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Inherit 73


 
 

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Inherit invites feedback about the content and issues covered and welcomes suggestions of stories and events to be included in future issues.

HERITAGE COUNCIL CHANGES

Legal member Mary Urquhart has been appointed the new Chair of the Heritage Council of Victoria, replacing architect Daryl Jackson AO who retired in June after six years as Chair.

New member, award-winning architect Callum Fraser has been appointed as a full member with expertise in architectural conservation or architectural history. Alternate member Tony Darvall has been appointed a full Member of the Heritage Council with legal expertise, and alternate member Trish Vejby has been appointed a full Member in the General Member category.

Ms Urquhart has recognised skills in law and governance that will be well utilised in her role as Chair of the Heritage Council A barrister and solicitor, she is currently a part time Member of the Refugee Review Tribunal and Migration Review Tribunal. Ms Urquhart was previously a Deputy President of the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal and Deputy Commissioner, Victorian Liquor Licensing Commission.

Callum Fraser is director of the prominent Melbourne firm Elenberg Fraser. He is a registered architect and previous Chapter Councillor of the Australian Institute of Architects (AIA).

Mr Tony Darvall has more than 35 years’ experience as a partner of law firm Corrs Chambers Westgarth. He is currently the chairman of the Audit Committee of VicRoads and deputy chairman of Linking Melbourne Authority and has previously served as chairman of VicUrban and the Werribee Park Advisory Board.

General member Trish Vejby has a demonstrated understanding of and interest in Victoria’s heritage. She is a member of the Board of Directors of Western Health and has substantial governance experience on many community committees and boards of management including the Board of Commissioners of Legal Aid. 

NEW WEBSITES

Heritage Council of Victoria now has a stand-alone website. As well as clarifying its statutory processes, this will feature projects, events, images, videos and more, exploring the breadth of heritage. This will include a new-look Inherit for December.

The Council's website is: www.heritagecouncil.vic.gov.au

Heritage Victoria, along with the Department of Transport, Planning and Local Infrastructure, has had a website redevelopment, making information easier to find and more up-to-date.

It also features new audience entry pages which allow heritage place-owners, practitioners and researchers/community access to the content most relevant to their needs.

HV's new site is: www.dtpli.vic.gov.au/heritage  

Above left: Photographer Bruce Thomas’ iconic image of the Murtoa Stick Shed which featured on the Heritage Council’s 1992 calendar and a subsequent poster, and was recently reprinted by the local group.  Centre and right: crowds arrive at the open day with many enjoying lunch in the shade. Local community groups assist with parking and catering.

NATIONAL RECOGNITION FOR STICK SHED

When Leigh Hammerton moved to Murtoa in 1990, he admired the distinctive original local grain store and all that it stood for in terms of local bush skills, innovation and rural Australia’s wartime activities.

Like the original proponents of the state’s first bulk wheat storage facility, Leigh was up against many with opposing views, but that did not deter him.

A $1.6 million investment from the Heritage Council has seen the store, known as the Stick Shed, restored, several successful open days held and work progressing towards a local Committee of Management.

Last year Leigh was awarded the Ray Tonkin Award for Heritage Volunteer service at the Address for his work with the Stick Shed, the Murtoa Big Weekend and the local branch of the National Trust.

So it was cause for double celebrations on the first weekend in October.  Not only was it the annual Murtoa Big Weekend, which attracts hundreds of visitors to the town, but the Australian Heritage Council had just announced the addition of the Murtoa No. 1 Grain Store on the National Heritage List on 1 October.

Professor Carmen Lawrence, Chair of the Australian Heritage Council, said the Council was delighted to have such an extraordinary monument to Australian bush ingenuity and architecture on the National Heritage List.

“As the daughter of a wheat farmer I am particularly delighted that the contribution of the wheat industry to the growth and development of Australia, encapsulated in part by the size and scale of this building, has been recognised,” Professor Lawrence said.

At 265 metres long, 60 metres wide and almost 20 metres high, the Murtoa No. 1 Grain Store was designed to hold 3.5 million bushels or 92 500 tonnes of wheat and is a rare and impressive example of Australian rural architecture.

From subsistence farming in 1788, the Australian wheat industry has grown to become a major export crop with growers in Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland.

“The need for buildings like the Murtoa grain store reflects the massive growth of the industry and the need for mass distribution, handling and storage facilities.

