Home > EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES

EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES

DUTIES FOR A SAFE AND HEALTHY WORKPLACE

Section 1 provides information on duties for maintaining a safe and healthy workplace. Establishing and maintaining a safe and healthy workplace is a shared responsibility and requires a team effort. As a result, it is necessary to establish and communicate safety and health related duties for all persons in the workplace.

Duties Established in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970

Employer and employee duties for a safe and healthy workplace are defined in Section 5 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. The duties are as follows:

Each Employer Shall:

 Furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees.

 Comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.

Each Employee Shall:

 Comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.


Employer Duties

All employers have a moral and regulatory duty to provide each of their employees with a safe and healthy workplace through the following:

 Providing effective leadership by:

  • Developing and communicating a written policy that expresses the employer’s commitment to a safe and healthy workplace.
  • Providing human and material resources necessary to establish and maintain a safe and healthy workplace.
  • Designating a person to coordinate the safety and health program.

Instructions:� Customize manual by identifying the person (or position) designated to coordinate the safety and health program.

  • Assigning accountability and enforcing safety and health related policies, programs and procedures.
  • Empowering employees to take appropriate and necessary actions to protect their personal safety and health.

 Empowering employees to take an active role in workplace safety.

 Identifying and controlling workplace safety and health hazards.

 Maintaining buildings and facilities in accordance with all applicable codes and regulations.

 Establishing and communicating safety and health-related policies, programs and procedures as required by workplace hazards and applicable regulations.

Instructions:� Customize manual by identifying the location of material safety data sheets (MSDSs) for hazardous chemicals in the workplace.

Instructions:� Customize manual by identifying the location of safety and health-related policies, programs and procedures.

 Providing effective employee training as required by workplace hazards and applicable regulations.


 Providing for the medical monitoring of employees as required by workplace hazards and applicable regulations.

Instructions:� Customize manual by identifying the health care provider designated to perform employee physicals and provide consultation in matters pertaining to occupational health issues.

 Providing for the safety and health of the employees of outside contractors.

 Investigating all accidents and injuries.

 Maintaining safety and health-related records and reports as required by workplace hazards and applicable regulations.

Instructions:� Customize manual by identifying the location of employee medical records.

Instructions:� Customize manual by identifying the location of employee personal exposure monitoring records.

Instructions:� Customize manual by identifying the location of employee training records.

Instructions:� Customize manual by identifying the location of OSHA-required injury and illness records and reports.

 Preparing for workplace emergencies.

Supervisor Duties

A safe and healthy workplace is a shared responsibility and requires a team effort. As team leaders, supervisors must:

 Promote and facilitate workplace safety by being an effective role model, communicator, coach and mentor. This requires supervisors to lead by example and to be knowledgeable of:

  • Workplace safety and health hazards.
  • Safety and health related-regulations, policies, procedures and practices.

 Implement, facilitate and enforce safety and health-related policies, procedures and practices.

 Ensure that new employees are provided with safety and health related information and instruction as required by workplace hazards and applicable regulations.

 Communicate safety and health related information and instruction to employees in shop meetings and pre-job briefings.

 Conduct workplace inspections to identify and correct hazardous conditions and ensure employee compliance with established policies, procedures and practices.

 Review safety and training issues with each employee on an annual basis.

Employee Duties

A safe and healthy workplace is a shared responsibility and requires a team effort. As team members, each and every employee has a duty to:

 Exercise good judgment.

 Be knowledgeable of workplace safety and health hazards and safety and health related policies, procedures and practices.

 Ask for assistance when unsure how to perform a task.

 Perform assigned work in accordance with established policies, procedures and safe work practices while observing all posted warnings.

 Properly wear and maintain personal protective equipment.

 Inspect tools and equipment for damage and defects before each use.

 Maintain work areas so as to be clean and free from recognizable hazards.

 Refuse (in a responsible manner) to perform assigned work:

  • When the work exposes the employee to imminent danger
  • Which the employee is not authorized or properly trained to perform
  • Which the employee is physically incapable of performing.

 Report all injuries, occupational illnesses (including symptoms of chemical overexposure) and accidents (including close calls). Accidents and injuries are to be reported to your supervisor.

 Report unsafe conditions.

  • Employees have a specific duty to immediately report (and/or control or eliminate) unsafe conditions that result in imminent danger (i.e., a hazard that has the potential to cause death or serious injury if not immediately corrected).

Special Note:������������� Examples of imminent danger hazards are identified throughout the manual.

1-1


CUSTOMIZING THE MANUAL

Adding Additional Information

As applicable, employers may customize the manual by adding the following information:

 Employer’s safety policy.

 Employer’s compliance (discipline) policy.

 Workplace hazard assessment.

