. Julia L.
Wickwire, Mrs. Edward 1
Wieboldt, William A.

WlLLARD, ALONZO J.

Willits, Ward W.
Wilson, John P., Jr.
Wilson, Oliver T.
Wilson, Thomas E.
Wilson, Walter H.
Winston, Garrard B.
Winter, Wallace C.
Woolley, Clarence M.
Wrigley, Philip K.
Wrigley, William, Jr.

Yates, David M.



Deceaskd, 1929

Oakley, Horace S.

Pierce, Charles I.

Runnells, John S.

Stout, Frank D.
Sullivan, Mrs. Roger C.

Wacker, Charles H.



ASSOCIATE MEMBERS

Those who have contributed $100 to the Museum



Aaron, Charles
Abbott, Donald P., Jr.
Abbott, Gordon C.
Abbott, W. R.
Abbott, William L.
Abrams, Professor Duff A.



Ackerman, Charles N.
Acomb, Jesse P.
Adamick, Gustav H.
Adams, Benjamin Stearns
Adams, Mrs. Frances Sprogle
Adams, John Q.



212 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Adams, Joseph
Adams, Mrs. Samuel
Adams, Mrs. S. H.
Adams, William C.
Adcock, Mrs. Bessie
Addlema.v, Samuel W.
Ad lee, David
Adler, Mrs. Max
Affleck, Benjamin F.
Ahlschlager, Walter W.
Albee, Mrs. Harry W.
Allbright, Willlam B.
Allen, Mrs. Fred G.
Alling, Mrs. C. A.
Alling, Charles
Alling, Mrs. Van Wagenen
Almes, Dr. Herman E.
Alsberg. Lewis
Alschuler, Alfred S.
Alsip, Charles H.
Alter, Harry
Anderson", Arthur
Andrews. Alfred B.
Andrews, Milton H.
Annan, Mrs. Miriam Ormsby
Anstiss, George P.
Appelt, Mrs. Jessie E.
Armbrust, John T.
Armbruster, C. A.
Armour. Philip D.
Armstrong, Arthur W.
Armstrong, Mrs. Frank H.
Arn, W. G.
Arnold, Willlam G.
Ascher, Fred
Ash by. W. B.

ASHENHUEST, HAROLD S.

Asher, Louis E.

Atwater, Walter Hull

Aurelius, Mrs. Marcus A.

Austin, Henry W.

Austin, Dr. Margaret Howard

Avery. Miss Clara

Baackes, Mrs. Frank
Babson, Fred K.
Babson, Henry B.
Each, Julius H.
Bachmann, Dr. Harrold A.

: ' . ' .''IN K.

Baer, Walter S.
Baggaley, William Blair
Bagge, Christian U.
Baird, Harry K.
Baker, Mrs. Alfred L.



Baker, Frank H.

Baldwin. Vincent Cuetis

Balgemann, Otto W.

Balkin, Louis

Ball, De. Fred E.

Ball, Mrs. Robert G.

Ball, Sidney Y.

Ballard, Thomas L.

Ballenberg, Adolph G.

Barbour, Harry A.

Barbour, James J.

Barley, Miss Matilda A.

Barnes, Cecil

Barnes, Jambs M.

Barnes, Miss Muriel

Barnett, Otto R.

Barnhart, Mrs. A. M.

Barnhart, Mrs. Clare S.

Barnhart, Miss Gracia M. F.

B.arr, Mrs. Alfred H.

Bartelme, John H.

Bartholomae, Mrs. Emma

Baetholomay, F. H.

Bartholomay, Henry

Bartholomay, Mrs. William, Jr.

Bartlett, Frederic C.

Bass, John F.

Bass, Mrs. Perkins

Bastian, Charles L.

Batsman, Floyd L.

Bates, Mrs. A. M.

Bates, Joseph A.

Battey, P. L.

Bauer, A.

Baum, Mrs. James

Baum, Mervyn

Baumgarten, C.

Bausch, William C.

Beach, Miss Bess K.

Beachy, Mrs. P. A.

Beatty, H. W.

Beck, Herbert

Becker, Benjamin F.

Becker, Benjamin V.

Becker, Frederick G.

Becker, H. T.

Becker. James H.

Becker, Leon V.

Becker, Louis

Behr, Mrs. Edith

Beidler, Francis, II

Bell, Mrs. Laird

Bell, Lionel A.

Bellinghausen, Miss C.

Bender, C. J.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



213



Benjamin, Jack A.
Benner, Harry
Bensinger, Benjamin E.
Benson, John
Bentley, Arthur
Bentley, Cyrus
Benton, Miss Mabel M.
Berend, George F.
Berkowitz, Dr. J. G.
Berndt, Dr. George W.
Bertschinger, Dr. C. F.
Berryman, John B.
Bersbach, Elmer S.
Besly, Mrs. C. H.
Bevan, Dr. Arthur Dean
Bichl. Thomas A.
Bid well. Charles W.
Bigler, Mrs. Aleert J.
Billow, Elmer E.
Billow, Miss Virginia
Bird, George H.
Birk, Miss Amelia
Birk, Frank J.
Birkenstein, George
Birkholz, Hans E.
Bishop, Howard P.
Bishop, Mrs. Martha V.
Bistor, James E.
Bittel, Mrs. Frank J.
Bixby, Edward Randall
Black, Dr. Arthur D.
Blackman, Nathan L.
Blair, Edward T.
Blair, Mrs. M. Barbour
Blake, Tiffany
Blatchford, Carter
Blatchford, Dr. Frank Wicks
Blatchford, N. H., Sr.
Blayney, Thomas C.
Blessing, Dr. Robert
Bletsch, William E.
Blish, Sylvester
Bliss, Miss Amelia If.
Block, Emanuel J.
Blome, Rudolph S.
Bluford, Mrs. David
Blum, David
Blum, Harry H.
Blunt, J. E., Jr.
Boal, Ayres
Bodman, Mrs. Luther
Boericke, Mrs. Anna
Bohn, Mrs. Bertha Bowlby
Bolten, Paul H.
Bolter, Joseph C.



BONDY, BERTHOLD

Boomer. Dr. Paul C.

Boorn, William C.

Booth, Alfred

Booth, George E.

Borg, George W.

Borland, Mrs. Bruce

Born, Moses

Bosch, Charles

Bosch, Mrs. Henry

Both, William C.

Botts, Graeme G.

Bousa, Dr. B.

Bowen, Mrs. Louise DeKoyen

Bowey, Mrs. Charles F.

Bowman, Johnston A.

Boyack, Harry

Boyd, Thomas M.

Boyden, Miss Ellen Webb

Eoyden, Miss Rosalie S.

Boyden, Mrs. William C, Jr.

Boynton, Mrs. C. T.

BOYNTON. F. P.

Brach. Mrs. F. V.
Bradley, Mrs. A. Ballard
Bradley, Charles E.
Bradley, Mrs. Natalie Blair

HlGINBOTHAM

Brainerd, Mrs. Arthur T.
Bramble. Delhi G. C.
Brand, Mrs. Edwin L., Jr.
Brand, Mrs. Rudolph
Brandes. A. G.
Brandt, Charles H.
Bransfield, John J.
Brassert, Herman A.
Brauer. Mrs. Paul
Breckinridge. Professor S. P.
Bremer, H.arry A.
Bremner, Mrs. David F.
Brendecke, Miss June
Bbennan, Bernard G.
Brewer, Mrs. An ge line L.
Bridge, George S.
Briggs, Mrs. Gertrude
Brigham, Miss F. M.
Bristol, James T.
Brock. A. J.

Brodribb, Lawrence C.
Broome, Thornhill
Brown, A. W.
Brown, Benjamin R.
Brown, Ch.arles A.
Brown, Christy
Brown. Dr. Edward M.



214 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Brown, George D.
Brown, Mrs. George Dewes
Brown, Mrs. Henry Temple
Brown, John T.
Brown, Scott
Browne, Aldis J.
Bruckner, William T.
Brugman, John J.
Brundage, Avery
Brunswick, Larry
Bryant, John J., Jr.
Buck, Guy R.
Buck, Mrs. Lillian B.
Buck, Nelson Leroy
Bucklin, Mrs. Vail R.
Budlong, Joseph J.
Buehler, Carl
Buehler, H. L.
Buettner, Walter J.
Buffington, Mrs. M. A.
Buhmann, Gilbert G.
Bullock, Carl C.
Bullock, Mrs. James E.
Bunge, Mrs. Albert J.
Burgess, Charles F.
Burgweger, Mrs. Meta Dewes
Burke, Mrs. Lawrence N.
Burkholder, Dr. J. F.
Burnham, Mrs. E.
Burns, Mrs. Randall W.
Burrows, Mrs. W. F.
Burry, Mrs. William
Burtch, Almon
Burton, Mrs. Ernest D.
Busby, Leonard A.
Bush, David D.
Bush, Mrs. William H.
Butler, Mrs. Hermon B.
Butler, John
Butler, J. Fred
Butler, Paul
Butz, Herbert R.
Butz, Robert O.
Butz, Theodore C.
Butzow, Mrs. Robert C.
Buzzell, Edgar A.
Byfield. Dr. Albert H.
Byrne, Miss Margaret H.

Cable, J. E.
Cahn, Dr. Alvin R.
Cahn, Bertram J.
Cahn, Morton D.
Caldwell, C. D.
Caldwell, Mrs. F. C.



Caldwell, J. T.
Cameron, Dr. Dan U.
Cameron, John M.
Cameron, Will J.
Camp, Mrs. Arthur Royce
Campbell, Delwin M.
Campbell, Herbert J.
Capes, Lawrence R.
Capps, Dr. Joseph A.
Carney, William Roy
Caron, O. J.

Carpenter, Mrs. Benjamin
Carpenter, Frederic Ives
Carpenter, Mrs. George A.
Carpenter, George S.
Carpenter, Hubbard
Carpenter, Miss Rosalie S.
Carqueville, Mrs. A. R.
Carr, Mrs. Clyde M.
Carr, George R.
Carr, Walter S.
Carroll, John A.
Carry, J. C.
Carton, Alfred T.
Cary, Dr. Eugene
Case, Elmer G.
Casey, Mrs. James J.
Cassels, Edwin H.
Castle, Alfred C.
Cates, Dudley
Cernoch, Frank
Chadwick, Charles H.
Chamberlin, George W.
Chapin, Henry K.
Chapin, Homer C.
Chappell, Mrs. Charles H.
Chase, Frank D.
Cheever, Mrs. Arline V.
Cheney, Dr. Henry W.
Chisholm, George D.
Chislett, Dr. H. R.
Chritton, George A.
Churan, Charles A.
Clark, Ainsworth W.
Clark, Miss Alice Keep
Clark, Charles V.
Clark, Miss Dorothy S.
Clark, Edwin H.
Clark, Dr. Peter S.
Clarke, Charles F.
Clarke, Fred L.
Clarke, Harley L.
Clarke, Henry
Cleary, John J., Jr.
Clemen, Dr. Rudolf A.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



215



Cleveland, Paul W.
Clifford, F. J.
Clough, William H.
Clow, Mrs. Harry B.
Clow, William E., Jr.
Coburn, Mrs. Lewis L.
Cohen, George B.
Cohen, Mrs. L. Lewis
Colburn, Frederick S.
Colby, Mrs. George E.
Coldren, Clifton C.
Coleman, Adelbert E.
Coleman, Dr. George H.
Coleman, Loring W., Jr.
Coleman, Seymour
Coleman, William Ogden
Colianni, Paul V.
Collins, William M.
Collis, Harry J.
Colvin, Mrs. W. H., Sr.
Col well, Clyde C.
Combes, Mrs. Dora F.
Compton, Frank E.
Condon, Mrs. James G.
Conners, Harry
Connor, Mrs. Clara A.
Connor, F. H.
Cook, Miss Alice B.
Cook, Mrs. David S., Jr.
Cooke, Charles E.
Cooke, Miss Flora
Cooke, George Anderson
Cooke, Leslie L.
Coolidge, Miss Alice
Coolidge, E. C.
Coombs, James F.
Coonley, J. S.
Coonley, John Stuart, Jr.
Coonley, Prentiss L.
Cooper, Samuel
Copland, David
Corbett, Mrs. William J.
Corey, Chester
Cormack, Charles V.
Cornell, John E.
Cosford, Thomas H.
Coston, James E.

COUNSELMAN, MRS. JENNIE E.

Cowdery, Edward G.

Cox, Mrs. Howard M.

Cox, James A.

Cox, James C.

Cox, Mrs. Rensselaer W.

Cragg, George L.

Crane, Charles R.



Crego, Mrs. Dominica S.
Crilly, Edgar
Cromer, Clarence E.
Cromwell, George O.
Cromwell, Miss Juliette Clara
Cubbins, Dr. William R.
Cudahy, Edward I.

CULBERTSON, DR. CAREY

Cunningham, Mrs. Howard J.
Cunningham, John T.
Curran, Harry R.
Curtis, Augustus D.
Curtis, Miss Frances H.
Curtis, John F. L.
Cusack, Harold
Cushing, John F.
Cushman, A. W.
Cutler, Henry E.
Cutting, Charles S.

Dahlberg, Bror G.

Daily, Richard

Dakin, Dr. Frank C.

D'Ancona, Edward N.

Danforth, Dr. William C.

Daniels, H. L.

Dantzig, M.

Darrow, William W.

Dashiell, C. R.

Davey, Mrs. Bruce C.

David, Dr. Vernon C.

Davidonis, Dr. Alexander L.

Davies, Marshall

Davies, Warren T.

Davis, Abel

Davis, Arthur

Davis, C. S.

Davis, Dr. Carl

Davis, Frank S.

Davis, Fred M.

Davis, James

Davis, James C.

Davis, Dr. Nathan S., Ill

Davis, Ralph

Dawes, E. L.

Day, Mrs. Winfield S.

Deagan, John C, Sr.

Deahl, Uriah S.

Decker, Charles O.

DeCosta, Lewis M.

DeDardel, Carl O.

Dee, Thomas J.

Deery, Thomas A., Jr.

DeGolyer, Robert S.

DeKoven, Mrs. John



216 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



DeLang, Theodore O.
DeLee, Dr. Joseph B.
Deming, Everett G.
Dempster, Mrs. C. W.
Denman, Mrs. Burt J.
Deneen, Mrs. Charles S.
Dennehy, T. C.
Dennis, Charles H.
Dent, George C.
Deutsch, Joseph
Deutsch, Mrs. Percy L.
Deutsch, Samuel
DeVries, David
DeVries, Peter
Dewes, Edwin P.
Dewes, Rudolph Peter
Dewey, Albert B., Sr.
Dewey, Mrs. Albert B.
Dick, Albert B., Jr.
Dick, Elmer J.
Dick, Mrs. Homer T.
Dickey, Roy
Dickinson, F. R.
Dickinson, Robert B.
Diestel, Mrs. Herman
Dikeman, Aaron Butler
Dillon, Hester May
Dixon, Alan C.
Dixon, Homer L.
Dixon, William Warren
Dobson, George
Doctor, Isidor
Dodge, Mrs. Paul C.
Doering, Otto C.
Doerr, William P., Sr.
Doetsch, Miss Anna
Dole, Arthur, Sr.
Donahue, William J.
Donker, Mrs. William
Donlon, Mrs. S. E.
Donnelley, Miss Eleanor
Donnelley, Miss Naomi
Donnelley, Mrs. R. R.
Donnelly, Frank
Donohue, Edgar T.
Doud, Mrs. Levi B.
Douglass, W. A.
Dreiske, George J.
Drummond, James J.
Dryden, Mrs. George B.
Dudley, Laurence H.
Dugan, Alphonso G.
Dulany, George W., Jr.
Dulsky, Mrs. Samuel
Duner, Dr. Clarence S.



Dunham, John H.
Dunham, Miss Lucy Belle
Dunlop, Mrs. Simpson
Dupee, Mrs. F. Kennett
Durand, Scott S.
Durbin, Fletcher M.
Dux, Joseph G.

Easterberg, C. J.
Eastman, Mrs. George H.
Eastman, R. M.
Ebeling, Frederic 0.
Eckhart, Percy B.
Eckstein, H. G.
Eddy, Mrs. Arthur J.
Eddy, George A.
Eddy, Thomas H.
Edmonds, Harry C.
Edwards, Miss Edith E.
Egan, W. B.
Ehrman, Edwin H.
Eiger, Oscar S.
Eiselen, Frederick Carl
Eisendrath, Edwin W.

ElSENDRATH, ROBERT M.

Eisendrath, Mrs. William N.
Eisenschiml, Mrs. Otto
Eitel, Max
Elcock, Edward G.
Elenbogen, Herman
Ellbogen, Albert L.
Elliott, Dr. Charles A.
Elliott, Frank R.
Ellis, Howard
Ely, Mrs. C. Morse
Engel, E. J.

Engelhard, Benjamin M.
Engwall, John F.
Epstein, Max
Ericson, Mrs. Chester F.
Ericson, Melvin B.
Ericsson, Clarence
Ericsson, H.
Ericsson, Walter H.
Ernst, Mrs. Leo
Erskine, Albert DeWolf
Etten, Henry C.
Eustice, Alfred L.
Evans, Mrs. DAvro
Evans, David J.
Evans, Hon. Evan A.
Evans, Mrs. Albert Thomas
Ewen, William R. T.
Ewell, C. D.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



217



Fabian, Francis G.
Fabry, Herman
Fackt, Mrs. George P.
Fader, A. L.
Faget, James E.
Faherty, Roger
Fahrenwald, Frank A.
Fahrney, Ezra C.
Fahrney, Emery H.
Faithorn, Walter E.
Farnham, Mrs. Harry J.
Farr, Newton Camp
Farrell, Mrs. B. J.
Farrell, Rev. Thomas F.
Faulkner, Charles J., Jr.
Faulkner, Miss Elizabeth
Faurot, Henry, Sr.
Faurot, Henry, Jr.
Fay, Miss Agnes M.
Fecke, Mrs. Frank J.
Feigenheimer, Herman
Feiwell, Morris E.
Felix, Benjamin B.
Fellows, W. K.
Felton, S. M.
Fergus, Robert C.
Ferguson, Charles W.
Fernald, Robert W.
Fetzer, Wade
Filer, August
Finley, Max H.
Finn, Joseph M.
Fischel, Frederic A.
Fish, Isaac

Fishbein, Dr. Morris
Fisher, Mrs. Edward Metcalf
Fisher, Hon. Harry M.
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. John£A.
Flavin, Edwin F., Sr.
Flesch, Eugene W. P.
Flexner, Washington
Florian, Mrs. Paul A., Jr.
Florsheim, Irving S.
Flosdorf, Mrs. G. E.
Foley, Rev. William M.
Folonie, Mrs. Robert J.
Folsom, Mrs. Richard S.
Foote, Peter
Foreman, Mrs. E. G.
Foreman, Edwin G., Jr.
Foreman, Harold E.
Foreman, Henry G.
Foreman, Oscar G.
Foresman, Mrs. W. Coates
Forgan, James B., Jr.



Forgan, Robert D.

Forman, Charles

Forstall, James J.

Fortune, Miss Joanna

Foster, Stephen A.

Foster, Volney

Foster, Mrs. William C

Fox, Charles E.

Fox, Jacob Logan

Fox, Dr. Paul C.

Frank, Dr. Ira

Frank, Mrs. Joseph K.

Frankenstein, Rudolph

Frankenstein, W. B.

Frankenthal, Dr. Lester E., Jr.

Freedman, Dr. I. Val

Freeman, Charles Y.

Freeman, Walter W.

Freer, Archibald E.

Frenier, A. B.

Freund, Charles E.

Freund, I. H.

Freudenthal, G. S.

Frey, Charles Daniel

Freyn, Henry J.

Fridstein, Meyer

Friedlander, Jacob

Friedlich, Mrs. Herbert

Friedman, Mrs. Isaac K.

Friedman, Oscar J.

Friestedt, Arthur A.

Frisbie, Chauncey O.

Frost, Mrs. Charles

Fuller, Mrs. Charles

Fuller, Mrs. Greeta Patterson

Fuller, Judson M.

Fuller, Leroy W.

Furry, William S.

Furst, Eduard A.

Gabathuler, Miss Juanita
Gabriel, Charles
Gaertner, William
Gale, G. Whittier
Gale, Henry G.
Gall, Charles H.
Gall, Harry T.
Gallagher, Vincent G.
Gallup, Rockwell
Galt, Mrs. A. T.
Galvin, Wm. A.
Gann, David B.
Gansbergen, Mrs. F. H.
Garard, Elzy A.
Garcia, Jose



218 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Garden, Hugh M. G.
Gardner, Addison L., Sr.
Gardner, Addison L., Jr.
Gardner, Mrs. James P.
Garner, Harry J.
Gary, Fred Elbert
Gately, Ralph M.
Gates, Philetus W.
Gatzert, August
Gawne, Miss Clara J.
Gay, Rev. A. Royal
Gaylord, Duane W.
Gehl, Dr. William H.
Gehrmann, Felix
George, Fred W.
Gerngross, Mrs. Leo
Gerts, Walter S.
Getzoff, E. B.
Gheen, Miss Marian H.
Gibbons, John W.
Gibbs, Dr. John Phillip
Gielow, Walter C.
Giffert, Mrs. William
Gilbert, Miss Clara C.
Gilchrist, Mrs. John F.
Giles, Carl C.
Gillman, Morris
Gillson, Louis K.
Gilmer, Dr. Thomas L.
Ginther, Miss Minnie C.
Girard, Mrs. Anna
Glaescher, Mrs. G. W.
Glasgow, H. A.
Glasner, Rudolph W.
Goedke, Charles F.
Goehst, Mrs. John Henry
Goes, Mrs. Arthur A.
Golden, Dr. Isaac J. K.
Goldenberg, Sidney D.
Goldfine, Dr. Ascher H. C.
Goldy, Walter I.
Gooden, G. E.
Goodkind, Dr. Maurice L.
Goodman, Benedict K.
Goodman, Mrs. Herbert E.
Goodman, Jean Ellen
Goodman, Milton F.
Goodman, William E.
Goodrow, William
Goodspeed, Mrs. Wilbur F.
Goodwin, Hon. Clarence Norton
Goodwin, George S.
Gordon, Mrs. Robert D.
Gorham, Sidney Smith
Gorman, George E.