“It also represents how World War Two affected Australian farming families and communities on the home front.

“In the late 1930s the wheat industry was producing between 150 and 160 million bushels per year, with 100 million for export. With the lead-up to World War Two it soon became apparent that exports could not continue. 

At the 2014 Stick Shed open days Capella group Ginger and Tonic (left) performed for an appreciative audience.

“Emergency wheat stores were built in Victoria and Western Australia to hold the wheat produced for export. The Murtoa No. 1 Grain Store is the last one left.

“Emergency wheat stores were built in Victoria and Western Australia to hold the wheat produced for export. The Murtoa No. 1 Grain Store is the last one left.

 “The Murtoa No. 1 Grain Store is a wonderful example of how a difficult and large scale engineering and construction problem was solved by using local bush knowledge and technology.

“Wartime restrictions meant the local builders had to rely on the use of raw, local and recycled materials. To reduce the use of nails, galvanised hoop-iron was used in many of its structural joints. Nearly 600 unmilled hardwood poles were used instead of steel.

“Not only did this approach contribute to the survival of the building, it also gave it the ability to move and flex as wind and weather affected it. The building’s architecture has also created a dramatic interior that many have described as ‘cathedral like’,” Professor Lawrence said.

National Heritage listing for the Murtoa No. 1 Grain Store means this place is given recognition as a significant part of Australia’s history associated with Australia’s wheat industry and the impact of World War Two on the home front. Entry on the National Heritage List also ensures that the place will be protected and celebrated for future generations.

The Murtoa No. 1 Grain Store is the 101st place on the National Heritage List.

For more information go to 
www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/national/murtoa 

REGISTRATIONS

A remnant River Red Gum (above) used as a reference marker by the Government surveyor Robert Hoddle has been added to the Victorian Heritage Register.

The tree was used by Hoddle in April 1844 as he surveyed what is now the suburb of Kew. It is thought to be more than 300 years old.

The Hoddle Survey tree grows on the south bank of the Yarra River in the grounds of the Kew Golf Course. It is the earliest known survey tree remaining in the State and predates all known built survey markers in Victoria.

In 1994, the bicentenary of Hoddle’s birth and the centenary of the golf club, the tree was marked with a bronze plaque mounted on a large rock.

Known and fixed reference points were critical to the surveying of the land. Hills or tree were often used prior to modern surveying techniques.

Robert Hoddle was a central figure of surveying, cartography and geography in Victoria. From 1837 Hoddle was Officer-in-Charge of the Port Phillip Survey Department and became the first Surveyor General of Victoria in 1851, when a great deal of work was carried out by Hoddle and his team. He is best remembered for laying out the central grid design of Melbourne’s CBD, known as “Hoddle’s Grid”.

In 1994, the bicentenary of Hoddle’s birth and the centenary of the golf club, the tree was marked with a bronze plaque mounted on a large rock (centre images).

RELEASES 
 

Left: Brochures for each trail for the 100 places of veterans’ history.  Centre: At the launch (from left) Heritage Victoria Executive Director, Minister for Veterans’ Affairs Damian Drum and Heritage Council members Keir Reeves and Jim Norris.  Right: Ballarat Arch of Victory and the Ballarat Avenue of Honour planted by the ‘Lucas Girls’ from the local clothing company who raised the funds to build the arch and planted all 22km of trees.

100 PLACES FOR 100 YEARS

Minister for Veterans' Affairs Damian Drum has launched the '100 Places for 100 Years' app, designed to acknowledge the service and sacrifice of thousands of Australian men and women, past and present.

The app was launched on 10 October at the Soldiers’ Memorial Institute in Bendigo, one of 100 sites that feature on the app as part of the Anzac Centenary, Mr Drum said.

"This is not only a great way to mark our veterans' heritage and history, it will also provide a tourism boost for Victoria's terrific regional and rural locations as people discover their family links,” said Mr Drum

Mr Drum thanked Heritage Victoria and the Heritage Council of Victoria for their assistance in delivering the app.

"I would also like to thank the volunteers that make such a valuable contribution to their local communities at war memorials and sites across Victoria."

Many of the memorials and sites featured in the app are staffed by volunteers and are either free to visit or require a gold coin donation.

"I would also like to thank the volunteers that make such a valuable contribution to their local communities at war memorials and sites across Victoria."