 Employee training needs assessment.

 Contract or letter of agreement with the local health care provider that will be performing employee physicals and consultations.

 Policies and procedures that pertain to contractor safety.

 Policies and procedures that pertain to accident and injury investigation.

Sample Forms

This section contains the following sample forms:

 Employee Training Needs Assessment.

 Safety and Health Program Audit.

1-1


EMPLOYEE TRAINING NEEDS ASSESSMENT

������������� �������������

Training Requirement

Work Position or Job Classification

  1. Hazard Communication
  1. Fire Prevention
  1. Lockout/Tagout
  1. Confined Space Entry
  1. Emergency Action Plan
  1. First Aid/CPR
  1. Fire Extinguishers
  1. Hazardous Materials
  1. Bloodborne Pathogens
  1. Personal Protective Equipment
  1. Fall Protection
  1. Respirator Training/Fit Testing
  1. Noise/Hearing Conservation
  1. Electrical Safety
  1. Hand/Power Tool Safety
  1. Welding/Cutting Safety
  1. Hoist & Sling Safety
  1. Ladder Safety
  1. Scaffold Safety
  1. Industrial Truck Safety
  1. Aerial Lift Truck Safety
  1. Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Safety
  1. Work Site Barricading
  1. Excavation/Trenching Safety
  1. Asbestos Abatement
  1. Asbestos Awareness
  1. Lead Awareness

������������� Instructions:������������� This form can be used to identify employee safety training requirements on the basis of workplace hazards, job duties and applicable OSHA regulations. The assessment contains

������������� ������������� training requirements that are common to many small businesses. However, the list is not all-inclusive. Employers must customize the form to include workplace-specific conditions, ������������� ������������� hazards and regulatory requirements. Customize manual by performing an employee training needs assessment. Insert workplace positions (or job classifications) in the spaces

������������� ������������� provided at top of columns. Then identify training requirements for each position on the basis of workplace hazards, job duties and applicable regulations. Prepare copies of

������������� ������������� the form as required.

1-1


SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM AUDIT

Workplace Audited:

Audit Date:

Audit Performed By:

Safety and Health Program

As an employer:

Yes

No

If No, Where Are Improvements Needed?

  1. Do you and your managers and supervisors clearly demonstrate by involvement, support and example the overriding importance of employee health and safety?
  1. Have you posted a workplace safety and health policy that clearly communicates the overriding importance of employee health and safety?
  1. Have you implemented policies, procedures and practices to promote and facilitate employee involvement in all issues that pertain to workplace safety and health?
  1. Have you implemented policies, procedures and practices to manage your safety program (e.g., identification of goals and objectives and the assignment of responsibility and accountability)?
  1. Have you established a uniform enforcement policy to which all personnel are held accountable?
  1. Have you established short and long-term budgets necessary to meet the goals and objectives of your safety and health program?
  1. Have you established policies, procedures and practices necessary to protect the safety and health of the employees of outside contractors?

Instructions:������������� This audit provides general guidance for assessing the overall effectiveness of a workplace safety and health program. The audit includes hazards and regulatory ������������� requirements that are common to many small businesses, but is not all-inclusive. Employers must customize the audit to include workplace-specific conditions, hazards ������������� and regulatory requirements. Customize manual by auditing your safety and health program. Results of the audit should be used to identify immediate and long-term ������������� goals and objectives, set priorities and establish short and long term budgets (refer to page 10). Prepare copies of the audit as required.

Page 1 of 10


As an employer:

Yes

No

If No, Where Are Improvements Needed?

  1. Have you implemented policies, procedures and practices to identify and evaluate all workplace safety and health hazards?
  1. Do you perform baseline and periodic personal exposure monitoring to assess employee exposure to noise and toxic substances as required by workplace hazards and applicable OSHA regulations?
  1. Do you (or your managers and supervisors) conduct periodic walk-through inspections to identify new or previously missed safety and health hazards?
  1. Have you implemented a reliable hazard reporting system that enables your employees to report apparent safety and health hazards without fear of reprisal?
  1. Do you (or your managers and supervisors) investigate all accidents and near misses to identify the root cause and means of prevention?
  1. Do you analyze injury and illness records to identify locations and jobs that experience high numbers of injuries?
  1. Do you ensure that all workplace hazards are mitigated on a timely basis by engineering controls (whenever feasible), appropriate work practices, personal protective equipment and/or administrative controls?
  1. Do you ensure that your facility, including all structures, machinery, vehicles and pieces of equipment, is properly maintained to prevent unsafe conditions?
  1. Have you established an occupational medicine program as required by workplace hazards and applicable OSHA regulations?
  1. Have you established procedures to reduce the adverse effects of a fire or other workplace emergency? Have you trained your employees on actions to be taken in the event of a workplace emergency?
  1. Do you ensure that personnel trained in basic first aid and CPR are readily available in your workplace and that advanced medical care is available within reasonable time and distance?

