Home > Title: NCJRS Catalog #39, Just In.

Title: NCJRS Catalog #39, Just In.

Title: NCJRS Catalog #39, Just In.

Series: NCJRS Catalog

Author: NCJRS

Published: March/April 1998

Subject: Criminal justice

19 pages

42,000 bytes



-------------------------------



Figures, charts, forms, and tables are not included in this ASCII plain-text

file. To view this document in its entirety, download the Adobe Acrobat

graphic file available from this Web site or order a print copy from NCJRS

at 800-851-3420.



-------------------------------



Just In



Selected Additions to the NCJRS Document Collection



This section announces new publications and audio-visual materials that

keep you up to date on advances in criminal justice. Documents listed are

recent additions to the NCJRS Abstracts Database.



The acquisition of a document or the inclusion of a document abstract in

the Catalog does not constitute an endorsement of the document or its

contents by the U.S. Department of Justice.



All publications in the NCJRS abstracts collection may be borrowed

through interlibrary loan. (Videos are not available.) Contact your local

library for further information.



Selected publications are available as hardcopy reproductions ($5 per

document plus 10› per page). Call NCJRS at 800-851-3420 to verify

availability.



Publications in this Catalog designated "available electronically" are

accessible via the Internet or a modem connection (see page 2).



Corrections



Critical Elements in the Planning, Development, and Implementation of

Successful Correctional Options



Bureau of Justice Assistance



1997. 61 pp. NCJ 168966



Available free from NCJRS. Call or write for a copy. Also available

electronically.



Highlights activities and tasks associated with the design, implementation,

and operation of correctional options based on the experiences of nine

correctional agencies funded under BJA's Correctional Options

Demonstration Program. Although the experiences of each of these

correctional agencies have varied, most have faced similar issues and

challenges in developing and operating their programs. This BJA

Monograph is a primer for creating effective programs based on the

lessons learned by these agencies as they addressed these common

problems. It is also a guide for both policymakers and practitioners

interested in reducing their reliance on incarceration as the sole or primary

means of sanctioning nonviolent offenders.



The Orange County, Florida, Jail Educational and Vocational Programs



Peter Finn

National Institute of Justice



1997. 16 pp. NCJ 166820



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Describes the intensive educational and vocational programs available to

inmates in the Orange County, Florida, Corrections Division. The Orange

County Jail, with a total of 3,300 beds, is staffed by 70 full-time

instructors and offers programs in adult basic education, preparation for

the general equivalency diploma, vocational training, life skills

development, and substance abuse education. This NIJ Program Focus

explains that educational and vocational programming is the central

component of a package of interrelated innovations in the jail system

designed to reduce corrections costs, improve inmate conduct, and lower

recidivism.



Prisoners in 1997



Darrell K. Gilliard

Bureau of Justice Statistics



1998. 15 pp. NCJ 170014



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Reports the number of persons in State and Federal prisons at yearend,

compares the increase in the prison population during 1997 with that of

the previous year, and gives the 5- and 10-year growth rates. This annual

Bulletin reports the number of male and female prisoners, the

incarceration rates for States, and data on prison capacities and use of local

jails because of prison crowding.



Restoring Hope Through Community Partnerships: The Real Deal in

Crime Control--A Handbook for Community Corrections



Betsy A. Fulton



1996. 230 pp. ACCN 162391



Not available from NCJRS. Order from American Probation and Parole

Association, c/o Council of State Governments, Iron Works Pike, P.O.

Box 11910, Lexington, KY 40578 (606-244-8000). $30.



Provides a theoretical and practical foundation for involving the

community in the mission of community corrections. This handbook

offers examples of innovative programs and sample policies and practices

that can be adapted to meet an agency's specific needs. Sections of the

handbook examine the infrastructure necessary for successful community

partnerships, regardless of the purpose and context; the basic requirements

for successfully mobilizing individuals and groups; techniques for the

effective use of volunteers; and traditional and innovative methods for

involving the community in the corrections process. Exercises are

included to encourage substantive discussion and the exploration of

innovative strategies for engaging in partnerships that benefit

communities, agencies, and offenders.