Gorrell, Mrs. Warren
Goss, Charles O.
Gottfried, C. M.

GOTTSCHALK, GUSTAV H.

Gradle, Dr. Harry S.
Grady, Dr. Grover Q.
Graf, Robert J.
Graff, Oscar G.
Graham, Douglas
Gramm, Mrs. Helen
Granger, Alfred
Grant, John G.
Graves, Howard B.
Gray, Rev. James M.
Green, Dr. Raphael B.
Green, Robert D.
Green, Zola C.
Greenberg, Andrew H.
Greenburg, Dr. Ira E.
Greene, Carl D.
Greenebaum, James E.
Greenebaum, M. E.
Greenebaum, M. E., Jr.
Greenlee, James A.
Greenman, Mrs. Earl C.
Gregory, Clifford V.
Gregory, Stephen S., Jr.
Gregory, Tappan
Gregson, William L.
Grey, Charles F.
Grey, Dr. Dorothy
Grey, Howard G.
Griffith, Enoch L.
Griffith, Mrs. William
Griffiths, George W.
Grimm, Walter H.
Griswold, Harold T.
Grizzard, James A.
Gronkowski, Rev. C. I.
Gross, Mrs. Emily
Gross, Henry R.
Grossman, Frank I.
Grotenhuis, Mrs. William J.
Grotowski, Dr. Leon
Grulee, Lowry K.
Guenzel, Louis
Gulbransen, Axel G.
Gulick, John H.
Gundlach, Ernest T.
Gunthorp, Walter J.
Gwinn, William R.

Haas, Maurice
Haas, Dr. Raoul
Hadley, Mrs. Edwin M.






Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



219



Hagen, Mrs. Daise

Hagen, Fred J.

Hagens, Dr. Garrett J.

Haggard, John D.

Hagner, Fred L.

Haight, George I.

Hair, T. R.

Hajicek, Rudolph F.

Haldeman, Walter S.

Hale, Mrs. Samuel

Hale, William B.

Hall, David W.

Hall, Edward B.

Hall, Mrs. J. B.

Hallmann, August F.

Hallmann, Herman F.

Halperin, Aaron

Hamill, Charles H.

Hamill, Mrs. Ernest A.

Hamill, Robert W.

Hamilton, Thomas B.

Hamlin, Paul D.

Hamm, Edward F.

Hammerschmidt, Mrs. George F.

Hammitt, Miss Frances M.

Hanley, Henry L.

Hansen, Mrs. Carl

Hansen, Jacob W.

Harbison, L. C

Harder, John H.

Hardie, George F.

Hardin, John H.

Harding, G. F.

Harding, John Cowden

Harding, Richard T.

Hardinge, Franklin

Harper, Alfred C.

Harris, David J.

Harris, Gordon L.

Harris, H. B.

Harris, Miss Martha E.

Hart, Mrs. Herbert L.

Hart, William N.

Hartshorn, Kenneth L.

Hartwell, Fred G.

Hartwig, Otto J.

Harvey, Hillman H.

Harvey, Richard M.

Harwood, Thomas W.

Haskell, Mrs. George E.

Haugan, Charles M.

Haugan, Oscar H.

Havens, Samuel M.

Hayes, Charles M.

Hayes, Harold C.



Hayes, Miss Mary E.
Haynie, Miss Rachel W.
Hays, Mrs. Arthur A.
Hazlett, Dr. William H.
Healy, Mrs. Marquette A.
Heaney, Dr. N. Sproat
Heaton, Harry E.
Heaton, Herman C.
Heberlein, Miss Amanda F.
Heck, John
Heckendorf, R. A.
Hedberg, Henry E.
Heidke, Herman L.
Heiman, Marcus
Heine, Mrs. Albert
Heineman, Oscar
Heinzelman, Karl
Heller, Albert
Heller, Mrs. Walter E.
Hellman, George A.
Hellyer, Walter
Henderson, Dr. Elmer E.
Henderson, Thomas B. G.
Henkel, Frederick W.
Henley, Eugene H.
Hennings, Mrs. Abraham J.
Henry, Otto

Henshaw, Mrs. Raymond S.
Herrick, Miss Louise
Herrick, W. D.
Herron, James C.
Hershey, J. Clarence
Herwig, George
Herwig, William D., Jr.
Hess, Mrs. Charles Wilbur
Heun, Arthur
Heverly, Earl L.
Heyworth, Mrs. James O.
Hibbard, Mrs. Angus S.
Hibbard, Mrs. W. G.
Higgins, John
Higgins, John W.

HlGINBOTHAM, HARLOW D.

Higley, Mrs. Charles W.

HlLDEBRAND, EUGENE, JR.

Hildebrand, Grant M.
Hill, Mrs. Lysander
Hill, William E.
hlllbrecht, herbert e.
Hille, Dr. Hermann
Hillis, Dr. David S.
Himrod, Mrs. Frank W.
Hindman, Colonel Biscoe
Hinman, Mrs. Estelle S.
Hinrichs, Henry, Jr.



220 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Hinsberg, Stanley K.
Hinton, E. W.
Hird, Frederick H.
Hirsch, Henry H.
Hirsch, Jacob H.
Hiscox, Morton
Histed, J. Roland
Hixon, Robert
Hoelscher, Herman M.
Hoffman, Glen T.
Hoffmann, Miss Caroline

Dickinson
Hoffmann, Edward Hempstead
Hogan, Frank
Hogan, Robert E.
Hoier, William V.
Holden, Edward A.
Hollis, Henry L.
Hollister, Francis H.
Holmes, Miss Harriet F.
Holmes, William N.
Holt, Miss Ellen
Honnold, Dr. Fred C.
Honsik, Mrs. James M.
Hoover, F. E.
Hoover, Frank K.
Hoover, Mrs. Fred W.
Hoover, H. Earl
Hoover, Ray P.
Hope, Alfred S.
Hopkins, Farley
Hopkins, Mrs. James M.
Hopkins, John L.
Horan, Dennis A.
Horcher, William W.
Horner, Dr. David A.
Horner, Mrs. Maurice L., Jr.
Horst, Curt A.
Horton, George T.
Horton, Hiram T.
Horton, Horace B.
Hosbein, Louis H.
Hosmer, Philip
hottinger, adolph
houghteling, mlss harriot p.
Howard, Harold A.
Howard, Willis G.
Howe, Charles Arthur
Howe, Clinton W.
Howe, Warren D.
Howe, William G.
Howell, Albert S.
Howell, William
Howes, Frank W.
Howse, Richard



Hoyne, Thomas Temple
Hoyt, Frederick T.
Huber, Dr. Harry Lee
Hudson, Mrs. H. Newton
Hudson, Walter L.
Hudson, William E.
Huey, Mrs. Arthur S.
Huff, Thomas D.
Hughes, John E.
Hughes, John W.
Hulbert, Mrs. Milan H.
Hultgen, Dr. Jacob F.
Hume, John T.
Hunter, Samuel M.
Hurd, N. L.

Hurley, Edward N., Jr.
Huston, Ward T.
Huszagh, Ralph D.
Huszagh, R. LeRoy
Hutchinson, Foye P.
Hutchinson, Samuel S.
Hynes, Rev. J. A.

Ickes, Raymond
Idelman, Bernard
Ilg, Robert A.
Inlander, Samuel
Irons, Dr. Ernest E.
Isham, Henry P.
Ives, Clifford E.

Jackson, Allan

Jackson, Arthur S.

Jackson, W. J.

Jacobi, Miss Emily

Jacobs, Hyman A.

Jacobs, Julius

Jacobs, Siegfried T.

Jacobson, Raphael

Jaffray, Mrs. David S. f Jr.

James, Edward P.

James, William R.

Janusch, Fred W.

Jarchow, Charles C.

Jarratt, Mrs. Walter J.

Jefferies, F. L.

Jeffery, Mrs. Thomas B.

Jenkins, Mrs. John E.

Jenkinson, Mrs. Arthur Gilbert

Jenks, R. William Shippen

Jennings, Ode D.

Jerger, Wilbur Joseph

Jetzinger, David

Jirka, Dr. Frank J.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



221



Jirka, Dr. Robert

John, Dr. Findley D.

Johnsen, Charles

Johnson, Albert M.

Johnson, Alfred

Johnson, Alvin O.

Johnson, Arthur L.

Johnson, Mrs. Harley Alden

Johnson, Joseph F.

Johnson, Nels E.

Johnson, Olaf B.

Johnson, Mrs. O. W.

Johnson, Philip C.

Johnson, Ulysses G.

Johnston, Arthur C.

Johnston, Edward R.

Johnston, Mrs. Hubert McBean

Johnston, Mrs. M. L.

Johnstone, Dr. A. Ralph

Johnstone, George A.

Johnstone, Dr. Mary M. S.

Jones, Albert G.

Jones, Fred B.

Jones, G. H.

Jones, James B.

Jones, Melvin

Jones, Warren G.

Joseph, Louis L.

Joy, Guy A.

Joyce, David G.

Joyce, Joseph

Judah, Noble Brandon

Juergens, H. Paul

Juergens, William F.

Julien, Victor R.

Junkunc, Stephen

Kaercher, A. W.

Kahn, Gus

Kahn, J. Kesner

Kahn, Louis

Kaine, Colonel James B.

Kalacinski, Mrs. Felix

Kane, Jerome M.

Kaplan, Nathan D.

Karpen, Adolph

Kaspar, Otto

Katz, Mrs. Sidney L.

Kauffman, Mrs. R. K.

Kauffmann, Alfred

Kavanagh, Maurice F.

Keehn, George W.

Keehn, Mrs. Theodore C. L.

Keene, Mrs. Joseph

Keeney, A. F.



Kehl, Robert Joseph
Keith, Stanley
Kellogg, John L.
Kellogg, Mrs. M. G.
Kelly, James J.
Kemp, Mrs. E. M.
Kempner, Harry B.
Kempner, Stan
Kendrick, John F.
Kennedy, Miss Leonore
Kennelly, Martin H.
Kent, Dr. O. B.
Kern, Trude
Kesner, Jacob L.
Kilbourne, L. B.
Kile, Miss Jessie J.
Kimbark, Mrs. Eugene Under-
wood
Kimbark, John R.
King, Joseph H.
Kinney, Mrs. Minnie B.
Kinsey, Frank
Kintzel, Richard
Kircher, Rev. Julius
Kirchheimer, Max
Kirkland, Mrs. Weymouth

KlTTREDGE, R. J.

Kitzelman, Otto
Klee, Nathan
Klein, Henry A.
Klein, Mrs. Samuel
Kleist, Mrs. Harry
Kleppinger, William H., Jr.
Kleutgen, Dr. Arthur C.
Kline, Sol

Klinetop, Mrs. Charles W.
Klink, A. F.
Knutson, G. H.
Koch, Paul W.
Kochs, Mrs. Robert T.
Kohl, Mrs. Caroline L.
Kohler, Eric L.
Konsberg, Alvin V.
Kopf, William P.
Kosobud, William F.
Kotal, John A.
Koucky, Dr. J. D.
Kovac, Stefan
Kraber, Mrs. Fredericka
Kraft, C. H.
Kraft, James L.
Kraft, Norman
Kralovec, Emil G.
Kralovec, Mrs. Otto J.
Kramer, Leroy



222 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



Kraus, Peter J.
Krause, John J.
Kretschmer, Dr. Herman L.
Kretzinger, George W., Jr.
Kroehl, Howard
Krohmer, William F.
Krost, Dr. Gerard N.
Krueger, Leopold A.
Krutckoff, Charles
Kuh, Mrs. Edwin J., Jr.
Kuhn, Frederick
Kuhn, Dr. Hedwig S.
Kurtzon, Morris

Lacey, Miss Edith M.

Lackowski, Frank E.

Laflin, Mrs. Louis E.

Laflin, Louis E., Jr.

LaGuske, Mrs. Chester

Lampert, Mrs. Lydia

Lamson, W. A.

Lanahan, Mrs. M. J.

Landry, Alvar A.

Lane, F. Howard

Lane, Ray E.

Lane, Wallace R.

Langland, James

Langworthy, Benjamin Franklin

Lansinger, Mrs. John M.

Larimer, Howard S.

Larson, Bror O.

Lasker, Albert D.

Lau, Max

Lauren, Newton B.

Lauritzen, C. M.

Lautmann, Herbert M.

Lavezzorio, Mrs. J. B.

Lawless, Dr. Theodore K.

Lawson, A. J.

Lawson, Mrs. Iver N.

Laylander, O. J.

Leahy, Thomas F.

Learned, Edwin J.

Leavell, James R.

Lebensohn, Dr. Mayer H.

Lebolt, John Michael

Lederer, Dr. Francis L.

Lefens, Miss Katherine J.

Lefens, Walter C.

Lehmann, Miss Augusta E.

Leichenko, Peter M.

Leistner, Oscar

Leland, Miss Alice J.

LeMoon, A. R.

Lenz, J. Mayo



Leonard, Arthur G.
Leonard, Arthur T.
Leslie, John H.
Letts, Mrs. Frank C.
Levan, Rev. Thomas F.
Leverone, Louis E.
Levinson, Mrs. Salmon O.
Levitan, Benjamin
Levitetz, Nathan
Levy, Alexander M.
Levy, Arthur G.
Lewis, David R.
Lewis, Fay J.
Lewy, Dr. Alfred
Libby, Mrs. C. P.
Liebman, A. J.
Lillie, Frank R.
Lindahl, Mrs. Edward J.
Linden, John A.

LlNDENBERG, ALBERT
LlNDHEIMER, B. F.

Lindholm, Charles V.

LlNDQUIST, J. E.

Lingle, Bowman C.
Lipman, Robert R.
Liss, Samuel
Littler, Harry E., Jr.
Livingston, Julian M.
Livingston, Mrs. Milton L.
Llewellyn, Paul
Llewellyn, Mrs. S. J.
Lloyd, Edward W.
Lloyd, William Bross
Lobdell, Mrs. Edwin L.
Loeb, Hamilton M.
Loeb, Jacob M.
Loesch, Frank J.

LOEWENBERG, I. S.
LOEWENBERG, M. L.
LOEWENSTEIN, SIDNEY
LOEWENTHAL, RICHARD J.

Logan, John I.
Long, Mrs. Joseph B.
Long, William E.
Lord, Arthur R.
Lord, Mrs. Russell
Loucks, Charles O.

LOUDERBACK, WlLLIAM J., JR.

Love, Chase W.
Lovell, William H.
Lovgren, Carl
Lownik, Dr. Felix J.
Lucas, Mrs. Robert M.
Lucey, Patrick J.
Ludington, Nelson J.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



223



Ludolph, Wilbur M.
Lueder, Arthur C.
Luehr, Dr. Edward
Lufkin, Wallace W.
Luria, Herbert A.
Lurie, H. J.

LUSTGARTEN, SAMUEL

Lutter, Henry J., Sr.
Lydon, Mrs. William A.
Lyford, Harry B.
Lyford, Will H.
Lyman, Thomas T.
Lynne, Mrs. Archibald
Lyon, Charles H.
Lyon, Frank R.
Lyon, Mrs. Thomas R.

Maass, J. Edward
Mabee, Mrs. Melbourne
MacCardle, H. B.
MacDougal, Mrs. T. W.
Mackey, Frank J.
Mackinson, Dr. John C.
MacLellan, K. F.
Magan, Miss Jane A.
Magee, Henry W.
Magill, Henry P.
Magill, Robert M.
Magnus, Albert, Jr.
Magnus, August C.
Magnus, Edward
Magwire, Mrs. Mary F.
Maher, Mrs. D. W.
Main, Walter D.
Malone, William H.
Manaster, Harry
Mandel, Mrs. Aaron W.
Mandel, Mrs. Babette F.
Mandel, Edwin F.
Mandel, Mrs. Frederick
Mandl, Sidney
Manierre, Francis E.
Manierre, Louis
Mann, Albert C.
Mann, John P.
Mannheimer, Mrs. Morton
Manson, David
Mansure, Edmund L.
Marhoefer, Edward H.
Mark, Anson
Marks, Arnold K.
Marquis, A. N.
Mars, G. C.
Marsh, A. Fletcher
Marsh, John P.



Marsh, Mrs. Marshall S.
Martin, Mrs. Franklin H.
Martin, Samuel H.
Martin, W. B.
Martin, Wells
Marx, Frederick Z.
Marzola, Leo A.
Mason, Willard J.
Massee, B. A.
Massey, Peter J.
Matthiessen, Frank
Matthiessen, Mrs. Peck-
Matz, Mrs. Rudolph
Mauran, Charles S.
Maxwell, Lloyd R.
Mayer, Isaac H.
McAuley, John E.
McBirney, Mrs. Hugh J.
McBride, Mrs. Walter J.
McCarthy, Edmond J.
McCarthy, Joseph W.
McClellan, Dr. John H.
McCluer, W. B.
McCord, Downer
McCormack, Professor H.
McCormick, Mrs. Alexander A.
McCormick, Mrs. Chauncey
McCormick, Howard H.
McCormick, L. Hamilton
McCormick, Leander J.
McCormick, Robert H., Jr
McCracken, Miss Willietta
McCready, Mrs. E. W.
McDougal, Mrs. James B
McDougal, Mrs. Robert
McDougall, Mrs. Arthur R.
McErlean, Charles V.
McGurn, Mathew S.
McHugh, Mrs. Grover
McIntosh, Arthur T.
McIver, Dana T.
McKay, James M.
McKeever, Buel
McLaury, Walker G.
McLennan, Mrs. John A
McMillan, Commander John
McMillan, W. B.
McNamara, Louis G.
McNulty, Joseph D.
McQuarrie, Mrs. Fannie
McRoberts, Mrs. William
Medsker, Dr. Ora L.
Melchione, Joseph
Merrill, Henry S.
Merrill, James S.



224 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Merrill, William W.
Merz, Edward E.
Metz, Dr. A. R.
Meyer, Mrs. A. H.
Meyer, Abraham
Meyer, Abraham W.
Meyer, Albert
Meyer, E. F.
Meyer, Oscar
Meyer, Sam R.
Meyer, William
Meyercord, G. R.

MlCKELBERRY, MRS. CHARLES M.

Midowicz, C. E.
Milhening, Frank
Milhening, Joseph
Millard, Frank H.
Miller, Charles B.
Miller, Mrs. Clayton W.
Miller, Mrs. Darius
Miller, Hyman
Miller, John S., Jr.
Miller, Dr. Joseph L.
Miller, Oscar C.
Miller, Walter E.
Miller, William E.
Miller, William S.
Mills, Allen G.
Mills, John, Sr.
Miner, Dr. Carl
Miner, H. J.
Mitchell, Charles D.
Mitchell, Mrs. John J.
Mitchell, Leeds
Mitchell, Oliver
Mock, Dr. Harry Edgar
moderwell, c. m.
Moeller, Rev. Herman H.
Moeng, Mrs. Edward D.
Moffatt, Mrs. Elizabeth M.
Mohr, Albert
Mohr, William J.
Molloy, David J.
Moltz, Mrs. Alice
Monheimer, Henry I.
Monroe, William S.
Montgomery, Dr. Albert H.
Moody, Mrs. William Vaughn
Moore, C. B.
Moore, Philip Wyatt
Moos, Joseph B.
Moran, Brian T.
Moran, Miss Margaret
Morand, Simon J.
More, Roland R.



Morey, Charles W.
Morf, F. William
Morgan, Alden K.
Morgan, Mrs. Kendrick E.
Morrill, Nahum
Morris, Edward H.
Morris, F. C.
Morris, Mrs. Seymour
Morrison, Mrs. Charles E.
Morrison, Mrs. Harry
Morrison, James C.
Morrison, Matthew A.
Morrisson, James W.
Morse, Mrs. Charles J.
Morse, Leland R.
Morse, Mrs. Milton
Morse, Robert H.
Morten son, Mrs. Jacob
Morton, Sterling
Morton, William Morris
Moses, Howard
Moss, Jerome A.
Mouat, Andrew
Mowry, Louis C.
Mudge, Mrs. John B.

MUEHLSTEIN, MRS. CHARLES

Mueller, A. M.
Mueller, J. Herbert
Mueller, Paul H.
Mulford, Miss Melinda Jane
mulholand, william h.
Murphy, Robert E.
Musselman, Dr. George H.

Nadler, Dr. Walter H.
Nash, Charles J.
Nason, Albert J.
Nathan, Claude
Naugle, Mrs. Archibald
Neely, Miss Carrie Blair
Neff, Nettelton
Nehls, Arthur L.
Nellegar, Mrs. Jay C.
Nelson, Charles G.
Nelson, Edward A.
Nelson, Frank G.
Nelson, Murry
Nelson, Nils A.
Nelson, N. J.
Nelson, Mrs. Oliver R.
Nelson, Victor W.
Neu, Clarence L.
Neuffer, Paul A.
Newhall, R. Frank
Nichols, George P.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



225



Nichols, Mrs. George R.
Nichols, Mrs. George R., Jr.
Nichols, J. C.
Nichols, S. F.
Nichols, Warren
Nicholson, Thomas G.
Noble, Orlando
Noelle, Joseph B.
Noonan, Edward J.
Norcross, Frederic F.
Norris, Mrs. Lester
Norris, William W.
Norton, Mrs. O. W.
Norton, R. H.
Novak, Charles J.
Noyes, Allan S.
Noyes, David A.
Noyes, Mrs. May Wells
Nusbaum, Mrs. Carl B.
Nyman, Dr. John Egbert

Oberfelder, Herbert M.
Oberfelder, Walter S.
O'Brien, Frank J.
O'Brien, Mrs. William

Vincent, Jr.
O'Callaghan, Edward
Odell, William R.
O'Donnell, Miss Rose
Offield, James R.
Oglesbee, Nathan H.
O'Keefe, Mrs. Dennis D.
Olcott, Mrs. Henry G.
Oldefest, Edward G.
Oliver, F. S.
Oliver, Gene G.
Oliver, Mrs. Paul
Olsen, Gustaf
Omo, Don L.
Oppenheimer, Alfred
Oppenheimer, Mrs. Harry D.
Oppenheimer, Julius
Orndoff, Dr. Benjamin H.
O'Rourke, Albert
Orr, Mrs. Robert C.
Orthal, A. J.
Ortmayer, Dr. Marie
Osborn, Theodore L.
Ostrom, Charles S.
Ostrom, Mrs. James Augustus
Otis. Miss Emily H.
Otis, J. Sanford
Otis, Joseph E.
Otis, Joseph Edward, Jr.
Otis, Lucius J.