Page 1 of 10


As an employer:

Yes

No

If No, Where Are Improvements Needed?

  1. Have you invited your local fire department to tour your facility and assisted them in the preparation of a pre-incident plan?
  1. Have you performed a training needs assessment to identify training needs on the basis of workplace hazards, employee job duties and applicable OSHA regulations?
  1. Do you ensure that all new employees are provided with information on workplace hazards and instruction on safety and health related policies, procedures and practices?
  1. Do you provide your employees with periodic safety and health re-training?
  1. Do you ensure that your employees have access to safety and health-related information (e.g., applicable safety and health standards, MSDSs, and safety and health-related policies, procedures and practices)?
  1. Do you inform your employees of the location and nature of employee exposure and medical records?
  1. Do you evaluate the overall effectiveness of your safety program on an annual basis?

Record-keeping and Postings

As an employer:

Yes

No

If No, Where Are Improvements Needed?

  1. Have you established procedures and practices to record occupation injuries and illnesses on the OSHA form no. 200, Log and Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, or an equivalent form?
  1. Have you established procedures and practices to record supplementary information regarding each injury and illness (entered on the OSHA 200 form) on an OSHA form no. 101 or an equivalent form?

Page 1 of 10


As an employer:

Yes

No

If No, Where Are Improvements Needed?

  1. Do you ensure that the annual summary of occupational injuries and illnesses for the previous calendar year is posted in your workplace between February 1 and March 1?
  1. Have you posted the OSHA Job Safety and Health Protection poster (or your state’s equivalent) in a prominent location in your workplace?
  1. Have you posted signs to warn your employees of serious workplace hazards where appropriate and prudent?
  1. Have you established policies, procedures and practices for the retention of safety and health related records and reports (e.g., training session attendance rosters and results of exposure monitoring)?

Written Safety and Health Programs

As required by workplace hazards, employee job duties and applicable OSHA regulations, have you:

Yes

No

If No, Where Are Improvements Needed?

  1. Implemented a written Hazard Communication Program?
  1. Implemented a written Hearing Conservation Program?
  1. Implemented a written Hazardous Energy Control (lockout/tagout) Program?
  1. Implemented a written Permit-Required Confined Space Entry program?
  1. Implemented a written Respiratory Protection Program?

Page 1 of 10


As required by workplace hazards, employee job duties and applicable OSHA regulations, have you:

Yes

No

If No, Where Are Improvements Needed?

  1. Performed a written hazard assessment for the selection of personal protective equipment?
  1. Implemented a written Infection Control Program?
  1. Implemented a written Emergency Action Plan?

Workplace Inspection

Inspect your workplace for the following common safety and health hazards:

Yes

No

Describe Any Needed Corrective Actions

  1. Are all chemical containers properly labeled?
  1. Do you have a material safety data sheet (MSDS) for each hazardous chemical in your workplace? Are MSDSs readily available to your employees?
  1. Are chemicals stored properly (e.g., incompatibles separated and flammable liquids stored in appropriate cabinets)?
  1. Are work and storage areas kept clean, orderly and sanitary?
  1. Are all floors clean and dry, and free of slip, trip and fall hazards?
  1. Is flammable waste stored in covered containers? Are flammable waste containers emptied daily?

Page 1 of 10


Inspect your workplace for the following common safety and health hazards:

Yes

No

Describe Any Needed Corrective Actions

  1. Are exits and exit ways free of obstructions that could impede emergency egress?
  1. Are clear working spaces maintained in front of electrical panels and breakers?
  1. Are unused openings in electrical boxes and cabinets closed?
  1. Are electrical boxes, cabinets and outlets equipped with faceplates?
  1. Are light fixtures within seven feet of the floor protected by guards?
  1. Are extension cords used to provide temporary power only, and not used as a substitute for fixed structural wiring?
  1. Is the use of “cheater plugs” that defeat the ground conductor of cord-and-plug connected electrical equipment prohibited?
  1. Are electrical cords free from damage or defects such as missing ground pins or frayed insulation?
  1. Are only heavy-duty extension cords with a ground conductor used? Is the use of flat “appliance type” extension cords prohibited?
  1. Is all mechanical power transmission equipment (e.g., pulleys, belts and shafts) within seven feet of the floor effectively guarded?
  1. Are machines equipped with effective point-of-operation guards?