Seven CD-ROM's: National Corrections Reporting System, 1983-94



Bureau of Justice Statistics



Forthcoming. NCJ 168954 (1983-86), NCJ 168955 (1987-88), NCJ

168956 (1989-90), NCJ 168957 (1991), NCJ 168958 (1992), NCJ 168959

(1993), NCJ 168960 (1994).



Available from NCJRS. Each $11.50 U.S., $15 Canada and other

countries. See order form. Also available electronically.



Contains the data sets for the BJS National Corrections Reporting Program

for each year from 1983 through 1994 on the admissions, releases, and

parole outcomes of persons in the Nation's prisons and parole systems.

The data include demographic characteristics, offenses, sentence lengths,

types of admissions, time to be served, methods of release, and actual time

served of inmates entering and exiting prison and parole. The number of

States reporting data varies from year to year. Included on the CD-ROM

for each data set are ASCII files that require the use of specific statistical

software packages, a code book, SPSS and SAS statistical software setup

files, and explanatory notes.



Courts



Federal Pretrial Release and Detention, 1996



John Scalia

Bureau of Justice Statistics



1998. 23 pp. NCJ 168635



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Describes pretrial release and detention practices in the Federal criminal

justice system and for each Federal judicial district. In 1996, 34 percent of

Federal defendants were denied bail and 10 percent were detained beyond

their initial appearance because they did not post bail. Of those denied

bail, 42.3 percent were thought to be a flight risk, 10.6 percent were

thought to be a danger to the community or to witnesses or jurors, and 47

percent were thought to be both a flight risk and a danger. The pretrial

detention factors discussed in the report include the seriousness of the

offense, criminal history, and ties to the community.



Stalking: Prosecutors Convict and Restrict



Bureau of Justice Assistance and

American Prosecutors Research Institute



1997. 62 pp. NCJ 168104



Available free from NCJRS. Call or write for a copy (limited copies

available).



Describes current initiatives that local prosecutors can follow to

successfully prosecute, convict, and sentence stalkers. This report provides

criminal justice practitioners with innovative ideas and solutions for

implementing antistalking programs. It also examines two innovative

antistalking programs, one within an urban jurisdiction and one within a

rural jurisdiction. Prosecutors, probation officers, law enforcement

officers, judges, victim advocates, and other criminal justice practitioners

were interviewed at each site. Funded by BJA, this publication documents

the importance of interagency cooperation and agreement on allocation of

shared resources.



Crime Prevention



Addressing Community Gang Problems: A Practical Guide



Bureau of Justice Assistance



1997. 96 pp. NCJ 164273



Available free from NCJRS. Call or write for a copy. Also available

electronically.



Provides practical guidance for understanding the diverse nature of gangs,

the problems they pose, and the harm they cause. This BJA Monograph

presents two analytical models for addressing local gang problems: a

problem-solving model and a gang-problem triangle. It also includes a

brief theoretical overview of some key gang issues relevant to community

groups and discusses some specific approaches to analyzing and

responding to gangs. In addition, worksheets and planning documents for

community use are included, and a method for evaluating antigang

problems and effective local responses that individual residents can take

are discussed. A companion document, Addressing Community Gang

Problems: A Model for Problem Solving, is also available through the

Bureau of Justice Assistance Clearinghouse.



Crime Prevention at Your Fingertips: Federal Internet, Clearinghouse and

Resource Center Directory



The President's Crime Prevention Council



1997. 8 pp. NCJ 166612



Available free from NCJRS. See order form.



Lists World Wide Web addresses, toll-free telephone numbers, Federal

clearinghouses, and resource centers that offer prevention and intervention

resources and information. The directory can be used to obtain information

on statistics, grant and funding availability, Federal programs and

initiatives, publications, and more. The most essential information in

Helping Communities Fight Crime: Comprehensive Planning Techniques,

Models, Programs and Resources--The President's Crime Prevention

Council Catalog is distilled in this directory and listed in a more concise

and readable format.



Helping Communities Fight Crime: Comprehensive Planning Techniques,

Models, Programs and Resources--The President's Crime Prevention

Council Catalog



The President's Crime Prevention Council



1997. 147 pp. NCJ 167032



Available free from NCJRS. See order form.