Otis, R. C.
Otis, Raymond
Otis, Stuart H.
Otis, Mrs. Xavier L.
Ouska, John A.

Paasche, Jens A.
Pace, J. Madison
Packard, Dr. Rollo K.
Paepcke, Mrs. Elizabeth J.
Paepcke, Walter P.
Page, Mrs. William R.
Page- Wood, Gerald
Pagin, Mrs. Frank S.
Palmer, Percival B.
Pam, Miss Carrie
Pam, Hon. Hugo
Pardrddge, Albert J.
Pardridge, Mrs. E. W.
Parker, Frank B.
Parker, Troy L.
Parker, Woodruff J.
Parks, C. R.

Paschen, Mrs. Annette A.
Paschen, Mrs. Henry
Patrick, Miss Catherine
Patrick, Dr. Hugh T.
Pauling, Edward G.
Peabody, Mrs. Francis S.
Peabody, Howard B.
Peabody, Miss Susan W.
Peacock, Robert E.
Peacock, Walter C.
Pearse, Langdon
Pearson, F. W.
Pearson, George Albert, Jr.
Peet, Mrs. Belle G.
Peet, Fred N.
Peirce, Albert E.
Pelley, John J.
Peltier, M. F.
PenDell, Charles W.
Pennington, Lester E.
Percy, Dr. Nelson Mortimer
Perkins, A. T.
Perkins, Mrs. Herbert F.
Perry, Dr. Ethel B.
Perry, I. Newton
Peter, William F.
Peterkin, Daniel
Peters, Harry A.
Petersen, Dr. William F.
Peterson, Albert
Peterson, Alexander B.
Peterson, Axel A.



226 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



Peterson, Jurgen

Petru, E. J.

Pflaum, A. J.

Pflock, Dr. John J.

Phemister, Dr. D. B.

Phillip, Peter

Phillips, Montagu Austin (N.R.)

Picher, Mrs. Oliver S.

Pick, Albert, Jr.

Pick, George

Pierce, J. Norman

Pierce, Paul

Piotrowski, Nicholas L.

Pirie, Mrs. John T.

Pitcher, Mrs. Henry L.

Platt, Henry Russell

Platt, Mrs. Robert S.

Plunkett, William H.

Podell, Mrs. Beatrice Hayes

Polk, Mrs. Stella F.

Pollock, Dr. Harry L

Pomeroy, Mrs. Frank W.

Pond, Irving K.

Pool, Marvin B.

Pool, Mrs. W. Cloyd

Poole, Mrs. Frederick Arthur

Poole, George A.

Poor, Fred A.

Poor, Mrs. Fred A.

Pope, Frank

Pope, Henry, Sr.

Pope, Herbert

Poppenhagen, Henry

Porter, Mrs. Frank S.

Porter, Henry H., Jr.

Porter, James F.

porterfield, mrs. john f.

Post, Frederick, Jr.

Post, Gordon W.

Post, Mrs. Philip Sddney

pottenger, william a.

Powell, Mrs. Ambrose V.

Powell, Isaac N.

Prahl, Frederick A.

Primley, Walter S.

Prince, Leonard M.

Prussing, Mrs. George C.

Psota, Dr. Frank J.

Pulver, Hugo

Purcell, Joseph D.

Pusey, Dr. William Allen

Quigley, William J.
Quinlan, Charles Shepard
Quinlan, Dr. William W.



Radau, Hugo
Raftree, Miss Julia M.
Randall, Charles P.
Randall, Rev. Edwin J.
Randall, Irving
Randle, Guy D.
Randle, Hanson F.
Raschke, Dr. E. H.
Rasmussen, George
Ray, Colonel Hal S.
Razim, A. J.
Reach, Benjamin
Reade, William A.
Redington, F. B.
Redington, Mrs. W. H.
Reed, Norris H.
Reed, Mrs. Philip L.
Reeve, Frederick E.
Regensteiner, Theodore
Regnery, William H.
Rehm, Frank A.
Rehm, William H.
Reich, Miss Annie
Reichmann, Alexander F.
Reid, Mrs. Bryan
Reiter, Joseph J.
Renshaw, Mrs. Charles
Renwick, Edward A.
Rew, Mrs. Irwin
Reynolds, Mrs. J. J.
Rice, Arthur L.
Rice, George L.
Rice, Lawrence A.
Rich, Edward P.
Richards, J. Deforest
Richter, Mrs. Adelyn W.
Richter, Bruno
Rickcords, Francis S.
Ricketts, C. Lindsay
Riddle, Herbert H.
Ridgeway, E.
Ridgway, William
Riemenschneider, Mrs. J. H.
Ries, Dr. Emil
Rieser, Mrs. Herman
Rietz, Elmer W.
Rietz, Walter H.
Rigney, William T.
Rinaldo, Philip S.
Ring, Miss Mary E.
Ripstra, J. Henri
Rittenhouse, Charles J.
Roach, Charles
Roberts, Clark T.
Roberts, John M.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



227



Roberts, S. M.
Roberts, Mrs. Warren R.
Roberts, William Munsell
Robertson, William
Robinson, Mrs. Milton E., Sr.
Robson, Mrs. Sarah C.
Roche, Miss Emily
Rockwell, Harold H.
Roderick, Solomon P.
Rodgers, Dr. David C.
Rodman, Thomas Clifford
Roehling, C. E.
Roehling, Mrs. Otto G.
Roehm, George R.
Rogers, Bernard F.
Rogers, Dr. Cassius C.
Romer, Miss Dagmar E.
Root, John W.
Rosen, M. R.

Rosenbaum, Mrs. Edwin S.
rosenfield, mrs. maurice
Rosenthal, James
Rosenthal, Lessing
Ross, Robert C.
Ross, Mrs. Robert E.
Ross, Thompson
Ross, Walter S.
Roth, Aaron

Rothacker, Watterson R.
Rothschild, George William
Rothschild, Maurice L.
Rothschild, Melville N.
Rowe, Edgar C.
Rozelle, Mrs. Emma
Rubel, Dr. Maurice
Rubens, Mrs. Charles
Rubovits, Toby
Ruckelhausen, Mrs. Henry
Rueckheim, F. W.
Ruel, John G.
Russell, Dr. J. W.
Rutledge, George E.
Ryerson, Joseph T.

Sackley, Mrs. James A.
Salisbury, Mrs. Warren M.
Salmon, Mrs. E. D.
Sammons. Wheeler
Sardeson, Orville A.
Sargent, John R. W.
Sargent, Ralph
Sauter, Fred J.
Sauter, Leonard J.
Sawyer, Dr. Alvah L.
Schacht, John H.



Schaffer, Dr. David N.
Schaffner, Mrs. Joseph
schaffner, robert c.
Scheidenhelm. Edward L.

SCHERMERHORN, W. I.

Scheunemann, Robert G.
Schlake, William
Schmidt, Dr. Charles L.
Schmidt, Mrs. Minna
Schmitz, Dr. Henry
Schmitz, Nicholas J.
Schmutz, Mrs. Anna
Schnering, Otto Y.
Schnur, Ruth A.
Schoellkopf, Henry
Schram, Harry S.
Schroeder, Dr. George H.
Schukraft, William
Schulman. A. S.
Schulze, Mrs. Mathilde
Schulze, William
Schupp, Philip C.
Schuyler, Mrs. Daniel J., Jr.
Schwartz, Charles K.
Schwartz, Charles P.
Schwarz, Herbert
Schwarzhaupt, Emil
sclanders, mrs. alexander
Scott, Frank H.
Scott, Robert L.
Scoville, C. B.
Seaman, George M.
Seames, Mrs. Charles
Sears, J. Alden
Seaver, A. E.
Seaverns, George A.
See, Dr. Agnes Chester
Seeburg, Justus P.
Seip, Emil G.
Seipp, Clarence T,
Seipp, Edwin A.
Seipp, William C.
Sello, George W.
Sencenbaugh, Mrs. G. W.
Seng, Frank J.
Seng, J. T.
Seng, V. J.
Shaffer, Carroll
Shaffer, Charles B.
Shambaugh, Dr. George E.
Shanesy, Ralph D.
Shannon, Angus R.
Shapiro, Meyer
Sharp, William N.
Sharpe, N. M.



228 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Shaw, Alfred P.

Shaw, Mrs. Howard

Shaw, Theodore A.

Sheehy, Edward

Shelton, Dr. W. Eugene

Shepherd, Mrs. Edith P.

Sheridan, Albert D.

Shields, James Culver

Shillestad, John N.

Shire, Moses E.

Shoan, Nels

Shockey, Mrs. Willis G.

Shoup, A. D.

Shumway, Mrs. Edward DeWitt

Shumway, P. R.

Shutz, Albert E.

Sigman, Leon

Silander, A. I.

SlLBERMAN, CHARLES
SlLBERMAN, DAVID B.
SlLBERMAN, HUBERT S.
SlLVERTHORNE, GEO. M.
SlMONDS, J. P.
SlMONDS, O. C.
SlMONEK, DR. B. K.

Sincere, Benjamin

Sinclair, Dr. J. Frank

Sinden, Henry P.

Singer, Mrs. Mortimer H.

Sitzer, Dr. L. Grace Powell

Smith, Mrs. C. R.

Smith, Mrs. Emery J.

Smith, Mrs. Frank S.

Smith, Franklin P.

Smith, Harold Byron

Smith, Jens

Smith, Jesse E.

Smith, Mrs. Katherine Walker

Smith, Samuel K.

Smith, Sidney

Smith, Mrs. Theodore White

Smith, Walter Byron

Smith, Mrs. William A.

Smith, Z. Erol

Smullan, Alexander

Snow, Edgar M.

Snow, Fred A.

Socrates, Nicholas

Solem, Dr. George O.

Somerville, Robert

Sonnenschein, Edward

sonnenschein, hugo

Sonnenschein, Dr. Robert

Soper, Henry M.

Sopkin, Mrs. Setia H.



Soravia, Joseph

Sorensen, James

Spiegel, Mrs. Mae O.

Spindler, Oscar

Spitz, Joel

Spitz, Leo

Spitzglass, Mrs. Leonard M.

Spoor, Mrs. John A.

Sprague, Dr. John P.

Springer, Mrs. Samuel

Squires, John G.

Stanton, Edgar

Stanton, Dr. E. M., Sr.

Stanton, Henry T.

Steffens, Ralph Sutherland

Steffey, David R.

Stein, Benjamin F.

Stein, Dr. Irving

Stein, L. Montefiore

Stein, Samuel M.

Stein, William D.

Stephens, W. C.

Sterba, Dr. Joseph V.

Stern, Alfred Whital

Stern, David B.

Stern, Maurice S.

Stern, Oscar D.

Stevens, Delmar A.

Stevens, Edward J.

Stevens, Elmer T.

Stevens, Harold L.

Stevens, James W.

Stevens, Mrs. James W.

Stevens, R. G.

Stevens, Raymond W.

Stevenson, Dr. Alexander F.

Stevenson, E.

Stewart, Miss Agnes N.

Stewart, Miss Eglantine Daisy

Stewart, James S.

Stewart, Miss M. Graeme

Stirling, Miss Dorothy

Strandberg, Erik P., Sr.

Stone, Mrs. Jacob S.

Straus, David

Straus, Martin L.

Straus, Melvin L.

Straus, S. J. T.

Strauss, Dr. Alfred A.

Strauss, Henry X.

Street, Mrs. Charles A.

Strobel, Charles L.

Stromberg, Charles J.

Struby, Mrs. Walter V.

Strong, Edmund H.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



229



Strong, Walter A.
Strotz, Harold C.
Stulik, Dr. Charles
Sturges, Hollister
Sturges, Solomon
Sturtevant, Henry D.
Suekoff, Louis A.
Sullivan, Hon. John J.
Sulzberger, Frank L.
Sumner, Stephen C.
Sutcliffe, Mrs. Gary
Sutherland, William
Swan, Oscar H.
Swanson, Joseph E.

SWARTCHILD, EDWARD G.

Swartchild, William G.
Swift, Alden B.
Swift, Edward F., Jr.
Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred

Taft, John H.
Tarrant, Robert
Tatge, Mrs. Gustavus J.
Taylor, Charles C.
Taylor, George Halleck
Taylor, J. H.
Templeton, Stuart J.
Templeton, Mrs. W.
Templeton, Walter L.
Tenney, Horace Kent
Terry, Foss Bell
Teter, Lucius
Theobald, Dr. John J.
Thomas, Edward H.
Thomas, Emmet A.
Thomas, Frank W.
Thomas, Dr. William A.
Thompson, Charles F.
Thompson, D. P.
Thompson, Edward F.
Thompson, Dr. George F.
Thompson, John R., Jr.
Thompson, Mrs. Leverett
Thompson, Thomas W.
Thorne, Hallett W.
Thorne, James W.
Thornton, Charles S.
Thornton, Dr. Francis E.
Thorp, Harry W.
Thresher, C. J.
Thulin, F. A.

TlLDEN, AVERILL

Tilt, Charles A.
Tobias, Clayton H.
Touchstone, John Henry
Towle, Leroy C.



Towler, Kenneth F.
Towne, Mrs. Arthur F.
Towne, Mrs. John D. G.
Trainer, J. Milton
Traylor, Mrs. Dorothy J.
Tredwell, John
Trench, Mrs. Daniel G.
Tripp, Chester D.
Trombly, Dr. F. F.
Trowbridge, Raymond W.
Trude, Mrs. Mark W.
Turner, Alfred M.
Turner, Dr. B. S.
Turner, Mrs. Charlton A.
Turner, Tracy L.
Tuttle, F. B.
Tuttle, Henry Emerson
Tuttle, Mrs. Henry N.
Tyler, Albert S.
Tyler, Orson K.
Tyrrell, Mrs. Percy

Uhlmann, Fred
Ullman, Mrs. N. J.
Upham, Mrs. Frederic

Valentine, Joseph L.
Valentine, Mrs. May L.
Valentine, Patrick A.
VanCleef, Mrs. Noah
VanCleef, Paul
VanDeventer, Christopher
VanNess, Gardiner B.
VanSchaick, Gerard
VanZwoll, Henry B.
Veeder, Mrs. Henry
Veeder, Miss Jessie
Vehe, Dr. K. L.
Vehon, Morris
Vehon, William H.
Vial, Charles H.
Vickery, Miss Mabel S.
Victor, Mrs. Jessie K.
Vierling, Louis
Volicas, Dr. John N.
vonColditz, Dr. G. Thomsen-
Vopicka, Charles J.

Wagner, Fritz, Jr.
Wagner, Dr. G. W.
Wagner, John E.
Wagner, Mrs. Mary G.
Walgreen, Mrs. Charles R.
Walker, Mrs. Paul
Walker, William E.
Wallace, R. Y.



230 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



Waller, E. C.
Waller, H. P.
Waller, J, Alexander
Waller, Mrs. James B.
Waller, James B., Jr.
Wallerich, George W.
Wallovick, J. H.
Wanner, Mrs. Henry J.
Ward, Edward J. E.
Ward, Mrs. N. C.
Ware, Mrs. Lyman
Warfield, Edwin A.
Warren, Allyn D.
Warren, J. Latham
Warren, Paul C.
Warren, Walter G.
Warwick, W. E.
Washburne, Clarke
Washburne, Hempstead, Jr.
Wassell, Joseph
Waterman, Dr. A. H.
Watts, Harry C.
Waud, E. P.

Wayman, Charles A. G.
Wean, Frank L.
Weaver, Charles A.
Webb, George D.
Webb, Mrs. Thomas J.
Weber, Bernard F.
Weber, Frank C.
Webster, Arthur L.
Webster, Miss Helen R.
Webster, Dr. Ralph W.
Wedelstaedt, H. A.
Weil, Isidor
Weil, Martin
Weiler, Rudolph
Weinzelbaum, Louis L.
Weisbrod, Benjamin H.
Weiss, Mrs. Morton
Weissenbach, Mrs. Minna K.
Weisskopf, Maurice J.
Weisskopf, Dr. Max A.
Wells, Arthur H.
Wells, Harry L.
Wells, John E.
Wells, Preston A.
Wells, Thomas E.
Wells, Mrs. Thomas E.
Wendell, Barrett, Jr.
Wentworth, Mrs. Moses J.
Wermuth, William C.
Werner, Frank A.
West, J. Roy
West, Miss Mary Sylvia



Westerfeld, Simon
Westrich, Miss T. C.
Wetten, Albert H.
Wettling, Louis E.
Weymer, Earl M.
Whealan, Emmett
Wheeler, George A.
Wheeler, Leo W.
Wheeler, Leslie
Wheeler, Mrs. Robert C.
Whinery, Charles C.
White, Harold F.
White, Mrs. James C.
White, Joseph J.
White, Richard T.
White, Robert
Whitehouse, Howard D.
Whiting, Mrs. Adele H.
Whiting, J. H.
Whitlock, William A.
Wiborg, Frank B.
Widdicombe, Mrs. R. A.
Wieland, Charles J.
Wilder, Harold, Jr.
Wilder, John E.
Wilder, Mrs. John E.
Wilkins, George Lester
Wilkinson, John C.
Willey, Mrs. Charles B.
Williams, Miss Anna P.
Williams, Dr. A. Wilberforce
Williams, Harry L.
Williams, J. M.
Williams, Lucian M.
Williamson, George H.
Willis, Paul, Jr.
Willis, Thomas H.
Wilms, Herman P.
Wilson, Mrs. E. Crane
Wilson, Harry Bertram
Wilson, Mrs. John R.
Wilson, Miss Lillian M.
Wilson, Mrs. Robert Conover
Winans, Frank F.
Windsor, H. H., Jr.
Winston, Hampden
Winston, James H.
wlnterbotham, john h.
Winters, Leander LeRoy
Withers, Allen L.
Wojtalewicz, Rev. Francis M.
Woley, Dr. Harry P.
Wolf, Mrs. Albert H.
Wolf, Henry M.
Wolf, Walter B.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



231



Wolff, Louis
Wood, John G.
Wood, Robert E.
Wood, William G.
Woodruff, George
Woods, Weightstill
Woodward, C. H.
Worcester, Mrs. Charles H.
Work, Robert
Wormser, Leo F.
Worth, Miss Helen E.
Worthy, Mrs. S. W.
Wrenn, Mrs. Everts
Wright, Warren
Wrigley, Mrs. Charles W.



Wunderle, H. O.

Yegge, C. Fred
Yerkes, Richard W.
Yondorf, Milton S.
Young, Mrs. Hugh E.

Zabel, Max W.
Zapel, Elmer
Zeisler, Mrs. Erwin P.
Ziebarth, Charles A.
Zimmer, Mrs. Rudolph E.
Zimmerman, Herbert P.
Zimmerman, Louis W.
Zork, David
Zulfer, P. M.



Baker, L. K.
Bell, Robert W.
Berger, Henry A.
Bourne, Ralph H.
Braun, Mrs. Martha E.

Cessna, Dr. Charles E.

Day, Mrs. Mark L.

Ellsworth, Mrs. E. O.

Elting, Philip L. F.
Fry, Henry T.

Greene, Charles F.
Greensfelder, Dr. Louis A.
Grey, Walter Clark



Decbased, 1929

Hettler, Herman H.

King, Lawrence F.

Mariner, W. E.
Miller, Walter F.



Reed, Kersey Coates
Riser, John A.

Sommer, Adam

voorhees, condit

Wentworth, Hunt



SUSTAINING MEMBERS

Those who contribute $25 annually to the Museum



Abbott, Stanley N.
Abrahamson, Henry M.
Aldrich, Mrs. George Capron
Alsip, Mrs. Charles H.
Alton, Carol W.
Anderson, O. Helge
Armstrong, Albertus S.
Armstrong, Mrs. Julian
Artingstall, Samuel G., Jr.
Atlass, H. Leslie

Bailey, Mrs. Edward W.
Barnes, Mrs. Charles Osborne
Barnum, Harry H.
Barothy, Dr. A. M.



Barry, Edward C.
Baumrucker, Charles F.
Bautz, Robert A.
Beach, E. Chandler
Beatty, Lester A.
Becker, Mrs. A. G.
Becklenberg, Mrs. Fred
Belding, Mrs. H. H., Jr.
Bernstein, Fred
Binga, Jesse
Blackburn, Oliver A.
Blair, Samuel
Blair, Wolcott
Blomgren, Dr. Walter L.
Bluthardt, Edwin



232 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Bode, William F.
boettcher, arthur h.
Bohasseck, Charles
Bokum, Norris H.
Bosley, M. E.
BOYNTON, A. J.

Bradford, Ralph B.
Brenza, Miss Mary
Briggs, J. H.
Bryan, Benjamin B., Jr.

BURGSTRESER, NEWTON

Burke, Webster H.
Butler, Burridge D.
Butler, Dr. Craig D.

Cahill, James B.
Canby, Caleb H., Jr.
Cannon, W. J.
Cary, Dr. Frank
Casselberry, Mrs. William E.
Challenger, Mrs. Agnes
Chandler, Henry P.
Channon, Harry
Chapman, Arthur E.
Chapman, Mrs. Doris L.
Churchill, E. F.
Clark, Lincoln R.
Clinch, Duncan L.
Cogswell, Elmer R.
Cohen, Louis
Compton, D. M.
Connell, Philip G.

COYLE, C. H.

Craigie, A. M.

Cratty, Mrs. Josiah

Crosby, Fred M.