Page 1 of 10


Inspect your workplace for the following common safety and health hazards:

Yes

No

Describe Any Needed Corrective Actions

  1. Are fans within seven feet of the floor equipped with guards that have openings no larger than 1/2 inch?
  1. Are floor holes covered? Are floor holes protected by guardrails or constantly attended when covers are removed?
  1. Are elevated platforms and stairs equipped with standard guardrails?
  1. Are ladders inspected frequently? Are damaged or defective ladders immediately withdrawn from service?
  1. Do your employees use ladders correctly (e.g., placed on a firm surface and correct 4:1 lean ratio)?
  1. Do your employees use personal fall protection equipment when working on unguarded platforms of six feet or more in height?
  1. Are vehicles and mobile equipment properly inspected, maintained and operated?
  1. Are your employees prohibited from riding in equipment buckets?
  1. Are hand and power tools in safe operating condition (e.g., cords not frayed and guards in place)?
  1. Are hand and power tools stored in a designated location when not in use?
  1. Are bench grinders equipped with wheel shields?

Page 1 of 10


Inspect your workplace for the following common safety and health hazards:

Yes

No

Describe Any Needed Corrective Actions

  1. Are bench grinder work rests adjusted to no more than 1/8” from the wheel?
  1. Do air nozzles used for cleaning reduce air pressure to a maximum of 30 psi?
  1. Are compressed gas cylinders secured in place with a chain or other device?
  1. Are oxygen and fuel gas cylinders stored 20 feet apart or separated by a 5-foot high noncombustible barrier?
  1. Are combustible materials removed from welding areas? Are welding areas well ventilated?
  1. Do your employees wear suitable personal protective equipment when workplace hazards require its use?
  1. Is personal protective equipment frequently inspected, free from damage and defects, and kept clean and sanitary?
  1. Are respirators frequently inspected, free from damage and defects, and kept clean and sanitary? Are used or defective respirators disposed of properly?
  1. Do you prohibit employees with beards from wearing respirators?
  1. Do your employees observe established lockout/tagout procedures and restrictions when servicing or repairing machinery and equipment?
  1. Do your employees observe established procedures and restrictions when entering permit-required confined spaces?

Page 1 of 10


Inspect your workplace for the following common safety and health hazards:

Yes

No

Describe Any Needed Corrective Actions

  1. Do your employees establish work zone protection when working in public roads?
  1. Do your employees observe established procedures and practices when working in trenches and excavations?
  1. Are emergency showers/eye wash stations immediately available and not blocked by supplies and material storage? Are they inspected and flushed on a frequent basis?
  1. Are fire extinguishers immediately available their designated locations, fully charged, and not blocked by supplies and equipment? Are they inspected monthly and serviced annually?
  1. Is a suitable first aid kit available in your workplace? Is it inspected frequently and kept fully stocked?
  1. Are there any indications of indoor air pollution or employee exposure to toxic substances?
  1. Are ergonomic issues addressed in work area design and layout?
  1. Are work areas provided with sufficient illumination?
  1. Other observations.


Action Plan

Describe Needed Improvement

Priority

Action Plan

Assigned

To

Estimated Time/Cost

Start

Date

Completion Date

Page 1 of 10


RECORD OF EMPLOYEE TRAINING FORM

Page 1 of 10


Record of Employee Training

DUTIES FOR A SAFE AND HEALTHY WORKPLACE

Location:

Date:

Name of Provider:

Overview

The undersigned employees have received information and instruction on the following topics:

  • Employer and employee duties established by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
  • Employer duties for a safe and healthy workplace.
  • Supervisor duties for a safe and healthy workplace.
  • Employee duties for a safe and healthy workplace.
  • Location and availability of safety and health-related records, reports, policies, programs and procedures.

Title of Video Tape (if applicable):

Employee Name

Department

Page 1 of 10


Employee Name

Department

.

Page 1 of 10


SUMMARY OF APPLICABLE REGULATIONS

Applicable OSHA Regulations

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) General Industry Standards applicable to this section include, but may not be limited to:

 Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.

 OSHA Instruction CPL-2, Program Evaluation Profile, 8/1/96.

 29 CFR 1904������������� Recording and Reporting Occupational Injuries ������������� and Illnesses.

 29 CFR 1910. 20������������� Access to Employee Exposure and Medical ������������� Records.

The following documents summarize additional Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) General Industry Standards applicable to this section:

 OSHA publication 2209, OSHA Handbook for Small Businesses, Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. This document can be downloaded from the OSHA website.

 OSHA publication 2254, Training Requirements in OSHA Standards and Training Guidelines, Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Page 1 of 10

Search more related documents:EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES
Download Document:EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES

Set Home | Add to Favorites

All Rights Reserved Powered by Free Document Search and Download

Copyright © 2011
This site does not host pdf,doc,ppt,xls,rtf,txt files all document are the property of their respective owners. complaint#downhi.com
TOP