The app covers more than 60 towns in Victoria, spanning suburban areas and branching out to regional Victoria. Visitors are guided through each site by historical narratives, videos and links with more information.

The Victorian War Heritage Trails app is now available for download from iTunes and Google Play for use on digital devices like smart phones and tablets.

The app was launched with a set of eight companion, location-specific, brochures that can be downloaded by those without a mobile device.

For further information visit: www.anzaccentenary.vic.gov.au or download at

Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.mytoursapp.android.app656

Apple: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/100-places-for-100-years/id921856050?ls=1&mt=8 

More of the ‘100 places for 100 years’.  Left: HMAS Castlemaine docked at Gem Pier, Williamstown, and has been converted in a nautical museum.  Centre: The Edward Dunlop statue in Kings Domain, St Kilda Rd. Right: RAAF Museum in Point Cook, which documents all aspects of RAAF history.

FOCUS ON NED

This month CSIRO publishing has released ‘Ned Kelly Under the Microscope’, edited by science communicator and author Craig Cormick.

It features chapter contributions by scientists, mainly from the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine (who carried out the research identifying Ned Kelly's remains) as well as Adam Ford (lead archaeologist on the Glenrowan dig) and Jeremy Smith from Heritage Victoria who led the Pentridge Prison excavations.

The book covers the saga from Ned’s hanging at the Old Melbourne Gaol on 11 November 1880, and the stories which emerged about his skull apparently being separated and used as a paperweight or trophy, and put on display at the museum of the Old Melbourne Gaol until that skull was stolen in 1978.

After the closure of the Old Melbourne Gaol in 1929, the remains of deceased prisoners were exhumed and reinterred in mass graves at Pentridge Prison but the exact location of these graves was unknown until excavations in 2002 and 2009 during redevelopment of the Pentridge site. The missing skull was returned and the book describes the long scientific process to try to identify the remains of prisoners, including those of Ned Kelly and the stolen skull (which wasn’t, in fact, Ned’s).

Ned Kelly: Under the Microscope details what was involved in the 20-month scientific process of identifying the remains of Ned Kelly, with chapters on anthropology, odontology, DNA studies, metallurgical analysis of the gang's armour, and archaeological digs at Pentridge Prison and Glenrowan. It also includes medical analysis of Ned's wounds and a chapter on handwriting analysis — that all lead to the final challenging conclusions.

Illustrated throughout with photographs taken during the forensic investigation, as well as historical images, the book is supplemented with breakout boxes of detailed but little-known facts about Ned Kelly and the gang to make this riveting story a widely appealing read.

Ned Kelly: Under the Microscope, 296 pp CSIRO publishing, $39.95. 

LIQUID GOLD

The 133 year old Stawell Water Supply system, crucial to supplying clean water to the historic goldfields town, has been awarded an Engineers Australia Engineering Heritage Marker at two ceremonies on 12 October.

"When gold was discovered in the Stawell area in the 1850s, the need for a reliable water supply became readily apparent. Miners had to carry water over great distances and the water that was available was not clean, meaning typhoid was a major killer in dry climate goldfields like Stawell," says Mr Owen Peake, Chair of Engineers Australia’s Victorian Heritage Committee.

"Engineer John D’Alton proposed what was at the time the most elaborate country water works in Victoria, an ambitious gravity fed system which diverted water from the Grampians-fed Fyans Creek to supply the burgeoning town. After six years of construction, the system was completed in 1881, and some components of the D’Alton’s system are still in operation today.

"Integral to the system was a tunnel which runs for one kilometre under the eastern side of the Grampian Mountains – the longest tunnel excavation of its type in Victoria at the time and one of the first tunnels to use dynamite in preference to less stable black powder in the state. The tunnel remains in excellent condition and is still in service 130 years after its initial construction, forming part of the modern Stawell Water Supply system.

"A weir at Fyans Creek, 24.2km of piping and 12kms of wooden fluming was also constructed, the latter of which was eventually replaced with bushfire resistant steel.

"The Stawell Water Supply represents a significant engineering achievement at a time where modern engineering technologies, such as topographic maps, were unavailable to those designing the system.

"Even today the provision of safe water supplies is problematic in many parts of the world, although we take such systems for granted in Australia. The Stawell system’s ability to stand the test of time demonstrates the technical ability of the engineers and workers on the project, without whom the town of Stawell would not have been able to grow as it did," said Mr Peake.