Provides techniques, models, programs, and resources that can help

communities build a solid foundation of crime prevention and intervention

activities tailored to their specific needs. The catalog contains

comprehensive planning techniques; models for replication and

adaptation; a program matrix organized by focus area; and a sampling of

strategies, approaches, resources, and tools available at the Federal and

State levels, complete with eligibility and contact information. It also

contains an annotated list of publications, listservs, clearinghouses, and

resource centers.



Predicting Criminal Behavior Among Authorized Purchasers of Handguns



Garen Wintemute

National Institute of Justice



Forthcoming. 4 pp. FS 000198



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Presents the findings of a recent study supported by the Centers for

Disease Control and Prevention that identified better ways to predict the

incidence of criminal activity among people who purchase handguns

legally. This Research in Progress Preview explains that despite laws that

bar handgun purchases by certain groups of people, most individuals

known to have engaged in prior criminal activity are still able to purchase

guns legally. For example, of the 172,000 people who legally purchased a

handgun in California in 1977, about 15 percent had a criminal record at

the time of purchase. The information gained from this study can help

further restrict access to guns by people at high risk for engaging in

criminal activity.



Sex Offender Community Notification



Bureau of Justice Assistance and

National Criminal Justice Association



1997. 82 pp. NCJ 168620



Available free from NCJRS. Call or write for a copy (limited copies

available).



Focuses on the development and implementation of notification laws. This

report is designed for State-level decisionmakers who are searching for

ways to develop and implement sex offender notification laws or to

improve existing laws. Background information on registration laws in

four States is included to provide users with a better understanding of

notification provisions. The case studies for each State present statutory

summaries, case law summaries, and the State's experiences with

implementing notification laws. Alaska, Louisiana, New Jersey, and

Washington are highlighted in this report.



Criminal Justice Research



Alcohol and Crime



Lawrence A. Greenfeld

Bureau of Justice Statistics



1998. 60 pp. NCJ 168632



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Provides an overview of national data on the role of alcohol in violent

victimization and its use among those convicted of crimes. Prepared for

the Assistant Attorney General's National Conference on Alcohol and

Crime (April 1998), this report includes victim perceptions of alcohol use

by offenders at the time of the crime and the extent to which alcohol is

involved in different crimes. National survey data on offenders' alcohol

use when they committed their crime includes offenders on probation, in

local jails, and in State prisons. In addition, estimates of offender

blood-alcohol concentrations at the time of the offense are compared to

those of drunken drivers involved in fatal accidents. The report also

provides special analyses of the role of alcohol and domestic violence in

murder.



Comparing Case Processing Statistics



John Scalia

Bureau of Justice Statistics, Administrative Office of the United States

Courts, Executive Office for the United States Attorneys, Federal Bureau

of Prisons, and United States Sentencing Commission



1998. 2 pp. NCJ 169274



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Presents the joint statement of five Federal criminal justice agencies that

identifies the primary differences in case processing statistics reported by

the agencies and explains why reported statistics are not directly

comparable across agencies. By examining issues central to the collection

and reporting of Federal criminal justice statistics (defendants processed,

offenses committed, and disposition and sentence imposed) this statement

clarifies differences in emphasis, definition, and classification. Originally

published in August 1996, this updated edition identifies an additional

factor that contributes to the disparity in the statistics reported by each of

the agencies.



Homicide in Eight U.S. Cities: Trends, Context, and Policy Implications



Pamela K. Lattimore, James Trudeau, K. Jack Riley, Jordan Leiter, and

Steven Edwards

National Institute of Justice



1997. 144 pp. NCJ 167262



Available free from NCJRS. Call or write for a copy.



Presents the complete findings of a series of NIJ-initiated studies

conducted in fall 1995 that examined violence in the United States, with a

particular focus in eight cities. This NIJ Research Report notes that in

recent years sharp declines in homicides have been recorded in several

major U.S. cities. Although attention has been focused on cities that have

experienced such declines, this document demonstrates that the downward

homicide trend is by no means universal.



International Perspectives on Child Abuse and Children's Testimony:

Psychological Research and Law



Bette L. Bottoms and Gail S. Goodman, eds.