Cuneo, John F.

Curtis, Austin Guthrie, Jr.

Curtis, Benjamin J.

Dana, W. D.
Danz, Charles A.
Dauchy, Mrs. Samuel
Degan, David
DeLemon, H. R.
Denkewalter, W. E.
DesIsles, Mrs. Carrie L.
Dickey, William E.
Dickinson, Augustus E.
Dickinson, Theodore
Dickinson, Mrs. W. Woodbridge
Dodge, O. V.
Doering, Walter C.
Douglass, Kingman
Dowdle, John J.



Duncan, Albert G.
Duner, Joseph A.
Dunham, Robert J.
Dunn, Samuel O.
Dunn, W. Frank
Dvorak, B. F.
Dyche, William A.

Eddy, Mrs. Augustus W.
Edwards, Kenneth P.

ElSENSTAEDT, HARRY

Eisenstein, Sol
Elting, Howard

Felsenthal, Edward George
Feltman, Charles H.
Ferguson, William H.
Fetcher, Edwin S.
Finnerud, Dr. Clark W.
Fisher, George P.
Fisher, Walter L.
Fix, Frederick W.
Flateau, H. Pitts
Fletcher, Mrs. R. V.

FOLLANSBEE, MITCHELL D.

Forgan, Mrs. J. Russell
Forsyth, Mrs. Holmes
Foster, Mrs. Charles K.
Frank, Jerome N.
French, Dudley K.
Friestedt, Mrs. Herman F.

Gallagher, Mrs. M. F.
Gardner, Henry A.
Garraway, S. G.
Gear. H. B.

Gifford, Mrs. Frederick C.
Gilchrist, Mrs. William A.
Glaser, Edward L.
Glenn, Mrs. J. M.
Goldsmith, Bernard H.
Goldstine, Dr. Mark T.
Goode, Mrs. Rowland T.
Gordon, Leslie S.
Granger, Mrs. Everett J.
Grant, James D.
Green, J. B.
Greene, Henry E.
Greenebaum, Mrs. Henry E.
Greenlee, Mrs. William Brooks

Hammond, Mrs. Gardiner
Hammond, Luther S., Jr.
Hand, George W.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



233



Hanson, Mrs. Burton
Hardy, Miss Marjorie
Harris, Miss Lillian
Harrison, Mrs. Frederick J.
Hart, Mrs. Harry
Hartmann, A. O.
Hattstaedt, William O. J.
Hayslett, Arthur J.
Helfrich, J. Howard
Henry, Huntington B.
Herrick, Charles E.
Hill, Mrs. Russell D.
Hill, Samuel B.
Hines, Charles M.
Hines, J. W.
Hintz, John C.
Hodgkins, Mrs. W. L.
Hohman, Dr. E. H.

HOLLINGSWORTH, R. G.

Holmes, George J.
Houston, Mrs. Thomas J.
Howard, Mrs. Elmer A.
Howard, P. S.
Hoyne, Frank C.
Hoyt, Mrs. Phelps B.
Hubbard, George W.
Huncke, O. W.
Hunter, Robert H.

Ingalls, Mrs. Frederick A.
Ingeman, Lyle S.
Isaacs, Charles W., Jr.

Jackson, Archer L.
Jaffe, Dr. Herman
Jenkins, David F. D.
Johnson, Chester H.
Johnson, Isaac Horton

Karpen, Michael
Kavanagh, Clarence H.
Kelker, Rudolph F., Jr.
Kendall, Mrs. Virginia H.
Kleinpell, Dr. Henry H.
Klenk, Paul T.
Koch, Louis G.
Kochs, August
Kohlsaat, Edward C.
Komiss, David S.
Kopp, Gustave
Kortzeborn, Jacob E.
Kraus, Samuel



Lang, Edward J.
Lathrop, Mrs. Bryan
Lawrence, W. J.
Lee, Mrs. John H. S.
Leight, Albert E.
Linton, Benjamin B.
Little, Mrs. E. H.
Llewellyn, Mrs. John T.
Lockwood, W. S.
Loeb, Mrs. A. H.
Loeb, Leo A.

LOEWENTHAL, MRS. JULIUS W.

Louer, Albert S.
Ludwig, J. Leo
Lynch, William Joseph

MacLeish, Mrs. Andrew
Maddock, Thomas E.
Mallinson, Edwin
Manley, John A.
Marcus, Maurice S.
Markman, S. K.
Marriott, Abraham R.
Mautner, Leo A.
Mayer, Oscar F., Sr.
McCrea, Mrs. W. S.
McIntosh, Mrs. Walter G.
McMakin, Eugene
McMenemy, L. T.
McVoy, John M.
Melnick, Leopold B.
Merrell, John H.
Mertens, Cyril P.
Miles, Mrs. Ethel Edmunds
Miller, Mrs. Olive Beaupre
Minotto, Mrs. James
Mitchell, George F.
Mitchell, John J.
Moeling, Mrs. Walter G.
Mohr, Edward
Moist, Mrs. S. E.
Monaghan, Thomas H.
Morey, Walter W.
Mulligan, George F.
Murphy, John P. V.

Nebel, Herman C.
Neilson, Mrs. Francis
Newhouse, Karl
Noble, Samuel R.
Noyes, A. H.



LaChance, Mrs. Leander H.
Ladenson, N. T.



Odell, William R., Jr.
O'Leary, John W.



234 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Pace, Anderson
Packer, Charles Swasey
Pardridge, Mrs. Frederick C.
Parker, Dr. Gaston C.
Parker, Dr. Ralph W.
Parmelee, Dr. A. H.
Partridge, Lloyd C.
Peck, Dr. David B.
Peterson, Arthur J.
Peterson, Mrs. Bertha I.
Phelps, Mrs. W. L.
Pole, James S.
Poole, Miss Lois
Portman, Mrs. Edward C.
Prebis, Edward J.
Prentice, John K.
Press, Mrs. Jacob H.
Pritzker, I. L.
Puckey, F. W.
Purdy, Sparrow E.
Putnam, Miss Mabel C.

Randle, Mrs. Charles H.
Raney, Mrs. R. J.
Rathje, William J.
Rayner, Arnold P.
Rea, Dr. Albertine L.
Rellihen, Edwin G.
Rich, Elmer
Richards, Marcus D.
Richardson, George A.
Richardson, Guy A.
Rinder, E. W.
Robbins, Henry S.
Robbins, Percy A.
Roessler, Carl C.
Rosenthal, Kurt
Rothschild, Justin
Routh, George D., Jr.
Ryerson, Donald M.

Sampsell, Marshall E.
Sargent, Mrs. George H.
Schireson, Dr. Henry J.
Scholl, Dr. William M.
Schulze, Theodore G.
Scribner, Gilbert
Seggerman, Mrs. Richard
Shaw, Andrew H.
Shaw, E. R.
Sheldon, James M.



Sills, Clarence W.
Simpson, C. G.
Skooglund, David
Smith, Walter Bourne
Sonneveld, Jacob
Sperling, Samuel
Spielmann, Oscar P.
Stearns, Mrs. Richard I.
Stebbins, Fred J.
Stevens, Charles R.
Stockton, Eugene M.
Sudler, Carroll H., Jr.
Sutton, Harold I.
Swiecinski, Walter

Teninga, Cornelius
Thompson, C. E.
Thompson, Mrs. Charles M.
Thompson, Fred L.
Tilden, Mrs. Edward
Tilden, Louis Edward
Titzel, Dr. W. R.
Toolen, Clarence A.
Torbet, A. W.
Trude, Hon. Daniel P.
Tucker, S. A.
Tuttle, F. B.
Tyler, Byron

Vail, Carlton M.
Vehon, Simon Henry

Walker, Samuel J.
Ward, Miss Marjorie
Ware, Mrs. Charles W.
Washington, Laurence W.
Watson, Miss Mina M.
Weil, David Maxwell
Weinhoeber, George V.
Weis, S. W.
Welter, John N.
Werth, A. Herman
White, Sanford B.
White, Selden Freeman
Whiting, Laurence H.
Wilson, Morris Karl
Wood, Kay, Jr.
Wright, H. K.

Zerler, Charles F.



Carey, Mrs. William P.



Deceased, 1929

Prothero, Dr. James H.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



235



ANNUAL MEMBERS

Those who contribute $10 annually to the Museum



Aagaard, Walter S., Jr.

Aaron, Ely M.

Abbott, Edwin H.

Abbott, Ernest V.

Abbott, Guy H.

Abbott, Mrs. Katherine M.

Abbott, Dr. Wilson Ruffin

Abells, Colonel H. D.

Abegg, Eugene

Abney, M. D.

Aborn, E. A.

Abrahamson, John

Abrahamson, Mrs. Paul

Abrams, Hyman B.

Abt, Hugo A. F.

Abt, Dr. Isaac A.

Abt, Mrs. J. J.

Ackert, Mrs. Charles H.

Adair, Hugh G.

Adams, A. J.

Adams, C. E. B.

Adams, Cyrus H., Jr.

Adams, Mrs. David T.

Adams, Harvey M.

Adams, Mrs. Henry T.

Adams, Hugh R.

Adams, J. Kirk

Adams, M. G.

Adams, Miss M. Joice

Adams, Miss Nellie Malina

Adams, Samuel P.

Addams, Miss Jane

Adler, Dr. Herman M. O.

Adler, Leo

Agar, Mrs. William Grant

Ahern, Miss Anna

Ahnfelt, John

Ailes, Adrian S.

Aishton, Richard A.

Alden, W. T.

Aldrich, Frederick C.

Aleshire, Mrs. O. E.

Alessio, Frank

Alex, Miss Helen

Allais, Arthur L.

Allen, Dr. A. V.

Allen, Amos G.

Allen, CD.

Allen, Harry W.

Allen, J. B.

Allen, Mrs. J. W.



Allen, John D.
Allen, O. T.
Allensworth, A. P.
Allin, Miss Josephine T.
Allison, Mrs. S. B.
Alrutz, Dr. Louis F.
Alsaker, Mrs. Alfred
Alschuler, Hon. Samuel
Alt, George E.
Altheimer, Ben J.
Altman, Robert M.
Amberg, J. Ward
Amberg, Miss Ethel M.
Amberg, Miss Mary Agnes
Anderson, Mrs. A. S.
Anderson, Mrs. A. W.
Anderson, Adolph
Anderson, B. G.
Anderson, Brooke
Anderson, Rt. Rev. C. P.
Anderson, David G.
Anderson, Mrs. Edith L.
Anderson, Mrs. Harry
Andreen, Otto C.
Andrews, Dr. Benjamin F.
Andrews, Mrs. E. C.
Anheiser, Hugo
Anoff, Isidor S.
Anthony, Charles E.
Anthony, Joseph R.
Antonow, Samuel L.
Antrim, Mrs. Elbert M.
Arbuckle, Mrs. G. S.
Arden, Percy H.
Arens, Dr. Robert A.
Arms, Herbert C.
Armstrong, Edward E.
Armstrong, Mrs. H. W.
Armstrong, Percy W.
Arnold, Francis M.
Arnold, Mrs. Hugo F.
Arnold, Marshall
Arthur, Miss Minnie J.
Ascher, Nathan
ashburner, mrs. thomas
Ashby, D. E.
Ashcraft, Edwin M., Jr.
ashcraft, r. m.
Asher, Max
Ashley, Noble W.
Atkeisson, Dr. J. E. H.



236 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Atkins, Paul M.
Atkinson, Mrs. A. L. C.
Atkinson, Charles T.
Atkinson, Roy R.
Atlass, Mrs. Frank
Atwell, W. C.
Atwood, Mrs. C. E.
Atwood, Fred G.
Auble, Wilson C.
Aubry, Numa G.
Austin, E. F.
Austin, M. B.
Austin, William B.
Austrian, Mrs. Edwin
Axelson, Charles F.
Axman, Samuel H.

Babcock, F. M.
Babcock, Orville E.
Babcock, William H.
Bachrach, I.
Bacon, Asa
Bacon, Dr. C. S.
Badenoch, David A.
Badger, Shreve Cowles
Baer, Mrs. Arthur A.
Baer, Dr. Joseph L.
Bagby, Mrs. C B.
Bailey, Dr. G. T.
Baird, Mrs. Clay
Bairstow, Mrs. Arthur
Baker, C. M.
Baker, Claude M.
Baker, Edward L.
Baker, G. W.
Baker, James Childs
Baker, James R.
Baker, Miss Julia A.
Balaban, Mrs. A. J.
Balch, Howard K.
Balderston, Mrs. Stephen V.
Baldwin, William
Ball, John

Ballard, Mrs. Charles M.
Ballard, Mrs. E. S.
Baltz, Mrs. Phil G.
Bangs, William D.
Bankard, E. Hoover, Jr.
Banker, Mrs. Edward H.
Banning, Samuel W
Bannister, Mrs. A. H.
Barber, Mrs. F. L.
Barber, Phil C.
Barclay, Miss Mildred
Bard, Ralph A.



Bard, Mrs. Roy E.

Barger, Mrs. Walter C.

Barker, Edward E.

Barker, Mrs. William

Barkman, Miss A. M.

Barnes, Miss Bernita

Barnes, Professor Nathaniel W.

Barnes, Sydney G.

Barnes, William H.

Barrett, Miss Adela

Barrett, M. J. P.

Barry, Mrs. Rupert J.

Barstow, Dr. Rhoda Pike

Bartells, Dr. Henry W. F.

Barth, Lewis L.

Bartholomay, Herman

Bartholomay, William, Jr.

Bartholomew, Mrs. F. H.

Bartlett, Charles C.

Bartlett, Mrs. Frederick H.

Bartman, Mrs. Fred A.

Barton, Mrs. Enos M.

Barton, S. G.

Barwig, Mrs. Byron

Bascom, F. T.

Bates, Mrs. Harry C.

Baum, James E., Jr.

Baum, Mrs. James E., Jr.

Baumann, Mrs. F. O.

Baumgarden, Nathan W.

Baxter, John E.

Baylor, Dr. Frank W.

Beach, Calvin B.

Beacom, Harold

Beatty, Mrs. R. J.

Beck, Dr. E. G.

Beck, Dr. Joseph C.

Becker, Mrs. Herbert W.

Becker, Lothar

Bede, Howard H.

Beer, Fred A.

Beeson, Mrs. F. C.

Behrens, George A.

Beddler, Augustus F.

Beifus, Morris

Beirnes, Mrs. Alvin E.

Belden, Joseph C.

Belknap, Mrs. Thomas A.

Bell, Mrs. Ellen R.

Bell, George Irving

Bell, Hayden N.

Bellows, Mrs. L. E. H.

Bemis, Anthony J.

Benario, Mrs. Gus

Bendelari, Arthur



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



237



Bender, Mrs. Charles

Bengtsen, H. 0.

Bennet, William S.

Bennett, E. H.

Bennett, Mrs. Harold D.

Bennett, Mrs. Ira F.

Bennett, Mrs. William H. K.

Benninghoven, Daniel

Bennington, Harold

Benoist, Mrs. William F.

Bensinger, Mrs. Blanche

Benson, Mrs. T. R.

Bentley, Richard

Berens, Mrs. H.

Berg, Dr. O. H.

Bergbom, Mrs. M. S.

Berger, Miss Marie S. E.

Bergh, Ross F.

Bergren, E. L.

Bergstrom, 0.

Berliner, Emanuel F.

Bernard, Peter J.

Bernhard, Raymond S.

Bernstein, Aaron D.

Bernstein, Mrs. Jack

Berry, H. Roy

Berry, Mrs. Raymond D.

Berry, V. D.

Bertolet, Charles D

Beshears, Mansfield

Bestel, Oliver A.

Bettman, Dr. Ralph B.

Biddle, Robert C.

Biehn, Dr. J. F.

Bigane, Mrs. John Edward, Jr.

Bigelow, Miss Florence E.

Bilsky, Samuel

Bingham, S. H.

Binkley, Mrs. L. G.

Binks, Mrs. Harry D.

Bird, Miss Frances

Bird, Herbert J.

Birkenstein, Louis

Birkhoff, Miss Gertrude

Bisbee, W. G.

Bishop, Mrs. Alice M.

Bishop, Mrs. Howard F.

Bissell, Mrs. A. W.

Bissell, Arthur

Black, Mrs. Herbert G.

Black, Dr. R. E.

Black, Robert F.

Black, Mrs. T. S.

Black, W. J.

Blackford, Wilbur F.



Blackwood, Mrs. A. E.
Blair, Mrs. Henry A.
Blake, Mrs. F. B.
Blake, Mrs. William H.
Blakeley, John M.
Blazon, John J.
Blessing, Lewis G.
Bliss, Charles F.
Blitzsten, Dr. N. Lionel
Block, Mrs. Joseph B.
Block, Mrs. Leigh B.
Block, Dr. Louis H.
Blocki, Mrs. Fred W.
Blomquist, Alfred
Blonder, Edward G.
Blood, L. A.
Bloom, Mrs. Leon
Bloomfield, Mrs. Leonard
Blount, M. A.
Blue, John
Blum, Henry S.
Blunt, Katharine
Bobb, Dwight S.
Bohning, Dr. Anne
Bolitho, Mrs. William J.
Bollenbacher, John C.
Bolt, M. C.
Bolton, John F.
Bone, A. R.
Bonthron, Francis R.
Bonner, Francis A.
Boone, Arthur
Boone, Charles Leveritt
Boot, Dr. G. W.
Booth, Mrs. George
Boozer, Mrs. Ralph C.

BORCHERDING, E. P.

Borcherdt, Mrs. H. A.
Borchert, Dr. Robert L.
Borland, Mrs. Beatrice I.
Borman, T. A.
Born, Edgar R.
Borough, Miss Mary G.
Borsch, Mrs. Mary
Bothman, Dr. L.
Botthof, Mrs. W.
Boucher, C. S.
Boughton, Frank M.
Bourland, Mrs. Norman T.
Bournique, Alvar L.
Bourque, Dr. N. Odeon
Bowe, Augustine J.
Bowen, Joseph T., Jr.
Bowes, Frederick M.
Bowes, William R.



238 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



Bowes, William R.
Bowman, Jay
Boyd, Mrs. E. B.
Brachvogel, Mrs. Christiana
Braddock, Mrs. Louis J.
Bradley, Fred J.
Bradley, Herbert E.
Brandenburg, Mrs. O. H.
Brandt, Frederic T.
Branigar, Mrs. W. W.
Braschler, H. T.
Braucher, Mrs. Ernest N.
Braudy, Mrs. Louis C.
Brauer, Mrs. Casper
Braun, Arthur J.
Brawley, Dr. Frank E.
Breed, Frederick S.
Breen, J. W.
Bremner, Dr. David K.
Brennan, Mrs. George E.
Brennemann, Dr. Joseph
Brenner, Mrs. Louis N.
Brennwasser, S. M.
Brewer, Edward H.
Brewer, Harry F.
Brewster, William E.
Breyer, Mrs. T.
Briggs, A. G.
Brigham, Dr. L. Ward
Brimstin, W. E.
Brin, Harry L.
Briney, Mrs. H. C.
Bringolf, Mrs. Floyd A.
Brinson, Mrs. Earl W.
Briscoe, George L.
Brister, Mrs. C. J.
Brock, Mrs. Frank P.
Brockett, Mrs. J. I.
Brodt, Irwin W.
Broeker, Mrs. Felix
Bronson, Mrs. Mary Horton
Brooke, Fred L.
Brooks, Roeert E. L.
Broome, John Spoor
Broome, Mrs. Thornhill
Broomell, Chester C.
Brougham, Dr. Edward J.
Brouillett, Dr. R. J.
Brower, Jule F.
Brown, Alvia K.
Brown, Dr. Calvin E.
Brown, Charles W.
Brown, Miss Clara M.
Brown, Edward Eagle



Brown, Miss Eleanor M.
Brown, Miss Ella W.
Brown, H. A.
Brown, J. D.
Brown, J. Rice
Brown, James Earl
Brown, W. Gray
Brown, Wilbur M.
Browning, Mrs. Luella A.
Brucker, Dr. Edward A.
Brucker, Dr. Matthew W.
Brugge, Mrs. Caroline
Brumley, Daniel Joseph
Brunker, A. R.
Brunt, J. P.
Bryant, Donald R.
Bryant, Mrs. Edward F.
Bryant, John M.
Bryant, Mrs. M. W.
Buchanan, Mrs. Lee R.

BUCHBINDER, Dr. J. R.

Buchen, Mrs. Walther
Buchholz, Eric
Buckingham, John
Buckingham, Tracy W.
Buckley, Mrs. Warren
Buckner, Mrs. John L., Jr.
Buddeke, I. W.
Buehler, Mrs. Ernest
Buell, Mrs. Charles C.
Buhlig, Paul
Buhlig, Miss Rose
Buker, J. E.
Bukowski, Peter I.
Bull, Gordon W.

BULLARD, SELLAR

Bunck, Edward C.

Bunge, August H., Sr.

Bunker, Charles C.

Bunn, B. H.

Bunte, Mrs. Theodore W.

Bunting, Guy J.

Bunzel, Paul M.

Burch, Mrs. W. E.

Burch, R. L.

Burdick, Dr. Alfred S.

Burk, Mrs. Henrietta Lance

Burke, Edward H.

Burke, Leonard J.

Burkhardt, Charles E.

Burnet, Mrs. W. A.

Burnham, D. H.

Burnham, Hubert

Burns, Miss Ethel R.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



239



Burns, Mrs. J. S.
Burns, John J.
Burnstine, I. H.
Burr, Earl G.
Burritt, D. F.
Burrows, Miss Louisa L.
Burry, William, Jr.
Bursik, Miss Emilie G.
Burton, Miss Claribel
Burton, Fred A.
Busch, Francis X.
Bush, Mrs. Lionel E.
Bushonville, James T.
Buswell, Mrs. Henry Lee
Butt, Frank Eastman
Butters, Mrs. George
Buxbaum, Morris
Byersdorf, Sidney R.
Byfield, Ernest L.
Byfield, Mrs. Herbert A.
Byfield, Miss Lillian R.