OTHER DIARY DATES

SEMINARS

Australia ICOMOS is holding two all-day symposia, along with the Australia ICOMOS Annual General Meeting on 17-18 October.

Conserving Heritage: Time for a New Age of Activism? Will be held on Friday 17 October, 9.00am - 4.00pm (followed by the Australia ICOMOS AGM at 4.30pm) at Deakin University City Campus, 550 Bourke Street, Melbourne

Grasping the intangible at heritage places will be held at University College, 40 College Crescent, Parkville on Saturday 18 October, 9.00am - 5.30pm

  • To register for the Conserving Heritage: Time for a New Age of Activism? symposium ONLY – www.registernow.com.au/secure/Register.aspx?ID=14174
  • To register for the Grasping the intangible at heritage places symposium ONLY –www.registernow.com.au/secure/Register.aspx?ID=14176
  • To register for the AICOMOS 2 Day Mini Conference, Melbourne (ie. BOTH SYMPOSIA concurrently – www.registernow.com.au/secure/Register.aspx?ID=14179

Deakin’s Cultural Heritage Seminar series: Regular lectures at Deakin Prime City Campus, 3/550, Bourke Street, Melbourne, generally last Wednesdays 5.30pm start.   

29 October: Holocaust exhibitions and the 'myth of silence': The 1961 Warsaw Ghetto Commemoration Exhibition, Melbourne presented by Dr. Steven Cooke, Deakin University. See www.deakin.edu.au/arts-ed/chcap/seminars/index.php

History Week, 19-26 October with a state-wide program of walking tours and engaging discussions, to exhibitions and ‘history in the making’ events. For more details on the events happening during History Week, visit www.historyweek.org.au

Royal Historical Society of Victoria evening lecture, in History Week: “Picturing the Victorian Mallee” with Katie Holmes, Professor of History at La Trobe University. Tuesday 21 October tea/coffee from 5:15pm; Lecture from 5:45pm – 6:45pm at Royal Historical Society of Victoria 239 A’Beckett Street.  Cost $10 non members; free for RHSV members (03) 9326 9288   e: office@historyvictoria.org.au  w: historyvictoria.org.au

Opera at Rippon Lea, 5, 6 and 7 December; CitiOpera presents La Boheme, on the lawn at Rippon Lea House, featuring a case of some of Melbourne’s finest singers, a stunning chamber orchestra .  Bring a picnic and enjoy this masterpiece performed in open hour.  Bookings: http://www.trybooking.com/Booking/BookingEventSummary.aspx?eid=103887&bof=1

Sailing Into Melbourne exhibition, Old Treasury Building, Spring Street, Melbourne until 15 February. Includes artefacts from showcases approximately 20 major records from the collection of Public Records Office Victoria, covering the devastating shipwreck of the Royal Charter in 1856, grim stories of quarantine and grand voyages from Australia to Europe carrying large amounts of gold.  Features artefacts from two of Victoria’s most significant shipwrecks from the Conservation Centre: the City of Launceston and the Joanna.  The artefacts highlight the diversity of early maritime history in Victoria, from a locally built lime-trader to a luxuriously fitted-out passenger ship.

Includes a program of walking tours and talks including ‘The Story of the Port of Melbourne’, 10.30 am 29 October with Ann Gibson, President of the Port Melbourne Historical and Preservation Society and expert in things maritime. Bookings essential: Tickets $15, Bookings 9651 2233 or rsvp@oldtreasurybuilding.org.au  See more at: www.oldtreasurybuilding.org.au/

Love, Desire & Riches: Rippon Lea House and Gardens, 1 July – 2 November, 10 am – 4 pm: an exclusive look into significant fashion pieces of wedding couture from the 18th to 21st century. Admission is $15 adults, $12 concession, $9 child and $35 family of two adults and two children with discounted admission for Trust members.  Additional charge for Curator Talks. Bookings are recommended. For further details see: www.nationaltrust.org.au/vic/LoveDesireandRiches

Robin Boyd Foundation events: Walsh Street Design Studio No 9: The edge of the City and redefining Queen Victoria Market, 23-28 November.

Open day of Sean Godsell’s Favourite Houses, 30 November and Design Discussion with Sean Godsell and Philip Goad, 24 November.

See: www.robinboyd.org.au 

Inherit is published by the Heritage Council of Victoria.  Next issue December 2014

Subscribe at inherit.magazine@dtpli.vic.gov.au  


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