1996. 314 pp. ACCN 163667



Not available from NCJRS. Order from SAGE Publications, Inc., 2455

Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 (805-499-0721). $23.50.



Presents 14 reports that examine the techniques and procedures used to

accommodate child witnesses in legal systems around the world. Research

on the effectiveness and implications of the techniques is provided,

particularly in child abuse cases. Individual papers discuss the latest

findings relevant to obtaining accurate information from children during a

forensic evaluation, the use of precourt interviews rather than court

testimony of child witnesses in the Netherlands, and the use of specially

trained experts to interview child witnesses in Israel and Germany.

Additional papers review research and legislative changes related to the

appearance of children in courts in Australia, Great Britain, New Zealand,

Scotland, South Africa, and the United States.



NIJ Journal No. 234



National Institute of Justice



1997. 44 pp. JR 000234



Available free from NCJRS. Call or write for a copy.



Presents feature articles and recent developments at NIJ. This issue

contains four articles: "Suppose We Were Really Serious About Police

Departments Becoming 'Learning Organizations'," by William A. Geller;

"Drug Testing in Criminal Justice: Evolving Uses, Emerging

Technologies," by Tom Mieczkowski and Kim Lersch; "The Unrealized

Potential of DNA Testing," by Victor Weedn and John Hicks; and

"Looking Backward to Look Forward: The 1967 Crime Commission

Report in Retrospect," by Mark Moore. This issue also includes a

two-page summary of a study comparing drug purchase and use patterns in

six cities.



Drugs and Crime



The Laundrymen: Money Laundering, The World's Third-Largest

Business



Jeffrey Robinson



1996. 358 pp. ACCN 168970



Not available from NCJRS. Order from Little, Brown and Company,

Ordering Department, Three Center Plaza, Boston MA 02108 (800-759-

0190). $25.95.



Details the activities of those involved in the money laundering branch of

the drug trade. Laundering is no longer peopled exclusively by an

obviously criminal crowd. Lawyers, bankers, and other professionals have

helped make the origins of drug money more obscure by camouflaging

them and spreading the money throughout the world economy. A drug

dealer's success is directly linked to his or her ability to pass dirty money

through the system undetected. All aspects of the laundering process are

described--the people making the money, the people washing the money,

and the people attempting to halt, or at least slow down, the business.



Grants and Funding



BJA Annual Report Fiscal Year 1996



Bureau of Justice Assistance



1997. 49 pp. NCJ 168621



Available free from NCJRS. Call or write for a copy. Also available

electronically.



Lists BJA funds appropriated for assistance to State and local criminal

justice agencies for fiscal year (FY) 1996. This Annual Report shows a

breakdown of funds among Byrne Formula grants, Byrne Discretionary

grants, special programs, and Local Law Enforcement Block grants. The

grand total of funds distributed by BJA in FY 1996 was $1,593,350,000.

In FY 1996, BJA addressed community needs and began full

implementation of the comprehensive community justice system. The

report outlines the country's need for this system, which includes

community crime prevention, community policing, community

prosecution, community courts, and community corrections.



Juvenile Justice



Guidelines for the Screening of Persons Working With Children, the

Elderly, and Individuals With Disabilities in Need of Support



Noy S. Davis and Kathi L. Grasso

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention



1998. 52 pp. NCJ 167248



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Presents a logical decision model to guide the screening decisions of

individuals and organizations that hire employees or recruit volunteers to

work with and provide care to children, the elderly, or the disabled. A

three-step approach leads employers and volunteer organizations through a

thoughtful process of evaluating the circumstances of and establishing

appropriate screening measures for each care provider. The appendixes

include the National Child Protection Act of 1993, as amended, guidelines

issued by the FBI in 1995, sample screening forms, and post-hiring

suggestions.



Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1995



Melissa Sickmund

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention



1997. 12 pp. NCJ 167885



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Summarizes Juvenile Court Statistics 1995, the latest in a series of reports

presenting data from the National Juvenile Court Data Archive. This

OJJDP Bulletin, and the larger report on which it is based, presents

important information about the youth seen in the Nation's juvenile courts.