Cable, Arthur G.
Cahill, William A.
Cahn, Benjamin R.
Cain, Charles N.
Cain, G. R.

Caldwell, Mrs. Asa J.
Caldwell, H. Ware
Caldwell, Louis G.
Callahan, Mrs. A. F.
Caloger, Mrs. A. D.
Calvin, Dr. Joseph K.
Cammack, Herbert M.
Camp, Benjamin B.
Camp, Curtis B.
Camp, J. Beidler
Campbell, Argyle
Campbell, Donald A.
Campbell, Mrs. John G.
Campbell, Mrs. R. D.
Campbell, Robert W.
Campe, Frank O.
Canavan, J. Newell
Canepa, James P.
Capodice, J. J.
Capper, John S.
Carleton, Stanley
Carlin, Leo J.
Carlson, Mrs. Carl T.
Carman, S. S.
Carnahan, Mrs. Glen C.
Carpenter, Harold B.
Carpenter, John Alden
Carpenter, L. T.



Carpenter, W. W. S.
Carr, H. C.
Carr, Dr. James G.
Carrington, Edmund
Carroll, M. V.
Carteaux, Leon L.
Carter, Allan J.
Carter, C. B.
Carter, Mrs. C. B.
Carter, Mrs. J. B.
Carter, Mrs. L. D.
Cary, Dr. William
Casavant, Gustav A.
Case, Horace D.
Casey, J. R.
Casey, Thomas
Cassaday, Mrs. Thomas G.
Cassels, G. J.
Cassidy, William J.
Castenholz. W. B.
Castle, C. S.
Castle, Mrs. Charles S.
Castle, Sydney
Caswell, Mrs. A. B.
Caughlin, Mrs. F. P.
Cavenee, Mrs. C. M.
Cervenka, John A.
Chadwick, Mrs. Griffith
Chalmers, Mrs. J. Y.
Chamberlin, Mrs. Adele R.
Chandler, C. F.
Chandler, Charles H.
Chandler, Frank R.
Chandler, George M.
Chapin, Rufus F.
Chapman, Mrs. Frank A.
Chapman, William Gerard
Chase, Mrs. Edward G.
Chase, Miss Florence
Chase, Mrs. Leona
Chase, Miss Margaret
Chase, Roy W.
Chase, Samuel T.
Chase, Mrs. William H.
Chattin, William
Chavis, Dr. Samuel W.
Cheney, Henry D.
Chessman, L. W.
Childs, Mrs. Fred B.
Childs, Kent C.
Childs, Mrs. R. W.
Childs, Theron W.
Christensen, Henry C.
Christiansen, Dr. Henry
Christopher, Mrs. Carl J.



240 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Christy, Mrs. F. V.
Churan, Leo M.
Church, Mrs. Emma
Churchill, Richard S.
Clancy, William L.
Claney, Miss M. T.
Clare, Herbert O.
Clark, Mrs. Arthur M.
Clark, C. P.
Clark, James D.
Clark, Miss Maud F.
Clark, Robert H.
Clark, Dr. Stanley W.
Clarke, Broadus J.
Clarke, Mrs. Fred A.
Clarke, Frederick E.
Clarke, Mrs. Henry S., Jr.
Claussen, Edmund J.
Clavey, F. B.
Claypool, Glen F.
Clayton, Benjamin W.
Clayton, Frederick W.
Cleary, Charles H.
Cleary, John J.
Clement, Mrs. Allan M.
Clements, Miss Ellen N.
Clements, Rev. Robert
Cleveland, Mrs. A. F.
Clifford, Thomas R.
Clithero, W. S.
Cloney, T. W.
Cloyes, William E.
Cluff, Edwin E.
Coale, George M.
Coburn, Alonzo J.
Coburn, E. Warner
Coburn, J. M.
Cochran, J. L.
Cochran, Mrs. J. L.
Cochran, Miss Nellie
Cochrane, Mrs. A. B.
Cochrane, A. K. O.
Cochrane, Mrs. Robert M.
Coe, Frank Galt
Coffin, Fred Y., Sr.
Coffin, Mrs. Fred Y.
Coffin, Percy B.
Coffman, A. B.
Cohen, A. E.
Cohen, Archie H.
Cohen, Irving Leslie
Cohen, Irwin
Cohien, Henry
Cohn, Charles
Cohn, Samuel A.



Cohn, Mrs. Samuel J.
Colborn, Mrs. G. D.
Colburn, Warren E.
Cole, Lawrence A.
Coleman, Algernon
Coleman, B. R.
Coleman, Clarence L.
Coleman, Hamilton
Collins, Arthur B.
Collins, Arthur W.
Collins, Beryl B.
Collins, Charles W.
Collins, Chilton C
Collins, George R.
Collins, Dr. Lorin C.
Collins, Dr. Rufus G.
Collison, Edgar K.
Colnon, Philip
comerford, mrs. lyela
Compton, E. Raymond
Comstock, Miss Ethel
Comstock, Robert H., Jr.
Condit, Mrs. J. S.
Condon, Mrs. John
Condon, Thomas J.
Conger, Mrs. William Perez
Conglis, Nicholas P.
Conkey, H. P.

Connor, Mrs. Frederick T.
Conover, Harvey
Conover, Mrs. Luther W.
Conran, Mrs. Walter A.
Conroy, Mrs. Esther F.
Consoer, Arthur W.
Consoer, Miss Meta
Converse, Earl M.
Converse, William A.
Cook, Miss Edith S.
Cook, Dr. Frances H.
Cook, J. B.
Cook, Sidney A.
Cooke, Mrs. George J.
Cookson, J. E.
Coon, Robert E.
Cooper, Miss Adelaide
Cooper, Charles H.
Cooper, Frederick A.
Cooper, R., Jr.
Coppel, Mrs. Charles H.
Corbin, Mrs. Dana
Corbin, Mrs. F. N.
Corboy, Miss C. M.
Corboy, William J.
Core, Mrs. J. D.
Corey, Miss W. Jennette



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



241



Cornelius, J. F.
Cornell, Dr. Edward L.
Cornet, Mrs. A. L.
Corper, Erwin
Corrigan, James
Corry, Mrs. Adeline M.
Corsant, Mrs. Charles King
Corwin. Dr. Arthur M.
Costa, Mrs. Joseph C.
Costello, Thomas J.
Courtney, Miss Martha A.
Courvoisier, Dr. Earl A.
Cowan, Mrs. Lora S.
Cox, Arthur M.
Cozzens, Mrs. Frederick B.
Craddock, J. F.
Craig, H. W.
Cramer, Mrs. Ambrose
Crawford, Adam W.
Crawford, Mrs. Warren
Creber, Mrs. Walter H.
Creed, Daniel A.
Creedon, Mrs. Clara W.
Crego, Frank A.
Crerar, Mrs. John
Crile, Mrs. Dennis W.
Cronkhite, Albion C.
Crooks, Mrs. H. D.
Cropp, Carl

Crosby, Mrs. Frederick W.
Cross, George B.
Cross, Henry B.
Crow, W. R.
Crowder, J. L.
Crowell, Lucius A.
Cudney, Harold N.
Cullen, Dr. George
Cuneo, Frank
Cunnea, William A.
Cunningham, Robert M.
Curran, O. P., Jr.
Curran, Peter A.
Curtis, Louis R.
Cusack, Francis J.

Dahlquist, C. M.
Daiches, Eli
Daley, Harry C.
Dallas, Charles D.
Dallstream, Andrew J.
Dalrymple, Henry R.
Dalton, Ernest E.
Dalton, Henry L.
Daly, Dr. T. A.



Dalziel, Davison
Dammann, Edward C.
Dammann, J. F., Jr.
D'Ancona, A. E.
Daniels, Mrs. J. V.
Daniels, James E.
Danielson, Mrs. A. E.
Danielson, Fred V.
Dankowski, I. F.
Darling, Dr. U. G.
Dauchy, Miss Barbara
Daughaday, C. Colton
David, Sidney S.
Davidson, Mrs. George M.
Davidson, Julius
Davidson, Lucius H.
Davidson, Miss Mary E.
Davidson, Morton S.
Davie, George F.
Davies, J. E.
Da vies, P. W.
Davies, William B.
Davis, Colonel Alexander M.
Davis, Dr. Amy Reams
Davis, Brode B.
Davis, Charles E.
Davis, Mrs. Charles P.
Davis, Mrs. D. W.
Davis, Don
Davis, Mrs. F. Ben
Davis, Dr. H. I.
Davis, Dr. Loyal
Davis, Mrs. Newton E.
Davis, Paul H.
Davis, W. Harry
Davis, W. Owen
Davis, Warren T.
Dawes, Neil B.
Day, Clyde L.
Day, Mrs. Lewis J.
Dean, Mrs. Ella Wood
Dean, William D.
DeBerard, Miss Grace
DeBoer, Mrs. Klaas C.
Decker, Mrs. Halford H.
Decker, Hiram E.
Dee, Mrs. William E.
Defrees, Mrs. Donald
DeFrees, Miss Mary L.
Degener, August W.
Degenhardt, Dr. Edgar
Dehning, Mrs. C. H.
Deimel, Mrs. Jerome L.
Deininger, Mrs. D. M.



242 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



DeLamarter, Mrs. Eric

Delany, Faustin S.

DeLoach, Dr. R. J. H.

DeLong, F. T.

Delson, Louis J.

Demaree, H. S.

Demont, Carl

DeMuth, Mrs. Elizabeth S.

Deneen, Robert J.

Dennis, Willard P.

Dent, Mrs. Louis L.

DePeyster, Frederic A.

Depue, Oscar B.

Dering, Mrs. Edith S.

DeSauty, Sydney

D'Esposito, J.

DeVaney, Miss Marie A.

DeVries, George

DeWolf, Mrs. John E., Sr.

Dewson, Mrs. John R.

Dick, Miss F. Louise

Dickinson, Mrs. Charles F.

Diener, George W.

Dienstag, Mrs. Benno

Dignan, Frank W.

Dilkes, Howard B.

Dillbahner, Frank

Dimick, Miss Elizabeth

Dingle, Mrs. Florence Thomas

Dings, P. C.

Dix, Herbert

Dixon, Mrs. Wesley M.

Doering, Mrs. Edmund J., Jr.

Dolese, Mrs. John

Dolese, Peter

Donahey, Mrs. William

Donkle, Mrs. L. B.

Donnelley, Thorne

Donnelley, Mrs. Thorne

Dors, George B.

Dorsey, John T., Jr.

Dosch, Henry C.

Doubt, Mrs. T. E.

Dowling, T. F.

Doyle, Edward V.

Doyle, Leo J.

Drell, Mrs. J. B.

Drennan, John G.

Drew, Mrs. Leslie A.

Drews, William F.

Drezmal, Max A.

Drielsma, I. J.

Drinkwalter, Miss Kate E.

Dryden, Mrs. George B.

Drynan, William G.



Dudley, W. W.
Duffy, Mrs. Mary E.
Dunbaugh, George J.
Dunbaugh, Harry J.
Duncan, W. S.
Dunham, Mrs. M. Keith
Dunham, Mrs. W. H.
Dunlap, Mrs. T. M.
Dunn, Edward J.
Dunning, N. Max
Dupee, Eugene H.
Dupuis, Miss J. L.
Durham, Mrs. Raymond E.
Durland, Miss Ethel Grace
Durr, Mrs. Herbert A.

Easthope, Joseph
Eaton, Mrs. Marquis
Eaton, William A.
Ebeling, Mrs. George
Eberle, William C.
Eck, Dr. Charles P.
Eckart, Mrs. Robert P.
Eckstorm, Mrs. Paul
Edmonds, Miss Nora
Edwards, I. Newton
Egan, Parnell
Ehrlich, M. J.
Ehrman, Walter E.
Ehrmann, Dr. Fred J. E.
Eich, John W.
Eichstaedt, Dr. J. J.
Eisendrath, Miss Elsa B.
elsendrath, joseph l.
Eitel, Emil

Elam, Mrs. Frank Harris
Elam, Mrs. M. A.
Eley, Ning
Elich, Mrs. Herman
Eliel, Mrs. Theresa G.
Elkington, Charles S.
Ellbogen, Mrs. Max
Ellert, Arnold M.
Ellicson, S. Adelbert, Sr.
Ellinson, Mrs. William J.
Elliot, Mrs. Frank M.
Elliott, Dr. A. R.
Elliott, Mrs. E. N.
Elliott, Francke C.
Elliott, Mrs. O. Earl
Ellis, Mrs. J. W.
Elmer, Miss Lulu Shepard
Elmer, Dr. Raymond F.
Elmslie, George G.
Emery, William H.



\



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



243



Emig, Howard A.
Engelhart, Frank C.
Emery, Mrs. Fred A.
England, Edward L.
Englander, Mrs. Marcelite
Engle, Mrs. Walter
English, John J.
Enright, Frank J.
Erd, Arthur A.
Erickson, Mrs. Alfred O.
Erickson, Mrs. E. T.
Erickson, Elmer
Erickson, H. E.
Erickson, Hubbard H.
Erikson, Mrs. G. F.
Erwin, Mrs. Charles R.
Erzinger, Mrs. Minnie C.
Eschner, Leroy
Esdohr, F. H.
Esmond, John W.

ESPENSHADE, MRS. E. B.

Estes, C. E.

Ettelson, Mrs. Samuel A.

Eulass, Elmer A.

Evans, Miss Anna B.

Evans, Miss Bertha K.

Evans, Dr. C. B. S.

Evans, Eliot H.

Evans, Floyd Butler

Evans, Mrs. Timothy Wallace

Everett, Edward W.

Ewing, Mrs. Hugh W.

Fabbri, Albert
Falk, Miss Amy
Falk, Lester L.
Falls, Dr. S. H.
Faltysek, E. J.
Fanning, C. G.
Fantus, Dr. Bernard
Farley, Mrs. John W.
Farnsworth, G. J.
Farquhar, R. C.
Farquharson, William J.
Farrell, William W.
Farwell, Edward P.
Farwell, Stanley P.
Faulkner, Dr. Louis
Favorite, Mrs. Isabel C.
Fawcett, H. J.
Fell, A. L.
Fell, Miss Frances
Felsenthal, Herman
Fenley, William H.
Fenn, Dr. G. K.



Fenton, J. R.
Ferguson, S. Y., Jr.
Ferrer, Mrs. Lorraine L.
Ferrier, Miss Mary
Ferris, L. G.
Ferris, Miss Sarah L.
Fetters, Judson H.
Fetzer, William R.
Field, Forrest Whipple
Field, Heman H.
Field, Henry
Field, Mrs. J. A.
Field, Mrs. Wentworth G.
Fieldhouse, Clarence B.
Fiery, E. Irving
Findley, Dr. Ephraim K.
Finigan, Thomas
Fink, George E.
Fink, R. A.
Finney, W. N.
Fischer, Arthur
Fischer, Charles H.
Fischer, Mrs. Charles W.
Fischrupp, George
Fish, Irving D.
Fisher, Dr. Hart E.
Fisher, Mrs. Howard A.
Fisher, Mrs. Vories
Fisher, Mrs. Walter E.
Fiske, Kenneth B.
Fitch, Thomas
Fitzpatrick, Miss Anna E.
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. T. F.
Flaherty, Joseph F.
Flanigan, Arthur H.
Fleischhauer, Herbert
Fleming, Edward J.
Fleming, Mrs. Joseph B.
Flinn, Mrs. F. B.
Flinn, James M.
Flocken, Mrs. F. A.
Floessler, Arthur M.
Floreen, Mrs. Adolph R.
Flynn, Maurice J.
Fockler, L. H.
Foley, Mrs. John Burton
Folsom, Mrs. William R.
Foltz, F. C.
Forbes, Lester H.
Forch, John L., Jr.
Ford, Mrs. Charles
Ford, Mrs. Charles E.
Ford, James S.
Ford, Mrs. Norman J.
Ford, Mrs. T. A.



244 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Foreman, Mrs. Alfred K.
Forrest, George D.
Forrester, Mrs. W. W.
Forsinger, Darwin A.
Forster, J. G.
Fortelka, Dr. Frank L.
Fortune, John L.
Fosburg, H. A.
Fosdick, K. I.
Foster, Mrs. A. H.
Foster, Mrs. Gertrude L.
Foucek, Charles G.
Fowler, G. F.
Fowler, Henry
Fox, Harvey
Foy, John J.
Fraizer, Mrs. Lawrence
Frame, C. L.
Francis, Mrs. Daisy G.
Frank, Mrs. Arthur A.
Frank, David
Frank, Samuel I.
Franke, Dr. Meta E.
Franklin, Abraham M.
Franklin, Egington
Franklin, M. E.
Fraser, Angus
Fraser, N. D.
Frazee, Seward C.
Frederick, Mrs. Clarence L.
Frederick, R. L.
Freehof, Dr. Solomon B.
Freeman, Mrs. Ernest H.
Freeman, Theodore F.
Freeman, Victor E.
Freeman, William A.
Freer, Harry M.
Freitag, F. J.
French, Mrs. L. B.
Frenzel, Mrs. Henry
Freund, Erwin O.
Fried, Harry N.
Friedberg, Mrs. Stanton
Frieder, Edward N.
Friedman. I. S.
Friend, Mrs. Alexander
Friend, Herbert M.
Friend, Oscar F.
Friend, Mrs. R. O.
Frisbie, Mrs. Ida D.
Frisk, Miss Auda
Froehling, Arthur F.
Frymark, August A.
Fucik, E. J.



Fuller, Mrs. Eugene W.
Fuller, Dr. George Damon
Fuller, Mrs. J. G.
Fulmer, Mrs. S. Guy
Funk, Mrs. C. S.
Funkhauser, Leonard K.

Gabel, Walter H.
Gabriel, Frank J.
Gahagan, Dr. H. G.
Gaither, Otho S.
Gale, Abram
Gale, Frederick A.
Galetti, Charles G.
Gallagher, Mrs. F. H.
Gallagher, Mrs. George F.
Gallagher, T. E.
Gallagher, Dr. William J.
Gallauer, C.

Galloway, Dr. Charles E.
Galloway, William Marshall
Gallup, Harold E.
Gamble, James A.
Gano, David R.
Gans, Daniel
Gardner, Robert H.
Garlick, Mrs. Adella
Garlick, R. C.
Garner, F. J.
Garrison, Bernard C.
Garrison, Dr. Lester E.
Gartside, John L.
Garvey, Mrs. W. H.
Gary, Dr. I. Clark
Gates, Neil H.
Gates, Philip R.
Gathman, Arthur E.
Gaul, H. J.

Gaylord, Miss Anna E.
Gebhardt, Ernest A.
Geddes, William H.
Geer, Mrs. Ira J.
Geib, Miss Marguerite F.
Geiger, Dr. A. H.
Gendron, Miss Louise
Gentzel, Emil A.
George, Mrs. Albert B.
George, Calvin M.
George, Marshall W.
Geraghty, Gerald G.
Geraghty, Mrs. Thomas F.
Gerding, R. W.
Gere, Mrs. Albert H.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



245



Geringer, Charles M.
Gertz, Rudolph V.
Gervais, Mrs. W. B.
Getschow, George M.
Gettelman, Mrs. Sidney H.
Geuther, Otto R.
Gibbs, William J.
Gibson, Carl L.
Gibson, Clinton E.
Gibson, Mrs. Irene M.
Gibson, Dr. Stanley
Gibson, Mrs. Will A., Jr.
Gielow, Walter C.
Gielsdorf, Miss Helen P.
Giessel, Mrs. Henry
Gilbert, Mrs. George A.
Gilbert, Miss Helen R.
Gilbert, Mrs. T. G.
Gilchrist, Miss Harriet F.
Giles, Miss A. H.
Giles, Mrs. I. K.
Giles, Dr. Roscoe
Gilkes, William H.
Gill, Adolph

Gill, Dr. John Granville
Gill, Wallace
glllanders, kenneth
Gillet, Harry O.
Gillette, Mrs. Ellen D.
Gilpin, Garth G.
Gilruth, Irwin T.
Gindele, Mrs. C. W.
Gitter, Miss Mary B.
Glader, Frank J.
Gladish, Rev. W. L.
Glass, William Q.
Glasser, Mrs. G. M.
Glick, Emanuel M.
Glidden, Mrs. H. L.
Glover, Mrs. Manson
Glueck, I.
Goble, Mrs. E. R.
Goddard, Mrs. Convers
Godehn, Paul
Goelitz, Mrs. Harry, Jr.
Goetz, Adolph
Goetz, Mrs. Isabelle R.
Goffe, Mrs. L. K.
Goldfield, Dr. B.
golding, gustav
Goldman, Mrs. Louis
Goldman, Mrs. M.
Goldsmith, Henry M.
Goldsmith, M. A.
Goldsmith, Moses



Goldstein, Abraham
Goldstein, Benjamin F.
Good, Mrs. James W.
Good, Macy S.
Goodkind, Mrs. A. L.
Goodman, David
Goodman, W. J.
Goodnow, E. H.
Gordon, Dr. L. E.
Gore, Mrs. Edward E.
Gorham, Miss Kathryn C.
Gorman, Mrs. Mervyn J.

GOTTSCHALK, MRS. CHARLES H.

Gouget, William T.
Gould, George W.
Goven, Edouard T.
Gowenlock, T. R.
Graham, E. V.
Graham, Mrs. C. Darwin
Graham, Miss Margaret H.
Gramm, Dr. Carl T.
Granstrom, P. M.
Grant, Alexander R.
Grant, Luke
Grapperhaus, Fred W.
Grauer, Milton H.
Graver, Mrs. H. S.
Graver, Philip S.
Graves, Mrs. B. C.
Graves, Mrs. George E.
Graves, William C.
Graves, Mrs. W. T.
Grawols, Mrs. G. L.
Gray, Dr. Horace
Gray, Mrs. William S.
Graydon, Charles E.
Grear, W. S.
Green, Albert L.
Green, Mrs. George H.
Green, Samuel
Green, Walter H.
Greenburg, I. G.
Greenebaum, Mrs. Esther
Greengard, Max
Greenleaf, Mrs. William H.
Greer, Mrs. James R.
Gregg, Robert D.
Gregory, Mrs. Robert B.
Gregory, Mrs. Seth W.
Grein, Joseph
Greiner, Clarence A.
Grey, Newton F.
Gridley, Mrs. B. F.
Griesel, Edward T.
Griest, Mrs. Marianna L.