For example, juvenile courts in the United States processed more than 1.7

million delinquency cases in 1995. This number represented a 7-percent

increase over the 1994 caseload and a 45-percent increase over the number

of cases handled in 1986. The Bulletin and its source report are offered as

resources for the public, elected officials, and juvenile justice

professionals in law enforcement, the courts, and corrections.



Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders



Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention



1998. 8 pp. NCJ 170027



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Presents the findings of the Study Group on Serious and Violent Juvenile

(SVJ) Offenders. Expanding upon OJJDP's formative work on the

Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile

Offenders, the Study Group carefully documented what is known about

SVJ offenders, what programs have been tried, how these programs have

performed, what lessons can be drawn from them, and what research and

evaluation efforts are needed to advance knowledge about preventing and

controlling SVJ offending. One of the primary goals of the Study Group

was to provide further guidance to jurisdictions across the country that are

implementing OJJDP's Comprehensive Strategy. The Study Group of

distinguished experts chaired by Drs. Rolf Loeber and David Farrington

presented empirical evidence that the key to reducing serious and violent

offending lies with early prevention efforts aimed at high-risk youth and

interventions with serious and violent juvenile offenders.



Law Enforcement



In the Line of Fire: Violence Against Law Enforcement



Anthony J. Pinizzotto, Edward F. Davis, and Charles E. Miller, III

Federal Bureau of Investigation



1997. 68 pp. ACCN 168972



Not available from NCJRS. Order from Federal Bureau of Investigation,

CJIS/Communications Unit, Module D3, 1000 Custer Hollow Road,

Clarksburg, WV 26306 (304-625-4995). Free.



Presents the results of an NIJ-sponsored study of felonious assaults on law

enforcement officers. Conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation,

the 3-year study addressed 40 distinct cases of serious assaults on law

enforcement officers. This report provides extensive information on the

victims, offenders, and incidents studied. It also identifies specific areas

where law enforcement training and procedures may be improved. In

addition, the results of the study provide law enforcement managers with

actions to consider that will minimize the impact of such events on those

involved.



Measuring What Matters, Part Two: Developing Measures of What the

Police Do



Thomas V. Brady

National Institute of Justice



1997. 15 pp. NCJ 167255



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Reports on the final in a series of NIJ-sponsored meetings of police

officers, criminal justice scholars and researchers, representatives of

community organizations, and journalists who considered the following

question: How do police departments know what they are doing matters

and how do they measure what matters? The topics under consideration in

this NIJ Research in Action include measures for crime, fear of crime, and

disorder; the attributes of a healthy police organization; citizen satisfaction

with police encounters; indexes of factors within the community that point

to the condition of the community; and the relationship between police and

the news media.



Police Work: The Social Organization of Policing, Second Edition



Peter K. Manning



1997. 372 pp. ACCN 168624



Not available from NCJRS. Order from Waveland Press, Inc., P.O. Box

400, Prospect Heights, IL 60070 (847-634-0081). Fax orders: 847-634-

9501. $21.95.



Analyzes the role of police in society. This second edition significantly

updates the first--written more than 20 years ago--with new data on law

enforcement technology and a look at the increase in violent juvenile

crime. Some dated materials, such as tables, quotes, and examples, have

been replaced with more current illustrations. The information found in

this edition is culled from the author's onsite research--observing,

interviewing, and taking part in the work of police in the United Kingdom

and the United States.



Wireless Communications and Interoperability Among Law Enforcement

Agencies



Mary J. Taylor, Robert C. Epper, and Thomas K. Tolman

National Institute of Justice



1997. 12 pp. NCJ 168945



Available free from NCJRS. Call or write for a copy.



Presents the results of a 1997 National Law Enforcement and Corrections

Technology Center survey designed to provide quantitative data from

State and local law enforcement agencies nationwide on their current and

planned use of communications equipment and services, as well as their

experience with common obstacles to interoperability. This NIJ Research

in Brief explains that interoperability--the ability of agencies to

communicate across jurisdictions--often depends on wireless radio

communications systems. Routine police work requires effective

coordination and communication with other police agencies, fire

departments, and emergency medical services to mount a well-coordinated

response.



Three Strikes and You're Out: Vengeance as Public Policy



David Shichor and Dale K. Sechrest, eds.



1996. 297 pp. ACCN 163458



Not available from NCJRS. Order from SAGE Publications, Inc., 2455

Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 (805-499-0721). $21.95.



Addresses the issues surrounding the laws generally grouped under the

rubric of "three strikes and you're out." Arguments concerning these laws

center around their effectiveness in controlling serious and violent

offenders and their high costs. This book considers historic, legal,

economic, and social issues associated with the national application of

three-strikes laws. The author explores the relevance of three-strikes laws

to white-collar crime and their impact on criminal justice agencies.

Perspectives that deal specifically with female offenders and gang

members are also offered.



Reference and Statistics



The NIJ Publications Catalog 1996-97



National Institute of Justice



1997. 64 pp. NCJ 166144



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Lists publications and videotapes produced by NIJ from January 1996

through June 1997. This Catalog lists the products alphabetically by

subject in the following categories: community policing, computers,

corrections, courts, crime prevention, criminal justice and AIDS,

criminology and research, drug testing, drugs and crime, law enforcement,

science and technology, victims, violence, and solicitations. Most of the

items are free; others are available for a nominal fee.



RESTTA National Directory of Restitution and Community Service

Programs



Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention



1997. 530 pp. NCJ 166365



Available from NCJRS. $33.50 U.S., $37 Canada and other countries. See

order form. Also available electronically.



Describes more than 500 restitution and community service programs

nationwide. The information has been updated from an initial survey in

1991 of juvenile and adult restitution and community service programs

conducted by the Restitution Education, Specialized Training, and

Technical Assistance (RESTTA) Project, with support from OJJDP. This

directory also contains statistical data collected in the 1991 survey that are

included for their historical and baseline value for research purposes. The

directory is available in an electronic format that allows for addition of

program information online and continued, routine updating.



Victims



Displaying Violent Crime Trends Using Estimates From the National

Crime Victimization Survey



Michael D. Maltz and Marianne W. Zawitz

Bureau of Justice Statistics



1998. 8 pp. NCJ 167881



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Presents National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) estimates for

violent crime rates and discusses the precision of the estimates to aid

readers in interpreting the data. The NCVS gathered information on the

victimization experience of a sample of U.S. households. Consequently,

the rates and numbers from it are estimates. This report presents 1973-96

rates and 1995-96 changes in the rates for the crimes of rape, robbery,

aggravated and simple assault, and murder. Several new chart designs are

included. Although the report is intended for nontechnical audiences, a

methodology section containing the formulas and data used is included.



Homicide: The Hidden Victims--A Guide for Professionals



Deborah Spungen



1998. 256 pp. ACCN 169278



Not available from NCJRS. Order from Sage Publications, Inc., 2455

Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 (805-499-0721). Fax orders: 805-

499-0871. $48 hardback and $22.95 paperback.



Illustrates how and why family members become co-victims when a loved

one is murdered, and addresses the emotional, physical, spiritual, and

psychological effects of such traumatic events. Until recently, the extant

literature on this subject has focused primarily on the perpetrator, while

the impact on the "invisible victims" of crime has been overlooked. This

guide provides research, personal insight from the author, and case

examples that explore the critical issues surrounding family notification,

the effects of murder on family and friends, media influences, traumatic

grief, intervention and advocacy, the criminal justice system, and

reconstruction and healing.



The Sex Offender: New Insights, Treatment Innovations, and Legal

Developments (Volume II)



Barbara K. Schwartz and Henry R. Cellini, eds.



1997. 432 pp. ACCN 167744



Not available from NCJRS. Order from Civic Research Institute, P.O. Box

585, Kingston, NJ 08528 (609-683-4450, Fax 609-683-7291). $95.95

(includes shipping and handling).



Presents research that supports the restorative justice model for treating

sex offenders, which focuses on problem solving, the future, making

victims' needs primary, and balancing the harm done by the offender by

promoting repair, reconciliation, and reassurance. It provides an

alternative to the current retributive view of justice, which focuses on

blame fixing, the past, making victims' needs secondary, and balancing

harm to the victim by inflicting harm on the offender. This volume

extensively discusses theoretical issues, including the development of

empathy, bonding issues, the effect of alcohol and stress in rapists and

child molesters, new treatment techniques and refinements, and the

ever-changing legal issues in this field.