246 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



Griffin, Bennett
Griffin, Nicholas M.
Griffin, Thomas D.
Griffith, Mrs. John L.
Griffith, Melvin L.
Grimmer, Dr. A. H.
Grimshaw, Norman R.
Grinker, Dr. Roy R.
Grinnell, Robert L.
Griswold, Glenn
Griswold, Roy C.
Grochowski, G. S.
Groebe, Louis G.
Groenwald, Florian A.
Grosfield, Mme. Bertha M.
Grossman, Mrs. I. A.
Grotnes, Miss Alice
Gruenfeld, Adolph J.
Grumbine, Miss E. Evalyn
Grunow, Mrs. William C.
Grunwald, Mrs. Emil G.
Gruse, Mrs. Frank A.
Grut, Harry N.
Gudeman, Dr. Edward
Guettler, H. W.
Guhl, Mrs. Otto H.
Guilliams, John R.
Guinan, James J.
Gullborg, John S.
Gunderson, Mrs. George O.
Gunkel, George P.

GUNNERMAN, MRS. LOUIS H.

Gunther, Samuel L.
Gurley, Miss Helen K.
gusfield, julien j.
Gustafson, Mrs. Andrew
Guthrie, Miss Mary G.

Haas, Adolph R.
Haas, George H. J.
Haas, Samuel L.
Haberkorn, Mrs. J. C.
Hachmeister, Herman
Hack, Miss Helen V.
Hackett, Colonel Horatio B.
Hadlock, Gerald B.
Haedtler, Martin C.
Haerther, Dr. A. G.
Haerther, William W.
Hagelin, E.
Hagey, J. F.
Haggard, Godfrey
Haines, Miss Tina Mae
Hajek, Henry F.
Halas, Andrew G.



Hales, Edward M.
Hales, Mrs. G. Willard
Haley, Dr. C. O.
Hall, Mrs. Albert L.
Hall, Arthur B.
Hall, Edward B.
Hall, George C.
Hall, Henry C.
Hall, J. Russell
Hall, Mrs. J. S.
Hall, Louis W.
Hall, Mrs. Marian L.
Hall, Robert W.
Hallberg, Elmer W.
Hallenbeck, Mrs. C. W.
Halsted, Mrs. A. E.
Halsted, Miss A. W.
Haltenhoff, W. C.
Halverstadt, Mrs. Romaine M.
Hambleton, C. J.
Hambleton, Mrs. Earl L.
Hamilton, Alex K.
Hamilton, Edgar L.
Hamilton, Hugo A.
Hamilton, J. R.
Hamilton, Mrs. Nellie Y.
Hamilton, Robert J.
Hamilton, Mrs. Scott R.
Hammatt, Mrs. W. P.
Hammel, George E.
Hammer, Thomas H.
Hammers, M. J.
Hammill, Miss Edith K.
Hammond, Mrs. I. L.
Hammond, Roy E.
Hammond, William J.
Hancock, Frank A.
Hanecy, Mrs. Sarah B.
Haney, Mrs. S. C.
Hankins, Harry
Hanley, Frederick R.
Hanley, Walter A.
Hannah, Alexander W.
Hansen, Miss Alma C.
Hansen, Edward C.
Hansen, Leslie M.
Hanskat, Mrs. Rose
Hanson, August E.
Hanson, Harry E.
Hanson, Harry S.
Hanson, Martin J.
Harbison, Robert B.
Harder, Miss Louise
Hardesty, Paul L.
Harding, Mrs. Charles F.






Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



247



Harding, Captain Patrick J.
Harding, S. Lawrence
Hardwicke, Harry
Harker, H. L.
Harmon, Hubert R.
Harmon, John H.
Harnick, Dr. Harry N.
Harper, James H.
Harper, Miss Nellie M.
Harper, Samuel A.
Harries, Mrs. George H.
Harrigan, E. J.
Harriman, Frank B., Sr.
Harris, Mrs. Abraham
Harris, Ewart
Harris, Frank F.
Harris, Paul R.
Harris, W. H.
Harris, Wallace R.
Harris, William L.
Harrison, Miss Annie L.
Harrison, Dr. Edwin M.
Harrison, Harry P.
Harrison, J.
Harrison, James D.
Harrold, James P.
Harshaw, Myron T.
Harshbarger, Miss Dema E.
Hart, Mrs. G. H.
Hart, Mrs. Helena
Hart, Henry D.
Hart, Louis E.
Hart, Master Max A.
Hart, Percival G.
Hart, Mrs. Walter H.
Hartigan, Mrs. A. F.
Hartigan, Clare
Hartmann, Mrs. Emil F.
Hartmann, Henry, Sr.
Hartmann, Mrs. Hugo
Harvey, Byron S.
Harvey, Mrs. C. E.
Harvey, Harold B.
Harvey, James A.
Harvey, Dr. Robert H.
Harvey, W. S., Jr.
Harwood, Frederick
Haskell, L. A.
Haskins, Raymond G.
Haskins, Mrs. Virginia W.
Hasler, Mrs. Edward L.
Hastings, Edmund A.
Hatmaker, Mrs. Jane K.
Hattrem, Harold
Haughey, James M.



Haupt, William W.

Hauser, J. C.

Hausler, Mrs. M., Jr.

Hawkes, Mrs. Benjamin C.

Hawkins, F. P.

Hawkins, J. C.

Hawkinson, Dr. Oscar

Hawley, Albert P.

Hawley, Clarence E.

Hawthorne, V. R.

Hayes, Mrs. M. T.

Haynes, Mrs. Gideon

Haynes, Mrs. J. R.

Haynes, Ralph B.

Hays, Miss Catherine

Hayt, William H.

Haywood, Mrs. William

Headburg, Mrs. Albion Lambert

Healy, John J.

Healy, Mrs. Paul J.

Heath, A. G.

Heath, Albert

Heath, William A.

Hebel, Hon. Oscar

Heberling, Russell L.

Heckel, Edmund P.

Hecht, Dr. A. A.

Heckinger, William J.

Hector, Dr. William S.

Hedman, John A.

Heg, Ernest, Sr.

Hegberg, R. O.

Heide, Bernard H.

Heifetz, Samuel

Heineke, Carl

Heineman, Mrs. P. G.

Heinemann, John B.

Heinz, L. Herman

Heinze, Charles

Heldmaier, Miss Marie

Helebrandt, Louis

Helenore, John C.

Heller, Bruno F.

Henderson, B. E.

Henderson, Mrs. Burton Waters

Henderson, Mrs. C. K.

Henderson, Charles C.

Henkle, I. S.

Henning, William C.

Henrickson, Magnus

Henry, C. Duff

Henry, Charles W.

Henry, Claude D.

Henry, Mrs. R. M.

Henschein, H. Peter



248 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



Hensel, Herman E.
Henssler, Dr. Otto W.
Hepfner, Mrs. Frank
Herb, Harry
Herbst, Mrs. Robert H.
Herdliska, Mrs. F. I.
Herring, Garner
Herriott, Irving
Herrold, Mrs. Russell D.
Herron, Mrs. Ollie L.
Hertel, Hugo S.
Hertz, Mrs. Fred
Hertz, Mrs. John D.
Hertzberg, Edward
Herzman, Dr. Morris H.
Hess, Mrs. J. H.
Hess, John L.
Hess, Mrs. Milton
Hess, Sol H.
Hessert, Gustav
Hessert, Mrs. William
Hessler, John B.
Hettrick, William J.
Heubach, Mrs. Lydia
Heymann, Emanuel H.
Heymann, L. H.
Heyn, William P.
Heywood, Oliver C.
Hibbard, Angus S.
Hibbard, F. C.
Hibben, Mrs. M. B.
Hibbert, Miss Bertha
Hibler, Mrs. John Henry
Hicklin, John W.
Hickok, Frank M.
Hicks, Mrs. Elvis L.
Higgins, John H.
Higgins, Miss Lois E.
High, Shirley T.
Hill, Duke
Hill, Mrs. E. M.
Hill, Mrs. Frank L.
Hill, Frederick
Hill, Miss Meda A.
Hilliker, Miss Ray
Hillman, Edward
Hills, Charles W., Sr.

HlLLYER, DWIGHT E.

Hilton, Henry H.
Hinckley, Dr. D. H.
Hinds, George T.
Hinds, Joseph B.
Hinkle, Ross O.

HlRSCHBERG, DR. ABRAM

Hirsh, Morris H.



Hitch, Mrs. Rupus M.
Hitchcock, R. M.
Hite, Harry A.
Hoadley, Mrs. Arthur G.
Hoag, Dr. Junius C.
Hoche, Mrs. Edmond S.
hochstadter, g.
Hodel, George
Hodge, Thomas P.
Hoefer, Ernest
Hoeft, Mrs. Adolph R.
Hoellen, John J.
Hoerr, Mrs. L. O.
Hoff, C. W.
Hoffman, Andrew
Hoffman, John G.
Hoinville, C. H.
Holabird, John A.
holden, c. r.
Holden, Hale, Jr.
Holdom, Hon. Jesse
Hole, Perry L.
Holland, Samuel H.
Holland, Dr. William E.
Hollenbach, Charles H.
Hollister, Francis H.
Holloway, Harry C.
Holloway, Owen B.
Holly, W. H.
Holm, Gottfried
Holm, Walter T.
Holman, Alfred J.
Holman, Edward
Holman, Scott A.
Holmead, Alfred
Holmes, Dr. Bayard
Holmes, Mrs. Edward S.
Holmes, James C.
Holmes, Thomas J.
Holmes, William
Holran, Mrs. John Raymond
Holt, James A.
Holt, McPherson
Holzer, F. L.

Holzworth, Christopher E.
Homan, Miss Blossom
Honore, Mrs. Lockwood
Hood, George A.
Hooge, Dr. Ludwig F.
Hoot, Miss Emily M.
Hoover, George W.
Hopkins, Alvah S.
Hopkins, Willard F.
Hopkins, W. M.
Horn, Miss Daisy J.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



249



Horn, Mrs. J. M.
Hornaday, Thomas F.
Horner, Walter A.
Hornstein, Leon
Hornung, Joseph J.
Horton, Ralph
Horween, Isadore
Horwich, Bernard
Horwich, Philip
Hosford, William R.
Hosken, Charles L.
Hoskins, Mrs. E. L.
Hostetter, A. B.
Hostetter, G. L.
houghteling, james l.
Houser, Mrs. Agnes Ricks
Howard, Mrs. O. McG.
Howard, Dr. Richard H.
Howe, Edward G.
Howe, Irwin M.
Hoyt, C. E.
Hoyt, N. L., Jr.
Hoyt, William M., II
Hrynieweicki, Dr. Stefan
Hubbard, E. J.
Hubbard, John M.
Hubbard, William C.
Hubbard, Mrs. William Sillers
Hubbell, Miss Grace
Hubbell, William J.
Huber, Mrs. M. J.
Huber, Dr. Otto C.
Hudson, Edward J.
Huebner, William G.
Huettmann, Fred
Huffaker, Mrs. O'Bannon L.
Hufmeyer, Miss Isabella G.
Hughes, Mrs. E. H.
Hughes, George E.
Hughes, Hubert Earl
Hughes, P. A.
Hughes, W. V.

Hulbert, Mrs. Charles Pratt
Hull, Irving W.
Hull, Mrs. Joseph C.
Hull, Robert W.
Hultin, N. H.
Humiston, Dr. Charles E.
Huncke, Herbert S.
hungerford, louis s.
Hunt, Jarvis, Jr.
Hunt, W. Prescott, Jr.
Hurd, Harry B.
Hurd, Max H.
Hurley, Frank J.
Hurst, Mrs. Wayne Lloyd



Hurwith, Howard K.
Hurwitz, Morris J.
Husak, Mrs. L. Milton
Husar, Frank
Husted, Mrs. John C.
Huszagh, Mrs. Harold D.
Hutchinson, A. H.
Hutchinson, Mrs. C. L.
Hutchinson, John W.
Huttel, Mrs. A. N.
Huxley, Henry M.
Hwass, Lauritz P.
Hyde, Charles W.
Hyman, R. F.
Hyndman, Mrs. A. H.
Hynes, Dibrell

Inderrieden, Miss L. E.
Ingraham, Mrs. Loring
Ingram, Harold S.
Ingram, Mrs. John
Innes, Mrs. Frederick L.
Iralson, Mrs. Moses
Irwin, A. Charles
Irwin, Amory T.
Irwin, Mrs. G. Howard
Irwin, Miss Ruth M.
Isaacs, Hon. Martin J.
Isaacs, Michael H.
Iverson, Harry J.

Jackson, Mrs. Pleda H.
Jackson, W. H.
Jackson, William F.
Jacobi, Harry
Jacobs, E. G.
Jacobs, Harvey F.
Jacobs, Mrs. Howard D.
Jacobs, Nate
Jacobs, Walter H.
Jacobs, Whipple
Jacobson, Egbert G.
Jacobson, Harry
Jaeger, Edward W.
Jaegermann, William A.
Jaicks, Mrs. Stanley J.
James, Henry D.
James, Mrs. Ralph H.
James, R. E.
Jameson, Clarence W.
Jamieson, Norman R.
Jamieson, W. J.
Jampolis, Mrs. Mark
Janata, Louis J.
Janda, Rudolph
Janensch, Mrs. E.



250 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Janovsky, Theodore B.

Jarchow, Alfred W.

Jarchow, Mrs. C. E.

Jarema, Alexander L.

Jarrett, R. H., Sr.

Jarvis, William B., Sr.

Jaycox, Mrs. Mildred E.

Jefferson, Mrs. Edith H.

Jefferson, Mrs. Thomas L.

Jeffries, Dr. Daniel W.

Jenkins, Newton

Jenkins, Sidney H.

Jenkins, William E.

Jenks, Mrs. Virgil A.

Jennings, Mrs. C. A.

Jennings, Mrs. Rosa V.

Jensen, Carl F.

Jensen, Harold P.

Jensik, Raymond C.

Jernberg, C. Edgar

Jernberg, Carl L.

Jessup, Theodore

Jewett, Mrs. George C.

Jirmasek, Bohuniel

Jirsa, Dr. Otto J.

Joern, Wanda M.

Johnson, Mrs. Alice N.

Johnson, B. W.

Johnson, C. Edward

Johnson, Emil A.

Johnson, Evan

Johnson, Mrs. Francis Theodore

Johnson, Mrs. J. J.

Johnson, James C.

Johnson, Mrs. Lorena M.

Johnson, M.

Johnson, Martin A.

Johnson, Roscoe H.

Johnson, Mrs. W. B.

Johnson, Dr. Walter W.

Johnson, William E.

Johnston, Mrs. Fred H.

Johnston, Ira B.

Johnston, Mrs. John A.

Johnston, John R.

Johnston, Robert M.

Johnston, Samuel P.

Johnston, W. Robert

Johnstone, Balfour

Johnstone, Mrs. Bruce

Jonas, Dr. Emil

Jones, Ashley Oliver, Sr.

Jones, Mrs. C. A.

Jones, D. C.

Jones, George Harvey



Jones, George R.
Jones, Mrs. Howard A.
Jones, Howard E. A.
Jones, J. Harry, Sr.
Jones, John H.
Jones, Mrs. John Sutphin
Jones, Mrs. Lucy Eloise
Jones, M. H.
Jones, Dr. Margaret M.
Jones, Mrs. Morgan T.
Jones, Owen Barton
Jones, Mrs. Roswell N.
Jones, Victor H.
Jones, Walter Clyde, Jr.
Joost, Mrs. William H.
Jordan, Miss Irene C.
Jordan, Oran E.

JORGENSEN, EMIL O.

Jorgeson, Charles M.

Joseph, A. G.

Joseph, Arthur W.

Joseph, W. S.

Joy, James A.

Joyce, Marvin Bernard

Joyce, Thomas F.

Judah, Mrs. Noble Brandon

Judd, Cecil W.

Judd, Harry L.

Judd, Mrs. Robert Augustine

Judson, Clay

Judson, F. C.

Judson, Raymond T.

Juergens, Miss Anna

Junker, Richard A.

Kaempfer, Fred
Kaericher, Mrs. Grover D.
Kahlke, Dr. Charles E.
Kahn, Albert
Kahn, David
Kahn, I. W.
Kahn, Mrs. Louis
Kahn, Sidney H.
Kahnweiler, Alexander
Kaiser, Mrs. Sidney
Kampmeyer, August
Kampp, J. P.
Kanavel, Dr. Allen B.
Kandle, Matt M.
Kanies, Mrs. William F.
Kann, Max M.
Kannally, M. V.
Kanter, Miss Adele
Kantrow, Leo S.
Karalius, Dr. A. J.
Karpen, S.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



251



Kasch, Frederick M.
Kasehagen, Fred W.
Kaspar, Mrs. Eugene W.
Kass, Peter
Katz, Mrs. S.
Kaufman, D. W.
Kaufman, Dr. Gustav L.
Kaumeyer, Mrs. E. A.
Kaye, Joseph M.
Keefer, Karl F.
Keeler, Edwin R.
Keeley, Mrs. Eugene M.
Keene, William J.
Kegel, Mrs. A. H.
Keig, Marshall E.
Keim, Melville
Kelley, Harper
Kelley, Mrs. Harper
Kellogg, Miss Bess
Kellogg, James G.
Kellogg, Leroy D.
Kellogg, Mrs. Sarah A.
Kelly, Edmund P.
Kelly, Edward T.
Kelly, Mrs. George
Kelly, Mrs. George V.
Kelly, Joseph J.
Kelly, Miss Mary A.
Kemp, Philip G.
Kemper, Miss Hilda M.
Kemper, W. R.
Kendrick, W. S.
Kennedy, Clarence C.
Kennedy, Ralph
Kennedy, Mrs. Robert E.
Kennedy, Mrs. William J.
Kenny, Dr. Henry Randal
Kent, Henry R.
Kenyon, Mrs. E. F.
Keogh, Gordon E.
Keplikger, W. A.
Keppner, H. W.
Kern, Dr. Maximilian
Kernott, Mrs. John E.
Kerr, A. W.

Kerr, Mrs. Alexander M.
Kersting, Mrs. A. H.
Kerwin, Edward M.
Kesler, Edward C.
Ketcham, Mrs. Charles E.
Keyes, Mrs. Rollin A.
Kidwell, James E.
Kiehl, Miss A. L.
Kilbert, Mrs. Robert
Kilcourse, Miss Marjorie V.



Kilmer, Mrs. Charles
Kimball, Ernest M.
Kimball, George D.
Kimball, T. Weller
Kimbell, Charles Rea
Kindsvogel, W. G.
King, Frank 0.
King, Hoyt
King, Mrs. Nelora S.
King, Mrs. Rockwell
King, Mrs. W. H.
King, William Henry, Jr.
Kingsley, R. C.
Kinney, Dr. William B.
Kinsella, Mrs. William P.
Kinsey, Robert S.
Kiper, Henry
Kipp, Charles P.
Kircher, Mrs. J. G.
Kirk, Harry I.
Kirn, Mrs. Ray O.
Kitchell, Howell W.

KlTTLEMAN, EARLE B.

KixMiller, Mrs. William
Klaas, Mrs. Henry
Klein, Addie
Klein, Mrs. Alden J.
Klein, Arthur F.
Klein, Dr. David
Klein, Fred W.
Klein, H. S.
Klein, Michael B.
Klein, Peter
Kleinman, Alexander
Klekamp, Benard R.
Klemann, Mrs. C. J.
Klenha, Joseph Z.
Klenha, Mrs. Joseph Z.
Kleppinger, Mrs. F. S.
Kline, Louis A.
Kline, R. R.
Kline, William S.
Kloster, Mrs. Asbjorn
Klotz, Edward C.
Knight, Charles S.
Knight, Charles Y.
Knight, Mrs. Orray T.
Knobbe, John W.
Knode, Oliver M.
Knudsen, Harold B.
Kobick, Henry G.
Koch, Paul W.
Koch, Dr. Sumner
Kochale, Miss Clara M.
Koehler, H. A.



252 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Koenig, Fred A.
Koenig, Mrs. F. William
Koenig, George W.
Koenig, Mrs. S. W.
Koepke, Mrs. Albert C.
Koepke, E. E.
Koepke, Fred J.
Kohler, G. A. E.
Kohn, Emil
Kohn, Mrs. Frances J.
Kohn, Oscar
Kohout, Joseph, Jr.
Kohr, Arthur G.
Kollar, Dr. John A.
Kolstad, Odin T.
Komar, Morris
Komarek, A. W.
Konkowski, Frank E.
Konopa, John S.
Koolish, Mrs. A. L.
Koolish, Mrs. Michael
Kopf, Charles W.
Koptik, Ernest A.
Kordenat, Dr. Ralph A.
Korhumel, Joseph N.
Korshak, J. E.
Kotin, George N.
Kovoloff, Dan
Kowalski, August J.
Kozakiewicz, Dr. Leon P.
Koziczynski, Dr. Lucian
Kracke, Arthur M.
Kraemer, Otto C.
Krafft, Walter A.
Kraft, Dr. Oscar H.
Kramer, Cletus F.
Kranstover, Albert H.
Krausman, Arthur
Krebs, Charles E.
Krebs, C. F.
Krein, Edward N.
Kremer, C. E.
Kremm, Mrs. Elmer W.
Krensky, A. Morris
Kretzmann, Miss Mary C.
Kreuscher, Dr. Philip H.
Kreuzinger, George W.
Kriete, Frank L.
Kristy, Mrs. George A.
Kritchevsky, Wolff
Kroener, Mrs. C. O.
Kroesen, W. F.
Kropff, C. G.
Krueger, O. W.
Kuderling, Mrs. Mary B.



Kudner, Arthur H.
Kuehn, Oswald L.
Kuh, Dr. Sidney
Kuhnen, Mrs. George H.
Kunka, Bernard J.