Violent Crime Victimization in the Workplace, 1992-96



Greg Warchol

Bureau of Justice Statistics



Forthcoming. 10 pp. NCJ 168634



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Presents data for 1992 through 1996 from the National Crime

Victimization Survey estimating the extent of workplace victimization in

the United States. The report describes the different types of workplace

crimes, their frequency of occurrence, the characteristics of the victims

and offenders, victimization by profession, the victim/offender

relationship, and how many of these victimizations are reported to law

enforcement. Data from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports and the Bureau

of Labor Statistics are also included to describe the nature of workplace

homicide. The report examines workplace victimizations as trends from

1992 to 1996 and in the aggregate.



Violence



Adolescent Violence: A View From the Street



Jeffrey Fagan

National Institute of Justice



1997. 4 pp. FS 000189



Available free from NCJRS. See order form. Also available electronically.



Examines the findings of a qualitative, multistage study on adolescent

violence that draws from theories of cognitive and developmental

psychology to construct a situational framework for understanding violent

behavior. This NIJ Research Preview explains that, typically, studies on

violence have focused on propensity, that is, on who is or is not likely to

become violent. This study puts violence into a social context and

examines the strategic decisions young people make about engaging or

withdrawing from a potentially violent situation, as well as decisions they

make once a violent episode begins. The findings of this ongoing study

indicate that adolescents should be taught negotiating skills under

conditions that mimic the street, where emotional states stimulate

unpredictable behavior.



A Fine Line: Losing American Youth to Violence



Charles Stewart Mott Foundation



1997. 44 pp. ACCN 168971



Not available from NCJRS. Order from Charles Stewart Mott Foundation,

1200 Mott Foundation Building, Flint, MI 48502-1851 (800-645-1766).

Free.



Presents significant statistics regarding juvenile crime, especially

homicide, including the causes and costs of such crime. Three programs

are showcased. The Resolving Conflict Creatively Program is one of the

few that have been evaluated, generally with positive results. The

curriculum is taught in school and uses conflict resolution, mediation, and

intergroup relations to stop violence. The Harlem Peacemakers employ

mediation, mentoring, and collaboration with other local organizations to

help reduce violence. Peacemakers are trained from nearby elementary,

middle, and high schools and colleges. New Orleans, a community

selected to receive a 1-year planning grant from the National Funding

Collaborative on Violence Prevention, has pinpointed many violence

prevention initiatives and plans to incorporate them into one program.



Sexual Assault on the College Campus: The Role of Male Peer Support



Martin D. Schwartz and Walter S. DeKeseredy



1997. 230 pp. ACCN 168969



Not available from NCJRS. Order from SAGE Publications, Inc., 2455

Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 (805-499-0721). $18.95.



Discusses sexual assault on the college and university campus. The

authors explore how often sexual assault happens, why it happens, and

what can be done to prevent it. The book also investigates the peer support

many men get that encourages them to commit sexual assaults. Much of

the material in this book is original research. This resource is intended for

use by educators, health providers, student personnel, administrators,

clergy members, campus security, and parents.



Violence and Sexual Abuse at Home: Current Issues in Spousal Battering

and Child Maltreatment



Robert Geffner, Susan B. Sorenson, and Paula K. Lunberg-Love



1997. 371 pp. ACCN 168285



Not available from NCJRS. Order from The Haworth Press, Inc., 10 Alice

Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580 (800-429-6784). $24.95 plus $3.00

shipping and handling.



Compiles the writings of leading researchers and clinicians in the fields of

family violence and child maltreatment. This book combines research

reviews with discussions of critical clinical issues, such as ethical

imperatives and specific treatment guidelines and models across all forms

of spouse and child abuse. The articles span a wide variety of general and

specialized topical areas that are of interest to researchers and clinicians

alike.
Search more related documents:Title: NCJRS Catalog #39, Just In.

Set Home | Add to Favorites

All Rights Reserved Powered by Free Document Search and Download

Copyright © 2011
This site does not host pdf,doc,ppt,xls,rtf,txt files all document are the property of their respective owners. complaint#downhi.com
TOP