KUNSTADTER, A.
KUNSTADTER, SlGMUND
KUNSTMANN, MRS. JOHN O.
KUPPENHEIMER, MRS. J.

Kurrie, Mrs. H. R.
Kurtz, George R.
Kussman, A. C.

Lackner, Francis A.
Ladd, CM.
Laemmle, Mrs. Louis
Laflin, Charles W.
Laing, Edward M.
Laird, Robert S.
Lake, Edward
Lake, Mrs. R. C.
Lamb, Frank H.
Lamb, Frank J.
Lambert, Mrs. Frank B.
Lamont, John A.
Lampert, Wilson W.
Landau, Harold
Lander, Mrs. Lulu Payton
Landman, L. W.
Lane, Steven M.
Lang, Mrs. W. J.
Langdon, Buel A.
Lange, Mrs. August
Lange, Frank E.
Langert, Abraham M.
Langhorne, Rev. F. Paul
Langhorne, Colonel George

Tayloe
Langhorst, Mrs. Henry F.
Lanius, James C.
Lansing, A. J.
Lansinger, Mrs. John M.
Larimer, Robert S.
Larkin, William J.
Larned, S. J.
Larsen, Gustave R.
Larson, Frank A.
Larson, Gustaf E.
Larson, Louis P., Jr.
Larson, Simon P.
Lasch, Charles F.
Latham, Carl Ray
Lathrop, Frederick A.
Lau, Mrs. John Arnold
Lauder, Robert E.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



253



Lauter, Mrs. Adolph
Lauterbach, Mrs. Julius G.
Lautz, William H.
Lavender, Mrs. John M.
Lavidge, Arthur W.
Lavin, Mrs. D. J.
Lavin, Joseph P.
Law, M. A.
Lawrence, B. E.
Lawrence, Victor E.
Lawson, Lowell A.
Lawton, Samuel T.
Lazerson, Abraham
Leach, George T.
Leal, Miss Rose B.
Leathers, Mrs. G. M.
Leavitt, Dr. Sheldon
Leavitt, Mrs. W.
Lederer, Emil L.
Lee, Andrew
Lee, Carl
Lee, Ernest E.
Lee, J. Owen
Lee, Mrs. Joseph Edgar
Lee, Mrs. W. George
Lee, Mrs. William
Leech, Miss Alice
Lees, William
Leete, Robert S.
Leffel, P. C.
Lehman, Robert L.
Leichtman, Miss Bertha
Leigh, Edward B.
Leight, Edward A.
Leman, Mrs. W. T.
Lemon, Harvey B.
Lenfestey, Mrs. J. R.
Lennox, Edwin
Lenz, Mrs. George
Leo, Dr. J. E.
Leonard, Mrs. William A.
Leopold, Foreman N.
Leopold, Harold E.
Leopold, Mrs. Nathan F.
LeSage, Rev. John J.
Leslie, John Woodward
Lesser, Sol
Lester, Albert G.
Levett, Dr. John
Levey, Clarence J.
Levin, I. Archer
Levin, Louis
Levine, William
Levinkind, Morris
Levinson, David



Levinson, Salmon O.
Levis, John M.
Levitan, Louis
Levitt, George G.
Levy, Mrs. Arthur K.
Levy, Harry H.
Levy, Mrs. Samuel
LeWald, W. B.
Lewin, Miss Estella
Lewis, A. A.

Lewis, Mrs. Charles Rea
Lewis, Mrs. Harry G.
Lewis, J. Henry
Lewis, Mrs. R. H.
Lewis, Miss Sara
Lewis, Mrs. Walker 0.
Leytze, Mrs. J.
L'Hommedieu, Arthur
Libonati, Roland V.

LlCHTENSTEIN, WALTER

Lroov, Mrs. Samuel J.

LlEBENTHAL, MRS. JOHN HENRY

Lieberthal, Dr. Eugene P.
Lindburg, Mrs. Della M.

LlNDHEIMER, ARTHUR J.

Lindley, Mrs. Arthur F.
Lindley, Mrs. Fred W.
Lindsay, Willard C.
Link, Mrs. Robert
Linkman, Louis B.
Linn, Erick N.
Linn, Mrs. James Weber
Linn, Mrs. W Scott
Lipkin, Maurice S.
Lipman, Abraham
Lippert, Aloysius C.
Lippert, David
Lippman, Mrs. Helen M.
Lipsey, William J.
List, Paulus
Lister, Harold R.
Litsinger, Mrs. Edward R.
Little, Mrs. Charles D.
Little, Charles G.
Livingston, Mrs. K. J.
Llewellyn, Arthur J.
Lloyd, A. E.

Lloyd, Mrs. Grace Chapman
Lobdell, Harry H.
Lockett, Oswald, Jr.
Lodge, Fred S.
Loeb, Arthur A.
Loeb, Dr. Ludwig M.
Loeb, Mrs. Michael S.
Loebl, Jerrold



254 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Loehr, Karl C.
Loehwing, Marx
Loesch, Charles F.
loewenherz, emanuel
Loewenstein, Emanuel
Loewenstein, Nathan
Logan, Frank G.
Logan, Frederic D.
London, Harry
London, Lionel
Lorenz, Mrs. George W.
Lorenzen, H.
Loszkin, Serje
Lotko, Joseph
Lott, Gustav R.
Louny, Mrs. E.
Lowenbach, Mrs. William L.
Lowenthal, Leo B.
Lowry, Mrs. Nelson H.
Lowy, Rudolph
Lozier, Mrs. H. G.
Lucas, Dr. A. L.
Luce, Homer J.
Luebbert, William C.
Lust, Mrs. H. C.
Lustig, Maurice
Lutzow, Fred H.
Lydston, Mrs. G. Frank
Lyman, Mrs. H. C.
Lyman, Mrs. James
Lynch, Mrs. V. Reges
Lynch, Miss Viola Marion
Lyon, Dr. Will F.

MacArthur, Fred V.
Mac Donald, E. K.
MacDonald, Mrs. J. P.
MacDougal, Miss Anna G.
MacFadden, William
Macfarland, Miss Belle
Macfarland, Lanning
MacFarlane, Wilbert E.
MacHarg, Malcolm
MacKellar, Dr. John D.
Mackenzie, Mrs. G. S.
MacLean, Mrs. M. H.
MacLeod, Dr. S. B.
MacMahon, Mrs. Cornelius C.
MacMurray, Mrs. D.
MacMurray, James E.
MacNeille, Mrs. C. T.
Macomb, J. deNavarre
Maddock, Miss Alice E.
Madsen, Mrs. T. E.
Maehler, Arthur E.
Magnus, Philip H.



Mahn, Miss S. Agnes
Mahon, Mrs. Mary T.
Mair, Robert
Maisel, George
Maley, Thomas E.
Malkov, David S.
Maltman, Miss Elizabeth E.
Maltman, James
Manaster, Henry
Manegold, Mrs. Frank W.
Manheimer, Arthur E.
Manierre, John T.
Mann, Mrs. C. Hammond
Mann, Mrs. Louis P.
Mansfield, Alfred W.
Marchal, Ernest N.
Markham, H. I.
Marks, Alexander
Marks, Arnold K.
Marks, Ellis
Markus, Joseph E.
Marsh, Charles L.
Marsh, George E.
Marsh, John McWilliams
Marsh, Orlando R.
Marshall, Raphael P.
Marston, Mrs. T. B.
Martin, Mrs. Glen E.
Martin, Mellen C.
Martin, Mrs. Walter G.
Martin, Z. E.
Marwig, Edward R.
Marxsen, Miss Dorothea
Marzluff, Frank W.
Maslawsky, Alex S.
Mason, Fred B.
Massena, Roy
Massmann, Frederick H.
Masters, Hardin W.
Mastin, Mrs. W. H.
Matchett, Mrs. James C.
Mather, Orian A.
Mathesius, Mrs. Walter
Mathews, Albert
Mathews, Mrs. Shailer
Mathison, Howard C.
Matson, H. M.
Matson, Mrs. J. Edward
Matter, Mrs. John
Matteson, Mrs. DeForrest A.
Matthews, Francis E.
Matthies, Dr. Mabel M.
Matushek, H. A.
Matz, Miss Ruth H.
Maurer, J. S.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



255



Maurer, Mrs. John S.
Maurer, Dr. Siegfried
Mautner, Mrs. Vilma
Maxwell, Mrs. Edward E.
May, Mrs. George T., Jr.
May, Sol

Mayer, Adolph A. C.
Mayer, Clarence
Mayer, Frank
Mayer, Mrs. Joseph
Mayland, Dr. Walter C.
Maywald, Elmer G.
McAlear, James
McAllister, M. Hall
McArthur, Dr. Lewis L.
McArthur, Mrs. S. W.
McCahey, James B.
McCall, Mrs. Robert L.
McCall, S. T.
McCann, D.
McCarrell, Rev. W.
McCarthy, Donald V.
McCarthy, George H.
McCarty, Charles H.
McCauley, Mrs. Thomas N.
McClain, Dr. Harris W.
McClellan, George W.
McClelland, Mrs. E. B.
McClun, John M.
McClure, Donald
McClure, D. T.
McComb, Mrs. James J.
McConnell, G. Malcolm
McConnell, John L.
McConnell, John W.
McCormac, David, Sr.
McCormack, J. W.
McCormick, Alister H.
McCormick, Miss Elizabeth D.
McCoy, Charles S.
McCoy, W. E.
McCreight, Harry A.
McDonald, Mrs. Frank W.
McDonald, L.
McDonald, P. L.
McDonald, W. B.
McDougal, David B.
McDougall, Mrs. Edward G.
McDowell, Miss Mary E.
McElhone, Mrs. Fred
McFadden, Everett R.
McFarland, Mrs. Ellis
McGarry, John A.
McGinty, Miss Alice L.
McGoorty, Hon. J. P.



McGough, S. P.
McGrath, George E.
McGrath, Dr. James G.
McGrath, Thomas S.
McGregor, James P.
McGuinn, Edward B.
McHenry, Roland
McIntosh, Mrs. Robert L.
McKay, Dr. N. B.
McKee, Philip L.
McKibbin, Mrs. George B.
McKinney, W. O.
McKnight, William M.
McLaughlin, Daniel F.
McLaughlin, Frank L.
McLaughlin, Dr. James H.
McLaughlin, Dr. John W.
McManus, J. P.

McMurray, Mrs. George Newton
McNair, Frank
McNair, Franklin C.
McNamara, Robert C.
McNamee, Peter F.
McNerny, Mathew F.
McPherson, Donald F.
McQuaid, E. J.
Mead, E. Allen
Mead, Mrs. Olive M.
Mead, William H.
Meade, Mrs. Martha
Meardon, Mrs. Sarah
Meek, Miss Margaret E.
Meeker, Arthur
Meeker, Mrs. George W.
Megaw, Lloyd F.
Megowan, Lewis E.
Mehlhop, F. W.
Meinhardt, Harry
Melaven, J. G.
Mellander, Paul C.
Mellon, Miss Frances A.
Menge, Dr. Frederick
Menten, Mrs. Thomas H.
Mentzer, J. P.
Mercer, Dr. August W.
Meredith, Davis D.
Meredith, O. F.
Merrick, Mrs. Clinton
Merrifield, Fred
Merriman, Mrs. Willis L.
Mershimer, Dr. James M.
Messenger, Don E.
Metcoff, Dr. Samuel
Mettler, Mrs. L. Harrison
Metzger, Mrs. George B.



256 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



Metzger, Mrs. J. Fred
Meyer, Charles Z.
Meyer, Daniel A.
Meyer, Raymond N.
Meyer, Dr. Samuel J.
Meyers, Mrs. Edward F.
Meyers, Robert C.
Michel, Dr. William J.
Middleton, Mrs. J. A.
Middleton, Miss May E.
Miktyn, Mrs. Anthony I.
Milchrist, Frank T.
Mileham, Miss Irene
Millard, Mrs. E. L.
Miller, Bernard
Miller, Charles J.
Miller, Edward L.
Miller, Mrs. James A.
Miller, Mrs. Marshall D.
Miller, R. 0.
Miller, R. T.
Millett, A. A.

MlLLIGAN, S. K.

Milliken, Mrs. Kate M.
Mills, Mrs. Edwin S.
Mills, Mrs. Herbert S., Jr.
Miner, Fred G.
Minsk, Dr. Louis D.
Misch, Mrs. Harry N.
Miskella, William J.
Mitchell, Abraham
Mitchell, Clarence B.
Mitchell, Mrs. Frederick R.
Mitchell, Dr. James Herbert
Mizen, Frederick Kimball
Modene, Oscar F.
Moe, Mrs. Chester Charles
Moessel, Professor Julius
Moldenhauer, Dr. William J.
Molter, Mrs. W. H.
Monaco, Dr. Donat F.
Monchow, Miss Helen C.
Monighan, Mrs. J.
Monilaw, Dr. William J.
Montague, O. 0.
Monter, Mrs. Charles G.
Montgomery, Mrs. F H.
Montgomery, Frederick D.
Montgomery, Mrs. H. M. S.
Montgomery, John R.
Mooney, William H.
Moore, Mrs. A. Clarke
Moore, Mrs. Agnes C.
Moore, Dr. Beveridge H.
Moore, Mrs. C. B.



Moore, Dr. Frank D.
Moore, Frederick W.
Moore, Mrs. George Page
Moore, Mrs. J. W.
Moore, James H.
Moore, Dr. Josiah J.
Moore, Nathan G.
Moore, North
Moore, Paul
Moore, Mrs. S. W.
Moore, Mrs. W. V.
Moore, Dr. Willis
Morelle, Mrs. Lela C.
Morgan, Mrs. F. W.

MORGENTHAU, MRS. SIDNEY L.

Moroney, John J.
Morris, Ira Nelson
Morris, Dr. Robert W.
Morrison, Mrs. C. R.
Morrison, Theodore S.
Morse, Cleveland
Morsman, Joseph J.
Morton, Dr. Edward C.
Moser, Paul
Moses, Ernest C.
Moulton, Dr. Eugene A.
Moulton, William A.
Mowry, Robert D.
Moyer, Miss Mabel M.
Moylan, John N.
Mudge, Burton
Mueller, Dr. E. W.
Mulford, Mrs. Arthur H.
Mulford, Frank B.
Mullen, Timothy F.
Mulliken, A. H.
Mullin, Lambert J.
Murfey, E. T. R.
Murphy, J. P.
Murphy, Mrs. J. R.
Musgrave, Dr. George J.
Murray, Robert H.
Murray, Mrs. Robert H.
Murton, Crawford B.
Myers, Edwin F.

Naber, H. G.
Nabors, A. G.
Nachtrieb, Charles G.
Nadler, Charles
Naess, Sigurd E.
Naffz, Dr. E. F.
Naffz, Mrs. Louis E.
Nance, Willis D.
Nash, Patrick A.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



257



Nath, Bernard

Nathan, Mrs. Arthur S.

Nau, Otto F.

Naylor, Miss Marjorie Virginia

Neal, Thomas C.

Neal, Mrs. W. B.

Neff, W. A.

Neise, George N., Sr.

Nellis, Mrs. Frank E., Jr.

Nelson, A. Gerhard

Nelson, Alvin E.

Nelson, Miss Amy L.

Nelson, Byron

Nelson, Charles M.

Nelson, Donald M.

Nelson, Mrs. G.

Nelson, Harold F.

Nelson, Horace C.

Nelson, Miss Lillie H.

Nelson, Peter B.

Nelson, Roland B.

Nelson, Mrs. William D.

Nelson, William H.

Nemiro, Dr. A. F.

Nenneman, William T.

Nergard, Edwin J.

Netsch, Mrs. Walter A.

Neuberger, Carl A.

Nevins, John C.

Newberry, Miss Mary L.

Newburger, J. M.

Newman, Mrs. Jacob

Newmann, Edward R.

Niblack, Mrs. William C.

Nichols, Dr. H.

Nichols, Henry C.

Nickelson, S. T.

Nickerson, J. F.

NlCKEY, D. E.

Nimmons, George C.
Noble, F. H.

Nordholz, Dr. William C.
Norman, Dan
Norris, Eben H.
Northam, Martin Kent
Northrup, Lorry R.
Notheis, Mrs. J. F.
Nottoli, Frank G.
Nourse, Frederick W.
Novak, Dr. Frank J., Jr.
Novotny, Edward F.
Nowaczek, Felix S.
Noyes, Ernest H.
Noyes, Mrs. John High
Nugent, Dr. O. B.



Nutting, C. G.
Nuyttens, Alfred A.
Nye, Mrs. James W.
Nyvall, Dr. Harry O.

Ober, Woodbury S.

O'Brien, George W.

O'Brien, M. J.

O'Brien, Quin

O'Brien, Wilbur J.

O'Callaghan, Henry

O'Connell, William L.

O'Connor, Mrs. John

O'Connor, Joseph W.

Odell, Mrs. James A.

O'Donovan, Daniel J.

Ofner, Jarvis

Ohnemus, Mrs. Anton

Oldfield, Dr. R. C.

Olds, Milford H.

Oleson, Mrs. J. P.

Oleson, Dr. Richard Bartlett

Oliphant, Melville J.

Oliver, Royston

Olmstead, Mrs. G. G.

Olmstead, Ralph W.

Olsen, Mrs. Arthur O.

Olsen, John G.

Olsen, Olaf C. S.

Olsen, Mrs. Sigurd

Opdyke, Mrs. Russell H.

Ordon, Dr. H. J.

Ormsby, Mrs. Frank E.

Ormsby, Miss Kathryn L.

Orr, Mrs. William George D.

Orrell, Mrs. Mary E.

Orrico, Joseph R.

Orwig, Ralph F.

Osborn, Clark D.

Ossendorff, Dr. K. W.

Ostermann, Mrs. R. M.

Ostott, Mrs. Murray M.

Otis, Miss M. E.

O'Toole, Mrs. Bartholomew

Ott, John Nash

Otte, E. C.

Otte, Hugo E.

Ottman, E. H.

Packman, Clarence E.
Paczynski, Mrs. Louis J.
Paddock, Dr. Charles E.
Pain, Mrs. John T.
Palmer, Professor Claude Irwin
Palmer, George B.



258 Field Museum of Natural History— Reports, Vol. VIII



Palmer, J. M.
Palmer, Louis O.
Palmer, P. B., Jr.
Palmer, Robert F.
Pandaleon, Costa A.
Panesi, Stephen F.
Pardee, Dr. L. C.
Paris, W. M.
Parker, Austin H.
Parker, Mrs. E. Roscoe
Parker, Mrs. F. W.
Parker, George S.
Parker, Leslie M.
Parker, Norman S.
Parks, J. W.
Parks, O. J.

Parsons, Ferdinand H.
Parsons, W. E.
Passow, Mrs. Louis A.
Patch, Mrs. G. M.
Patek, Edward J.
Paterson, Morton L.
Patterson, Miss Minnie L.
Patterson, Mrs. Wallace
Patton, Dr. Fred P.
Patton, Walter I.
Pauley, Clarence O.
Peacock, Charles A.
Pearl, Allen S.
Peck, Mrs. Charles G.
Peck, Mrs. James 0.
Peck, Colonel Robert G.
Pedersen, A. R.
Peerling, Paul
Pence, E. M.
Pencik, Miles F.
Pennington. Frank K.
Pennington, Mrs. Robert B.
Pentecost, Lewis J.
Pepple, Mrs. Eloise D.
Pering, Charles H.
Perry, Mrs. Leslie L.
Perryman, Mrs. Hattie S.
Peters, G. M.
Petersen, Mrs. C.
Petersen, Mrs. Julius A.
Peterson, Dr. A. B.
Peterson, Dr. A. E.
Peterson, Mrs. Anna J.
Peterson, Charles S.
Peterson, J. E.
Peterson, Percival C.
Peterson, William F.
Petrakis, Mrs. Mark E.
Peyraud, Mrs. Frank C.



Pfeiffer, Mrs. Jacob
Pflager, Charles W.
Phalen, W. J.
Phelan, Miss Anna E.
Phelan, Charles
Phelps, Mrs. Edward J.
Phelps, Erastus R.
Phelps, Mrs. Louise deKoven
Phillips, Floyd M.
Phillips, Mrs. Herbert E.
Phillips, Howard C.
Pickard, Mrs. W. A.
Pickel, William
Pickell, J. Ralph
Pickrell, Harvey
Pierce, Miss Elva J.
Pierce, Ralph S.
Pietsch, Walter G.
Pigall, Mrs. Joseph S.
Pinyerd, Carl A.
Piper, Mrs. Adolph H.
Pister, Rev. Jacob
Place, F. E.
Plamondon, Alfred D.
Plath, Karl
Plattenburg, S. R.
Pletcher, T. M.
Plimpton, Mrs. Nathan C.
Pogge, R. C.
Pogue, George N.
Poisel, Miss Mary
Pollak, C. J.
Pollenz, Henry
Pomeroy, Mrs. Christine
Pond, George F.
Pope, S. Austin

PORONTO, HALSEY E.

Porter, Mrs. Lee W.
porterfield, r. h.
Portis, Dr. Bernard
Portis, Dr. Sidney A.
Post, Dr. Wilber E.
Potter, Dr. Hollis E.
Powell, Mrs. John H.
Powell, Mrs. Lawrence H.
Powell, Miss Nellie
Powell, W. H.
Powell, Mrs. William H.
Poyer, Mrs. Stephen A.
Pratt, Mrs. E. C.
Prebis, Mrs. John A.
Prentiss, Mrs. Frank I.
Preus, Mrs. J. A. O.
Price, Dorr C.
Prince, Mrs. A. C.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



259



Prince, Rev. Herbert W.
Prindle, James H.
Prindle, M. L.
Pringle, Mrs. George W.
Proctor, Dr. Ernest R.
Proesch, Mrs. L. C.
Pronger, Herman F.
Prosser, H. G.
Protheroe, Daniel
Pryor, Maurice G.
Pryor, Miss Shirley K.
Pryor, Willis S.
Pullen, Edward W.
Pulver, Albert G.
Pulver, Henri Pierre
Putnam, C.

Putnam, Major Rufus W.
Pynchon, Mrs. Charles E.
Pyott, Mrs. D. A.
Pyterek, Rev. Peter H.

QUACKENBUSH, Mr. SAMUEL H.

qualkinbush, mrs. e.
qualkinbush, e. q.
Quinlan, Mrs. Roy
Quinn, David H.
Quinn, Edward J.

Rabe, Victor H.
Raber, Franklin
Rader, Rector Roscoe
Radford, Miss Phyllis
Radford, Mrs. W. A., Jr.
Raff, Mrs. Arthur
Raleigh, James F.
Ralston, Harris P.
Ramis, Leon Lipman
Ramsey, Mrs. George T.
Randall, C. M.
Ranke, Miss Emily
Rankin, Miss Jessie H.
Ranney, Mrs. George A.
Ransom, Albert, Jr.
Rapaport, Morris W.
Rapp, Leo E.
Rapp, Mrs. Mary G.
Rasmussen, Frank
Rathje, Arthur G.
Rathje, Mrs. Fred C.
Rathje, Mrs. Josephine L.
Rau, Lawrence F.
Raulf, Carl A.
Ray, Harry K.
Raymer, G. L.
Raymond, Clifford S.



Raymond, Edwards Frederic
Raymond, Mrs. Howard D.
Reed, Mrs. John W.
Reed, Rufus M.
Reeder, R. R., Jr.
Reese, Mrs. C. Henning
Reese, Miss Catherine E.
Regensburg, James
Rehm, Henry J.
Reich, August C.
Reid, P. Gordon
Reid, Hugh
Rein, Lester E.
Reinhardt, Mrs. Henry L.
Reiss, Paul
Reitz, Miss Carrie E.
Remington, Dr. Sheppard
Requa, William B.
Reuss, George I.
Reuss, Mrs. Henry H.
Reynolds, Miss Florence E.
Reynolds, George H.
Reynolds, Mrs. H. J.
Reynolds, J. J.
Rex, W. H.
Rice, F. M.
Rice, Otto M.
Rich, Kenneth F.
Richards, George D.
Richardson, Granville W.
Richardson, Henry R.
Richey, Eugene W.
Rickey, L. D.
Rider, Mrs. W. B.
Riel, G. A.

RlETVELD, S. J.

Riggs, Mrs. Elmer S.
Ripley, Mrs. Allen B.
Ripley, Mrs. E. P.
Ritchie, Mrs. Robert
Roach, Mrs. Edward A.
Roadifer, W. H.
Roane, Warren
Robbins, Mrs. Edward E.
Robbins, Laurence B.
Roberts, Francis R.
Roberts, Jesse E.
Robinson, Charles R.
Robinson, Frank D.
Robinson, R. V.
Robinson, S. O. L.
Rockwell, Theodore G.
Rockwood, Frederick T.
Roden, Carl B.
Rodrick, Mrs. Isaac



260 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Roefer, Henry A.
Rogers, Dr. Daniel W.
Rogers, J. W.

Rolland, Frederick George
Rollo, Egbert
Rolnick, Dr. Harry C.
Rompel, Mrs. Walter
Roodhouse, Benjamin T.
Rooney, Hon. John J.
Rose, E. E.
Rose, Mrs. Thomas
Rosenbaum, Edwin S.
Rosenbaum, Julius
Rosenberg, Bernhard
rosenfeld, m. j.
Rosenfels, Irwin S.

ROSENFIELD, MORRIS S.

Rosenow, Milton C.
Rosenstein, Joseph
Rosenthal, Nathan H.
Rosenthal, Mrs. Ralph J.
Ross, Dr. L. J.
Roth, Arthur J.
Roth, Henry
Roth, Mrs. Lester
Rothschild, Mrs. Louis G.
Rothstein, Dr. Thor

ROUNTREE, LlNGARD T.

Rowe, Charles B.
Rowell, Dr. L. W.
Rowles, E. W. A.
Rowley, Mrs. James F.
Roy, Mrs. Ervin L.
Rud, Mrs. Anthony
Rudolph, Miss Bertha
ruettinger, j. c.
Ruggles, Dr. William L.
Rummler, Eugene A.
Russell, John A.
Rutherford, M. D.
Ryan, Thomas C.

Sabath, Isidor
Sabath, Hon. Joseph
Sachs, Paul J.
Sachs, Philip G.
Sackett, Mrs. Homer S.
Sackley, Mrs. John B.
Sage, Mrs. William
Salinger, Harry
Salk, Mrs. Jacob
Salsman, Mrs. Alice K.
Saltzstein, Felix C.
Salzman, Max J.



Sample, Mrs. John Glen
Sampson, H. J.
Sampson, Dr. S.
Sanborn, Frank A.
Sandberg, Mrs. Harry S.
Sandel, Mrs. S.
Sanders, H. A.
Sanders, Mrs. L. L.
Sandidge, Miss Daisy
Sands, Mrs. Frances B.
Sands, Mrs. Henry
Sartain, Charles A.
Sauer, Dr. Raymond J.
Sauerman, John A.
Saunders, Percy G.
Sawyer, Miss Anna Grace
Sawyer, Dr. C. F.
Sawyer, Mrs. Percy
Schaar, Bernard E.
Schafer, 0. J.
Schaffner, Mrs. Albert
schaffner, arthur b.
Schaffner, Herbert T.
Schantz, O. M.
Schaus, Carl J.
Schiessle, M.
Schiewe, Robert A.
Schmidt, Adolph
Schmidt, Ernest A.
Schmidt, Ernest E.
Schmidt, Dr. Herbert J.
Schmidt, Mrs. Otto G.
Schmidt, Dr. Otto L.
Schmidt, Richard E.
Schneider, Benjamin B.
Schneider, George A.
Schniglau, Charles H.
Schnuchel, Reinhold H.
Schoen, F. J.
Schoenbrun, Leo
Schoepfle, Mrs. Martin
Schreiner, Mrs. Francis Louis
schroeder, august f.
schroeder. dr. mary g.
schroeder, p. a.
Schueler, Robert
Schulze, Paul
Schwab, Dr. Leslie W.
Schwab, Martin C.
Schwaegerman, Mrs. George J.
Schwartz, G. A.
Schwartz, Louis S.
Schwarz, August
Schwarz, Dr. Leigh E.
Schweitzer, E. 0.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



261



Schweitzer, Richard J.

Schweizer, Carl

Scofield, Timothy J.

Scott, Dr. E. Newton

Scott, Gerald R.

Scott, Dr. James McDonald

Scott, John D.

Scott, Dr. Walter Dill

Seaquist, Mrs. Seth

Searle, Dr. C. Howard

Seaverns, Louis C.

Sebelien, A. E.

Sefton, Mrs. John

Seibold, Arthur B.

Seidscher, Jacob

Seifer, Mrs. N.

Seifert, Mrs. Emma

Seip, Fred

Selig, Mrs. Joseph J.

Selz, Emanuel

Selz, Mrs. J. Harry

Senear, Dr. F. E.

Senior, Mrs. John L.

Senne, John A.

Sethness, Charles 0.

Sexton, Mrs. Thomas G.

Seymour, Fred P.

Shaffer, Harry

Shaffer, Mrs. Norman P.

Shanahan, David E.

Shanesy, Mrs. Ralph D.

Shanks, Oscar

Shannon, Neil J.

Shapiro, Dr. Hyman B.

Shapiro, I. M.

Shapiro, J. F.

Shattuck, Charles H.

Shaw, A. W.

Shaw, Henry P.

Shaw, Mrs. Henry P.

Shaw, Joseph J.

Shaw, Mrs. Walter A.

Sheafe, J. S.

Shearman, C. E.

Shedd, Charles E.

Shepard, Guy C.

Shepard, Stuart G.

Shepherd, Mrs. Claude H.

Sherbahn, Jacob M.

Sherer, Samuel J.

Sheridan, L. J.

Sherman, Edwin

Sherman, Mrs. Francis C, Sr.

Sherman, H. C.

Sherman, Louis A.



Shibley, A. E.

Shipley, Dr. Carl V.

Shipman, George E.

Shiverick, Mrs. A. F.

Shores, Dr. Clarence E.

Shorey, Clyde E.

Shortall, John L.

Shotwell, Alfred H.

Shuesler, Charles R.

Shurtleff, Miss L. H.

Sievers, William H.

Silber, C. J.

sllverberg, william

Silverman, Joseph

Simmonds, Dr. Walter E.

Simmons, Parke E.

Simons, Mrs. V. D., Jr.

Simpson, Dr. Elmer E.

Sindelar, Joseph C.

Sinding, John W.

Singleton, Mrs. Charles J.

Sinsheimer, Benjamin

Sippel, Mrs. Cornelius

Sisson, O. U.

Skinner, Miss Frederika

Skog, Mrs. Ludvig

Slade, Alfred

Slade, John C.

Slaten, Mrs. Frederick A.

Slavik, William

Smejkal, Dr. Harry J.

Smith, C. F. Mather

Smith, Mrs. Edward E.

Smith, Mrs. Edwin

Smith, Frederick W.

Smith, Gilbert M.

Smith, Glen E.

Smith, Henry T.

Smith, Dr. Herman

Smith, Jesse L.

Smith, Miss Mary Rozet

Smith, O. Jay

Smith, Paishe B.

Smith, S. W.

Smith, Mrs. Wilfred M.

Smith, William D.

Snyder, Erwin P.

Snyder, Thomas D.

Soares, Professor Theodore G.

Soest, Walter H.

Solle, Will H.

Sollitt, Ralph T.

SOMERVILLE, THOMAS A.

Sommers, Werner H.
Soper, Mrs. J. P., Jr.



262 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Soper, Thomas

Sorley, Mrs. Milford S.

Spades, M. H.

Speed, Dr. Kellogg

Speer, Henry D.

Spensley, H. George

Speyer, Mrs. George W.

Spiegel, Philip

Spiegler, Frank F.

Spiesman, Dr. M. G.

Spieth, W. S.

Spindler, Mrs. R. W.

Spivek, Herman

Spohn, John F.

Spohr, Frank M.

Spry, George

Spurgeon, H. F.

Stafford, Charles W.

Staley, Miss Mary B.

Stalla, Karl

Stallwood, S. C.

Stangle, Mrs. Mary W.

Staniewicz, Joseph V.

Stanton, C. N.

Stanton, Howard B.

Starr, Dr. Paul

Starrett, James W.

Stearns, Fred

Stecher, Walter R.

Steele, Leo M.

Steffensen, Sigurd
Stein, Mrs. Adolph
Stein, Dr. Otto J.
Stein, Mrs. S. Sidney
Steinberg, Samuel E.
Steiner, Max
Steinfeldt, Dr. C. R.
Steinson, Henry G.
Stenson, Frank R.
Stenson, Miss Jane A.
Stephenson, Samuel G.
Sterling, Douglas T.
Stern, Felix
Stern, Mrs. Herbert L.
Stern, Jacob S.
Sternberg, Morris
Stevens, David H.
Stevens, Ernest
Stevenson, James R. D.
Stewart, S. Chandler
Stewart, William
Stobbe, Paul D.
Stockton, A. C.
Stockton, Mrs. John Thaw
Stockton, Miss Josephine



Stoehr, Kurt
Stoelting, C. H.
Stolzenbach, Miss Emma W.
Storkan, Mrs. James
Straten, Dr. Hubert J.
Straus, Arthur W.
Straus, Eli M.
Strauss, Jesse L.
Strauss, Mrs. Lee J.
Strawn, Taylor
Street, C. R.
Street, Edward P.
Strigl, F. C.
Stringer, A. E.
Stringer, John T.
Strom, Arthur B.
Strong, Gordon
Strong, Dr. L. Willis
Stuart, Alexander
Stuart, Charles W.
Stubenrauch, William F.
Stumes, Charles B.
Sturla, Harry L.
Sturman, M. Robert
Sublette, Mrs. Oscar H.
Sullivan, Frank R.
Sullivan, Grey
Sullivan, Michael J.
Sulzberger, S. L.

SUMERFIELD, EDWARD C.

Summy, Clayton F.
Sundell, Ernest W.
Sundlof, F. W.
Sutton, John M.
Svoboda, Frank A.
Swanson, Mrs. Bertha
Swatek, Dr. Edwin Paul
Swenson, S. P. O.
Swift, Mrs. Alden B.
Swift, T. Philip

SZMERGALSKI, THEODORE J.

Taft, Robert H.
Tankersley, J. N.
Tash, J. Donald
Tatge, Mrs. Paul W.
Taulbee, Mrs. Katherine H.
Taylor, Mrs. Eugene S.
Taylor, Frank F.
Taylor, Graham
Taylor, L. S.
Taylor, M. B.
Taylor, Mrs. O. L.
Teagle, E. W.
Teckemeyer, A. O.









Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



263



Teevan, John C.
Tegtmeyer, Ernest F.
Teich, Max L.
Telfer, Thomas A.
Teller, George L.
Tennant, Colin McK., Sr.
Tenney, Henry F.
Terpning, B. E.
Terry, Dr. C. Roy
Terry, Mrs. Schuyler B.
Thacher, Mrs. F. B.
Thal, Miss Elsie
Tharaldsen, Mrs. H. I.
Thatcher, Everett A.
Thayer, Harry W.
Theobald, Dr. Walter H.
Thiebeault, Charles J., Jr.
Thom, H. C.
Thomas, Charles F.
Thomas, Rev. George H.
Thomas, Mrs. Henry Bascom
Thomas, Richard H., Jr.
Thomas, Roy K.
Thomas, Dr. Walter N.
Thompson, Lavern W.
Thompson, Dr. Orion K.
Thomson, Mrs. Charles M.
Thomson, George W.
Thomson, James
Thorsness, Lionel G.
Throop, George Enos
Tiedebohl, Edward R.
Tieken, Dr. Theodore
Tiers, Louis P.
Tinsley, Mrs. William

TlTTERINGTON, MlSS SUSAN E.

Todd, A.
Tonk, Percy A.
Torrison, Dr. George A.
Towner, H. C.
Tracy, George W.
Tramel, Forsyth
Traxler, Dr. Abigail
Triggs, Charles W.
Trotzkey, Elias L.
Troup, Paul V.
Troxel, Mrs. Thomas G.
Troy, Leo J.
Truc, Walter
Trude, Mrs. A. S.
Trude, Mrs. George A.
Truman, Percival H.
Trumbull, Miss Florence
Tubergen, Dr. Benjamin F.
Turnbull, William J.



Turner, George
Turner, Mrs. George T.
Turner, Marshall S.
Tuttle, Charles
Tuttle, W. F.
Tye, Frank E.
Tyler, Alfred C.
Tyrrell, Frank J.

Uhlir, Joseph Z.
Uland, Edwin L.
Ungaro, Gerald M.
Updike, Fred P.
Upham, Robert P.
Urbanski, August G.
Urheim, Dr. 0. J.
Utley, George B.
Utter, Arthur J.

Vail, Mrs. G. B.
VanBuren, Mrs. Mildred
Vance, Walter N.
VanDellen, Dr. R. L.
VanDeursen, John S.
VanDort, G. Broes
VanHoosen, Dr. Bertha
VanSchaick, Mrs. Ethel R.
Varty, Leo G.
Vaughan, Roger T.
Vaughn, A. M.
Veatch, Byron E.
Venard, Mrs. George C.
Vernia, Mrs. Edward P.
Vernon, Harvey C.
Vilas, Mrs. George B.
Vinton, Mrs. Gertrude J.
Vlasak, Joseph C.
Vogleson, Mrs. E. M.
Volk, Carl B.
Volk, Mrs. John
Volk, Paul
Voltz, Daniel W.
Voorhees, James M.
Vose, Mrs. Frederick P.

Wadsworth, Charles
Wadsworth, Miss Helen C.
Wagner, Miss Coletta M.
Wagner, Edwin L.
Wagner, H. D.
Wagner, Miss Mabel M.
Wagner, Richard
Wahl, Albert
Waite, Mrs. C. B.
Waite, Miss Muriel W.



264 Field Museum of Natural History — Reports, Vol. VIII



Walbert, A. J.
Walborn, Miss Zena
Walcott, Mrs. R. S.
Waldeck, Herman
Waldo, Dr. Proctor C.
Waldron, John C.
Waldschmidt, William K.
Walker, Barton F.
Walker, Miss Edith M.
Walker, James R.
Walker, Dr. James W.
Wallner, Dr. John S.
Walsh, Martin
Walsh, Miss Mary
Walton, Dr. B. C.
Walton, Lyman A.
Warfield, Mrs. W. S.
Warren, Mrs. Frank
Warren, William G.
Washburn, Dr. James Murray
Waters, R. T.
Watkins, Frank A.
Watkins, Frederick A.
Watkins, Jesse M.
Watson, R. G.
Waugh, William Francis
Weakly, F. B.
Weary, Edwin D.
Weber, Dr. Samuel L.
Webster, Charles R.
Webster, Edgar Converse
Webster, Dr. Edgar M.
Webster, Towner K., Jr.
Weddell, John
Wegg, Donald R.
Weichbrodt, Rudolph C.
Weigen, Dr. Anders J.
Weil, Mrs. Julius E.
Weil, Mrs. Victor
Weinstein, Dr. M. L.
Weintroub, Benjamin
Weisbach, John G.
Weisl, E. L.
Weiss, Mrs. A. J.
Weissbrenner, Dr. R. F.
Welch, Dr. John T.
Welles, Mrs. Edward Kenneth
Wells, Mrs. Eva Thornton
Wells, Dr. H. Gideon
Wells, Howard I.
Wentworth, John
Wermuth, Dr. Arthur W.
Wescott, Dr. Cassius D.
West, Frederick T.
Westbrook, Mrs. E. S.



Westman, Edward C.
Weston, Charles V.
Westphal, Miss Mary E.
Westrich, Mrs. F. A.
Whamond, Dr. Alex A.
Whamond, Dr. Frederick G.
Whatley, S. T.
Wheeler, Seymour
Wheelock, W. W.
Whise, Dr. Melchior
White, Edward S.
White, Emanuel H.
White, George H.
White, James E.
Whitehorn, Mrs. Arthur A.
Whiting, Robert B.
Whitlock, S. J.
Whitney, Charles P.
Wicks, James E.
Wieland, Mrs. George C.

WlENHOEBER, MlSS EDNA C.

Wiersma, Asa
Wigent, Miss Zella
Wilborn, Charles
Wilbur, Fred T.
Wilce, George C.
Wild, A. Clement
Wild, Payson S.
Wild, Richard
Wilder, Mrs. Harold
Wilder, Mrs. Loren
Wilder, Paul
Wilder, Mrs. T. E.
Wiley, Edward N.
Wilhelm, Frank Edward
Wilkey, Fred S.
Wilkins, Miss Ruth
Willett, Albert V.
Willetts, George M.
Williams, C. Arch
Williams, Chauncey V.
Williams, Clifford H.
Williams, Dr. E. B.
Williams, Mrs. Eugene P.
Williams, Mrs. F. L.
Williams, Mrs. Lawrence
Williams, Lynn A.
Williams, Dr. Richard A.
Williamson, D.
Wilson, Arthur R.
Wilson, Miss Carolyn
Wilson, George Landis
Wilson, Lucius E.
Wilson, Percival C.
Wilson, R. F.



Jan. 1930



Annual Report of the Director



265



Wilson, Robert C.
Wilson, Mrs. Sylvester E.
Wilson, William G.
Windes, Mrs. Frank A.

WlNDMULLER, S. W.

Wing, John E.
Winston, Bertram M.
Winter, I.
Winterbotham, John R.

WlNTERBOTHAM, MRS. JOHN R., Jr.

Wise, Mrs. Harold

WlTHERBEE, W. E.

Witkowsky, Miss Esther
Witkowsky, James
Wolbach, Murray
Wolfe, William C.
Wolff, Christian J.
Wolff, Mrs. Fred H.
Wolff, George F.
Wood, Donald
Wood, James O.
Wood, John H.
Woodcock, Andrew J.
Woodmansee, Fay
Woodruff, M. P.
Woods, Edward G.
Woods, Fred W.
Woodward, Robert M.
Woodyatt, Dr. Rollin Turner
Wool, Israel W.
Wordel, William F.
Worsley, A. A.



Worthley, Wallace F.
Wray, Don C.
Wray, Mrs. James G.
Wright, Miss Dorothy .
Wright, H. C.
Wright, Dr. James A.
Wright, William V. D.
Wrisley, George A.
Wry, C. E.

Yavitz, Joseph T.
Yeakel, Dr. William K.
Yeomans, Charles
Young, George W.
Young, James W.
Young, Joseph W.
Youngberg, Arthur C.
Younglove, James C.
Yuenger, H. T.

Zane, John Maxcy
Zeitz, Andrew R.
Zenos, Rev. Andrew C.
Zeuch, Dr. Lucius P.
Ziff, Peter
Zimmerman, Irving
Zimmerman, Ralph W.

ZlMMERMANN, MRS. P. T.

Zoelck, Mrs. Frank
zolla, abner m.
Zolla, David M.

ZUCKER, W. J.



Deceased, 1929



Berger, Mrs. H.
Bolles, C. E.
Byrne, Thomas H.

Carroll, Michael A.
Cass, Mrs. Roy H.
Comerford, Hon. Frank
Cooper, Fred W.
Crawford, Frederick E.

Dixon, Simeon W.
Dooley, Mrs. Albert G.

Eaton, Dr. D. B.
Eddy, Mrs. Morris R.

Ford, T. A.

Gaston, Clarence E.
Grund, Harry T.

Hessert, Dr. William



Kyle, Mrs. Robert T.
Leicht, Mrs. Andrew E.

LlNDHEIMER, S. W.

Moore, Charles Brearley
Newmark, John T.

Peine, Adolphus G.
Pond, Allen B.

Rapp, Fred G.

Sommer, Mrs. Alfred N.
Stoddart, Charles H.
Sullivan, Charles H.

Weiss, Samuel H.
Whitehead, W. M.
Wilson, M. H.



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